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me according to thy word.” unto death, even the death of And the angel departed from her.
Wherefore God also 9. hath highly exalted him, and
given him a name which is above Sunday next before Easter.
every name; that at the name of 10.
Jesus every knee should bow, of
things in heaven, and things in ALMIGHTY and everlasting God, earth, and things under the who of thy tender love towards
earth; and that every tongue 11. mankind hast sent thy Son our
should confess that Jesus Christ Saviour Jesus Christ, to take upon is Lord, to the glory of God the 2 him our flesh, and to suffer
Father. death upon the cross, that all mankind should follow the ex.
The Gospel. Matt. xxvii. 1. ample of his great humility; mercifully grant, that we may When the morning was come, both follow the example of his all the chief priests and elders of patience, and also be made par
the people took counsel against takers of his resurrection, through Jesus to put him to death. And 2. the same Jesus Christ our Lord. when they had bound him, they Amen.
led him away, and delivered him
to Pontius Pilate the Governor. The Epistle. Phil. ii. 5.
Then Judas, which had betrayed 3. Let (m) this mind be in you, him, when he saw that he was
which was also in Christ Jesus: condemned, repented (0) himself, 6. who, being in the form of God, and brought again the thirty
thought it not (n) robbery to be pieces of silver to the chief priests 7. equal with God; but made him- and elders, saying, “ I have sin- 4.
self of no reputation, and took " ned in that I have betrayed upon him the form of a servant, 66 the innocent blood.” And they
and was made in the likeness said, “ What is that to us? see 8. of men: and being found in 66 thou to that." And he cast 5.
fashion as a man, he humbled down the pieces of silver in the
8.5. - (m) “ Let,” &c. St. Paul had been
pressing upon the Philippian converts unanimity, lowliness of mind, &c.; and by reminding them how our Saviour disregarded his own glory to advance the cause of Christianity, he animates them to the like conduct. See post, note on Eph. iv. 9. ; and see 5 Waterland's
Moyer Sermons. 0.6.
(n) “ Not robbery.” Either - no
more than his right,” “ no more than “ the fact ;” and then for “ but,” in v. 7. read" yet,” or “not a thing to be anx“ iously adhered to ;" “a thing he might
give up," " what he did not covet.”
(6).“ Repented.” Judas must have v. 3. known had our Saviour been an thusiast or an impostor; and his repentance shews he thought him neither : had he been either, Judas would have been warranted in betraying him ; and he would naturally have stated that as his justification. 2 Port. Lect. Our Savi. our might have fixed upon Judas as an apostle, though he foreknew he would betray, him, for the very purpose that his subsequent repentance might be used as an argument for the truth of Christ. ianity.
6. and (p) hanged himself. And a notable (r) prisoner, called Bar
the chief priests took the silver abbas. Therefore, when they ;
treasury, because it is the price " I release unto you? Barabbas, 7. “ of blood.” And they took or Jesus, which is called
counsel, and bought with them " Christ?" for he knew that for 18.
the potter's field, to bury stran- envy they had delivered him. 8.
gers in. Wherefore that field When he was set down on the 19.
was called, " The field of blood, judgement-seat, his wife sent unto 9. unto this day.” Then was ful
" Have thou nofilled that which was spoken thing to do with that just man; by (9) Jeremy the prophet, say
“ for I have suffered many ing, “ And they took the thirty " things this day in a dream “ pieces of silver, the price of “ because of him. But the chief 20 “ him that was valued, whom priests and elders persuaded the
“ they of the children of Israel multitude that they should ask 10. “ did value; and gave them for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
" the potter's field, as the Lord The governor answered and said 21. 11. “ appointed me.” And Jesus unto them, “ Whether of the
stood before the governor : and “ twain will ye that I release the governor asked him, saying, unto you ?” They said, “Bar. “ Art thou the King of the
Pilate saith unto 22 Jews?” And Jesus said unto them, “ What shall I do then 12. him, “ Thou sayest.” And whenwith Jesus, which is called
he was accused of the chief priests “ Christ?” They all say unto
and elders, he answered nothing. him, “ Let him be crucified." 13. Then saith Pilate unto him, And the governor said, “ Why? a;
“ Hearest thou not how many 66 what evil hath he done?" But
“ things they witness against they cried out the more, saying, 14. “ thee?” And he answered him “ Let him be crucified.” When 24
to never a word ; insomuch that Pilate saw that he could prevail
the governor marvelled greatly. nothing, but that rather a tumult 15. Now at that feast the governor was made, he took water, and
was wont to release unto the washed his hands before the mul
people a prisoner, whom they |titude, saying, “ I am innocent 16. would.
And they had then “ of the blood of this just per
(0) “Hanged himself." See ante 80. note on Acts i. 18.
