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with the robe of office, fitting in judgement upon the talents and labours of others, and pronouncing sentence, not in accord with the discriminating, unbiased voice of justice, but conformably to the partial fuggestions of their own predisposed opinions, repelling all conviction, rejecting all appeal ; then it is, that with much reason we suspect the delinquency of their principles; we proceed to investigate the tenor of their designs; and, having detected their insidious syitem of misrepresentation, and corrupt violation of truth and honesty, we are induced to consider an exposure of their numerous impositions upon the intelligence and common sense of their fellow-creatures, as a duty incumbent upon every ingenuous mind, and which demands its foremost and most indefatigable efforts.

To a conviction of the abundant service which society would reap from such an exposure, (by much of the consequent evil flowing from the pernicious object of it being restrained, and eventually, in great measure, prevented,) we are indebted for the manly and well-founded ftrictures of the Anti- Jacobin on the Monthly and Critical Reviews. Truth

may then be said to have its perfect work when it is employed in refuting falsehood, and developing the intricate schemes of criminal diffent and interested contention; and well may that contrariety of opinion be deemed criminal dissent, which sets up the infidel phantasies of poor infirm human reason in direct opposition to the revealed word and will of the great God of Heaven and Earth ; nor can we think too vilely of that spirit of contention which is ever meditating plans of selfish, or of treacherous purpose, against the general welfare

of the state, and the internal peace of the coinmunity; and, as to falsehood, we know that its end is deceit : whatever, therefore, tends to deceive and involve in error, may, in an opposite sense, be esteemed false ; whether it be directly or indirectly subversive of the truth; whether it operate in a shameless lie, or in the subtle obliquity of misrepresentation. The Critical and Monthly Reviews have been built


the bases of opposition and diffent; their opposition has manitested itself in the false statements of splenetic contradiction, or in the more fpecious manæuvres of uncandid misconstruction; their diffent declares itself in their self-sufficient exclusion of those religious and moral truths which militate against their own infidel doubts and imperious scepticisms.

Constituted upon such principles, and actuated by such motires, thefe Reviews uniformly applaud and patronize all literary productions that bear the characteristic type of the party ; this they effect by long extracts of the subject matter, accompanied by recommendatory comments of their own; and where they perceive that an extract will give the lie direct to their commendation, they have recourse to general and indiscriminate encomium. Moreover, that nothing may be wanting in this honourable course of criticism, fo worthy of the literary counsellors of a learned nation, they enforce their positive exertions in behalf of authors of their own league, by a negative repulse of every writer whose head and heart disdain to co-operate

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with them: this they effect by direct and indirect cenfure; they either reprobate, in general terms, the general plan of the work, or they loosely quote fome less material paffage of it, and fo get rid of it in half a page; or they seize hold of some unfortunate, and, perhaps, single lapse of expression, and, in the broad brand of Italics, protrude it to the notice of the reader; and, at the same time, ftudiously withholding from his information every more perfect and more efti. mable part of the book.

That these are not the assertions of an hypothetical prejudice, allow me to prove, by directing your attention to some instances which occur in the Monthly Review for February ; critiques, in which the most glaring outrage of the dignity of criticism, the most reprehensible partiality and want of candour, are strongly marked, and arrest our notice even on the most cursory view.

First, then, to thew how careful these sophistical critics are of appearing to condemn or oppose the debauched physical reasonings of their theoretical compeers, they thus cautiously express themselves on a dialogue in the shades, between Lucian and Neodidactus, making part of a volume of Miscellanies, published by John Ferritir, M. D. ". The topic of this dialogue is the new or Godwinian philosophy ; the dialogue is fort, and, we fuppose, will not be deemed conclusive by the adepts in the system which it is intended to combat.Now, Sir, let me ask you, may not fuch a critique, upon such a subject, be very fairly considered as an indirect sanction of the system com. bated ? and as attaching validity to its specious tenets ? It certainly does not require the talents of Dr. Ferriar to expose and confute the empty and iniquitous doctrine of the Godwinian faith, (if I may be allowed the folecism,) but the Reviewers declare, that those talents have combated its “ morality," (as they are pleased to term it,) witte all the force of ridicule and of more serious disapprobation, and yet they suppose it must be all to little purpose : surely, if a writer of acknowledged learning and abilities be incapable of detecting, with such powerful aids, the fallacy of a system compounded of the grosselt crudities of a depraved imagination, equally at variance with reli. gion and morality, (properly so called,) and even with its own idol, human reason; the professors of such a system (if so paramount to conviction as the Reviewers represent them) must not only be the most confirmed “ adeptsin all its Aagitious principles and practice, but also the most obitinate proficients in all the numerous ambages of mis. creant apostacy, and profane ratiocination. Yet let me observe to these Monthly worthies, that they would have proved themselves more truly the friends of religion, which they pretend to be, had they taken the opportunity which this very sensible and ingenious dialogue af. forded thein, io censure, with that severity so richly due to all such pernicious doctrines, the disgraceful production of a dangerous writer ; they might have made an extract from the abundant appropriate observations contained in the dialogue, and have adjoined their own com. ments, uniting with the author in condemning the diabolical theory altogether. I am apt to think that the page of their journal had thus NO, XI, VOL. 111.



