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to censure, to stab under the mask of friendship, is the lowest detioc* tion and the foulest treachery.
"Hie nigræ succus loliginis,hæcest
Ærugo mcra. 1—
The writer's intention is evidently to depress Cambridge in comparison with pxford. To effect this, he calls St. John's the first college in the former university, and then derogates from its merit by a malignant and envious aspersion, while Oxford has his absolute and unqua. lifted approbation.
I have nothing, I trust, os that foolish and offensive vanity, which leads men to boast of themselves and their connections, still less would 1 make invidious comparisons; but it is allowable to commend our. selves for the purpose of repelling an accusation. I call on this writer, therefore, to name that college in Oxford, where a plan of useful learning is pursued with that spirit, vigour, and effect, which are apparent in the discipline of St. John's in Cambridge. As to the inelegance of our manners, this is a' calumny which has its foundation and support in envy alone. A residence for many years has given me a very extensive acquaintance with the members of the college; so large a society must comprehend men of various acquirements and defects. I could mention a long list of Johnians, who are not inferior in virtues and accomplishments to any gentlemen in the kingdom; and, I could name too, from other colleges, and even from the writer's favourite university, men as inelegant in their manners, as the left refined members of St. John's.
What the writer's own elegancies may be, does not appear. He may be qualified to shine at routs and assemblies; to "gallant the fan," and to "trip it on the light fantastic tee;" these exterior graces, whilst we know not who he is, we cannot fay he has not. But truth and honour, and the conscious dignity of a gentleman, disdain, ing every thing base and mean, and abhorring secret calumny and detraction; these are elegancies which he certainly does not possess. The illiberality and groftness of his language, at the very instant he is censuring others for inelegance, prove his head to be as bad as his heart. This circumstance is so absurd as to melt our indignation into . laughter, and make even depravity ridiculous.
TO THE ED/TOR.
IN the commencement of the sixteenth century, when the anabap. tists assumed the character of humble, renlous, and devout Christians, Martin Luther supplicated Frederic, Duke of Saxony, that he would treat them favourably within his dominions, for (that their errors excepted) they seemed good and pious men, and applied to them the sentence of Lactantius:
"O quam honefta voiuniatc miseri errant."
Bat these reformers of all communities, according to some literal and /ingle expressions of the gospel, when, by such merciful toleration, they had gathered strength and power, at last persuaded themselves that they were doing God acceptable service, by expelling their opponents from their habitations, by enriching themselves with the spoil and pillage of the country, and devastating a great part of Germany, for the period of the Ne-Ui feiufalem was arrived, when "the meek onesJhall Inherit the earth."
In the reigns of Elizabeth, James, and Charles, the Puritans affected extraordinary meekness, superior sanctity, and a disregard of all worldly concerns, and contempt of earthly governments. The rump tyranny, insolence, and intolerance, fully illustrate the real principles of such hypocrites when exalted above their brethren. The conduct of the Quakers, of the cobbler George Fox, of the presumptuous Barclay, who gives a new interpretation to the gospel, without a knowledgeof Greek, and of the tuar-abhorring Penn, that fitted out (hips to capture a privateer, serves to exhibit more strongly the false pretensions of such deluding enthusiasts.
