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Officers not to trade.

military posts or service on or near Indian reservations, to purchase in open market, from the Indians as far as practicable, at fair and reasonable rates, not to exceed the market prices in the localities, any cattle, grain, hay, fuel, or other produce or merchandise they may have for sale or which may be required for the military service. Sec. 4, act of January 19, 1891 (26 Stat. L., 721).

719. No officer belonging to the Quartermaster's DepartMay 22, 1812, ment, or doing the duty of a quartermaster or assistant Sec. 1138, R.S. quartermaster, shall be concerned, directly or indirectly,

in the purchase or sale of any article intended for or appertaining to said department of service, except on account of the United States; nor shall any such officer take or apply to his own use any gain or emolument for negotiating or transacting any business connected with the duties of his office, other than that which may be allowed by law.

TRANSPORTATION.

Par.

Par.
720. Transportation of troops.
721. The same, officers traveling without

troops; transportation in kind.
722. The same, land-grant roads.
723. Deduction from mileage accounts.
724. The same, tables of distances.

725. Transportation by land-grant and

bond-aided roads. 726. Procurement of means of transpor

tation. 727. Transportation of property for other

departments of Government.

TRANSPORTATION OF TROOPS.

Transportation of troops, etc.

720. The transportation of troops, munitions of war, Jan. 31, 1862. C. equipments, military property, and stores throughout the 15, s. 4, v. 12, P. 331.

United States shall be under the immediate control and Sec. 220, R. S.

supervision of the Secretary of War and such agents as he

may appoint.' 1 The transportation of organized bodies, or detachments of troops under orders from competent authority directing travel to be performed, is regulated by the requirements of this section, as modified from time to time by the provisions of the annual acts of appropriation for the support of the Army. The allowance of sleeping-car accommodation to officers traveling with troops is regulated by the following requirements of General Orders No. 3, A. G. O., of 1899:

The following persons are entitled, at public expense, to a double berth in a sleeping car, or to the customary stateroom accommodations on steamers where extra charge is made for the same: Officers of the Army traveling on duty with troops; army nurses, civilian clerks and agents in the military service, when traveling under orders on public business; sergeant-majors, ordnance, commissary (post or regimental), quartermaster (post or regimental), and electrician sergeants, hospital stewards, chief musicians, chief trumpeters, principal musicians, and sergeants of the Signal Corps, when traveling under orders on public business without troops; also invalid soldiers, when so traveling on the certificate of a medical officer showing the necessity therefor.

When the number of officers traveling with troops is too small to justify the hire by the Quartermaster's Department of a standard sleeping car for their acconimodation, they shall be furnished with such part of a tourist sleeping car, or other suitable sleeping car, properly curtained off for their accommodation, as the Quartermaster's Department may provide for their use during the journey.

For statutes respecting the allowance and payment of mileage to officers traveling

TRANSPORTATION TO OFFICERS TRAVELING WITHOUT TROOPS.

Mar. 2, 1901, v

721. Officers who so desire may, upon application to the Transportation Quartermaster's Department, be furnished with transpor- 31,0.902

. tation requests, exclusive of sleeping and parlor car accommodations, for the entire journey under their orders;

MENT.

without troops see the title Travel Allowances in the chapter entitled The PaY DEPART

For enactments respecting the furnishing of actual transportation (exclusive of sleeping and parlor car accommodations) see the act of February 26, 1900 (31 Stat. L., 210), paragraphs 721 to 724, post.

REIMBURSEMENT OF CIVILIANS FOR TRAVELING EXPENSES.

The transportation of civilian employees and their reimbursement for traveling expenses are controlled by the following paragraphs of the Army Regulations of 1895:

TRAVELING EXPENSES.

For authorized journeys of civilian employees of any branch of the military seryice transportation requests will be obtained when practicable, but will be obtained in every case for travel over bond-aided railroads. Par. 813, A. R., 1901.

Reimbursement of actual expenses when traveling under competent orders will be allowed under the following heads, to civilians in the employ of any branch of the military service, excepting the expert accountant of the Inspector-General's Department, paymasters' clerks, and those mentioned in the next succeeding paragraph, viz:

1. Cost of transportation (excluding parlor-car fare) over the shortest usually traveled route, when it was impracticable to furnish transportation in kind on transportation requests.

2. Cost of transfers to and from railroad stations, not exceeding 50 cents for each transfer.

3. Cost of one double berth in a sleeping car, or customary state-room accommodation on boats and steamers when extra charge is made therefor.

4. Cost of meals, not exceeding $3 per day, while en route, when meals are not included in the transportation fare paid; and not exceeding $3 per day for meals and lodgings during necessary delay en route.

5. Cost of meals and lodgings, not exceeding $3 per day, while on duty at places designated in the orders for the performance of temporary duty. Par. 814, ibid.

Veterinary surgeons of cavalry regiments traveling under proper orders, in accordance with paragraph 185, are not entitled to reimbursement under the fifth heading above given. Par. 730, A. R. 1895.

