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Hale's Early Peaches.

are thought by many to refer: "O deliver not We have received from the grower a sample of the soul of thy turtle dove into the multitude of very early peach, and think the matter suffi. the wicked; forget not the congregation of thy ciently worthy of attention to publish the fol- poor forever." As the turtle cleaves to her mate lowing letter in relation thereto:

with unshaken fidelity, so these interpreters say,

Israel adhered to their God.
HiGHTSTOWN, N. J., June 5, 1866.

The dove is a harmless and simple creature, Messrs. WORTHINGTON & Lewis :

equally destitute of skill and courage for combat, Gentlemen : I send you by Adams' Express, a and smallest of the family. She is the most proper small box of Hale's Early Peaches, raised in my emblem of the national imbecility into which the orchard house. This is a comparatively new va

people of Israel had sunk, in consequence of the riety, but is already creating a great sensation in

numerous iniquities with which they had long the pomological world, on account of its earli- | provoked the God of their fathers. Dess. I have fruited it for the last four years in

J. JACOB BOWER.. the orchard bouse, and also out of door, and find it all of two weeks earlier than the Troths, which The Culture of Fish in England. has been heretofore the earliest market variety. A writer in the London Field, in treating the In point of growth and hardiness, it compares subject of the culture of fish at Stonnontfield, a favorably with the stundard market varieties.- fish-breeding establishment in England, on the The past winter, in New Jersey, was unusually | River Tay, gives the following details in relation severe with peaches. The Hales is the only va

to the capacity of the establishment and of the riety in this section that escaped even with a few breeding process. “The establishment of Stromblossoms.

ontfield, with 300,000 ova each, has increased the In the August number of the "Horticulturist,” | rental of the Tay 10. per cent. Before the experiof 1863, there is an engraving of the Hales, with ment, the annual average take of salmon and come remarks of mine concerning it. I then grilse was 70,000; it is now 80,000, and is still stated that it was from six to ten days earlier on the increase ; 10,000 fish-the increase-are than the Troths. As it was then an entirely new

worth £3,000. But when we come to consider rariety, I wished to be perfectly safe in my state- the very small number of fish from which tbis ments. A longer experience with the peach, has great increase is derived, the result can be conconvinced me that I was under the mark as to its sidered nothing short of wonderful. The number relative time of ripening.

allowed to escape for reproduction in the Tay is The Hales promises to be a valuable acquisition 40,000. Of these, only about 25 females are reto the list of peaches, as it lengthens the peach quired to stock the Stromontfield breeding boxes; senaOn two weeks. Yours truly,

a proportion so small, that were they destroyed, ISAAC PULLEN.

or even ten times their number, they would not

be missed. It must, indeed, be a small salmon river The Dove.

in'which you cannot capture 25 females salmon ; The form and manners of this bird so nearly and these, if properly managed, can be made to resemble those of a pigeon, that a particular ac- produce 10,000. This gives us some idea of the coint of her is unnecessary. They are only dif- dormant wealth of our salmon fisheries. I am ferent species of the same family, and exbibit the aware that there are many difficulties in the way, same general character, although they differ in but these may be orercome when the subject some particulars. The voice of the turtle is hoarse comes to be thoroughly ventilated and underand plaintive, and heard frequently in the woods. stood. It is erroneously supposed that the great It is pleasing to the ear of the husbandman, and destruction of frey takes place in the sea; the to the lover of nature, because it announces the destruction which takes place there is undoubtedly arrival of spring, 80 dear to the tenants of the great-perhaps 90 to 95 per cent. of the smelts forost. The sacred writers occasionally refer to which are bred in the river ; but this is as tho dove. “Rise up, my fair one, and come nothing when compared with that which takes #way; for lo, the winter is past; the rain is over place in the river, where from each thousand ova, and gone; the flowers appear on the earth; the not more than ten fry nie reared to the migrating time of the singing of birds is come, and the stage. By cultivation, 500 smelts can be raised voice of the tortle heard in our land." The turtle from 1,000 ova. A salmon of 10 lb. weight dove never admits of a second mate, but lingers produces in its wild and uncultivated state, fino out her life in sorrowful widowhood. To this grilse or salmon; in its domestic or cultivated remarkable circumstance, these words of David I stage it will produce 200 to 250.

per lb.

