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of mankind--the first burners of castles, the first dividers of property, the first beheaders of priests and nobles, the first reformers of taxes and tythes, the firit apoftles, and the first martyrs too, of equality!

" It is not too much to expect of my countrymen that they will not be made the dupes of the moft ignorant, perverse, and wicked of mankind; that they will nyi be persuaded to fraud by rebels and conspirators, whom they despile and deteft :--and, in seriously calling upon every man, who disclaims this abominable motive, to examine the question deliberately in his own study or upon his pillow, I have no hesitation to anticipate the ready answer nf his conscience, and to pronounce, that, excepting difiitfiction to the government and conftitution of the realm, no rational cause can be atiigned for evading the public contributions;-that these are debts as facred, if not more facred, and prior to every other ;-that to elude or avoid their payment, (besides a guil: peculiarly its own,) is equal in depravity to any other fraud ;-and that whoever shall continue, after warning and reflection, in that base and immoral praćtice, muft facrifice the enjoyment of a tranquil mind, and the advantage of public eftecta and reputation-undiscovered, he will be wretched; and detected, infamous." Pp. 34-36.

The judicious reader will instan:ly perceive, from such specimens, that this pamphlet is the production of an eminent scholar, a true friend to the conititution, and a teacher of pure religion.

Arr. XIII. Union or Separation. By R. Farrell. 8vo. Pp. 40.

Byrne, Dublin. 1799. OF this little pamphlet perspicuity is the diftinguilling character. istic. We find in it the state of Ireland, absolute and relative, well considered ; and, from those considerations, the necessity of a change justly inferred. That an Union is the only postible and advantageous charige is undeniably proved; the absurdity and chimerical extravagance of Parliamentary Reform are exposed ; and the consequences, the abhorred consequences of separation by the gripe of France, are enforced, to the conviction of the most obftinate and perverse. For who will deny that England will relift French dominancy in Ire. land with the last drop of British blood ? If, therefore, the fepara. tion be effected, the power of England must be no more, and what tall then restrain the lawless power of France ! Will the increased luit of power and the insolence of victory procure to Ireland a milder treatment, then, than Switzerland, &c. have already experienced, in circumstances that have admitted only a light specimen of Jaco. binical rapacity and dictatorship? The writer deduces the present and the pait evils from the present system, and points out an approxi. mation to the Crown, as the only remedy for the past, and prevention for the future. We have only to remark, that his language is some. times tinged with the cast of factious opposition, but we must ac. knowledge that the goodness of his head and heart has conquered what appear to us to have been his prejudices. Experience will correct his puerilities, and restrain his style to a better unison with the low and deliberate Ateps of reason and judgement.

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ART: XIV. An Examination into the Origin and Continuaree of

the Discontents in Ireland, and ibe true Canses of the Rebellion ; being a faithfuil Narrative of the particular Sufferings of the Irish Peasantry; with a Plan which, if adopted, cannot fail to bring back the Roman Catholic Infargents to their Allegiance; awithout Injury to the Protestant Interifi, or, zehat they never akid, Emancipation. To which is annexed, a Specimen off Trijh Anecdotes, which the Editor proposes, on a future Occasion, to enlarge. By William Bingley, fourteen Years a Resident in Ircland. 410. Pp. 50. Price zs. 61. Sold by the Editorg No. 2, Red Lion Paflage, Fleet Street, London. 1799.

THE name prefixed to this pamphlet was, if we mistake not, very well known, during those political tumults in which the late Mr. Wilkes played so diftinguished a part, fome thirty years ago. Mr. Bingley bespeaks the indulgence of the critics, by declaring himself unaccustomed “to literary composition and arrangement;" but we have found no reason to think any such indulgence neceflary ; the composi. tion pofíeffing every requifite in point of flyle and arrangement which the subject required-plainness and perspicuity,

The author considers the cause of the dreadful insurrecions in Ire. Land to be the hardihips under which the peatäntry labour in respect of tythes. It is posible that this may have occalioned that degree of irritation which prepares minds, unrestrained by a juft sense of duty, for the reception of feditious principles, but surely a perufal of the reports of the Irish Parliamentary Committees, and of the recorded confessions of Arthur O'Connor, and other felf-convicted traitors, night have coni inced Mr. B. that the horrid rebellion which has disturbed the peace of Ireland had a very different origin.

