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CHAP. III. TEBUCHADNEZZAR the king (0)
made an image of gold, whose height was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. 2. Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the princes, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image, which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. 3. Then the princes, the governors, and captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces were gathered together (9) unto the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up. 4. Then an herald cried aloud, “ To you 6 it is commanded, O people, nations and “ languages, 5. That at what time ye “ hear the sound of the cornet, flute, “ harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and r all kinds of music, ye fall down and wor“ ship the golden image that Nebuchadnez“ zar the king hath set up. 6. And whoso - falleth not down and worshippeth, shall « the same hour be cast into the midst of a “ burning fiery furnace." 7. Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of music, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the golden image, that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. 8. Wherefore at that time certain Chal.
deans came near and accused the Jews. 9. They spake and said to the king Nebuchadnezzar, “Oking, live forever. 10. Thou,
O king, hast made a decree, that
man that shall hear the sound of the « cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, « and dulcimer, and all kinds of musie
, 66 shall fall down and worship the golden “ image: 11. And whoso falleth “ down and worshippeth, that he shool “ be cast into the midst of a burning fer c furnace.
12. There are certain Jews 16 whom thou hast set over the affairs “ of the province of Babylon, Shad. “ rach, Meshach, and Abed-nego (); “ these men, o king, have not regarded “ thee; they serve not thy gods, nor wor“ ship the golden image which thou het “ set up." 13. Then Nebuchadnezzar in bis rage and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego: test they brought these men before the ling
. 14. Nebuchadnezzar spake and said unto them, “ Is it true, o Shadrach, Mesbach
, “ and Abed-nego? do ye not servemy gods, “ nor worship
the golden image which I « have set up?
15. Now if ye be ready " that at what time ye hear the sound of “ the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psal
. “ tery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of “ music, ye fall down and worship the “ image which I have made, well : but if
ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same “ hour into the midst of a burning fiery “ furnace; and who is that God that shell “ deliver you out of my hands ?" 16. S. drach, Meshach, and Abed-nego answered and said to the king, “O Nebuchadnezza
, we are not careful to answer thee in to
(p) v. I. “ The king" i. e. “ of Babylon."
(9). v. 3. “Gathered together," so that persons from all quarters would witness the miracle and would afterwards circulate an account of it in the countries whence they came.
(-) v. 12. “ Shadrach, Meshach and Abed
nego." They were brought with Daniel to Babylon the first year of the Babylonish captivity, about 606 years before Christ : Nebuchad. nezzar spake to the master of the Eunuchs, " that he should bring certain of the children
“ of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the “ princes, children in whom was no “ þut well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom " and cunning in knowledge, and understand“ ing science, and such as had ability in them
, “ might teach the learning and the tongue
o “ the Chaldeans ;” and amongst these were Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach and Abednega
See Dan. i. 3 to 7.
matter. 17. If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will deliver us outof thine hand, O king. 18. But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up."
19. Then was Nebuhadnezzar full of fury, and the form of is visage was changed against Shadrach, feshach, and Abed-nego: therefore he pake, and commanded that they should eat the furnace one seven times more than I was wont to be heated. 20. And he ommanded the most mighty men that were n his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, ind Abed-nego, and to cast them into the surning fiery furnace. 21. Then these. men were bound in their coats, their hosen, ind their hats, and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of the burnng fiery furnace. 22. Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire slew those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. 23. And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. 24. Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonished, and rose up in haste, and spake and said unto his counsellors, “ Did not " we cast three men bound into the midst “ of the fire ?" They answered and said unto the king, “ True, O king.” 25. He answered and said, “ Lo, I see four men “ loose, walking in the midst of the fire, " and they have no hurt; and the form of
“ the fourth is like the Son (s) of God.” 26. Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, and spake, and said, “Shadrach, Meshach, “ and Abed-negó, ye servants of the most “ high God, come forth, and come hither." Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, came forth of the midst of the fire. 27. And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counsellors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was an hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor the smell of fire had passed on them. 28. Then Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, “Blessed be the 66 God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed“ nego, who hath sent his angel, and de“ livered his servants, that trusted in him, " and have changed the king's word, and
yielded their bodies, that they might not “ serve nor worship any god, except their “ own God. 29. Therefore I make a “ decree (1), That every people, nation, “ and language, which speak any thing “ amiss against the God of Shadrach, Me« shach, and Abed-nego, shall be cut in “ pieces, and their houses shall be made a “ dunghill ; because there is no other God “ that can deliver after this sort.” 30. Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, in the province of Babylon.”
