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bar.

pts.

qt. 2

1

gal. 8 4

1 288 144

36

1

hhd. 432 216

54

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butt. 864 432 108

3
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1 NOTE. — By a law of Massachusetts, the Barrel for Cider and Beer shall contain 32 Gallons. The Ale Gallon contains 282 cubic or solid inches.

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WINE MEASURE. 4 Gills

make 1 Pint, 2 Pints

1 Quart, 4 Quarts

1 Gallon, 42 Gallons

1 Tierce, 63 Gallons, or 13 Tierces “ 1 Hogshead, 2 Tierces

1 Puncheon, 2 Hogsheads

1 Pipe or Butt, 2 Pipes, or 4 Hhds.

1 Tun,

pt. qt. gal. tier, hhd. pun.

pi. tun.

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qt.

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gal. 8

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tier. 336 168 42 1

hhd. 504 252 63

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pun. 672 336

84 2 1} 1008 504 126 3 2

1= 2016 1008 252 6 4

3 Note. - The Wine Gallon contains 231 cubic inches.

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OF TIME.

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60 Seconds, or 60" make 1 Minute, 60 Minutes

1 Hour, 24 Hours

1 Day, 7 Days

1 Week, 4 Weeks

1 Month, 13 Months, 1 day, 6 hours, or

1 Julian Year, 365 days, 6 hours, 12 Calendar months

1 Year,

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d. 86400 1440

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W 604800 10080 168

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1 2419200 40320 672

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y. 31557 600 525960 8766 3651

Note. — The true solar year is the time measured from the sun's leaving either equinox or solstice, to its return to the same again. A periodical year

mo. 1

is the time the earth revolves round the sun, and is 365 d. 6 h. 9 m. 14} sec. and is often called the Siderial year. The civil year is that which is in common use ainong the different nations of the world, and contains 365 days for three years in succession, but every fourth year contains 366 days. When any year can be divided by four, without any remainder, it is leap year, and has 366 days. The days in each month are stated in the following distich :

Thirty days hath September,
April, June, and November ;
All the rest have thirty-one,
Except February alone,
Which hath but twenty-eight,
Except leap year, when it hath twenty-nine.

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60 Seconds

make 1 Prime minute, marked 60 Minutes

1 Degree, 30 Degrees

1 Sign, 12 Signs, or 360 Degrees, the whole great circle of the zodiac.

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