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“ how that, when I and thou rode together « after Ahab his father, the LORD laid this “ burden (9) upon him. 26. " Surely I “ have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, “ and the blood of his sons, saith the “ LORD; and I will requite thee in this “ plat, saith the LORD.” Now therefore " take and cast him into the plat of ground, “ according to the word of the LORD." 27. But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house: And Jehu followed after him, and said, “ Smite him also in the chariot." And they did so at the going up to Gur,
more of her than the scull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands. 36. Wherefore they came again and told him: And he said, “This is the word of the LORD, “ which he spake by his servant Elijah the “ Tishbite, saying, “ In the portion of “ Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of « Jezebel :" 37. And the carcase of Je" zebel shall be as the dung upon the face or of the field in the portion of Jezreel; r so that they shall not say, “ This is " Jezebel.”
whichi bytóleam. And he fled to Megida A Nand Jehu wrote letters, and sent to
do, and died there. 28. And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. 29. And in the eleventh
of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah (r) to reign over Judah. 30. And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it, and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window. 31. And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, “ Had Zimri (s) peace, " who flew his master ?" 32. And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, “ Who is on my side, who?” And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs. 33. And he said, “ Throw her down.” So they threw her down; and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses : and he trod her underfoot. 34. And when he was come in he did eat and drink, and said, “ Go, see now this “ cursed woman, and bury her : for she is « a king's (t) daughter." 35. And they went to bury her; but they found no
Samaria, unto the rulers of Jezreel (u), and to the elders, and to them that brought up Ahab's children, saying, 2. “Now as soon
as this letter cometh to you, seeing your
masters sons are with you, and there are “ with you chariots and horses, a fenced “ city also, and armour:
3. Look era « out the best and meetest of
master's sons, and set him on his father's thre, “ and fight for your master's house! 4. But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, “Behold, two (x) kings stood not « before him : how then shall we stand?" 5. And he that was over the house, and he that was over the city, the elders also, and the bringers up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying, “ We are thy servants, and will do «s'all that thou shalt bid us; we will not “ make any king : do thou that which is “ good in thine eyes.” 6. Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, “ If ye be mine, and if ye will hearken “ unto my voice, take ye the heads of the
(9) v. 25. “ This burthen.” See 1 Kings
“ Thou shalt speak unto him (Ahab) " saying, Thus saith the Lord, In the place “ where dogs licked the blood of Naboth, “ shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.” So that this was verified as to Joram, as well as Ahab.
(r) v. 29. “ Ahaziah.” He walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the Lord, as did the house of Ahab : for he was Ahab's son-in-law. His mother was Athaliah, daughter of Ahab, and granddaughter of Omri king of Israel. 2 Kings viii. 18. 26. 27.
(s) v. 31. “Zimri.” He conspired against Baasha, and slew him, and all his house : but he reigned only seven days in Tirzah, for all Israel made Omri king. 'Omri took Tirzah ; and then Zimri “ went into the palace of the “ king's house, and burnt the king's house over “ him with fire, and died. 1 Kings xvi. 9 to
and (1) v. 34. " A king's daughter." The daughter of Ethbaal, King of the Zidonians. 1 Kings xvi. 31.
(u) v.1. Jesreel, or “ Samaria." Sept.
(*) v. 4. “ Two kings," viz. Joram, king of Israel, and Ahazia, king of Judah.
15 to 28."
“ men your master's sons, and come to “me to Jezreel by to-morrow this time :" (now the king's sons being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them up.) 7. And it came to pass when the letter came to them, that they took the king's sons, and slew seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent him them to Jezreel. 8. And there came a messenger, and told him, saying, “ They have brought the heads of the * king's sons.” And he said, “ Lay ye " them in two heaps at the entring in of " the gate, until the morning.” 9. And it came to pass in the morning, that he went out, and stood, and said to all the people, “ Ye be righteous : behold, I con« spired against my master, and slew him: " but who slew all these?
10. Know “ now, that there shall fall unto the earth “ nothing of the word (y) of the LORD,
which the LORD spake concerning the « house of Ahab : for the Lord hath done " that which he spake by his servant « Elijah.” 11. So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left none remaining. 12. And he arose and departed, and came to Samaria. And as he was at the shearing-house in the way, 13. Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and said, “Who are ye?” And they answered, “ We are the brethren of " Ahaziah, and we go down to salute the
children of the king (2) and the children " of the queen.”
14. And he said, 's Take them alive.” And they took them live, and slew them at the pit of the hearing-house, even two and forty men ; reither left he any of them. 15. And vhen he was departed thence, he lighted in Jehonadab the son of Rechab, coming o meet him, and he saluted him, and said
him, “ Is thine heart right, as my heart I is with thine heart ?” And Jehonadab nswered, “ It is.” If it be, give me thine
“ hand ;” and he gave him his hand, and he took him up to him into the chariot. 16. And he said, " Come with me, and see my “ zeal for the LORD :” so they made him ride in his chariot. 17. And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the (a) saying of the LORD, which he spake to Elijah. 18. And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said unto them, “ Ahab served Baal a little: « but Jehu shall serve him much. 19. Now - therefore call unto me all the prophets « of Baal, all his servants, and all his “ priests, let none be wanting : for I have “ a great sacrifice to do to Baal; whoso“ ever shall be wanting, he shall not live.” But Jehu did it in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy the worshippers of Baal. 20. And Jehu said, “ Proclaim a • solemn assembly for Baal.” And they proclaimed it. 21. And Jehu sent through all Israel, and all the worshippers of
so that there was not man left that came not: and they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to another. 22. And he said unto him that was over the vestry, “ Bring forth vestments for “ all the worshippers of Baal.” And he brought them forth vestments. 23. And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab into the house of Baal, and said unto the worshippers of Baal, “ Search, 66 and look that there be here with you " none of the servants of the LORD, but " the worshippers of Baal only." 24. And when they went in to offer sacrifices, and burnt-offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men without, and said, “ If any of the « men whom I have brought into your “ hands, escape, be that letteth him go, his “ life shall be for the life of him.” 25. And it came to pass as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, that Jehu said to the guard, and to the captain, “ Go in, and slay them, let none come
(y) v. 1o. “ The word of the Lord.” See nte, 1 Kings xxi. 21. A denunciation against Ahab by the mouth of Elijah, to take away all is posterity, and to cut off all that belonged
(z) v. 13:
King,” and “ “ Joram and his wife." (a) v. 17.