CHAP. VI. (u)
dom () an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom.
(s) v. 25.
“ The son, &c." or rather “a " son” i. e. an angel. The definite article is Dot in Heb. or Sept. Daniel says in verse 28. “ God had sent his angel ;" and angels are called “sons of God,” Job i. 6.--xxxviii. 7.
(t) v. 29. “ A decree, &c.” So that this miraculous display of power had one effect beyond the preservation of the three lives, in protecting the Jews from insult on account of their religious persuasions and worship : but this was by no means the whole: it would naturally procure them greater consideration from the government, and more respect from the people ; it would satisfy themselves that even in their captivity God had an eye over their ways, it would tend to keep them stedfast in his worship, and would confirm their
expectation of ultimate deliverance, and future prosperity. So much beyond the immediate occasion does an interference of Omnipotence extend ! !
(w) The occurrence stated in this chapter happened after Cyrus had taken Babylon, about 537 years before Christ, when the 70 years fixed for the duration of the Babylonish captivity were drawing to a close. Daniel therefore, who had been carried to Babylon at the commencement of the captivity (See Dan. i. 1 to 7.) must have been far advanced in years.
(x) v. 1. “ Darius” also called Cyaxares : the uncle and father.in-law of Cyrus.
(y) v.1. “ The kingdom" either “ of Per. “ sia” or “ of what had formed the kingdom “ of Babylon."
2. And over these three presidents(of whom Daniel was first) that the princes might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage. 3. Then this Daniel was. preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm. 4. Then the presidents and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom, but they could find none occasion nor fault : forasmuch as he was faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in him. 5. Then said these men, “ We shall not find any occasion “ against this Daniel, except we find it “ against him, concerning the law of his « God.” 6. Then these presidents and princes assembled together to the king, and said thus unto him, “ King Darius, live for ever.
7. All the presidents of the “ kingdom, the governors,and the princes, or the counsellors and the captains have con“ sulted together to establish a royal statute, " and to make a firm decree, that whosoever “ shall ask a petition of any god or man for
thirty days, save of thee, Oking, he shall “ be cast into the den of lions. 8. Now, O “ king, establish the decree, and sign the “ writing; that it be not changed, according " to the law of the Medes and Persians, ( which altereth not.” 9. Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree. 10. Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. II. Then these men assembled and found Daniel praying, and making supplication before his God. 12. Then they came near, and spake before the king concerning the king's decree ; “ Hast thou not signed a “ decree, that every man that shall ask a “ petition of any god or man, within thirty “ days, save of thee, Oking, shall be cast "s into the den of lions ?” The king answered, and said, “ The thing is true, “ according to the law of the Medes and
“ Persians, which altereth not.” 13. Then answered they and said before the king, " That Daniel, which is of the children of " the captivity of Judah, regardeth net - thee, O king, nor the decree that thou “hast signed, but maketh his petition three 16 times a day.” 14. Then the king when he heard these words, was sore displeased with himself, and set his heart on Daniel to deliver him: and he laboured till the going down of the sun to deliver him. 15. Then these men assembled unto the king, at said unto the king, “Know, Oking, thx “ the law of the Medes and Persians in " that no decree nor statute which the king “ establisheth, may be changed.” 16. Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spake and said unto Daniel
Thy God, whom thou servest continu« ally, he will deliver thee." 17. And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den, and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords
; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel. 18. Then the king wat to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of music brought before him, and his sleep went from him. 19. Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste unto the den of lions.
