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the Roman Catholics and connected with the university, that Fuller refers when he writes, “ The whole species of the university of Dublin was for many years preserved in the individuun of this one college [Trinity.] But, since, this instrument hath made better music, when what was but a monochord before hath got two other smaller strings unto it the addition of New College and Kildare Hall.” Among the ministers sent over pursuant to the parliament's resolve was John Rogers, a man of much learning, exuberant fancy, and ardent piety, all apparent in his singular quarto entitled A Tabernacle for the Sun."
Commissioners came from the parliament to administer the affairs of Ireland, in 1651, and resided in Cork House. They were accompanied the reverend Samuel Winter, previously minister of Cottingham, in Yorkshire, whom they made provost of the college, which office he held till the restoration. Calamy states that Winter relinquished a living of £400 a year in England, for a salary of £100, that he might promote the gospel in Ireland ; also that Trinity College, which he found almost desolate, became under his care a valuable seminary of piety and learning. He was most indefatigable; besides presiding over the college, he was pastor of a church in the city, afternoon preacher at Christchurch, the principal service, had a sermon every Sunday morning in St. Nicholas's at seven o'clock, and preached occasionally at Maynooth.
Many other ministers settled in Dublin during the Commonwealth, of whom the best known are Dr. Harrison, Stephen Charnock, author of the treatise on the Divine Attributes,” Samuel Mather, to whom we are indebted for a work on the “ Types," being a collection of discourses delivered in Dublin after the Restoration, and John Murcot, a young man of great promise, and whose ministry seems to have been attended with signal power for usefulness in the city and other parts. From Murcot's Life, called “ Moses in the Mount,” in a posthumous volume of his works, we learn that people of the highest rank, as well as the public generally, flocked to hear him, and that both in the pulpit and in private he proved himself to be most earnest for the honour of God and the good of souls. Dr. Winter, with whom he was colleague in the ministry, in an Epistle Dedicatory to the lord-deputy Fleetwood, and the lord Henry Cromwell, prefixed to the above volume, says of him,“ his praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches ; I have seldom known of his years a head better hearted, or a heart better headed ; the enlargement of whose heart was the enlargement of his abilities." He died in December, 1654, not having completed his thirtieth year, and was buried in St. Mary's chapel, Christchurch; his funeral was attended by the lord-deputy, the commissioners, the mayor, aldermen, and great numbers of the citizens.
Most persons are aware how nobly Oliver
Cromwell espoused the cause of the persecuted Protestants in Piedmont. In July, 1655, a collection towards their relief was begun in Dublin, and in January the sum of £1,097. 68. 3d. was remitted for the purpose by parties belonging to Dr. Winter's church.
About the time we are now speaking of, associations by mutual agreement for common purposes were being formed in several parts of England, among the ministers of different denominations. The celebrated Richard Baxter was zealous in promoting them. Archbishop Usher approved of them. They somewhat resembled our“ Evangelical Alliance." In their meetings one of the ministers presided as " moderator." Baxter, in his Life, writes that “the Independent churches also in Ireland, led on by Dr. Winter, pastor of their church in Dublin, associated with the moderate Presbyterians there, upon these provocations, and the persuasions of colonel John Bridges." He gives a letter signed by Winter and other ministers, “ In the name of the associated churches of Christ in Ireland. These for the reverend Mr. Richard Baxter, pastor of the church of Christ in Kidderminster, to be by him communicated to the several churches of that association.” The letter is dated July 5th, 1655, and breathes genuine Christian catholicity : “ The present condition of God's people in foreign parts, as among us," say the writers, name. It is therefore our hearts' desire, not to be wanting in our faith and prayers, resolves and endeavours, to the fulfilling of those exceeding great and precious truths which do eminently centre in these latter days, that Christ's friends may receive one mind and heart, to serve him with one lip and shoulder. We are thereby much encouraged to request your Christian assistance, and brotherly correspondency, that we may all be the better able in our several stations and relations, to promote more vigourously the interest of Christ and his people. After the sad shakings of this land, and his many turnings of things upside down, the Lord is pleased to promise us a little reviving, and to open a door of hope, even in the valley of Achor. Your favourable help is therefore earnestly craved, that Ireland may once more partake of the glad tidings of heaven, and the wants of many thousand starving souls may be seasonably supplied with the bread of life.” To the letter from which these sentences are taken, Baxter and four other ministers sent a long and cordial response, “In the name of the Associated Ministers meeting at Kidderminster, August 12th, 1655," inscribed, “ To the Reverend our much honoured Brother Dr. Winter, Pastor of the Church at Dublin, to be communicated by him to the associated churches in Ireland ; These." Under date of Dublin, January 16th, 1655–6," a letter was sent to Baxter and his brethren, signed by Dr. Winter and five “Elders of the Church of Christ in Dublin, whereof Dr. Samuel Winter is Pastor," “ In the name and by the appointment of the rest of the associated churches in Ireland."
calls aloud for a more cordial union and communion among all such who desire to fear His
Henry Cromwell was lord deputy at the time this correspondence was going on.
He was a truly Christian man, and did much to promote the gospel in the country, and union between the followers of his and their Lord. At his invitation, a meeting of the principal ministers of different denominations, and from the several provinces of the country, was held in Dublin in April, 1648. About thirty were present, including three Presbyterians from the north of Ireland. “He requested their advice respecting the instruction and conversion of the Roman Catholic population, the promoting of peace and unity among all godly ministers though of different churches, the due obseryance of the sabbath, and the suppression of heresy and profaneness." They remained for five weeks together, gave Henry their opinions on the topics he had proposed, presented to him an address, and then returned to their respective homes, with much love, having during the time of their being together, kept a good understanding and mutual respect and kindness towards one another."
The information we have of secular matters in Dublin, from Cromwell's arrival to the Restoration, is extremely meagre. Colonel Hewson was, in the early part of the time, governor of the city, and general Fleetwood lord deputy. In 1652, a court of justice was