2

Wholesale Produce Market.

SKEDS.-Clover, held at $6a6,50; Timothy, $4.25a4.50 ;

Prepared for the American Purmer by ELICOTT & Arwe, Produce

Flaxseed, $3.

and Commission Merchants, 67 Exchange Place,

TOBACCO.-Receipts continue good of both Maryland

BALTIMORE, June 12, 1886.

BUTTER.-Ohio, in brls, and kegs, solid packed, 25 cts;

and Ohio Leaf, but the market is unsettled, owing to the

Roll, 28; Virginia and Pennsylvania in kegs and tubs, political and financial troubles in Europe. We give the

25 to 28; Glades, 35; Goshen, 40.

range of prices as follows:

BEESWAX-42 cts.

Maryland.

Frosted to common.......

CHEESE.-Eastern, 22; Western, 18 to 20.

$2.50a 4.00

Sound common...........

4.502 6.00

DRIED FRUIT.-Apples, 14 to 16 cents, and Peaches, 10

Middling

6.50a 8.50

6 22 cents per pound.

Good to fine brown...,

10 00a15.00

Eagg-In barrels, 24 cents per dozen.

Fancy................

17.00a 25 00

FEATHERS-95 cents for good Routhern.

L'pper country..

3.00a30.00

LARD.-Brls 22, kegs 23, jars and other country pack-

Ground leaves, new ......

3.00a12.00

Ages 25 cents.

Ohio.

TALLOW-12 cents.

Infericr to good common...

5.00a 8.00

Brown and spangled.....

9.00a12.50

Baltimore Markets, June 12. Good and fine red and spangled.

14 00a17.00

ASHES.-Pot, $7.50a $7.75; Pearl, $15 per 100 lbs. Fine yellow and fancy ........

........ 20.00a30.00

Correl.–Rio, 16 to 204 cts. göld, according to quality. WPISKIT-$2.30a2.32 per gallon, in barrels.

Laguayra and Java-no sales reported.

Wool --Demand very good, and prices are better. We

COTTON.-We quote prices as follows, viz:

quote: Unwashed, 30 to 33c. per 1b.; Tubwashed, 45 to 50

Grades.

Upland. Orleans.

cts.; Fleece, common, 40 to 43 cents; Fine, 43 to 48 cents;

Ordinary.

32 33

Pulled, No. 1, 32 to 36 cts.; Merino Pulled, 42 to 46 cents

Good do.........

34 35

Low Middling .........................

36 37

Middling.................

CATTLMARKET.-Common, $6a7.50; Prime Beeres,

38 40

Prices were maintained under the enhanced premium $8a9 per 100 lbs.

on gold last week, although European advices continue

Sheep-5a6% cents per Ib. gross.

discouraging for shipment.

Hogs-$13.25a14 per 100 lbs., net.

FERTILIZERS--Peruvian Guano, $100 pr toz; Patapsco

Company's Soluble, $63; Rhodes' Standard Manure, $65 CONTENTS OF THE JULY NO.

(bbls.,) $57.60 (bags;) Baugi's Rawbone S. Phosphate, The Old Farmer to its Old Friends..........

1

The American Farmer ..............................

1

$55; Dissolved Bone, $55; Fine Ground do., $45; Plas.

To Keep Milk Sweet..... ........................

ter, $18. The ton of 2,000 lbs.

Warm Work for the Month

3

FISH.-Mackerel.-No. 1, $19 50a20; No. 2, $18a18.50; The Vegetable Garden .............................

5

large new, No. 3, $16a16.50. Herrings -Shore (split, The Fruit Garden................

The Flower Garden

5

$6a6; Labrador, $8a9; Potomac and Susqueh'a, $7.50a8. Foot Rot in Sheep

Cod fish, new, $4a4.50.

Vanilla, &c.......................................

FLOUR.-Howard Street Super and Cut Extra, $10 25a | Visiting Farmers ....................................

Scalded Meal.....................................

7

$10.50; Family, $14.50a15.50; City Mills Super, $9,50a Care of Cow .....................................

9.75; Baltimore Family, $17.50.-

Surface Manuring...

&

11

Rye Flour and Corn Meal.--Rye Flour, new,

Flax Culture .................

$6.25a

Cruelty to Animals....

