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is marvellous in our eyes ; by whose especial providence it was that we should thus engage, we ourselves at first not so far intending it; neither did the enemy expect our doing so; nor would they have willingly engaged with us, if it might have been by them avoided, they reserving themselves for the coming up of Clanricard with his Connaught forces, about three thousand, and the lord of Ard's with his seven thousand Scots, all ready for marching ; Inchiquin also being looked for who had the week before gone towards Munster, with two regiments of horse, for appeasing some stirrings there by Owen Roe, raised in his absence. Never was any day in Ireland like this, to the confusion of the Irish, and to the raising up the spirits of the poor English, and to the restoring of the English interest which, from their first footing in Ireland, was never in so low a condition as at that very instant, there not being one considerable landing-place left you but this alone, and this also (without ihis the Lord's most gracious goodness and providence to us) almost gone," etc.

" Your honor's most faithful servant, Mic. Jones. Dated Dublin, Aug. 6, 1649.” In addition to the numbers slain, Jones took prisoners 17 field officers, and more than 150 other commissioned officers. Of the troops taken, 1,500 joined the parliamentary service. "A list of artillery taken from the Irish at Ramines, the 2nd of August, 1649. One brass cannon, weighing 7,321 pounds, her length 10 feet, her


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bullet weighing 44 pounds. One brass demicannon eldest, weighing 5,428 pounds, her length 114 feet, her bullet weighing 32 pounds. Two brass demi-cannon of one mould, each weighing 4,400 pounds, their length 9j feet, their bullet weighing 26 pounds. One square brass demi-culverin weighing 2,800 pounds, her length 11 feet 4 inches, her bullet weighing 12 pounds. One small brass saker-drake, weighing 600 pounds, her length 4} feet, her bullet weighing 6 pounds. One brass mortar-piece weighing 927 pounds, her shell weighing 100 pounds. “ Captain Otway, the messenger that brought this dispatch," says the pamphlet, “who was an actor in that service, relates that the enemy marched away with such haste that they left their whole camp, which was very

well furnished of all provision of victual, store of wine, silks and velvet, scarlet and other cloth, both woollen and linen, and some money,

all the cattle left in the quarters of Dublin as they found them there. Wednesday, the 8th, was appointed to be a day of thanksgiving in Dublin for this great victory.” Besides the castles of Rathmines and Rathgar, Naas, Maynooth, and various other places, surrendered to Jones at that time. The earl of Fingall, and a brother of Ormond were among the prisoners, and it is said that Ormond himself

narrowly escaped. The news of this “great victory" reached Cromwell at Milford, and is noticed by him in letters written on ship-board when about to sail. About the middle of August, he “landed

at Ringsend with 8,000 foot, 4,000 horse, a formidable train of artillery, and all other necessaries of war.” In Dublin, he “ was received with all possible demonstrations of joy; the great guns echoing forth their welcome, and the acclamations of the citizens resounding in every street. The lord lieutenant being come into the city--where the concourse of the citizens was very great, they all flocking to see him of whom they had heard so much-at a convenient place he made a stand, and with his hat in his hand, made a speech to them." This speech was entertained with great applause by the people, who all cried out, “We will live and die with


!” Cromwell had nothing to detain him in Dublin, beyond making arrangements for governing the city, and for prosecuting the campaign on which he was about to enter; the rout of Ormond by Jones had cleared the way for him in the neighbourhood of the metropolis. In a few days, he with his army marched towards Drogheda, where he promptly gave unmistakable and terrific proof of the course he had resolved to pursue. Carlyle describes it truly ; " Oliver descended on Ireland like the hammer of Thor; smote it, as at one fell stroke, into dust and ruin, never to reunite against him more." “ To him," Merle D'Aubigné says, "the most energetic way appeared the most humane." Even sir Jonas Barrington writes of him, “Never was any rebel so triumphant as he was in Ireland, yet it is

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impossible to deny, that perhaps a less decisive or less cruel general than that splendid usurper, might by lenity have increased the misery in prolonging the warfare, and have lengthened out the sanguinary scenes of an unavailing resistance.”

Owen did not accompany Cromwell to the country. He remained preaching in Dublin till, in a few months, through abundant labours in that and other ways, his health declined and he returned to his pastorate at Coggeshall in Essex. In a sermon on “ The Stedfastness of the Promises and the Sinfulness of Staggering," preached before the parliament, February 28th, 1649, he lays open the case of Ireland, and pleads in its behalf in a style worthy of himself. “ How is it,” he asks, “ that Jesus Christ is in Ireland only as a lion staining all his garments with the blood of his enemies ; and none to hold him out as a Lamb sprinkled with his own blood to his friends ? Is it the sovereignty and interest of England that is alone to be there transacted ? For my part I see no further into the mystery of these things, but that I could heartily rejoice that, innocent blood being expiated, the Irish might enjoy Ireland so long as the moon endureth, so that Jesus Christ might possess the Irish.” In urging his auditors to 5 do their utmost for the preaching of the gospel in Ireland,” he pleads in this strain : They want it. No want like theirs who want the gospel. I would there were for the present one gospel preacher for


every walled town in the English possession in Ireland. The land mourneth, and the people perish for lack of knowledge ; many run to and fro, but it is upon other designs; knowledge is not increased. They are sensible of their wants, and cry out for a supply. The tears and cries of the inhabitants of Dublin, after the manifestations of Christ, are ever in my view. If they were in the dark, and loved to have it so, it might something close a door upon the bowels of our compassion ; but they cry out of their darkness, and are ready to follow every one whosoever to have a candle. If their being gospelless move not our hearts, it is hoped their importunate cries will disquiet our rest, and wrest help as a beggar doth an alms," etc.

These appeals from Owen to the parliament told better for Ireland, than did lord Bacon's advice to queen Elizabeth's secretary, half a century before.

In the month after they were uttered, a bill was passed for vesting certain estates in the hands of trustees for the better support of Trinity College, the erection of a second college, the support of professors in the university, and the maintenance of a free-school; and on the same day the house resolved to send over forthwith six able ministers to dispense the gospel in the city of Dublin."

Perhaps it is to the college and free-school whose erection was provided for by the above bill, or to that college and the one previously existing in Back-lane, which had been taken from

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