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FUEL AND FORAGE.

Allowance of

740. Allowance of or commutation for fuel to commisfuel and forage.

Sec. 8, June 17, sioned officers is hereby prohibited; but fuel may be 1878, v. 20, p. 150.

furnished to the officers of the Army by the Quartermas-
ter's Department, for the actual use of such officers only,
at the rate of three dollars per cord for standard oak wood,
or at an equivalent rate for other kinds of fuel, according
to the regulations now in existence; and forage in kind
may be furnished to the officers of the Army by the Quar-
termaster's Department, only for horses owned and act-
ually kept by such officers in the performance of their
official military duties when on duty with troops in the
field or at such military posts west of the Mississippi
River, as may be from time to time designated by the Sec-
retary of War, and not otherwise as follows:

To the General, five horses;
To the Lieutenant-General, four horses;
To a major-general, three horses;
To a brigadier-general, three horses;
To a colonel, two horses;
To a lieutenant-colonel, two horses;
To a major, two horses;
To a captain (mounted), two horses;
To a lieutenant (mounted), two horses;
To an adjutant, two horses;
To a regimental quartermaster, two horses."

Sec. 8, act of June 17, 1878 (20 Stat. L., 150).

741. There shall be no discrimination in the issue of serving cast of forage against officers serving east of the Mississippi Mississippi

River, provided they are required by law to be mounted, Feb. 24, 1881, v. 21, p. 347. and actually keep and own their animals. Act of Feb

ruary 24, 1881 (21 Stat. L., 347). This statute, which replaces section 1271, Revised Statutes, contains the added condition that horses shall not only be “actually kept” but “owned” by officers in the performance of their military duties.

The right conferred upon officers of the Army by the act of June 18, 1878 (20 Stat. L., 150), to purchase fuel for their actual use only, in the manner and at the terms prescribed by said act, pertains to all officers of the Army, irrespective of the nature of the duties upon which they are engaged. No part of the cost of fuel so sold is properly chargeable to the appropriation for any public work, unless provision is expressly made therein for such cost. 3 Dig. 2d Compt. Dec., par. 655. For allowances of fuel as established by regulation, see table in note 5 to par. 738, ante.

The forage ration for a horse is 14 pounds of hay and 12 pounds of oats, corn, or barley; for a mule, 14 pounds of hay and 9 pounds of oats, corn, or barley. Department commanders will reduce the forage ration when necessary. Par. 1154, A. R., 1901.

One hundred pounds of straw per month is allowed for bedding to each horse or mule in public service. At posts where straw is not furnished, hay will be issued and used for bedding. Par. 1162, ibid.

Forage is furnished only to officers for the horses owned and actually kept by them

No discrimination to otlicers

River.

WORKING PARTIES AND EXTRA-DUTY PAY."

Par.
742. Rates.
743. Details to be in writing.
744. The same, by whom made.

Par.
745. Rates of pay.
746. Restriction in time of war.
747. The same in insular possessions.

p. 356. July 5,

742. When soldiers are detailed for employment as artifi- rales de paduty; cers or laborers in the construction of permanent military zuly 13, 1866, c. works, public roads, or other constant labor of not less %: Feb. 1, 1873, than ten days' duration, they shall receive, in addition to Mar. 3, 1885 : 23 their regular pay, the following compensation: [Fifty cents i de 13-23.10. per day for mechanics, artisans, school-teachers, and thirtyfive cents per day for other clerks, teamsters, laborers, and others.] This allowance of extra pay shall not apply to the troops of the Ordnance Department.

in the performance of their official duties when serving with troops in the field or at military posts and stations and for the following number: To a lieutenant-general, four, to a major-general or a brigadier-general, three; to a colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major, captain, or lieutenant, mounted, and regimental adjutant and quartermaster, each two. Par. 1157, ibid.

Mounted officers will not use public horses and at the same time draw forage for those they own; nor will they use public animals except as authorized by regulations. Should circumstances render it necessary, an officer may be temporarily furnished public horses, but during such period he will not be permitted to draw forage for a private horse. Par. 1158, ibid.

