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3. For troops when traveling otherwise than by marching or when for short periods they are

separated from cooking facilities (travel ration). (a)

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a The issue of liquid coffee to troops when traveling by rail is governed by paragraph 1388 of the Army Regulations of 1901.

4. For troops traveling on vessels of the United States army transport service. Food on transports for troops traveling will be prepared from the articles of subsistence stores which compose the ration for troops in garrison, varied by the substitution of other articles of authorized subsistence stores of equal money value when required. No savings will be allowed to troops on transports.

5. For use of troops on emergent occasions in active campaign (emergency ration).

An emergency ration, prepared under direction of the War Department, will be issued to troops on active campaign, but will not be used at any time or place where

regular rations are obtainable. It will be packed in a conveniently shaped package, and will be carried in the haversack or saddlebags and accounted for at inspection, etc., by the soldier.

6. Proportions of meat issues.

Fresh meats will ordinarily be issued seven days in ten, and salt meats three days in ten. If fish (dried, pickled, or canned) is issued it will be in substitution of salt meat. The proportions of the meat issues may be varied at the discretion of department commanders, not, however, without due consideration being given to the equitable rights of contractors engaged in furnishing fresh meats to the troops under their commands.

7. Substitute when the issue of both fresh meat and vegetables is impracticable.

Issues to enlisted men.

Feb. 8, 1815, v. 3, p. 204; Mar. 2,

Whenever the issue of both the fresh meat and vegetable components is impracticable there may be issued in lieu of them canned fresh-beef-and-vegetable stew, at the rate of 28 ounces to the ration.

771. Enlisted men shall be entitled to receive one ration

daily. 1821, v. 3, p. 615; July 5, 1862, v. 12, p. 508; July 16, 1892, v. 27, p. 178. Sec. 1293, R.S.

772. Hereafter no enlisted man shall be entitled to more striction. July 16, 1892, than one ration daily.? Act of July 16, 1892 (27 Stat.

L., 178).

773. Hospital matrons and the nurses employed in post ST. 16, 1802:34: or regimental hospitals (and members of the female nurse 9, s. 5, . , ; 1.20p. 150; Feb corps) shall be entitled to receive one ration daily. Sec. 2, 1901, s. 19, v. 31, 19, act of February 2, 1901 (31 Stat. L., 753).

The same

re

v. 27, p. 178.

Matrons and nurses.

p. 753.

Sec. 1295, R.S.

ISSUES TO CIVILIANS.

Issues of rations to civilian employees are governed by the requirements of paragraph 1398, Army Regulations, 1901, which provides that “ issues of rations to civilians employed with the Army will be made on ration returns signed by the officers in charge of the employees, when ordered by the commanding officer.'

Rations furnished for the use of the Army, being the public property of the United States, can only be disposed of or issued in accordance with law. Issues to destitute citizens not being so authorized are made on the responsibility of the officer ordering the same. In this connection, see paragraph 1405, A. R., 1901.

Private persons not connected with the Army are not entitled to be subsisted at the expense of the United States, either while in quarantine hospitals or otherwise. 5 Comp. Dec., 191.

A civilian employee of the Army engaged to accompany a scientific expedition at a salary of $125 per month is not entitled to subsistence, but, like a commissioned officer, must subsist himself. Herendeen v. C. S., 28 Ct. Cls., 348.

2 Under General Orders No. 73, A. G. O., of 1879, an officer of the Army to whom a sum of money has been advanced for supplying enlisted men with liquid coffee for the estimated number of days' travel at the rate of 21 cents per day each while trav

Issues to Indians.

30, 1834,

774. The President is authorized to cause such rations as he deems proper, and as can be spared from the army s. 1o,ne. ... *** provisions without injury to the service, to be issued under June 23, 1874, s. 3, such regulations as he shall think fit to establish, to Sec. 2110, R.S. Indians who may visit the military posts or agencies of the United States on the frontiers, or in their respective nations, and a special account of these issues shall be kept and rendered.'

775. The ration of sugar and coffee where issued in kind, Sugar and cofshall, when the convenience of the service permits, be is issued weekly

July 5, 1838, C. sued weekly.

