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'life and incorruption' were illustrated by Jesus Christ 'the first fruits'—the sample and the pledge of the re-union of the souls of the faithful to incorruptible bodies :—as so finely explained in that moft sublime and mysterious chapter on the resurrection, (i Ctr. xv.) con. taining a masterly and stupendous outline of the grand evidences and scheme of Christianity.

'f A Sabbath-day, therefore, constitutes an essential part of Christianity, both by positive command, and by all the ties of private gratitude and public thanksgiving,-—' for our creation, for our preservation, and for all the blessings of this life; but above all, for the inestimable love of our Heavenly Father, in the redemption of the world, by our Lord Jesus Christ; for the means of grace [by the inspiration and guidance of his Holy Spirit,] 'and for the hope of glory,' [honour and immortality—reserved in the heavens fer then that love God.]

"Although, therefore, to a ' true Christian,' living under an habitual fense of the Divine presence, 'every day is a Sabbath,' a portion of which he will devote to the duties of private devotion, and public, when occasion will serve—yet the Lord's day is paramount to every other, and accordingly was sanctified by the undeviating usage of the Christian church since the resurrection; our Lord's manifestations to his Apostles having been remarkably limited, on many occasions, to that day, on which they 'assembled together,' for the purpose of public worship to the Father Almighty, and ot celebrating the Lo; i's Supper, according to his own express and dying injunction, signified, by the act of ' breaking bread,' to be celebrated ' often;" thus 'shewing forth the Lord's death until he come;' surely not only until ' the destruction of the Jewish polity' (with Doctor Hammond and Archbishop Newcome)—but until his reappearance 'in power and great glory: an old patriarchal rite, even in Abraham's days, who w;ts entertained with bread and wine, and solemnly blessed, by Melchizcdek, King of Salem, and Priest of the most High God,' whose royal priesthood was revived upon an extended and infinitely enlarged scale, by the apostle (Shiloh) and High Priest of our profession'-—Jesus Christ.

"But the celebration of the Lord's Supper, alas! makes no part of Unitarian worship, and is too fatally and too generally neglected by profesied Christians of the established Church: not considering that they thereby disclaim their allegiance, as his faithful subjects, and bar themselves from all legal right and title to the propitiatory ' sacrifice of the death of Christ, and to the benefits which we receive thereby," Pp. 87—91.


"And now, after this summary (and, I trust, not unfair nor intemperate,) inspection of only two leading articles in Mr. Bellham'i letters, sent forth, like Pandora's box, for a new year's gift to an unsuspecting public, let the whole assembled corps of Monthly Reviewers revise, with what complacency they may, fitting in their 'armed chairs' (formerly arm- or elbow-chairs)—their general com. mendation of this publication :—

• • « T»km

• « Taken altogether, (say these liberal Reviewer?,) Mr. Belstiam's letters are not only extremely candid, but they evince a critical knowledge of the Scriptures, and a profundity of thought and reflection; and those who have read the ' Practical View' (of Mr. Wilbersorce) ought, in justice to themselves, to peruse this spirited examination of it; which is written without any fear of man's judgement, but (in an entire confidence in the truth of the ChristiaD religion !!!) challenges the fullest enquiry.'

"Mr. Belfham (who, we are informed, is ' a stnnuous Unitarian,') strongly resents Mr. W.'s severe reflection on Unitarianism, as ' a fort of half-way house between orthodoxy and infidelity,' an expression ■which the Reviewers also reprehend as 'beneath Mr. W.'—What will beth fay to the Inspector? who reprehends it also, as not half strong enough. Mr. W. might safely have gone the whole way, without mincing matters. In these * dangerous days,' and in the urgency of this pressing hour, when not the outworks but the citadel of Christian faith is assailed, by all the combined and formidable powers of genius and learning, wit, ridicule, methodism, ribaldry, calumny, and blasphemy; we may well exclaim, like the intrepid Elliot during the lust unrivalled defence os Gibraltar, waving a salute while the enemy's balls were whistling around :—* Mind your business, gentlemen, there is no ceremony on a battery.'