An officer not mounted may purchase forage for two horses kept for his own use, for which he will be charged cost, including transportation. The sale of forage to mounted officers is forbidden. Par. 1159, ibid.

For a case, in which certain officers of the Army were ordered by the Secretary of War to make restitution to the United States of certain sums of money representing quantities of fuel which had been consumed by them without being paid for as required by law, see Gen. Court-martial Orders No. 85, War Dept., of 1882.

1 WORKING PARTIES-EXTRA AND SPECIAL DUTY MEN.

Troops will not be employed in labors that interfere with their military duties except in cases of necessity. Par. 181, A. R., 1901.

Enlisted men detailed to perform specific services which remove them temporarily from the ordinary duty roster of the organization to which they belong will be reported on extra duty if receiving increased compensation therefor, otherwise, on special duty. They will not be placed on extra duty, except as bakers or to perform the necessary routine services in the Quartermaster's and Subsistence Departments, without the sanction of the department commander, nor will they be employed on extra duty for labor in camp or garrison which can be properly performed by fatigue parties. Allotments of funds for the payment of extra-duty men at department headquarters and depots under the control of department commanders will be made only with the approval of the Secretary of War. Duty of a military character must be performed without extra compensation. Par. 164, A. R., 1895.

The provisions of section 6 of the act approved April 26, 1898, abolishing extraduty pay in time of war, applies to enlisted men in every department of the Army, and, as war existed when the act was passed, enlisted men ceased to be entitled to extra-duty pay upon the date of its approval. Circular 15, A. G. O., 1898. See, also, G. 0. 77, A. G. O., 1898.

The detail of a noncommissioned officer on extra duty other than that of overseer will not be made without the approval of the Secretary of War. A noncommissioned officer will not be detailed on any duty inconsistent with his rank and position in the military service. Par. 166, A. R., 1895.

Company artificers, farriers, blacksmiths, saddlers, and wagoners will not receive extra-duty pay unless detailed on extra duty in the Quartermaster's Department, wholly disconnected from their companies. Par. 186, A. R., 1901.

Soldiers on extra duty will be paid the extra rates of pay allowed by law for the

Details to be in writing. 176, . 7, . 14, p 93.

Details in the field; how made.

75, s. 35, v. 12, p. 736.

Sec. 1236, R.S.

Rates of extraduty pay. 23, 110.

743. Working parties of soldiers shall be detailed for July 13, 1846. C. employment as artificers or laborers, in the construction of Sec. 1985, R.s. permanent military works or public roads, or in other con

stant labor only upon the written order of a commanding officer, when such detail is for ten or more days.

744. Details to special service from forces in the field Mar. 3, 1863, 6. shall be made only with the consent of the commanding

officer of the forces.

745. Extra-duty pay hereafter shall be at the rate of July 6, 1884, v. fifty cents per day for mechanics, artisans, school-teachers,

and clerks at Army, division, and department headquarters, and thirty-five cents per day for other clerks, teamsters, laborers, and others. Act of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat. L., 110.)

746. In war time no additional increased compensation $. 6, Apr. 26, shall be allowed to soldiers performing what is known as

extra or special duty. Sec. 6, act of April 26, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 365).

747. Enlisted men receiving or entitled to the twenty per centum increased pay herein authorized shall not be entitled to or receive any additional increased compensation for what is known as extra or special duty. Act of May 26, 1900 (31 Stat L., 211).

Limitation in time of war.

1898, v. 30, p. 365.

The same.

May 26, 1900, v. 31, p. 211.

duty performed and for the exact number of days employed; and no greater number of men will be emyloyed on extra duty at any time than can be paid the full legal rates for the time employed from the funds provided. Payments made in violation of the above rules will be charged against the officers who ordered the details. Par. 187, ibid.

Extra-duty men will be held to such hours of labor as may be expedient and necessary; but, except in case of urgent public necessity, as in military operations, eight hours will be considered a day's work. For all hours employed beyond that number the soldier will receive additional compensation--the extra hours being computed as fractions of a day of eight hours' duration. Par. 189, ibid.

