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de la guerre.

conven

of Swiss Confed-
eration.

batants, and they will be required combattants, et il leur sera imposé
not to serve during the continu- de ne pas gervir pendant la durée
ance of the war.
ART. XIV. In naval wary any ART. XIV. Dans les guerres, Rights of bel-

ligerents to sus-
strong presumption that either maritimes, toute forte présomp- pend
belligerent takes advantage of tion que l'un des belligérants tion, etc.
the benefits of neutrality, with profite du bénéfice de la neutralité
any other view than the interest dans un autre intérêt que celui
of the sick and wounded, gives to des blessés et des malades, perinet
the other belligerent, until proof à l'autre belligérant, jusqu'à
to the contrary, the right of sus- preuve du contraire, de suspendre
pending the Convention, as re- la Convention à son égard.
gards such belligerent.
Should this presumption be- Si cette présomption devient Notice of sus-

pension of Concome a certainty, notice may be une certitude, la Convention peut vention, etc. to

be given. given to such belligerent that the même lui être dénoncée pour toute Convention is suspended with re

la durée de la guerre. gard to him during the whole continuance of the war. Art. XV. The present act shall Art. XV. Le présent acte sera

Act embodied

in one original be drawn up in a single original dressé en un seul exemplaire ori- copy and depos

ited in archives copy, which shall be deposited in ginal qui sera déposé aux archives the Archives of the Swiss Confed- de la Confédération suisse. eration. An authentic copy of this Act Une copie authentique de cet Authentic copy

to be delivered shall be delivered, with an invi- acte sera délivrée, avec, l'invita- to signatory powtation to adhere to it, to each of tion d'y adhérer, à chacune des ers, etc. the signatory Powers of the Con- Puissances signataires de la Convention of the 22d of August, vention du 22 août 1864, ainsi qu'à 1864, as well as to those that have celles qui y ont successivement successively acceded to it.

accédé. In faith whereof, the under- En foi de quoi les Commissaires signed commissaries have drawn soussignés ont dressé le présent up the present project of addi- Projet d'articles additionnels et y tional articles and have apposed ont apposé le cachet de leurs thereunto the seals of their arms.

[Done at Geneva, the twentieth Fait à Genève le vingtième jour Seals of com-
day of the month of October, of the du mois d'octobre de l'an mil huit missaries.
year one thousand eight hundred and cent soixante-huit.'
sixty-eight.]
VON Rader.

VON REDER.
F. LFFLER.

F. LEFFLER.
KÖHLER.

KÖHLER.
DR. MUNDY.

DR. MUNDY.
STEINER.

STEINER.
DR. DOMPIERRE.

DR. DOMPIERRE.
VISSCHERS.

VISSCHERS.
J. B. G. GALIFFE.

J. B. G. GALIFFE.
A. COUPVENT DES Bois.

A. COUPVENT DES Bois.
H. DE PRÉVAL.

H. DE PRÉVAL.

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armes.

1

1 The proclamation of the President of the United States promulgating the original treaty and the articles additional thereto bears date July 26, 1882 (22 Stat. L., 126).

JOHN SAVILLE LUMLEY.
H. R. YELVERTON.
D. FELICE BAROFFIO.
Paolo CortRAU.
H. A. VAN KARNEBEEK.
WESTENBERG.
F. N. STAAFF.
D. H. DUFOU'R.
G. MOYNIER.
DR. S. LEHMANN.
Husny.
DR. C. Haun.
DR. FICHTE.

John SAVILLE LYLEY,
H. R. YELVERTON.
D. FELICE BAROFFIO).
Paolo COTTRAC.
H. A. VAN KARNEBEEK.
WESTENBERG.
F. N. STAAFF.
G. H. DUFOUR.
G. MOYNIER.
DR. S. LEHMANN.
HUSNY.
DR. C. Haus,
DR. Fichte.

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AGREEMENT FOR THE ADAPTATION OF MAR-
ITIME WARFARE TO THE RULES OF THE
GENEVA CONVENTION OF AUGUST 22, 1864.

Art. I. Military hospital ships—that is, ships constructed or fitted out by States especially and solely with a view to give assistance to the sick, wounded, and shipwrecked, the names of which shall have been communicated to the belligerent powers at the opening or during the continuance of hostilities, and in every case before being placed in service, are to be respected and may not be captured during the continuance of hostilities. These vessels are not assimilated to ships of war in matters pertaining to their sojourn in neutral ports.