"And what is Unitarianism? After the most diligent inspection, for some years past, I can compare it to nothing but the heterogeneous monster, or Mermaid, described, by Horace, with a fair face and fish's tail:—

'ut tiirpiter atrum

Desinat in pi/ctm, mulier forrr.oja superne." Whence Milton appears to have borrowed his famous description of Sin." Pp. 97—-99.

After this, he proceeds to farther disquisitions on Unitarianism, that are well worthy the attention of the reader.

The writer of this work is, unquestionably, a person of learning and acuteness (if we mistake not, he is a dignitary of the established Church in the sister-kingdom); he appears to be well read in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures, and in all the erudition belonging to biblical pursuits; he is versed in mathematics, and possesses a competent knowledge of general literature. It seems, that an abundance of reading, an easy retirement, and a love for religion and his country, have spurred him on to the present work ; and we hope it "will be so received as to encourage him in proceeding. It is, in the main, very good; and few persons can lay it down, without having received instruction or amusement; but we must repeat, it has a quaiiitness that will not generally please, nor entitle it to the character of good writing: this singularity, however, may be mor,e impressive than more

D d 4 legitimate legitimate composition; and, if so, may better answer she

virtuous designs of the author.

We admire the passage which the author translates in Pp. 4, 5, of his Address, and gives as a quotation from D mosthene?. We saw the passage in Greek, where he, no doubt, saw it, in the " Pursuits of Literature," where it is quoted, as from the oration -asci Ste(j)«v8: but, upon looking to that oration, we could not find, as far as Reifke's Index would aflist us, any more than the latter words of the sentence, sr/' we? r^f Ahvfiactc avplio\oyijntii, Vm Sie^if'/fifmi. It seems, that the au/bac as the Pursuits, ts'c. has fabricated all the rest of the passage, to adapt it to his purpose. We think he has made a good

Jiiece of Greek ot it; and we have adopted it, without iruple, as the motto to the present number of our Review: it expresses the humble attempt made, in our periodical labours, to support the laws, religion, and government of our country.

Art VI. A Voyage to the South Atlantic and round Capt Horn into the Pacific Ocean, for the Purpose os extending tie Spermaceti JVhale Fisheries, and other ObjeHs of Ccmmerc , by ascertaining the Ports, Bays, Harbours, and Anchoring Births, in certain Islands and Coajls hi these Seas, at which the Si\ ips of the British Merchants might be refitted. Undertaken and performed by Captain James Colnett, ot the Royal Navy, in the Ship Rattler. 4to. Pp. 179. Price il. 4s. Egerton, London. 179S.

CAPTAIN COLNETT is an officer of great experience and much service. So early as the year 1769, he served on the quarter deck of the Royal Navy ; he acted as midshipman in Cooke's second voyage; he was first lieutenant to Captain Marshall for many years; has a long time been acquainted with the North Wi-st Coast of America, and was one of the officers detained at Nootka Sound by the Spaniards, and imprisoned fifteen months by them, at St. Bias, in the Gulf of California. At the conclusion of the year 1792, in conjunction with Messrs. Enderley and Son, he purchased the sloop Rattier, from the Commissioners of his Mnjelly's Navy, and, with the concurrence of the Lords ot the Admiralty, by whom CdPta|n C was furnished with some instructions, he sailed from England, in January, 1793, on a voyage to the Southern Ovean, in which both the advantages ot the whale fishery, and the advancement of navigation were consulted. The burthen of the Rattler was 374 tons, and was only manned with seventeen.officers and seamen, thr. e landsmen, and five boys; though the complement of the crew of a

vessel of such dimensions in the Royal Navy, consists of 130 men. Captain Colnett was supplied with the best nautical and astronomical apparatus, two of Arnold's chronometers, a marine barometer, which he found of great advantage in enabling him to carry proportionate fail when tempestuous weather approached; and it was his practise on every opportunity during the voyage, not only to give the longitude and latitude of places, by reckoning and the time-pieces, but to correct such account by observations on the fun, moon, and stars. The two great objects "uhich Captain Colnett was instructed to ascertain, and which he appears in a great measure to have accomplished, were the best means of sailing round Cipe Horn, and the place where the spermaceti whales are found in the greater, abundance. On these two points then, we will' give some extracts from the publication.