162, s. 17, v. 5, p. 258. Sec. 1148, R. S. 776. The Secretary of War may commute the ration of coffee and coffee and sugar for the extract of coffee combined with commuted. milk and

sugar,

if he shall believe such commutation to be 133, s. 10, v. 12, p. conducive to the health and comfort of the Army, and not Sec. 1147, R. S. to be more expensive to the Government than the present ration; provided the same shall be acceptable to the men. 777. For each ration of sugar and coffee not issued, nor

July 5, 1838, s. commuted for the extract of coffee combined with milk 17. v. 5,5: 258 and sugar, enlisted men shall be paid in money.

July 5, 1862, c.

510.

Commctation.

Sec. 1294, R. S.

SALES OF SUBSISTENCE STORES.

Par.
778. Stores for sales.
779. Sales of rations.
780. Sales of tobacco.
781. Sales to be made at cost price.

Par.
782. Credit sales to officers.
783. The same, enlisted men.
784. The same, tobacco.

.

Sec. 1144, R. S.

778. The officers of the Subsistence Department shall Stores for sales, procure and keep for sale to officers and enlisted men at 5, v. 14, p. 336. cost prices for cash or on credit, such articles as may from time to time be designated by the inspectors-general of the Army. An account of sales on credit shall be kept, and the amounts due for the same shall be reported monthly to the Paymaster-General.

779. Commissioned officers of the Army, serving in the Sales of rations. field, may purchase rations for their own use, from any 84 s. 5, v. 13, p. commissary of subsistence, on credit, at cost prices; and Sec. 1145, R. S.

eling, is authorized to turn over to the company commanders for the benefit of the company funds any balance of such sum remaining unexpended at the end of the travel. 6 Comp. Dec., 369.

1 Small quantities of food (articles of the ration) may, on the order of the commanding officer, be issued to Indians visiting a military post. The order will state the number of Indians and their tribe, number of days for which the is-ues are made, quantities, and necessity for the issues. Indians will not be continuously subsisted in this manner except by authority of the Secretary of War. A copy of the order directing the issue will accompany the abstract of issues. Par. 1266, A. R.,

Sales of tobacco.

81, 8. 6, v. 13, p. 497.

Sales to be made at cost.

23, .

Deductions for rations purchased.

3 Mar., 1865, c.

the amounts due for such purchases shall be reported monthly to the Paymaster-General.'

780. Tobacco shall be furnished to the enlisted men by Mar: 3, 1865. 6: the commissaries of subsistence, at cost prices, exclusive

of the cost of transportation, in such quantities as they Sec. 1149, R.S.

may require, not exceeding sixteen ounces per month.'

781. Hereafter all sales of subsistence supplies to officers July 6, 1884, v. and enlisted men shall be made at cast price only; and the

cost price of each article shall be understood, in all cases of such sales, to be the invoice price of the last lot of that article received by the officer making the sale prior to the first day of the month in which the sale is made. Act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat. L., 108).

782. The amount due from any officer for rations pur

chased on credit, or for any article designated by the 81, s. 5, v. 13, p. inspectors-general of the Army and purchased on credit 28 July, 1866, c. from commissaries of subsistence, shall be deducted from

the payment made to such officer next after such purchase shall have been reported to the Paymaster-General.

783. The amount due from any enlisted man for articles purchased 28 Jun, 1866, c. designated by the inspectors-general of the Army, and

sold to him on credit by commissaries of subsistence, shall be deducted from the payment made to him next after such sale shall have been reported to the Paymaster-General.

784. The amount due from any enlisted man for tobacco 3 MAT, 2505. C. sold to him at cost prices by the United States shall be

deducted from his pay in the manner provided for the setSec. 1301, R.S.

tlement of clothing accounts.

497.

299, s. p 336.

Sec. 1299, R.S.

For articles

s. 25, v. , . 336.

Sec. 1300, R.S.

For tobacco purchased.

81, s. 6, v. 13, p. 497.

PROCEEDS OF SALES.

Proceeds of sales available

785. All proceeds of sales of old material, conde ued or new pur-stores, supplies, or other public property of any kind, exSec.3618, R.S. cept the proceeds of the sale or leasing of marine hospitals,

or of the sales of revenue cutters, or of the sales of commissary stores to the officers and enlisted men of the Army, or of materials, stores, or supplies sold to officers and soldiers of the Army, or of the sales of condemned navy

clothing, or of sales of materials, stores, or supplies to any * The acts of June 23, 1879, and May 4, 1880, contained the requirement that 10 per cent of the cost price should be added to the cost of all stores (except tobacco) sold to officers and enlisted men, to cover wastage, transportation, and other incidental charges (21 Stat. L., 32, 111). This provision was repealed by the act of July 5, 1884, above cited. To a civilian employed with the Army at a remote place, where food can not otherwise be procured, stores will be sold for cash, in limited quantities, for his own use, at invoice or contract prices with 10 per cent added. Par. 1284, A. R., 1995. The amounts due for such sales to be deducted from the next payment to the officer or enlisted man. See paragraphs 782, 783, and 781, post.