13

6.60. Corn Meal, $4.50a4.75.

Remedy for Scour in Lambs.......

13

GRAIN.-The general tepor of the advices indicate a

Reconstruction ...

14

15

Lice on Cattle, &c......

short supply of Wheat.

Top-Dressing Lawns and Meadow 8.................. 15

Wheat.-Ipferior to fair Red, $2 50a2.75; prime to Halits of Sheep

18

choice Maryland, $3a3 07. White, $3.25a3.50 per bushel.

Mulching Fruit and Ornamental Trees.............. 16

Corn:-White, 98a98c. for good; prime, $1. Yellow, Rinderpest ..........

Chloride of Lime for Vermin.......................

16

17

87a90c. per bushel. Market active.

How the Government Teaches Tobacco Growing. 18

Rye.--Small offerings. Held at $1.10 per bushel for What the Government Teaches of the “Destruction

of Soils" ..............

prime Maryland.

Cats and Clover..................................

21

Cats --Heavy to light-ranging as to character from 70

Fruit Cultivation....

21

a770. per bushel.

The Friends of the Farmer.........................

22

Correspondents, &c......

HAY AND STRAW.- Good supply. Timothy $19a20, and

Southern Correspondence

22
Rye Straw $20 per ton.

Cultivation and Manure as Fertilizing Agents
MILL FEED.-Brownstuffs, 278280.; Middlings, light, 43

Cream Cheese...

26
Sandy Lands and their Improvement...............

27

845c; heavy, 45a48c.

Horse-Breeding...

28

PEAB AND BEANS.--Scarce. Last sale prime New York Winter Feeding Cattle for Beef. ....................

29

State at $1.85a1.90 per bushel.

Cattle for Feeding.................................. 29

Use of Mules ...

30

POTATORS.-In good supply. From vessel's side, $1.40 Management of Young Pigs ..........................

31

11.45, for Maine and Peach Blows.

Gas Tar for Posts and Timber....................... 32
PROVISION8.- Bacon.-Shoulders, 15a15 Xc.; Sides, 18

Raising Calves.........

32

Sunday Reading.....

83

&18%c; Hame, plain bagged, 23c.; sugar cured, 24a25c.

Extract from Report of Board of Trade.............

34

per Ib. Buik Meat.-Shoulders, 14c; Sides, 17 *C. Tournament in Prince George's County.............

84

Salt.-Ground Alum, 91.9022; Marshall & Worthing.

Hale's Early Peach ...........

The Dove ......

35

ton's Fine, $3.25; Turk's laland, 58a60c. per bus. Rock, The Culture of Fish in England....................

35

$32886 per ton.

Markets and Table of Contents....................

6

6

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AUGUST.

l'opping. This work should be done as the to

bacco comes into bloom. Early in the season *.While bowers and groves and orchards round me waved, top down to leaves of six inches in length, and What verdant banks my winding streamlet laved!

at a later period still lower, to give the upper How dear my fou'rets, and my cooling shade! What fattening flocks along my pasture strayed !

leaves the chance to ripen before housing. The All laughed around me, and my fancy dreams

plant will, usually, be fit for the house about O‘erflowed with felds of corn, and milky streams! three weeks after topping. Short-lived chimeras!-impotent and vain! The broils of state, that o'er my country reiga,

Suckers.--As soon as the plant is topped, suckers ilave left me nothing but my sylvan reed.

will begin to grow from the foot of each leaf.-Adieu, my flocks, my fruits, and flowery mead!" These consume the juices that would otherwise

give weight and body to the leaves, and should Farm Work for the Month. be taken out before they make much growth.

Especial care must be taken to destroy them before The press of the summer's work will now be cutting the plants, as they continue to grow after abated, and the farmer may afford to give himself, the tobacco is hung in the house, and, if frozen, and bis laborers, an occasional respite on Satur- will stain and damage the leaves. day, and at midday make the hour of rest some

Swing Seed.-Some of the most perfect plants what longer. The corn will now be dependent must be left, from which seed may be saved... only on the state of the weather, as all will have

When the leaves are thoroughly ripe on these been done that industry and skill can do in the plants

, they should be stripped off and tied up to way of cultivation. The wheat and other grains will have been secured, ready for the threshing cure, while the stalks are still left for the thorough

maturing of the seed. machine. The hay will have been made, and put out of harm's way in mow or stack. The care of

Worms.--All that can be done with the worms, lobacco, potatoes, turnips, and other such crops, is to watch for them in their first approach, and, will be light work.

