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Macb. Blood hath been shed ere now i'th' olden
Ére human statute purg?d the gen’ral weal ;
Lady. My worthy lord,
Macb. I do forget.
And to our dear friend Banquo, whom we miss ;
[The ghost rises again. Macb. Avaunt, and quit my fight! Let the earth
Lady. Think of this, good peers,
Macb. What man dare, I dare :
Take any shape but that, and my firm nerves
[The ghost vanishes.. I am a man again ; pray you, sit ftill. [Tbe lords rise. Lady. You have displac'd the mirth, broke the good
meeting With most admir'd disorder.
Macb. (14) Can such things be,
Rofe. What fights my lord ?
Len. Good night, and better health
(14) Con, &c.) Mr. Warburton's alteration of this passage is very wonderful; nothing can be plainer than the meaning of
“ Can such things be, can such dreadful fights as this of the ghost come over us, overcast us like a dreadful black summer clond, without our shewing any amazement, without being at all moved at it?"
(5) That I owe.) Mr. Johnson here would read know : " Though I had before seen many instances of your courage, yet it now appears in a Degree altogether new : So that my Long acquaintance with your disposition, does not hinder me from that attonishment which novelty produces."
Macb. It will have blood, (they say) blood will have
blood : Stones have been known to move, and trees to speak; Augurs, that understood (16) relations, have By magpies, and by coughs, and rooks brought
forth The secret'ft man of blood.
ACT IV. SCENE II.
Witches, their Power.
(17) I conjure you, by that which you profess, (How e'er you come to know it) answer me. Though you untie the winds, and let them fight Against the churches; though the yefty waves Confound and swallow navigation up ; Though bladed corn be lodgd, and trees blown
down, Though castles topple on their warders heads; Though palaces and pyramids do slope Their heads to their foundations ; though the treasure * Of nature's germins tumble all together, Even till deitruction ficken ; answer me To what I ask you.
SCENE IV. Malcolm’s Character of himself.
Mal. But I have none; the king-becoming graces, As justice, verity, temp'rance, itableness, Bounty, persev'rance, mercy, lowliness,
(16) Relations. By the word relation, is understood the connection of effects with causes ; to understand relations as an augur, is to know how those things relate to each other, which have no visible combination or dependance, JOHNSON. (+7) See Vol. 1. p. 116, and n. 21. See king Lear, p. 125. n. 15.
Devotion, patience, courage, fortitude,
Macd. Oh Scotland! Scotland !
Mal. If such a one be fit to govern, speak : I'm as I have spoken.
Macd. Fit to govern ? No, not to live. Oh, nation miserable, With an untitled tyrant, bloody-sceptred! When shalt thou see thy wholesome days again? Since that the truest issue of thy throne By his own interdiction stands accurst, And does blaspheme his breed. Thy royal father Was a inost sainted king; the queen that bore thee, Oftner upon her knees than on her feet, * Dy'd every day she liv'd. Oh! fare thee well! 'I hefè evils, thou repeat'st upon thyself, Have banish'd me from Scotland.
Oh, my breaft! Thy hope ends here.
Mal. Macduff, this noble passion, Child of integrity, hath from my soul Wip'd the black fcruples ; reconcil'd my thoughts To thy good truth and honour. Devilish Macbeth By many of these trains hath fought to win me Into his pow'r: and modest wisdom plucks me From over-credulous haste; but God above Deal between thee and me! for even now I put my self to thy direction, and * Unspeak mine own detraction ; here abjure
* Dy'd, &c.] This is plainly taken from St. Paul, I die daily. * See the whole scene.
The taints and blames I laid upon myself,
SCENE VI. An oppress'd Country.
Alas, poor country,
Roffe. 'Would, I could answer
Macd. What concern they?
Rolle. No mind, that's honest,