20. And when he came to the den, he cried with a lamentable voice unto Daniel, and the king spake and said to Daniel, “O Daniel, servant of the living “ God, is thy God, whom thou servest “ continually, able to deliver thee from the of lions?” 21. Then said Daniel unto the king, “ king, live for ever. 22. My “ God hath sent his angel, and hath shut “ the lions mouths that they have not hurt
me : forasmuch as before him innoceixy
O king, have I done no hurt.” 23. was the king exceeding glad for him
, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den: so Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt (3) found upon him, because he believed in
(z) v. 23;
“ No manner of hurt, &c.” This miraculous deliverance had most important consequences. Is there indeed any one of God's interpositions which has not? It naturally
increased Daniel's influence, and would induce Cyrus to listen the more readily to any applicz tion he might make ; we find accordingly that in the first year of his reign Cyrus issued
24. And the king commanded, 'y brought those men which had Daniel, and they cast them into the ions, them, their children and their
and the lions had the mastery of and brake all their bones in pieces,
they came at the bottom of the den. en king Darius wrote “unto all peonations and languages that dwell in all earth, Peace be multiplied unto you.
I make a decree, that in every dotion of my kingdom, men tremble and
« fear before the God of Daniel: for he is “ the living God, and stedfast for ever, and « his kingdom that which shall not be de“stroyed, and his dominion shall be even “ unto the end. 27. He delivereth and “ rescueth, and he worketh signs and won« ders in heaven and in earth, who hath " delivered Daniel from the power of the « lions." 28. So this Daniel prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.
CHAP. II. (a)
sound an alarm in my holy mounain : let all the inhabitants of the land remble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand; 2. A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains : a great people and a strong, there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be
any more after it, even to the years
“ of many generations. 3. A fire de« voureth before them, and behind them
a flame burneth : the land is as the “ garden of Eden (6) before them, and « behind them a desolate wilderness, yea, " and nothing shall escape them. 4. The appearance
of them is as the appearance “ of horses (c); and as horsemen, so shall “ they run. 5. Like the noise (d) of « chariots on the tops of mountains shall “ they leap, like the noise of a flame of “ fire that devoureth the stubble, as a “ strong people set in battle array. 6. Be
itten proclamation, in which he took notice, t the Lord (Jehovah, Heb.) God of heaven 1 given him all the kingdoms of the earth, I had charged him to build him a house at 'usalem, and he therefore gave the Jews leave go up to Jerusalem, and ordered the men of e place where each Jew sojourned to help him th silver, and with gold, and with a free-will fering for the house of God in Jerusalem. zra i. I to 4. The passages Is. xliv. 28. ante 4, and Is.xlv. 1. 13. are supposed to be referred in this proclamation, and who so likely as aniel to have shewn them to Cyrus, and to ive induced him to act upon them? (a) The time when Joel lived is uncertain : robably at the same time with Isaiah, Hosea, mos, Micah, and Zephaniah ; and if so, long efore Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Haggai, echariah, or Malachi. His prophecies are onfined to the kingdom of Judah.-A dreadal desolation threatened, some suppose by ocusts and other insects, a strong exhortation
to repentance, humiliation, and prayer, a pro. mise of future favour, and of an effusion of God's holy spirit, (probably in the time of the Messiah,) an intimation of a further visitation, (probably the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans,) in which God's people, they who call upon his name, should escape.
(6) v. 3. “As the garden of Eden," i. e. “ in a state of plenty and abundance :" what they find luxuriant, they leave desolate.
(c) v.4. “ Of horses." The description of the locusts denounced in Rev. ix. agrees in some particulars with this account, « The
shapes of the locusts were like unto horses
prepared unto battle : and they had breast“ plates, as it were breastplates of iron, and “ the sound of their wings was as the sound of “ chariots of many horses runniug to battle."
