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A

NEW AND LITERAL

TRANSLATION

OF

JUVENAL AND PERSIUS;

WITH

COPIOUS EXPLANATORY NOTES,.

BY WHICH THESE DIFFICULT SATIRISTS ARE RENDERED
EASY AND FAMILIAR TO THE READER.

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PREFACE.

DE

ECIMUS Junius Juvenal was born A. D. 45, at Aquinum, a town of the Volfci, a people of Latium, under the reign of Claudius Cæfar, the third Roman emperor after Auguftus; hence, from the place of his birth, he was called Aquinas. It is not certain whether he was the fon, or fofter-child, of a rich freedman. He had a learned education, and, in the time of Claudius Nero, pleaded caufes with great reputation. About his middle age be applied bimfelf to the ftudy of Poetry; and, as he faw a daily increase of vice and folly, he addicted himself to writing Satire: but, having faid fomething (Sat. vii. 1. 88-92.) which was deemed a reflection on Paris the actor, a minion of Domitian's, he was banifhed into Egypt, in the eightieth year of his age, under pretence of fending him as captain of a company of foldiers. This was looked upon as a fort of bumorous punishment for what he had faid, in making Paris the beftower of posts in the army.

However, Domitian dying foon after, Juvenal returned to Rome, and is faid to have lived there to VOL. I.

2

A. D.

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