"I have doubled Cape Horn in different seasons; but were I to make another voyage to this pan of the globe, and could command my time, I would most certainly prefer the beginning of winter, or even winter itself, with m von-light nights; for, in that season, the winds begin to vary to the eastward, as I found them, and as Captain, now Admiral, Macbride, observed at the Falkland Isles. Another error, which, in my opinion, the commanders of vessels bound round Czpe Horn commit, is, by keeping between the Falkland Ides and the main, through the Straits Le Maire; which not only lengthens the distance, but subjects them to an heavy, irregular sea, occasioned by the rapidity of the current and tides in that channel, which may be avoided, by pasting to the eastward. At the fame time I would recommend them to keep near the coast of Staten Land, and Terra del Fuego, because the winds ate more variable, in with the more, than at a long offing.

"If it mould be observed, that a want of wood and water may render it necessiry fyr vessels to stop in the Straits Le Maire, I (hall answer, there is plenty of water at the Falkland Isles; and Staten Iliand not only abounds in both, but possesses several excellent harbours. I first visited this place with Captain Cook, in the year 1774; and, on my out-ward-bound passage to the North West coast of America, in the year 17S6, as commander of the merchant (hip, Prince of Wales,* I wooded and watered there, and left a party to kill seals. For my own part, I do not perceive the necessity, according to the opinion of different nav igators, of going to 6o° South. I never would myself exceed 570 30', to give the Isle of Diego Ramieies a good birth, or, it winds and weather would permit, make it, for a Ireih departure, had 1 not taken one at Cape St. John, Staten Land, or the east end of Falkland Isles. Staten Land is well situated as a

* To the owner of this ship I was first introduced by one of the most eminent merchants of the city of London.

. , place place of rendezvous both for men of war and merchant (hips ; yeh'ile the harbours on the north and south fides, which are divided by a small neck, would answer the purpose of ships bound out, or home. But the north fide offers the bett place for an establishment, if it should e i er be in the view of our government to form one there.*'* Pp. 19, 20.

The Islands of Galapagos are represented as the genera! rendezvous of the spermaceti whale, from the coasts of Mexico, Peru, and the Gulf of Panama. These islands are situated betwixt 89 to go degrees longitude, west of Greenwich, and from one degree northern to two degrees southern latitude, or in other words, exactly under the equator. Of this cluster of isles, an excellent map is executed by Arrowsmith, from the drawings of Captain Colnett, on a very extensive scale. The following is the description of the centre of the spermaceti whale fishery.

"Narborough Isle is the highest land among the Gallipagoe Islands, lying near the centre of Albemarle Isle, which almost surrounds it, in the form of two crescents, and making two bays. The apparent point of division of these islands, is so low on both, that I am in doubt whether they are separated. On the next morning w e saw spermaceti whales, we killed seven and got them along side; Rock Rodondo bearingeast 220 south, the northernmost land bearing east 18° south, and the south west land bearing south 2S° east. The weather was hazy, and the latitude by observation oo° 27' 13" north. Here we cruised till the eighth of April, and saw spermaceti whales in great numbers, bat only killed five,, of which we secured four. The current ran so strong to the westward, and the winds were so light, that after laying to, to secure the whales and cut them up, we were seven days in returning to the ground from whence we drit

* " If the navigation round Cape Horn should ever become common, {bch a place we must possess; and, agreeable to the last convention with Spain, we are entirlcd to keep possession of it, and apply it to ativ parpflscof peace or war. Great advantages might arise from such a settlement, from whence the black whale fisheries might be carried on to the South Pole, in the opinion of all the North Greenland fishermen, with whom I have conversed on the subject. Besides, it is one of the easiest land-falls a sailor can make. In order to render this place a defensible, and protecting settlement, many experienced men, licutenanrs, in his Majesty's navy, might be found, at a very little extra expence to government, to live in a situation which would be far preferable to many stations in Norway that I have seen. The officer phired there should !>e invested with full powers to regulate all fishers, riihir.g in.those parts, or navigating round Cape Horn,.that stop at the port."


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