Laborers, teamsters, and employees of similar character, traveling under competent orders, will be entitled to such actual and necessary expenses of travel and subsistence as may be authorized by the chief of bureau which pays the accounts. Those in receipt of a ration under paragraph 1252 will not be allowed commutation therefor. If it be impracticable for them to carry rations in kind, rations will not be drawn for the period during which they are traveling. Par. 815, A. R. 1901.

None but the authorized items of traveling expenses of civilians will be allowed. They will in all cases be set forth in detail in each voucher for reimbursement supported by oath and, when practicable, by receipts. Par. 816, ibid.

Paymasters' clerks and the expert accountant of the Inspector-General's Department, when traveling on duty, will, when transportation in kind can not be furnished by the Quartermaster's Department, be reimbursed for cost of transportation paid by them, exclusive of parlor or sleeping car fares or transfers, and will receive in addition thereto, for all travel whether or not on transportation requests, 4 cents per mile for each mile necessarily traveled by them in the performance of dutydistance to be computed over the shortest usually traveled route. Par. 818, ibid.

Actual traveling expenses, as contemplated in the preceding paragraphs, are paid by the following departments, viz:

Pay Department. - To paymasters' clerks, the expert accountant of the InspectorGeneral's Department, civilians summoned as witnesses before, and authorized reporters of, military courts.

Ordnance Department.--To employees at arsenals and armories (cost of transportation included) from appropriations for the service of the Ordnance Department.

Engineer Department. - To employees on public works and fortifications (cost of transportation included) from appropriations made specifically for the work.

Quartermaster's Department.--To employees of the Quartermaster's and Subsistence

and the transportation so furnished shall be a charge against the officers' mileage account, to be deducted at the rate of three cents per mile by the paymaster paying the account, the amount so deducted to be turned over to the authorized officer of the Quartermaster's Department for

the credit of the appropriation for transportation of the Departments, and other employees of the Army not above provided for. Par. 819, ibid. This department also furnishes transportation to maimed soldiers, etc., to enable them to procure artificial limbs (see paragraphs 948 and 949, post), and to soldiers who have been admitted to the Soldiers' Home.

When officers of the staff departments change station the transfer of clerks or other employees to the new stations at the expense of the United States is prohibited, except in cases of urgent necessity, for which the sanction of the Secretary of War will first be obtained. The Pay Department is excepted from this regulation. Par. 820, ibid.

The appropriation for the transportation of the Army is not applicable to the permanent repair of a public highway under the jurisdiction of a State. V Compt. Dec., 673.

TRANSPORTATION OF BAGGAGE.

In changing station an officer's authorized allowance of baggage (a) will be turned over to a quartermaster for transportation as freight by ordinary freight lines, unless otherwise ordered by the department commander or higher authority. No reimbursement will be made to an officer who under such circumstances sends packages by express or ships and pays for the transportation of his baggage. Par. 1118, A. R., 1895.

The baggage to be transported at public expense, including mess chests and personal baggage, upon change of station, will not exceed the following weights:

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Brigadier-general.
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Captain..
First lieutenant..
Second lieutenant and veterinarian.
Acting assistant surgeon..
Post and regimental noncommissioned staff officer, hospital steward, chief

musician, sergeant of the Signal Corps, squadron and battalion sergeant-
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These allowances are in excess of the weights transported free of charge under the regular fares by public carriers. They may be reduced pro rata by the commanding officer, if necessary, and may, in special cases, be increased by the War Department on transports by water. Shipments of officers' allowance of baggage will in all cases be made at carrier's risk, including those over roads where tariffs provide for extra charge therefor. Par. 1242, A. R. 1901.

The Quartermaster's Department will transport the authorized change of station allowance of baggage and professional books and papers for officers or enlisted men upon retirement, or who die in the service, from their last duty stations to such places within the limits of the United States as may be the homes of their families, or as may be designated by their legal representatives or executors. Par. 1243, ibid.

Transportation of change of station allowance of baggage is authorized for such contract surgeons as may be employed, when they join for duty under the first order, and also on return to their homes on the termination of their contracts, if provided for in the contracts. Graduates of the Military Academy and oflicers promoted from the ranks will be furnished with transportation for field allowance of baggage on their first assignment to duty as commissioned officers. With these exceptions, transportation of baggage at public expense is not authorized for officers joining for duty on first appointment to military service, nor upon reinstatement or reappointment, nor to effect transfers from one company or regiment to another at the request of parties transferred. Officers ordered on temporary duty and officers going abroad as military

a The term “baggage," in the military sense, and as used in statutes relating to the Army, embraces almost any article of personal property which does not exceed in weight the limit prescribed by Army Regulations or general orders. 3 Dig. 2d Compt, Dec., 55,

Army and its supplies. Act of March 2, 1901 (31 Stat.
L., 901).