These ideas occurred to me, when I read some parts of your two last numbers; for whatever character or*perron (Mast,) a methodift, may now assume, I contemplate him in my mind's eye with greater suspicion than Hooker beheld the levelling Calvinists at the close of Queen Elizabeth's reign. For what can be more alarming to a church and king-man, than to fee a multitude of these schismatics, members of the national ecclesiastical body, and numbers of them, constituents in the king's lower council, having the ear and confidence of a great premier and statesman? On'sueh an occasion, IJcannot but exclaim, "dolens dico, gemens denuntio, sacerdotum quod apud nos tutus eccidit diu stare non poterit." • But, fortunately for prudent and energetic friends to our establishments, some of these Mtdtofi^mc, these makers of sects, have disclosed their plans ar\d proceedings in undue season, for the professed saints now ory, "we wish they had held themselves longer in, and not so dangerously flow* abroad before the feathers of the cause had been^raiw." I now ap« peal to all friends of church and state, as by iaw established, whether the methodistsare not adopting the fame means to overthrow our religion and government, that the Anabaptists and Puritans heretofore effectually used? Are not these the schemes by which they intend to carry their designs into execution ? They first display a wonderful zeal towards God, this allures many followers; they next exhibit a singular (hew of hatred to sin, and here, taking an opportunity of railing against all authorised guides, both spiritual and civil, easily gain numerous willing hearers and converts. Afterwards they address their audience with the most favourable titles, faints, elect, chosen, regenerated bre. thren of Christ, children of grace, and asperse all oiher teachers as time servers, greedy of filthy lucre, dumb dogs, who cannot speak the saving doctrines ef the gospel, or ensure salvation to their Christian brethren. By such delusions, and by particularly appealing to
A a 2 . the the vehemeney of affection, not the reason or understanding, and by addressing female minds easily susceptible of impressions, when alarmed by apprehensions of eternal misery, such hypocrites obtain the character of true and sincere gospel ministers.
I wish, Sir, the Church'of England was restored to the state in> which it existed previous to the times of Wesley, Whirfield, Roinaine, and other enthusiasts or deceivers. I wish that the parochial duties in the diocese os London were discharged in strict obedience to the canons of our church, and the good old usage in the times of Bishop Gibson. Rut we have now chunkings at home in private houses, to return thanks to Almighty God for recovery from childbirth, on the pretenece that the ladles arc not well enough to visit the temple of the Lord. We wish that the good maxim os a late curate of Aldgate universally pa-vailed in the metropolis, who, on similar applications, always read a note from a poor woman requesting to return thanks to the Almighty for again being enabled to tifthis house. We wish that home-baptisms, that is, receiving children into the "congregation of Christ's Church," in private rooms, before five or fix people was abolidler1/or, as is observed with great propriety, by an old rector in the Tower Hamlet, that our liturgy in such cases, might be altered from li you have troughs this child here to be has. timed," to "jou have brought me Here to baptise this child." I conclude, at present, with the sincere wish, 0*15 v^t twjuQa, may our old constitution be restored. Your's,
THE SHADE OF HOOKER.
June the 25th, 1799.
TO THE EDITOR.
I"Am under the painful necessity of occupying a small space in your pages, of which I know the full value. It is relative to an article in your last number, of which my romances form the title, and »* nvhich something is really to be found concerning them,
Vour Critic asserts that the article "Romances in the-Encyclopædia Britannica" is not copied from me. The' aflertion is bold, but it is not true.
In the Encyclopædia Britannica, third Edition, the article "Romances" begins with these words :—" Many authors of the first name have written on the ancient romance. It has exercised the pen of Hurd, of Warburton, &c. We have not, however, seen any where so concise, just, and elegant an account of the origin and progress of Romances, as in D israeli's curiosities of literature." The article is then entirely inserted ad t'erbum, from that work.
You have compelled me to transcribe my own culogium, for I would rather appear a vain man than a liar. As for the reft of your Critic's opinions, relative to an anonymous work, to which he affixes
ray my name, I blame his want of delicacy, and his violation of the Morals Of Criticism; but when he tells us, he can estimate my character, hy "giving me full credit for my abilities, while he per. scclly comprehends their nature and their extent," J fay, Sir, respecting all this, you cannot conceive how I envy him his sagacity! I am, Sir, yours. Sec. &c.
Answer to & Israeli's Letter to the Anti-Jacobin Reviewers.
-WE are always happy to rectify mistakes from which, not pretending to the gift of infallibility, we do not hold ourselves to be •exempted.