(9) “ Jeremy," &c. The passage is not in any part of Jeremiah now extant. In Zech. xi. 12, 13. is this passage : u They weighed for my price thirty pieces “ of silver. And the Lord said unto “ me, Cast it unto the potter : a goodly “ price that I was priced at of them. “ And I took the thirty pieces of silver, " and cast them to the potter in the
“ house of the Lord.” But no mention is here made of the Potter's Field. The passage, as quoted, might be in some writing of Jeremiah's, not now in existence.
(r) “ Notable," i.e. notorious. Ac. 1 cording to Mark' xv. 7. and Luke xxiii. 19. his offence was sedition and murder. According to John xviii. 40. he was a robber,
Then name: him they compelled to answered all the people, and said,
do were come unto a place called
bear his cross. And when they 33. " His (s) blood be on us, and on
our children.” Then released Golgotha, that is to say, “A place he Barabbas unto them: and “of a scull,” they gave him (u) vi- 34. when he had scourged (t) Jesus, negar to drink mingled with gall:
he delivered him to be crucified. and when he had tasted thereof, 27. Then the soldiers of the governor
he would not drink. And they 35. took Jesus into the common hall, crucified him, and parted his
and gathered unto him the whole garments, casting lots ; that (x) it 28. band of soldiers. And they might be fulfilled which was
stripped him, and put on him a spoken by the (y) prophet, “ They - 29. scarlet robe. And when they had " parted my garments among
platted a crown of thorns, they “ them, and upon my vesture
the knee before him, and mocked there; and set up over his head 37. 30. him, saying, “ Hail,
“ Hail, King of his accusation written, THIS IS " the Jews!” And they spit upon JESUS THE KING OF THE
him, and took the reed, and JEWS. Then were there two 38. 31. smote him on the head. And thieves crucified with him ; one
after that they had mocked him, on the right hand, and another
and led him away to crucify him. their heads, and saying, “ Thou 40. 32. And as they came out, they found " that (2) destroyest the temple,
a man of Cyrene, Simon by “ and buildest it in three days,
(s) “ His blood be on us, and on our " children.” How far this imprecation was fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem, and in the dispersed state of the Jews from that time to the present, is not perhaps for us to judge.
(1) "Scourged Jesus." Isaiah, speaking prophetically in the person of Christ, Isaiah 1. 6. saye,
gave my back to “ the smiters, and my cheeks to them " that plucked off the hair : I hid not
my face from shame and spitting.” The indignities to which our Saviour submitted for us, should increase our gratitude to him, and should reduce our exasperation to proper bounds, when we receive indignities from men.
(u) “ Vinegar, mingled with gall." It has been supposed, that this was a poisonous mixture, to accelerate death, and deaden the sense of pain, but that our Saviour refused it, because he would not be instrumental towards his own death, nor shrink from the ordinary suf
ferings of crucifixion : but this is con-
(x) " That it might be," i.e. so that v.35.
(y) “ The prophet,” i.e. the writer o. 35. of Ps.xxii. The passage there, v. 17, 18, is, “ They pierced my hands and my feet; I may
bones ; “ they stand staring and looking upon
me; they part my garments among “ them, and cast lots upon my vesture.' (2) “ That destroyest,” &c. Accord
v. 40. ing to John ii. 19. when the Jews asked of our Saviour a sign, he answered and said unto them, “Destroy this temple, “ and in three days I will raise it up." But he spake of the temple of his body; and it is to this saying of his that they here referred. St. Matthew and St. Mark mention this saying as one of the grounds
“ save thyself. If thou be the loud voice, saying, “ Eli, Eli,
" Son of God, come down from 66 lama sabachthani?” that is to 41. “ the cross.” Likewise also the
say, My God, (c) my God, chief priests mocking him, with “ why hast thou forsaken me?" 42. the scribes and elders, said, “He Some of them that stood there, 47.
“ saved others, himself he can- when they heard that, said, “ This
not save. If he be the King man calleth for Elias.” And 48. r6 of Israel, let him now come straightway one of them
ran, 66 down from the cross, and we and took a spunge, and filled it
" will believe him. He (a) trust43.
with (d) vinegar, and put it on a « ed in God; let him deliver reed, and gave him to drink. The 49 “ him now, if he will have him: rest said, " Let be, let us see 6 for he said, I am the Son “ whether (e) Elias will come to “ God.” The (6) thieves also,
Jesus, when he 50. which were crucified with him, had (f) cried again with a loud 45. cast the same in his teeth. Now voice, yielded up the ghost. And, 51.
from the sixth hour there was behold, the (8) veil of the tem
darkness over all the land unto ple was rent in twain from the 46. the ninth hour. And about the top to the bottom; and the earth
ninth hour Jesus cried with a did quake, ar:d the rocks rent;
This v. 49
of accusation against our Saviour. Matt.
scorn : they shoot out their lips, and “ shake their heads, saying, “ He trust“ ed in God that he would deliver him; “ let him deliver him, if he will have
the Messiah, it is said, “ they gave me
they gave me vinegar to drink.”