722. When the established route of travel shall, in whole roland-grant or in part, be over the line of any railroad company which, Ibid. by law or agreement, is entitled to receive only fifty per centum of the compensation earned by such company for transportation services rendered the United States, officers traveling as herein provided for shall, for the travel over such roads, be furnished with transportation requests, exclusive of sleeping and parlor car accommodations, by the Quartermaster's Department. Ibid.

attachés (a) are not entitled to such transportation. An officer detailed as attaché, however, is entitled to have his full allowance transported from the post he leaves to his home, or to the nearest convenient place of storage, and upon resuming duty in this country from such place of storage to his post of duty. While on journeys as an attaché the cost of transporting his personal baggage can not be paid by the Quartermaster's Department. (6) Par. 1121, A. R., 1895.

The Quartermaster's Department will furnish transportation for the prescribed regimental and company desks, for the books, papers, and instruments of staff officers necessary to the performance of their duties, and for the medical chests of medical officers; also for the professional books of officers changing station, officers ordered home for retirement, graduates of the Military Academy, and officers joining on first appointment, which they certify belong to them and pertain to their official duties; also the professional books of hospital stewards changing station, not exceeding two hundred pounds in weight. Invoices of packages turned over to the shipping officer will be accompanied by the certificate of the officer as to character of books, and a certified copy will be attached to the bill of lading issued at the initial point of shipment. The certificate as to the character of the books of a hospital steward will be given by the medical officer under whom he last served. Par. 1245, A. R., 1901.

The Quartermaster's Department will transport, for officers changing station, the number of horses for which they are legally entitled to forage, and an attendant to accompany the horses when necessary, subject to the following restrictions:

(1) That the expense paid by the United States shall not exceed $50 for each horse transported. The cost of such shipment will be ascertained in advance, and if found to exceed $50 for each horse, including transportation of attendant, if any, the excess must be prepaid by the owner, who must also pay all the expenses of the attendant other than his transportation.

(2) That the horses are owned by the officer and were used by him in the public service at the station from which he is ordered to move.

(3) The horses of retired officers or officers ordered to their homes to await retirement, or officers ordered on recruiting service or college detail, or to attend schools of instruction as student officers, or to effect a voluntary transfer, will not be transported at public expense. Par. 1069, A. R., 1895.

The Quartermaster's Department may provide transportation of baggage for enlisted men traveling under orders without troops, not to exceed the following weights: Noncommissioned officers..

-pounds.. 100 Privates of the Hospital Corps

..do.... 100 Other privates

...do.... 50 This allowance will accompany each man on the conveyance by which he is transported, and will include the number of pounds of baggage carried free on the passage ticket. Par. 1224, A. R., 1901.

* This statute replaces the acts of February 12 (28 Stat. L., 657) and March 3, 1899 (30 ibid., 1068). For an executive interpretation of this enactment see Circular No. 21, A. G. O., of 1900; for a decision of the Comptroller of July 18, 1900, see Circular 28, A. G.O., 1900.

a A military attaché is entitled to the same allowance for baggage in changing his station in a foreign country that he would have been entitled to in changing his station in the United States. V Compt. Dec., 55.

b The term " baggage," in the military sense, and as used in statutes relating to the Army, embraces almost any article of personal property which does not exceed in weight the limit prescribed by Army Regulations or general orders. 3 Dig: 20 Compt. Dec., 55.

Deduction from mileage.

Ibid.

723. When transportation is furnished by the Quartermaster's Department, or when the established route of travel is over any of the railroads above specified, there shall be deducted from the officers' mileage account, by the paymaster paying the same, three cents per mile for the distance for which transportation has been or should have been furnished. Ibid.

724. Payment and settlement of mileage accounts of officers shall be made according to distances computed over routes established, and by mileage tables prepared by the Paymaster-General of the Army under the direction of the Secretary of War. Ibid.

Tables of distances.

Ibid.

TRANSPORTATION BY LAND-GRANT AND BOND-AIDED RAILROADS.

Payment of 725. For the payment of army transportations lawfully land-grant roads, etc.

due such land-grant railroads as have not received aid in Mar. 2, 1901, v. p. 31, 907.

Government bonds (to be adjusted in accordance with the decisions of the Supreme Court in cases decided under such land-grant acts), but in no case shall more than fifty per centum of. full amount of service be paid: Provided, That such compensation shall be computed upon the basis of the tariff or lower special rates for like transportation performed for the public at large, and shall be accepted as in full for all demands for such service: Provided further, That in expending the money appropriated by this act, a railroad company which has not received aid in bonds of the United States, and which obtained a grant of public land to aid in the construction of its railroad on condition that such railroad should be a post route and military road, subject to the use of the United States for postal, military, naval, and other Government services, and also subject to such regulations as Congress may impose restricting the charge for such Government transportation, having claims against the United States for transportation of troops and munitions of war and military supplies and property over such aided railroads, shall be paid out of the moneys appropriated by the foregoing provision only on the basis of such rate for the transportation of such troops and munitions of war and military supplies and property as the Secretary of War shall deem just and reasonable under the foregoing provision, such rate not to exceed fifty per

1 This statute replaces the acts of February 12 (28 Stat. L., 657) and March 3, 1899 (30 ibid., 1068). For an executive interpretation of this enactment see Circular No. 21, A. G. (., of 1900; for a decision of the Comptroller of July 18, 1900, see Circular 28, A. G. O., 1900.

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