As far as possible, destroy then while young. If

great many eggs are observed, and a prospect TOBACOO FIELD. It is an important month to the tobacco crop: destroying them before they begin to crawl about,

of a large glut, great diligence should be used in and mainly determines its character. In the when they hide themselves froin view. Turkies, early stages of its growth, it should be ploughed though very useful when the plants are comparadceply, to encourage it to strike its roots well tively small

, cannot be relied upon when they into the ground. Otherwise, the hot and dry weather will force it to a rapid, upward growth, get large, it the worras are numerous. and make a light crop. The ploughs and hoes

POTATOES. must be kept diligently at work, during the Work the late potatoes well uutil they bloom, month, until the leaves 50 interlock, as to make and then give a light earthing with the hoe, and them liable to be broken.

leare them thoroughly clean.

RUTA BAGA AND OTHER TURNIPS.

THRESHING GRAIN.

Sow ruta bagas at once, if not already done, It is always advisable to thresh the grain early, and white turnips from the 10th to the 20th.- to be in readiness for market, and the most conThe first in slightly raised drills, two and a ball venient time is generally that between harvest feet apart, with about 300 weight of good super- and wheat seeding. Prepare at once, and use phosphate sowed in the drill. White turnips, every possible precaution against the dargerous sow broad cast.

accidents that often occur.

RYE.

PREPARATION FOR WHEAT.

TIMOTHY.

If rye is to be sown, the ground should be got in readiness this month, and everything be pre

The preparation of the clover field, or the oat pared to sow not later than the 1st of September. stubble, for wheat, should be begun at the earliest This is not a favorite crop on any ground that possible time, that the condition of the ground will grow a tolerable crop of wheat, but on light will permit. All experienced wheat growers are soils it may, with a light manuring, prove more

aware of the advantage of early plonghing; and profitable. But under almost any circumstances,

the uncertainty of the state of the weather allowa small lot should be sown for early green food ing it, at this season, makes it especially incumin the spring. It is fit for cutting two weeks be

bent to be prepared for the first opportunity to fore clover, and no one who puts a proper esti

do so. If well turned now, a superficial working mate on green food for stock, in early spring,

at seed time will be all that is needed to put into would be willing to dispense with it. For such

the best condition. Then the necessity for early a purpose it should be well manured and sowed seeding becomes yearly more apparent, and some thickly—say at the rate of two bushels of seed good varieties of red wheat adnit of sowing the to the acre.

1st of September.

There need be no fear of making this first This valuable hay grass is most commonly ploughing as deep as three good horses will turn sown in a rotation with grain, which is the best it, unless there be good reason to suspect some practice. In that case, it is to be sown whenever poisonous ingredient in the subsoil, which should the wheat is; but if a lot of ground is to be ap

be turned up, very cautiously, late in the fall.propriated exclusively to it, let it be got in tho

There is seldom any reason for apprehension on rough readiness, and sown the latter part of this this point. month. If seed enough be put on the ground at that time, there is no reason why a heavy crop

The Vegetable Garden. should not be cut the first season. It may be sown as early as the middle of Au- Prepared for The American Farmer, by DANIEL BARRER,

Maryland Agricultural College. gust, and in that case, a crop of white turnips may be sowo with it, scattering the seed very

AUGUST. thin upon the ground; or mixing a quarter of a pound of turnip seed, with a peck of timothy, before sowing.

Early Six Weeks and Valentine, may still be If it is the purpose to grow timothy unmixed

sown during the first two weeks of the month, with other grasses, in a rotation with grain, the being careful to select a piece of ground which proper place for it is with the wheat crop that is has received a liberal coating of manure, and well sown on a clover fallow; this would of course spaded, or deeply ploughed. Late beans, upon Jengthen the ordinary four-field rotation in pro-poor, thin soil, should the fall be dry, will be portion to the number of crops of timothy.

very stringy. CATTLE PENS. It is a convenient method of manuring the Frequently suffer from the effects of drought, thinner portions of a field, or any part that wants at this season of the year. A surface dressing heavy manuring for a special purpose, to make of balf rotted manure will benefit them, and be inoveable cattle pens, the bottom of which should the means of prolonging their bearing until frost le covered with course litter, of any sort that destroys them. may be got together. If such pens are moved once a fortnight, much ground may be manured The early planted will now require earthing up before the time to take them into the yards. It about every ten days, being careful not to add too is a favorable season now to gather material of much earth at a time, as by so doing it is likely to every description that may make manure. get into the beart of the plant, and cause it to rot.

