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THE REFORMATION IN 1617, TO THE REVOLUTION IN 1688;

COMPRISING

An Account of their Principles ;

THEIR ATTEMPTS FOR A FARTHER REFORMATION IN THE CHURCH, THEIR SUFFERINGI,

AND THE LIVES AND CHARACTERS OF THEIR MOST CONSIDERABLE DIVINES.

BY DANIEL NE A L, M. A.

A NEW EDITION, IN THREE VOLUMES.

REPRINTED FROM

THE TEXT OF DR. TOULMIN'S EDITION ;

WITH AIS LIFE OF THE AUTHOR AND ACCOUNT OF HIS WRITINGS.

REVISED, CORRECTED, AND ENLARGED.

VOL. III.

LONDON:
PRINTED FOR THOMAS TEGG AND SON, 73, CHEAPSIDE ;

R. GRIFFIN AND CO., GLASGOW; T. T. AND H. TEGG, DUBLIN ;

ALSO J. AND s. A. TEGG, SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

LONDON : BRADBURY AND EVANS, PRINTERS,

WHITEFRIARS.

CONTENTS

THE THIRD VOLUM E.

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No. I. . . A declaration of certain principal articles of religion 485

No. II. . . Letter to the bishops and pastors of England who have

renounced the Roman antichrist . .

No. III. . John Fox's letter to queen Elizabeth, to dissuade her

from burning two Dutch Anabaptists ..

. . 489

- No. IV. . A directory of church-government, anciently contended

for and practised by the first Nonconformists . . . . 491

• No. V. . . Letter of the imprisoned Puritan ministers to her majesty,

in vindication of their innocence ,

. . 501

No. VI. . Articles of religion agreed upon by the archbishops, bishops,

&c. of Ireland . . . . . . . . 506

No. VII. . Articles of the church of England, revised by the assembly

of divines in 1643 . . . . . . 519

No. VIII. The directory for the public worship of God agreed on by

the assembly of divines at Westminster, approved by the general

assembly of the church of Scotland, and ratified by parliament

in 1645 . .

. . . . 524

No. IX. . The form of Presbyterial church-government . . 546

No. X. . . The assembly's declaration of the falsehood of a lying

scandalous pamphlet by Mr. Henderson . . . . 558

No. XI. • A confession of faith of seven congregations or churches,

commonly but unjustly called Anabaptists . . . 559

No. XII. . Robert Barclay's concise view of the chief principles of the

Christian religion as professed by the people called Quakers . 669

No. XIII. The toleration act . -

. . 576

No. XIV. The occasional conformity act :

. . 581

No. XV.. The schism act.

.. 685

No. XV). The repeal ; an act for strengthening the protestant in-

terest. . . . . . .

INDEX . . . . . . . . 591

HISTORY OF THE PURITANS.

PART IV.

CHAPTER IV.

THE INTERREGNUM FROM THE DEATH OF OLIVER CROMWELL

TO THE RESTORATION OF KING CHARLES II. AND THE RE

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND. 1659. UPON the death of the protector, all the discontented spirits who had been subdued by his administration resumed their courage, and within the compass of one year revived the confusions of the preceding ten. Richard Cromwell, being proclaimed protector upon his father's decease, received numberless addresses from all parts *, congratulating his accession to the dignity of protector, with assurances of lives and fortunes cheerfully devoted to support his title. He was a young gentleman of a calm and peaceable temper,but had by no means the capacity or resolution of his father, and was therefore unfit to be at the helm in such boisterous times. He was highly caressed by the Presbyterians, though he set out upon the principles of general toleration, as appears by his declaration of November 25, entitled, “ A proclamation for the better encouraging godly ministers and others; " and for their enjoying their dues and liberties, according to law, without being molested with indictments for not using the Common Prayer-book.

The young protector summoned a parliament to meet on the 27th of January 1658–9. The elections were not according to the method practised by his father, but according to the old constitution, because it was apprehended that the smaller boroughs might be more easily influenced than cities and counties; but it

• Of these addresses, Dr. Grey says, “ nothing ever exceeded them in point of flattery, except those canting addresses of the dissenters to king James upon his indulgence :" and he gives several at length, as specimens of the strain of adulation in which they were drawn up, from different corporations : from which the reader will see that mayors, recorders, and aldermen, of that day could rival the Independent ministers, whom the doctor reproaches as “most foully guilty," in their effusions of flattery. In truth, all were paying their devoirs to the rising sun.-ED.

VOL. III.

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