The observation which we delivered on the subject in question, arose from our having looked over thearticle novel instead of romance, in the Encyclopædia Britannica. Reading the observations on novel, and particularly the criticism upon Tom Jones, we conceived it to be beyond the powers of that author, who,'in his Vaurien, with such flippancy and misconception, pretends to describe the intellectual character of the Bishop of Rochester, and praises the profoundness of Voltaire. Since we received his letter, we again consulted the Encyclopædia, and under the head " Romance" perceived the praises of Mr, ^'Israeli, which he here repeats :—
-——-—Clua> pluiima sando
There fee is right, the praises of himself are by himself accurately reported. We were in that instance wrong, and acknowledge our error. 's
It frequently happens that the ostensible motive for writing letters, as well as for other actions, is not The Real. Had Mr. D'lfrneli's reason been merely to convince us or others, that we were mistaken as to the fact, a reference to the documents would have been sufficient; but as he has not confined himself to what we have advanced on his romances, we have to look for the causes which haVe extended his strictures. Accustomed to letters from authors, disappointed that we do not rate them so highly as they are pleased to rate themselves, we can perceive in the epistle before us, the pique of mortified vanity. In his first paragraph he evidently intimates that there is not enough said upon his Romances. In discussing these works, we bestowed as much attention and space on them as we considered their value to deserve or require.
What the author means by an anonymous work, we have not sagacity to discover, as we never reviewed any publication of his but Vaurien and the Romances, which are avowed by himself; therefore, we cannot speak either as to the want of delicacy, or violation of what he calls iht morals »f criticism..
A a 3 From
From the concluding paragraph of his letter we are sorry to observe, that he must be very prone to envy. He speaks of the sagacity which can comprehend the nature and extent of his! abilities as admirable and enviable. Entirely assured that we have, in our strictures on his Vauricn and his Romances, judged fairly of these works, investigated and estimated his talents fully and justly, we take no credit to ourselves for any superior sagacity! What we said was very plain and simple, on a subject that required merely common observation and common understanding thoroughly to comprehend.
TO THE EDITOR.
IN consequence of your reviewing Cadogan's Sermons, and the Strictures, in your kit number, and the controversy such review and letters may probably have excited, I take leave to corroborate your statement relative to the prevalence of methodistical enthusiasts in the metropolis, and its vicinity. In Whitsun week, two cost, verted faints were ordained Ministers of the Gospel, in £.»dy Hunr tingdon's chapel, Clerkenwcll. Previous to receiving the " laying on of hands," they were called upon to g^ye an account of the day and hour of their conversion, by whose ministry they were saved, and to relate their spiritual experience. One stated, that he received the divine influx under Mr. Abdy \ the other, under Mr. Gocde. These are clergymen of the established church, and yet are making proselytes to Schism; nay, one is delivering lectures in the church of Bonu, the peculiar of the Metropolitan of all England. Now, for what purpose arc these Huntingdonian Ministers ordained ?—To accompany Mr. Rowland Hill in an excursion to Ireland, thjs summer, who leaves the oclagon to Mr. Hay and Mr. Jay, who will damn all the non.eleO, and abrogate redemption, by enforcing damnation on all but the babes of grace.
The diocesan of the metropolis has properly required that the names of ajl preachers should be regularly entered in a book, provided for that purpose, according to the canons of our church. In the parish church of St. John, Wapping, a charity-sermon has been preached by a person, advertising himself in the papers as Master of a dissenting Academy, within these two months. Surely, neither Dr. Willis, the Rector, nor Dr. Porteus, the Bishop, are acquainted with this circumstance? The name and character of this conventicler may be found in such parish.
In a parish not a hundred miles distant from thence, a chapel has been very lately consecrated by a Clergyman of the established church, a Rcftor, well known for not resigning a living conditionally presented to him, and a thunderer in an Eastern schism-shop, for the service of the members of the Church of England. The ljturgy of our church is read in such chapel with a trifling variation in'one or two collects, and the indiscriminating frequenters of public