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Seite 168 - That the unit of linear measure, applied to matter, in its three modes of extension, length, breadth, and thickness, should be the standard of all measures of length, surface, and solidity. 4. That the cubic contents of the linear measure, in distilled water, at the temperature of its greatest contraction, should furnish at once the standard weight and measure...
Seite 168 - Uniformity of weights and measures, permanent, universal uniformity, adapted to the nature of things, to the physical organization, and to the moral improvement of man, would be a blessing of such transcendent magnitude, that, if there existed upon earth a combination of power and will adequate to accomplish the result by the energy of a single act, the being who should exercise it would be among the greatest of benefactors of the human race.
Seite 194 - A system of weights and measures born of philosophy, rather than of chance, is what we now seek. To this end old systems must be abandoned. A chance system cannot be universal : science is universal ; therefore what is produced by science may find a home everywhere.
Seite 199 - In our present system there exists no such relation between the weights and measures'. As a result of this relationship in the Metric System, the unit of weight is easily obtained and becomes as unalterable as the unit of length, the gram or unit of weight being the weight of a cubic centimeter of distilled water at 4° Centigrade. A cubic meter of water weighs a ton or 1,000 kilogs. In ship-building it is a special advantage to have a unit which bears an exact proportion to a ton of water ; a ton...
Seite 195 - Greek increases. Latin decreases. Deka occurs in the English word decade, hekto in hecatomb, kilo in chiliad. " Being accustomed to the words mill, cent and dime, we shall find the words
Seite 170 - Considered merely as a labor-saving machine, it is a new power, offered to man, incomparably greater than that which he has acquired by the new agency which he has given to steam. It is in design the greatest invention of human ingenuity since that of printing.
Seite 112 - EOCKWOOD, for the able and efficient manner in which he has discharged the duties of Recording Secretary during the three years past.
Seite 170 - They are common, or cosmopolitan, and in all countries they are equally suggestive in disclosing the denomination of the measure. They combine the peculiar advantages of a universal name and a definition. The name instantly suggests the measure with exquisite precision.
Seite 205 - Since this is the case, it is melancholy to reflect how much more objectionable is our actual system of weights and measures than the metric ; since it will be necessary to divide the foot into two equal parts, into three, into four, and so on all the way up even to twelve, before the faintest conception of an inch can begin to dawn upon our minds ; and when we turn our attention to the pound and the ounce avoirdupois, the formidably protracted extent of this unavoidable operation becomes quite disheartening....
Seite 170 - The French system embraces all the great and important principles of uniformity, which can be applied to weights and measures : but that system is not yet complete. It is susceptible of many modifications and improvements. Considered merely as a labor-saving machine, it is a new power, offered to man, incomparably greater than that which he has acquired by the new agency which he has given to steam. It is in design the greatest...