BEANS.

CUCUMBERS AND MELONS

CELERY.

INSECTS.

TVEEDS.

NEWLY TRANSPLANTED TREES

MILDEW

LETTUCE,

pots, into a compost of good, strong, turfy loam, For a fall crop, may be sown about the middle well chopped over with good rotten cow-dung, of the month upon a piece of well enriched ground. and potted firmly. The true Early Paris Silesian* is the best kind, all Peaches, Nectarines, Grape Vines,-hardy and things considered, we have ever cultivated. Out exotic,-attend to directions given last month. of some twelve different kinds cultivated bere this season, we have notbing to equal the above.

Do not omit to watch for aphides, (plant lice,) SPINACH,

&c., &c. We have found strong soapsuds very To come into use before winter, may be sown effectual for destroying them, (plant lice,) by apabout the end of the month. Sow in drills about plying it through the nose of a watering pot or two feet apart, and work well with the hand, or syringe. borse, cultivator, as soon as the plants are well

RASPBERRIES, above ground.

As soon as the bearing season is over, should

have all the old canes cut out, and the new ones Keep them from every part of the garden, as thinned out to about four, unless wanted for they are great robbers, and not to be trusted, making new plantations, the seeds from which, if allowed to mature and fall upon the ground, will canse hard fighting

Should have the ground well worked between hereafter. Fill every vacant place in the garden, them, and a good coating of mulch applied as a from which early pens, potatoes, &c., &c., have top-dressing to every tree, covering a radius of been taken, with cabbage, turnip, spinach, &c.

not less than four feet from the stem. Frequent Never allow any land to lie vacant during the

applications of soapsuds to all newly transplanted growing season. Continue to give all crops of fruit trees, grape vines, strawberry plants, &c., (arrots, onions, parsnips, late beets, cora, &c., will be of great and lasting benefit. good cultivation between the rows, until all the land is covered with the foliage of the plants.

Will show itself in all close damp places, and • We can testify to the superiority of this variety, as cultivated this season by Mr. B., at the Agricultural Col do incalculable mischief if not checked. Sulphur lege.--Ed.

dustings are the best remedy we know.
The Fruit Garden.

ARREARS:
At this time of the year we generally find our-

selves in arrears in regard to some departments August and September, we consider the best of our work, but as much of the planting is done, time of the whole year to make new beds, in or and little watering is required, and there is a der to insure good bearing next year. If good momentary lull in the activities necessary during rooted runners are plentiful, select the best only, the early spring months, we would now pipe all taking up the plant with a good ball of earth, hands to give an effectual working of the ground and transferring them with great care to their wherever the hand or horse cultivator can be newly prepared bed With such careful manage- used; the pruning and tying grape vines; workinent they will barely feel the removal, and with ing old, and new, strawberry beds; pruning old ordinary care will become very strong plants and and neglected orchards; eradicating borers; with produce a good crop of fruit next spring. This many other odd jobs which present themselves extra care can, of course, only be given to plants from time to time to the observant cultivator, which have to be removed a short distance.- and wbich are "too numerous to mention." When runners are plentiful, we always destroy the weak ones; but any varieties it is thought jest "It is a mark of want of intellect to spend desirable to propagate to the utmost, we select much time in things relating to the body; as to all the strongest, and plant them in beds for be immoderate in exercises, in eating and drinkbearing, and the late ones in separate beds for ing, and the discharge of other animal functions. stock. These will not, as a general thing, pro- These things should be done incidentally, and duce much fruit until the following year, and our main strength applied to our reason." then will be, under ordinary circumstances, very strong plants. Strawberries, to fruit in pots -Demand not that events should happen bext spring, sbould by this time be well estab- as you wish; but wish them to happen as they lished, and in need of shifting into four-incb! do happen, and you will go ou well."

STRAWBERRIES.

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