Huving advanced this position, the author naturally concludes that the abolition of tythes, by removing the ground of discontent, would promote the restoration of tranquillity. He accordingly suggests a plan for shat purpose, which, if the reader have a wish to fee, he mult consult the book itself. Though we cannot adopt the conclufions of Mr. B. we must do justice to his motives. During his refi. dence in Ireland he experienced many marks of kindness from the prafantry, and therefore he undertakes to plead their cause, with a Fiew tó meliorate their condition. Some measures, most certainly, muit be a:topted, for the attainment of this necesary and defirable end, and we trust the country gentlemen of Ireland, and other great proprietors of land in the lister kingdom, will feriously turn their :houghts to the subject.

L. Pp. 4, 5, there is an unfair attack on Mr. Arthur Young, whofa writings are taid to “have a pernicious tendency.” The carly productions of that writer were certainly, in many respects, obiritionable, but is it jut to draw a general inference from a partial view of his productions? 1: Mi, B. will confult his later compofi.

tions, he will find much valuable matter, untinged with any of that leaven which he professes so loudly to reprobate. Serious subjects are occasionally treated, in the pages before us, with a degree of levity that is highly reprehensible; and the indecent anecdote, in the note to p. 5, is a disgrace to the book.

DIVINITY.

Art. XV. The Sword of the Lord and of Gideon. A Sermon,

preached in the Parish Church of Great Dunmow, Elex, on Tuesday the urth of September, 1798, at the joint Requijt of the Righe Hon. Lord Viscount Maynard, and Michael Pepper, Esq. before their trvo Volunteer Troops of Yeomanry Cavalry. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar. 8vo. Pp. 18. Richardson,

London. This is 'HIS is a spirited and judicious discourse, well adapted to the

occasion for which it was composed. The propriety of confe. crating our arms and our banners to to the Lord of Hofts, the God of Britles," is clearly demonstrated and strongly enforced ; and we therefore strenuoully recommend the perusal of the sermon before us to those fectarian critics, who, enraged at the spirit of resistance to French arms and French principles, which so generally pervades the conmunity, constantly vent their abominable spleen against the Mi. nifters of the etablished church, for exhorting the defenders of their country to discharge their duty, and, combining their religious and political prejudices, dare, in direct defiance of scripture authority, deny the lawfulness of appealing to God for protection, when fighting in a just and virtuous cause. To the wretched conductors of the Nezu Analysical Review these remarks more particularly apply, and, for their gratification, we shall extract a passage from this excellent discourse, which reflects great credit on its author :

“ And if heaven could ever be appealed to for the justice of any cause, it is Surely that in which we are now engaged; it being not for the extension of conqueft, or the enlargement of power and dominion, but merely to defend and Secure ourselves, and to avoid depredation and plunder, murder, massacre, and ruin. Europe and the whole world are witness that we have adopted every fair and honourable means to procure a fafe and permanent peace, and that all has been utterly in vain. Unable, therefore, to appease the wrath or assuage the malice of our enemies, it only remains that we use our best endeavours, under the guidance of God, to confound their devices and defeat their machinations; and, îhould their threatened invasion really take place, we may go forth undismayed, confidentially adopting the exprefsion of our text. 'the sword of the Lord and of Gideon;' not need we despair of success similar to that which artended the efforts of the army of Israel. We are told that Gideon, and ihe men that were with him, came to the outside of the cnemy's camp, about the beginning of the middle watch, and bleto the trumpets, and food every man in his place round about the camp, and all the hot of the enemy RAN, AND CRIED, AND FLED."