Details of enlisted men for extra and special duty will be limited to actual necessities, which will be determined by post commanders in accordance with limits published in orders from the War Department. Allotments to posts of funds for extraduty pay are made by department commanders from allotments made to departments for the purpose, and must not be exceeded without special authority from department commanders. Par. 190, ibid.

Enlisted men of the several staff departments are not entitled to extra-duty pay for services rendered in the department to which they belong. To entitle them to such compensation they must be detailed by competent orders and must have performed duty in another department than that in which they are enlisted. Under existing orders enlisted men of the Ordnance Department are entitled to extra-duty pay when performing duty in the Quartermaster's Department. Circular II, A. G. 0., 1886; 1, ibid, 1887, and par. 185, A. R., 1901.

Clerical services at Army, division, and department headquarters have, since the act of July 29, 1886 (24 Stat. L., 167), been performed by a corps of general-service clerks and messengers. By the act of August 6, 1894, this force ceased to exist as a part of the enlisted strength of the Army.

The act of March 15, 1898 (30 Stat. L., 323), and prior acts of appropriation fix the sum that may be expended for the pay of extra-duty men at $200,000 per annum; they also contain the requirement that “no payment of extra-duty pay shall be made at any greater rate per day than is fixed by law for the class of persons employed and the work done therein."

CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

Restriction on

31, 906.

748. The number of and total sum paid for civilian em

employment. ployees in the Quartermaster's Department, including those Mar 2, 1901, v. paid from the funds appropriated for regular supplies, incidental expenses, barracks and quarters, army transportation, clothing, camp and garrison equipage, shall be limited to the actual requirements of the service, and no employee paid therefrom shall receive a salary of more than one hundred and fifty dollars per month, except upon the approval of the Secretary of War.' Act of March 2, 1901 (31 Stat. L., 906).

CLOTHING,

Par.

Par. 749. President to prescribe.

754. Uniforms not to be sold. 750. Gratuitous issues.

755. Selling, spoiling, etc., clothing. 751. Returns and accounts.

756. Altering clothing. 752. Clothing allowances.

757. Restriction, cost of altering. 753. Clothing balances.

749. The President may prescribe the uniform of the Uniformes the Army and quantity and kind of clothing which shall be president

Apr. 21, 1816, c. issued annually to the troops of the United States.

69, s. 7, v. 3, p. 298.

Sec. 1296, R. S. 750. The Secretary of War may, on the recommendation Gratuitous isof the Surgeon-General, order gratuitous issues of clothing remar, 12, 13868. to soldiers who have had contagious diseases, and to hospi- 250.

Sec. 1298, R. S. tal attendants who have nursed them, to replace any articles of their clothing destroyed by order of the proper medical officers to prevent contagion.”

1 The act of March 3, 1885 (23 Stat. L., 359), restricted the number of civilian employees in this Department to 1,000; the act of February 12, 1895 (28 ibid., 661), restricted the payments for the services of civilian employees to $1,000,000, and provided that no employee should receive as salary more than $150 per month without the specific authority of law.

The amount to be expended for the payment of civilian employees was fixed at $1,600,000 by the act of March 3, 1883 (22 Štat. L., 459); at $1,500,000 by the acts of July 5, 1884 (23 Stat. L., 111), March 3, 1885 (23 Stat. L., 360), and June 30, 1886 (24 Stat. L., 98); at $1,300,000 by the acts of February 9, 1887 (24 Stat. L., 399), September 22, 1888 (25 Stat. L., 486), March 2, 1889 (25 Stat. L., 830), June 13, 1890 (26 Stat. L., 154), and February 24, 1891 (26 Stat. L., 776); at $1,200,000 by the acts of July 16, 1892 (27 Stat. L., 180), and February 27, 1893 (27 Stat. L., 484); at $1,100,000 by the act of August 6, 1894 (28 Stat. L., 240), and at $1,000,000 by the acts of February 12, 1895 (28 Stat. L., 661), March 16, 1896 (29 Stat. L., 66), Narch 2, 1897 (ibid., 614), and March 15, 1898 (30 ibid., 323); by the acts of June 7, 1898, (30 ibid., 433), March 3, 1899 (ibid., 1350), and February 24, 1900 (31 ibid., 32), the restrictions imposed in the statutes above referred to were suspended, in the discretion of the Secretary of War or subject to the furtherorder of Congress, until June 30, 1901.