Art. II. Hospital ships equipped wholly or in part at the expense of private individuals, or aid societies which have been officially recognized, are equally to be respected and exempted from capture, if the belligerent power to which they are attached has given them an official commission, and has notified their names to the adverse power at the opening of hostilities, or during their progress, but in every case before being placed in service. These ships shall carry a document from competent authority declaring that they have been subjected to its inspection during their equipment and at their final departure.

ART. III. Hospital ships equipped wholly or in part at the expense of private individuals, or societies officially recognized by neutral states, are to be respected and exempted from capture, if the neutral power to which they are subject issues commissions to them, and notifies their names to the belligerent powers at the outbreak of hostilities or during their continuance, but in all cases before being placed in service.

ART. IV. Ships mentioned in Articles I, II, and III shall carry aid and assistance to the sick, wounded, and shipwrecked individuals of the belligerent armies without distinction of nationality. The governments agree not to use these ships for any warlike purpose. These ships shall not embarrass in any manner the movements of the

H. Doc. 545-66

1041

combatants. During and after the combat they shall act at their own risk and hazard. Belligerents shall have the right to visit and inspect them; they may refuse assistance to them, or require them to remove to a distance, or impose upon them a fixed sailing course, and may place a commissioner on board; they may even detain them if circumstances demand it. As far as possible orders given by belligerents to hospital ships shall be entered in their log books.

ART. V. Military hospital ships shall be distinguished by an exterior coloring of white with a green horizontal band of about one meter and a half in width. Ships mentioned in Articles II and III shall be distinguished by an exterior coloring of white with a red horizontal band of about one meter and a half in width. The small boats of the ships just mentioned, as well as the small boats which may be employed in hospital service, shall be distinguished by similar painting. All hospital ships shall be recognized by hoisting with their national flags the red cross emblazoned upon the white flag, as prescribed by the Geneva Convention.

Art. VI. Commercial vessels, yachts, or neutral small boats conveying or receiving sick, wounded, or shipwrecked persons are not liable to capture for engaging in such transport; but they remain liable to capture for any violations of neutrality which they may have committed.

ART. VII. The personnel of the medical and hospital service, including chaplains, of every captured vessel, is inviolable and can not be made prisoners of war. They carry away with them, on quitting the ship, the surgical instruments and appliances which are their personal property. These persons shall continue to perform their functions so long as may be necessary, and they may be withdrawn when the commander in chief deems such withdrawal possible. Belligerents are to secure to such persons who may

fall into their hands the full enjoyment of their salaries.

ART. VIII. Persons in the military or naval service, to whatever nation they may belong, who are sick, wounded, or shipwrecked, shall be protected and cared for by their captors.

ART. IX. Sick, wounded, and shipwrecked persons in the service of a belligerent who fall into the hands of the enemy become prisoners of war.

It is for the enemy to decide, according to the circumstances of the case, whether

it is expedient to hold them, to send them to a port of their own nation, or to a neutral port, or even to a port of the enemy. In the last case the prisoners so returned to their country can not serve during the continuance of the war.

Art. X. Sick, wounded, or sbipwrecked persons who are sent to a neutral port, with the consent of the local authority, shall, unless a contrary arrangement be entered into between the neutral state and the belligerents, be subjected to such restraint by the neutral state that it will be impossible for them to again take part in the operations of the war. The expenses cf hospital treatment and internment of the sick, wounded, and shipwrecked shall be borne by the state to which they belong.

ART. XI. The rules contained in the foregoing article are obligatory only upon the contracting powers in the event of war between two or more of them. The said rules shall cease to be obligatory from the instant when, in a war between contracting powers, a noncontracting power joins one of the belligerents.

Art. XII. The present Convention shall be ratified with the briefest possible delay. The ratifications shall be deposited at The Hague; a minute shall be prepared, on the deposit of each ratification, of which a properly authenticated copy shall be transmitted, through diplomatic channels, to each of the contracting powers.

ART. XIII. Nonsignatory powers who have accepted the Geneva Convention of August 22, 1864, are permitted to adhere to this Convention. To that end they shall make known their adhesion to the contracting powers by a notification in writing, addressed to the Government of the Netherlands, and, communicated by it to all of the other contracting powers.

ART. XIV. If it should happen that one of the high contracting parties should disavow the present Convention, such disavowal shall not become operative until one year after it shall have been notified, in writing, to the Government of the Netherlands and immediately communicated by the latter to all of the other high contracting powers. This disavowal shall be operative only in respect to the power which shall have given notice of it.

Done at The Hague this 29th day of July, 1899.

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