been much better occupied than by the copious extract which they have made from the less important article of these miscellanies, the poetry; and which quotation had not, perhaps, been made, but for the political ting, darted from one of its lines, at the present well. merited exaltation of the Premier above his opposite, the demagogue of party ; but for this, there is too much reafon to fear they had left the Doctor's muse to herself.

May we not, in some respect, account for this ambiguous demea. nour of the Reviewers? They are, perhaps, aware, that the more numerous thefe unrestrained dogmas continue to be, the more attacks has the established religion of this country to repel; they, therefore, forbear to discountenance any of them, trufting, that by pushing forward the fap in various directions, “ the foundations will, at lengtig be cast down."

The 41st article of the Monthly presents us with a side view of the indulgent dispositions of these critics towards the common enemy of the human race, in their critique upon the well known publication of " Copies of Original Letters from the Army of General Buonaparte."

As the glory of the victory which put these letters into our porsession cannot be disallowed, they seem content to admit it; and, as the authenticity of the letters themselves is unquestionable, they not pretend to deny it.--But mark, Mr. Editor, the gentleness of the epithet attached to Buonaparte's unprovoked attack and murderous pillage ! it is called “'Buonaparte's wild Egyptian Expe. dition' --wild !-what, I suppose, it is bold, unthinkingly brave; it is hazardous, it is characteristic of the wildness of a youthful con. queror ---in short, it is a wild expedition in the best acceptation of the epithet-I may be pardoned, I hope, in differing from these compassionate creatures, if I ihould think tñe worfe sense of “ wild" to be the more appropriate, and call it favage, brutal; for none but the wild, the scalping cannibal, could ever have so savagely glutted himself with the iniseries of man.

The Reviewers then proceed to observe, in their way, that the author has taken especial care to evince his loyalty, zeal, and pas :riotifm, by a torrent of execration, which he unceasingly ponrs out again if the commanders of the army of the Enft, and the existing rulers of the French nation in general." —And can there exist objects more deserving of the execration of loyalty, of zeal, of patriotism? Are not the ravages of rapine, fire, and sword of that commander ; are not the confiscations and murders of those rulers, worthy of all the execration that can be poured out, in unceafing torrents, from the niouth of every friend to the human race? If, indeed, the author has taken ejpecial care" to speak of such pests of the world as deserve, these Reviewers are, all along, especially careful to screen, 20 palliate, to excuse their enormities. Yes, Sir, it is worth while to remark, how softly, how tenderly, how smoothly, does the exte. ruating voice of their “ liberality" bemoan destructions unparalleled in the most devastating period of the world. " For the honour of 1:wnax nature, it were to be wished," say they, " that our conti,

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Hental enemies had not afforded him fuch incontrovertible occafions as they have done, for the exercise of his distinguished talent at invettive."