(c) “ Whether Elias,” &c. probably was said with a sneer ; the Jews expected from the prophecy in Mal. iv. 5. that Elijah was to come in person before the Messiah appeared ; they did not understand that John the Baptist, by coming in the spirit and power of Elijah, had fulfilled this prophecy. The prophecy is, “ Behold I 6 send you Elijah the prophet before “ the coming of the great and dreadful “ day of the Lord: and he shall turn « the heart of the fathers to the chil. “ dren, and the heart of the children to “ the fathers, lest I come and smite the “ carth with a curse.” Ante 33. note on John i. 21.
(f) “Cried,” &c. St. Luke has re. c. 5o. corded what he said : “ Father, into thy 6 hands I commend my spirit.”
(3) “ The veil,” &c. The veil se. v.51. parated the holy place from the holy of holies, which was considered a type of heaven, and into which none but the high priest could enter, and that only once a year. Abp. Kidder considers this rend. ing it in twain as importing that now, through Christ, the Holy of Holies, that is, the kingdom of Heaven, is laid open, not to the high priest only, but
(6) “ The thieves.". According to Luke xxiii. 40. one of them rebuked the other for reviling him; this is therefore either an affirmation as to the two, though only truc as to one ; or both might at first revile, and one might be struck with some part of our Saviour's conduct, and then rebuke his companion.
(c) “ My God,” &c. This is the beginning of Psalm xxii. which is considered as written prophetically of the Messiah ; and our Saviour might use this exclamation, to draw to their consideration how this prophecy was fulfilling in what he suffered. See the notes on v. 35. 40.
(d) “ Vinegar." See the note on v. 34. This may shew their temper: it was usual to give the convicts what would deaden their sense of pain ; vinegar was calculated to awaken it. In Ps Ixix. 22. which probably referred prophetically to
52. and the graves were opened ; and Edom, with dyed garments from many bodies of the saints which
Bozrah (k)? this that is glorious 53• slept, arose, and came out of the in his apparel, travelling in the
graves after his resurrection, and greatness of his strength? (1)“ I
went into the holy city, and ap- o that speak in righteousness, 54. peared unto many. Now when “ mighty to save." Wherefore 2.
the centurion, and they that were art thou red in thine apparel, and
“ none with me: for I (m) will
" trample them in my fury; and
“ their blood shall be sprinkled For the Epistle. Isaiah lxiii. 1. (0)
upon my garments, and I will Who is this that cometh from “ stain all my raiment. For the 4.
to all people, and not once in a year mer times done for the Israelites, and
prays anxiously for deliverance.
Bosrah is supposed to have had its name (b) “ Truly," &c. This exclama-. || from the number of wine-presses. Edom tion was drawn from the Roman soldier, and Bosrah are probably named, as being an impartial spectator, not only by the often at war with the Israelites, and are earthquake, &c. but by considering the therefore put for any enemies. In Isaiah conduct of our Saviour whilst upon the xxxiv. 6. where the prophet is perhaps cross, and his last words, commending referring to the same period as here, he his spirit into the hands of God. Saint names the same place : “ The Lord hath Mark xv. 39. says, when the centurion a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great saw that he so cried out, and gave up the “ slaughter in the land of Idumea,'' i.e. ghost, he said, “truly,” &c. attributing Edorn his exclamation to that act of resignation (1) "" I," &c. i. e. (probably)_the v. t. and devotion in our Saviour. The cele- Messiah, the righteous Saviour. In Rev. brated Rousseau, after contrasting the xix. 11. 13. 15, 16. is a description of life and death of our Saviour with those our Saviour, strongly corresponding with of Socrates, concludes the comparison this chapter : " I saw heaven opened, and with this sentence : “ Yes, if the life and 6 behold a white horse : and he that sat " death of Socrates are those of a sage, upon him was called faithful and true, " the life and death of Jesus are those of “ and in righteousness he doth judge and a God.” 2 Port. Lect. 298.
“ make war : he was clothed with a (i) A prophetic dialogue between “ vesture dipped in blood, and his name the Messiah and the Israelites, look- « is called " the Word of God;" and ing forward to a time of extraordinary « out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword,
" that with it he should smite the naredemption and deliverance to his faith- " tions : and he shall rule them with a ful servants, perhaps the time of the de- 66 rod of iron; and he treadeth the winetruction of Jerusalem. In the ist and
of the fierceness and wrath of ad verses the questions are put, Who is “ Almighty God.” it that is making the desolation, and what (m) For“ will tread," “trample," v.3. is the cause of it? The answers are at “ shall be sprinkled,” and “ will stain," the end of verse 1, and in the 3d, 4th, the reading should be “ trod,” “ tram. 5th, and 6th verses. The rest of the
pled;”, was sprinkled," and "stainchapter is in the mouth of the people, “ed;" he is speaking of it as already and calls to mind what God had in for- past,