Rev. ix. 7. S
(d) v.5. verse 4.
“ The noise, &c." See note on
“ fore their face the people shall be mach“ meat-offering (1) and a drink-offering " pained (e) : all faces shall gather black- “ anto the LORD your God? 15. Blow u nes (c). 7. They shall run like mighty " the trumpet in Zion, san&tify a fast, call “ nen; they shall climb the wall like mea ^ a solems assembly; 16. Gather the u o wat; and they shall match every one 5 people: sanctify the congregation : 25" on his ways, and they shall not break “ semble the elders: gather the children el, u their ranks. 8. Neither shall one thrust « and those that suck the breast : let the “ another, they shall walk every one in « bridegroom (-) go forth of his chamber
, “ his path: and when they fall apon the “ and the bride out of her closet. 17. Le « sword, they shall not be wounded (f). the priests, the ministers of the LORD
, 9. They shall run to and fro in the “ weep between the porch and the altar (1) “ city: they shall run upon the wall, they 6 and let them say, “Spare thy people, 0 “ shall climb up upon the houses: they « LORD, and give not thine heritage 1 “ shall enter in at the windows like a thief. “ reproach, that the heathen should rule “ 10. The earth shall quake before them, “ over ) them: wherefore should they “ the heavens shall tremble, the sun and the “ say among the people, Where is their u moon (s) shall be dark (b), and the « God ?" 18. Then will the LORD be jeau stars (8) shall withdraw their shining(b); lous for his land, and pity his people. “ 11. And the LORD shall utter his “ 19. Yes, the LORD will answer and say “ voice before his army: for his camp is “ unto his people, “Behold I will send you “ very great: for be is strong that exe- “ corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shal be u cuteth his word (i): for the day of the “ satisfied therewith: and I will no more « LORD is great and very terrible, and who “i make you a reproach among the hea. “ can abide it? 12. Therefore also now, " then : 20. But I will remove far of « saith the LORD, “ Turn ye even to u from you the northern army, “ me with all your heart and with fasting, u drive him into a land barren and dess" and with weeping, and with mourning.
“ late, with his face toward the east sea (p), “ 13. And rend your heart, and not your “ and his hinder part toward the utmost u garments, and turn unto the LORD your “ sea(2), and his stink shall come up, andhis « God; for he is gracious and merciful, “ ill savour shall come up, because he hath u slow to anger, and of great kindness, “ done great things. 21. Fear not, o " and repenteth him of the evil. 14. Who “ land, be glad and rejoice : for the LORD u knoweth if he will return and repent, “ will do great things. 22. Be not afraid, “ and leave a blessing behind him, even a ye beasts (q) of the field : for the pas
lation, Joel i. 9. part of the account was,
“ of all ages.”
(e) v. 6. u Pained,” i. e. “ with dread,”
gather blackness," i.e. “ be down cast and u melancholy."
(1) v. 8. “ Not be wounded," a strong expression, to imply that they would be irresistible : that all means of opposing them would fail.
(8) v. 10. “ The sun and the moon, and " the stars," i.e.“ the chiefs and rulers."
(b) v. 10. “ Be dark,” and “ withdraw their « shining," i.e. “ be disheartened,” and “ un. “ able to give relief."
(i) v.11. “ His word,” i. e. “ his Judg“ ment." God's minister and instrument must be irresistible.
(k) v. 14: " Even a meat-offering, &c.". at least enough for the purposes of worship: which would not be the case if they were reduced to the state mentioned in verse 3. of “ a desolate wilderness.” In describing a deso.
(m) v. 16. “ The bridegroom, &c." Le
no one make excuse ; let the assembly be “ universal.”
(-) v. 17.“ Between the porch and the “ altar,” where the priest usually attended and where they could best be heard by the people.
() v.17.“ Rule over," or « insult."
Yr the utmost sea,” 1. c. "the Media « terranean."
() v. 22. “ Ye beasts, &c.” An intimation of plenty, not famine.