O, the candour, the fenfibility of these worthy journalists !-No doubt, had it not been for this night stain of murder and rapine, these continental enemies had been perfect models of liberal philofophy, of generous civism, of enlightening freedom! and, indeed, as they have done nothing more than denied their God, guillotined their King, and enslaved their country to their own despotism, by setting it free from all regular government ; as they have only violated the ftri&tcft treaties, plundered and depopulated whole kingdoms, slaugh. tered the innocent, and spared the guilty ; having only been betrayed into these trifling peccadillos, " it were to be withed, for the honour of human nature, that they had done nothing else to bring upon themselves this author's invective.”- What! for the honour of human nature only ?-No; we ought to read; “ for the honour of that atheistical philosophy which fillew the heart of Satan with rebellion against his God; for the honour of that exalted contempt of the grovelling ties of natural affection which taught Cain to dip his hand in the heart's blood of his brother; for the honour of that free-born {pirit of equality which nobly levels all diftinction of good and evil ; for the honour of that glorious liberty which frees the mind of man from all the tyranny of religion, morality, and virtuous sentiments” Yes, for the honour of a system thus greatly exclusive of every just and sacred principle; it were to be wished, that the atrocious excesses of its advocates had not affrighted the soul of the world before it had been wholly subjected to their purpose. Honour is the offspring of virtue and mercy ; read, then, the long extended, black, and bloody catalogue of the massacres that stain the name of Frenchmen, and see with what contemptuous disregard they have spurned it from them. And is it for the “ honour of human nature only, that it were to be wished the destroying hand of Gallic violation had been stayed ? Can we imagine that the manes of its nuinerous sons and daughters will be satisfied with such cold consideration. O thou demon party, thine icy heart is cased in the phlegm of prejudice, impervious to the mild beams of generous commiferation! Detestable philosophy, that teacheft how the end justifies the means, and thus uniteit extreines the very Devils would tremble to be involved in.Ah! will not the bonest feeling heart exclaim in the language of that just indignation which swells it even to bursting" It were to be wished, it were devoutly to be wilhed, for the safety, the welfare, the existence of human nature, that those extirminating fiends had, long ago, fatiated that vengeance which the flaughter of thousands, and tens of thou. sands, imperiously demands !"

But I turn from the fickening reflection that Christians, that Englishmen, can so degrade the intellectual character, and call your attention to the 45th article of this Review :" An oblique View of the Grand Conspiracy against Social Order, &c.The ferpent congue of this Review is again darted at the Porcupine, which has


so long and so seriously annoyed it. This porcupine quill," say they, can seratch, but it cannot write.If it can always write as well as this spirited pamphlet testifies, it will be found, I fear, in the sequel, by these critics, that it can scratch with such effect as to leave a scar in their integrity which can never be effaced ;- they go on to observe, that “ it is not their fault if the Anti-Jacobin literature does not amuse the public.No-it is not most truly- for their falsehoods, their artifices, are so plentiful, that Anti- Jacobia literature never wants supply—They, indeed, have long “ amused she public” with direct and indirect impositions ; and so much has the Anti-Jacobin to do to expose them, that it never can be at a loss not only to amuse in its best sense, but to instruct, to inform, and to defend the public mind from the conspiracy which the publications, detected and arraigned by this author, have begun, continued, and with to perfect against its tranquillity." We are charged,” exclaim these wounded journalists, " by this, and by every unsuccefsful authar of the party in his turn, with a conspiracy to bring his writing, and all that is valuable in fociety, into disrepute." You are not only eharged, Gentlemen, with such nefarious designs, but you are convicted beyond escape ; as well by this author, whom you are pleased to term unsuccessful, fin this charge most completely the reverse,) as by every successful writer of the party, against whom all your mis. chievous powers of misrepresentation and false construction have been called forth-In such writers, your position is amply verified, that « genius cannot be brought into disrepute ;' but this you know, Gentlemen, is not your fault; you have tried all that malignant criticisın could exert ; the genius of Anti-Jacobia literature has, however, baffled your strongest efforts.

These critics, Mr. Editor, have next the assurance to affert, (as a personal teftimony to the truth of their maxim,) that Mr. Burke has been indiscriminately the object of their admiration and praise ; whether he wrote in. encouragement of American rebellion at the beginning of that unhappy conieft, or (as every truly patriot English. man ought to write) in opposition to those principles on which the revolution of France has been maintained. Now, Sir, you will easily imagine, that, in the first instance, whatever tends (I do not say to incite rebellious sentiment) but to involve our government, could not fail of meeting with their support ; but the last part of their declaration you will, perhaps, be disposed to contend the truth of, especially when, by turning over a single page of their critique upon Mr. Burke's admirable letter on the French revolution, the moft positive contradiction of their affertion stares you in the face; not a fentence scarcely passes your eye without the watch words prejudice, illiberality', &c.; and as to their shadowy praife, to obfcured is it by a multitude of disqualifying epithets, that condemnation could not have shaped itself in language more effective of its purpose. Nay, I will go farther---before that publication appeared, they were accuf. tomed to opprefs its exalted author with every honourable appellative; but no sooner did he dip his pen in opposition to their cradled favourites


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