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ART. XVI. A Sermon preached in the Parish Church of Great

Dunmou', Efex, on the 29th of November, 1798, the Day of
General Thanksgiving. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar. 8vo.
Pp. 25. Richardson, London,

THIS is the production of the same pen to which the public are indebted for the discourse reviewed in the preceding article, and it breathes the same spirit of devotion, piety, and patriotism. The text is taken, very properly, from the pious ejaculations of Moses, after the people of Israel had been delivered from their enemies by the gracious interposition of the Lord. The religious mind natu. rally connects this miraculous event with the glorious victory of Lord Nelson, obtained within ninety miles of the very spot where the Israelites marched through the Red Sea. The author even descries a fimilarity between is the end and consequence of both."The overthrow of the Egyptians in the Red Sea completed the escape of the Israelites from horrid and abominable vassalage, and paved the way for the final introduction of the Christian Religion, with its several blessings. The victory of Lord Nelson was over enemies solemnly leagued to extirpate that religion from the earth, and it may prove the occasion, not only of freeing ourselves and all Europe from more wretched slavery than even the hardened heart of Pharoah ever suggested, but afford fresh confirmation of the truth of Christianity, with all its great and precious promises, may ald strength to our general faith, animation and confidence to our future hopes, and make us more zealously rejoice in the Lord and joy in the God of our salvation."

MISCELLANIES.

Art. XVII. A Defence of the Cefarzan Operation, with Objer.

vations on Embryulcia, and the Section of the Symphyfis Pubis, addressed to Mr.W. Simmons, of Manchester, Author of Reflections on the Propriety of performing the Cæsarean Operation. Containing some new Cases, and illuftrated by seven Engravings. By John Hull, M. D. Meinber of the Corporation of Surgeons,

&c. 8vo. Pp. 2 30. Price 5s. 6d. Bickerstaff, London. 1798. B

Y this publication, Dr. Hull has, in fone measure, anticipated

his original design. He felt it necessary to vindicate himself against some insinuations thrown out by a medical practitioner at Manchester, in a recent work, entitled, “Reflections on the Pro. priety of performing the Cæsarean Operation,” decidedly disapprove ing of that operation, and apparently written in consequence of Dr. Hull having performed it in a case which terminated fatally. He

has

has shewn both knowledge and ingenuity in commenting on his opponent's “ Reflections,' and has detected several errors in his state. ment of facts and evidence, and in his deductions from them. It is confeffedly an important subject, upon which the medical world is not altogether agreed ; and, for the interest of humanity, it would be

very desirable to ascertain under what circumstances, (as Dr. Hull brings forward arguments to prove, contrary to the opinion contained in the “ Reflections,” that such circumstances may occur,) an operation so hazardous must be adopted, as the only resource. This work conveys the author's ideas on that point, but our limits will not per. mit us to enter into a detail of the controversy. We must, there. fore, recommend the book to the medical reader's attention, who will probably perceive, with us, that Dr. Hull reflects with acuteness, and writes with judgement, and, from this specimen, we should be induced to consider him competent to undertake a more enlarged work, which he gives us reason to expect, and in which this subject may receive farther illustration,

ART. XVIII. Dancing Materiana; or, Biographical Sketches

for an Inquisitive Public: Being the true Style of a DancingMafter exhibiting his Pupils to an elegant Ball. To which are added, Five Letters, none of which have any Thing to do with the Dancing Master's Ball. 8vo. Pp. 32. Price is. London, 1799. Sold by the Author, No. 5, King's Row, Pimlico.

THOUGH the title-page of this book be wi.imsical, the subject of it is most ferious to the author. It is the produce of a wounded mind, goaded by ill treatment, and suffering under calamity. It is sufficient for us to announce it to the public, as it admits not of analysis, and indeed comes not properly within the province of criticisin. The author is Mr. Bryan Blundell, whose former tract on the same subject was noticed in our second volume. * He here acknowledges his gratitude to Mr. Wyndham, and Lord Kenyon, for the kind and liberal attention which they paid, in their respective situations, to the applications which he made to them. He thus concludes his last letter :

“ Yefterday, the 18th, I had the honour to present his Majesty with a copy of muy pamphlei, to which there was a caricature annexed; it was quite casual; his Majelty was getting on horseback as I palled the Park-gate, and, with many others, I stopped to lee himn., As he rode by ma, I addressed him thus :—Will your Majesty be pleased to accept of a pamphlet from your subject, Sire?' His Majelty graciouily received it, I bowed low, and went away.”

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