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Gratuitous issues of clothing may be made, under the provisions of section 1298, Revised Statutes, to replace articles destroyed to prevent the spread of contagious diseases. Par. 1319, A. R., 1901.

Should it become necessary to issue new clothing for use in the burial of a deceased

ACCOUNTABILITY FOR CLOTHING,

Returns of clothing and equipage

, 1894. 28 47.

Sec. 1221, R. S.

lowances.

751. Every officer who receives clothing or camp equiMY 18, 182, c, page for the use of his command, or for issue to the troops, 74,5 3,4 4, 2: 174: shall render to the Quartermaster-General, at the expira69 : 23: Martion of each regular quarter of the year, quarterly returns

of such supplies, according to the forms which may be prescribed, accompanied by the requisite vouchers for any

issues which shall have been made. 1 clothing al- 752. The money value of all clothing overdrawn by the Apr. 24. 1816, soldier beyond his allowance shall be charged against him, P: 29: May 15. every six months, on the muster roll of his company, or on

his final statements if sooner discharged, and he shall reSec. 1302, R. S.

ceive pay for such articles of clothing as have not been issued to him in any year, or which may be due to him at the time of his discharge, according to the annual estimated value thereof. The amount due him for clothing, when he draws less than his allowance, shall not be paid to him until his final discharge from the service."

, c. 161, s. v. 17, p. 117.

soldier, as in the case of a man who dies away from his proper command and under circumstances rendering such issues imperatively necessary, the expense of the issue will be borne by the United States, and the clothing will be dropped from the returns of the issuing officer on the orders of the commanding officer, which must recite the necessity for the issue. Par. 1320, ibid.

Where the clothing of certain enlisted men of volunteers was destroyed near Santiago, Cuba, in 1898, by order of the proper military authority, on account of having been exposed to contagion, and replaced by new clothing which was charged to the enlisted men receiving it on their clothing accounts, it was decided by the Comptroller of the Treasury, November 28, 1900, that the issue was proper under the circumstances of the case, and that the charges therefor in the clothing accounts were erroneous and should be canceled. Circular No. 51, A. G. O., 1900.

A table showing the price of clothing and equipage for the Army, the allowance of clothing in kind to each soldier for each year of his enlistment, and his clothing money allowance for each year and day thereof, also the allowance of equipage to officers and enlisted men, will be published in orders. Par. 1286, A. R., 1901.

Each soldier's clothing account will be kept by the company or detachment commander in the company clothing book. The account will show the money value of the clothing received by the soldier at each issue, and his receipt therefor will be taken in the book. Par. 1303, ibid.

Company and detachment commanders will settle the clothing account of every enlisted man of their respective commands six months after the date of his enlistment, and thereafter on June 30'and December 31 of each year. The entire amount found due the United States for the periods embracing the dates of settlement will be charged to the soldier upon the pay rolls. The money allowance of clothing for the first year will be allotted by half years. Par. 1304, ibid.

The balance due the soldier at either of these dates will be credited to him upon the company clothing book. It will not be placed upon the pay rolls, but the final balance due at date of discharge will be entered upon his final statements. case of transfer the balance due the soldier or the United States will be entered on the descriptive list. All balances of this character will be stated in words and figures. Par. 1305, ibid.

The clothing account of a soldier who deserts should be settled in full to the date of desertion. The balance due him or the United States will be entered on the next pay rolls after date of desertion. The amount due the United States or the soldier at date of desertion should be ascertained by crediting the soldier with clothing allowance from date of last clothing settlement to the date of desertion (excluding the day of desertion) and debiting him with the money value of all cloth

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