For statutory regulation of the purchase of exceptional articles of subsistence see the act of February 12, 1895 (28 Stat. L., 658). Paragraph 765, ante.

63, ss. 1, 2, v. 11, p.

c. 299, s. 25, v. 14,

1872, s. 5, v.

exploring or surveying expedition authorized by law, shall be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts, on account of proceeds of Government property, and shall not be withdrawn or applied, except in consequence of an appropriation made by law.

786. All moneys received from the leasing or sale of Proceeds of marine hospitals, or the sale of revenue cutters, or from available for purthe sale of commissary stores to the officers and enlisted Mar. 3, 1847,-4. men of the Army [or from the sale of materials, stores, or Apr. 20, 1866, c. supplies sold to officers and soldiers of the Army), or from 10:July 28 sales of condemned clothing of the Navy, or from sales of Ps-336; , Mars materials, stores, or supplies to any exploring or survey- 18:21:19 ing expedition authorized by law, shall respectively revert P2337 r. 3 to that appropriation out of which they were originally ?s=38 13127:13 expended, and shall be applied to the purposes for which : 410 Feb. 27 they are appropriated by law.

787. So much of the appropriation for subsistence of Appropriations the Army as may be necessary may be applied to the pur-applicable to chase of subsistence stores for sale to officers for the use stores for sale to of themselves and their families, and to commanders of Mar. 3. 1875, v. companies or other organizations, for the use of the enlisted men of their companies or organizations and the proceeds of all sales of subsistence supplies shall bereafter be exempt from being covered into the Treasury and shall be immediately available for the purchase of fresh supplies." Act of March 3, 1875 (18 Stat. L., 410).

788. The line officers of the Army shall superintend the ensuperinosind cooking done for the enlisted men.

1877, c. 69, v. 19,

P. 249.

See. 3692, R. S.

officers, etc.

18, p. 410.

2

Mar. 3, 1863, c. 78,9. 8.v.12, p. 744.
Sec, 1234, R. S.

1 Under the act of March 3, 1875 (18 Stat. L., 410), the proceeds of ail sales of subsistence supplies are exempt from being covered into the Treasury, and are immediately available for the purchase of fresh supplies. 3 Dig. 2nd Comp. Dec., par. 1259.

Under the act of March 3, 1875 (18 Stat L., 410), the proceeds of all sales of subsistence supplies, being exempt from being covered into the Treasury, revert to the appropriation “Subsistence of the Army,” out of which they were originally expended, and are applicable to the purpose for which they are appropriated by law, namely, the purchase of fresh supplies only during the fiscal year for which the appropriation to which they revert is available, for which purpose they are immediately available without the intervention of a repay warrant. ibid.

The subsistence supplies contemplated by the provision of the act of March 3, 1875 (18 Stat. L., 410), declaring the proceeds of all sales of such supplies immediately available for the purchase of fresh supplies, comprise not only the supplies denominated “subsistence stores,” but also the necessary means for handling, preserving, issuing, selling, and accounting for these supplies, as tools, scales, measures, utensils, stationery, sales, office furniture, etc. Ibid., 1336.

2 Section 1233, Revised Statutes, which required cooks to be detailed, in turn, from the privates of each company was repealed by the act of June 29, 1879 (20 Stat. L., ch. 24, p. 276). See G. O. 94, A. G. O., 1898. The act of July 7, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 721), authorized the enlistment of one cook in each company composing the military establishment. Such cook was to have the rank and receive the pay of a corporal. This statute was replaced by the act of March 2, 1899 (30 Stat. L., 977), which authorized two cooks to be enlisted in each troop of cavalry, battery of artillery, and company of infantry of the Regular and Volunteer establishments. By section 9 of the act of March 2, 1899, the cooks so enlisted were to have the pay of sergeants of infantry.

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