“ The saying.” See note supra
on verse 10.
« forth.” And they smote them with the edge of the sword, and the guard and the
CHAP. XVIII. captains cast them out, and went to the N OW it came to pass in the third : city of the house of Baal. 26. And they W of (f) Hoshea son of Elah kig brought forth the images out of the house Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahazi of Baal, and burnt them. 27. And they of Judah began to reign. 2. Twenty brake down the image of Baal, and brake five years old was he when he bega down the house of Baal, and made it a reign, and he reigned twenty and 1 draught house unto (6) this day. 28. Thus Il years in Jerusalem : his mother's s Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel. 29. How-|| also was Abi, the daughter of Zacha beit from the sins of Jeroboam the son of 3. And he did that which was right e Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu de sight of the LORD, according to all parted not from after them, to wit, the David his father (g) did. 4. H golden (c) calves that were in Bethel, and moved (b) the high places (i) and brake that were in Dan. 30. And the LORD said images, and cut down the groves, unto Jehu, “ Because thou hast done well brake in pieces the brazen (k) serpent « in executing that which is right in mine II. Moses had made : for unto those days « eyes, and hast done unto the house of children of Israel did burn incense to « Ahab according to all that was in mine and he called it Nehushtan (1). 3: « heart, thy children of the fourth genera trusted in the LORD God of Israel, so « tion shall sit on the throne of Israel,” after him was none like him among all 31. But Jehu took no heed to walk in the kings of Judah, nor any that were bei law of the LORD God of Israel, with all his || him. 6. For he clave to the LORD, heart: for he departed not from the sins of parted not from following him, but kept Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin. 32. In commandments, which the LORD G those days the LORD began to cut Israel manded Moses. 7. And the LORD wa el short: and Hazael (d) smote them in all the him, and he prospered whithersoerer! coasts of Israel; 33. from Jordan east wentforth: and he rebelled against the man ward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, Assyria, and served him not. 8. He smet3 and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, Philistines even unto Gaza, and the borte? from Aroer, (which is by the river Arnon) thereof, from the tower of the Web even Gilead and Bashan. 34. Now the to the fenced city. 0. And it came rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, in the fourth year of king Hezeki and all his might, are they not written in was the seventh year of Hoshea sa ople 'the book of the chronicles of the kings of king of Israel) that Shalmaneser wie Israel ? 35. And Jehu slepr (e) with his Assyria came up against Samaria fathers, and they buried him in Samaria, besieged it. 10. And at the end os and Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. || years they took it, even in the sixth para 36. And the time that Jehu reigned over Hezekiah (that is the ninth year of Israel in Samaria, was twenty and eight years. king of Israel) Samaria was taken, 11..
(6) v. 27. “ Unto this day," i, e. to the time when this account was written.
(c) v. 29. “ Golden calves," as objects of 'worship. See 1 Kings xii. 27 to 29. and ante, note on i Kings xiii. 1.
(d) 0.32. Hazael,” the king of Syria.
(e) v. 35. “ Slept.” He died before Christ 856.
(f) v. 4. “ Third year of Hosea.” Before Christ 726.
(8) 6.3. “ Father," i.e. “ ancestor, foreo father."
(b) v.4. “ He removed, &c.” For a fuller detail of Hezekiah's conduct and zeal, see 2 Chron, xxix, XXX. xxxi.
(O) 0.4. “ The high places," and “ groves.” Places of idolatrous way “ Groves" were against the express o Deut. xvi. 21. “ Thou shalt not pa “ grove of trees near unto the all " Lord thy God, which thou shalt m
(6) v.4: “The brazen serpent," " ordered Moses to make at the time of L serpents, that whoever should look upe might live. See Numb. xxi. 7. 8. 9.
(1) v. 4. “ Nehushtan;" " a mer “ brass ; ' à serpent of brass ; a tots value ; contemptuously; to disparage
(m) v.9. “ Samaria." The capital kings of Israel.
a mere bit
be capital of i
e king of Assyria did carry away (n) Israel - ito Assyria, and put them in Halah, and
Habor, by the river of Gozan, and in e cities of the Medes: 12. Because they
yed not the voice of the LORD their d, but transgressed his covenant, and
that Moses the servant of the LORD mmanded, and would not hear them, nor them. 13. Now in the fourteenth (0) year king Hezekiah, did Sennacherib king of
syria come up against all the fenced cities Judah, and took them. 14. And Hedah king of Judah sent to the king of syria to Lachish, saying, “ I have ofended, return from me: that which hou puttest on me, I will bear.” And king of Assyria appointed unto Heze
king of Judah, three hundred (o) tats of silver, and thirty talents (9) of gold.
And Hezekiah gave him all the silver I was found in the house of the LORD,
in the treasures of the king's house. At that time did Hezekiah cut off the (from the doors of the temple of the RD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah g of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to king of Assyria. 17. And the king of
syria sent (r) Tartan and Rabsaris and -1b-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah th a great host against Jerusalem : And y went up and came to Jerusalem : And len they were come up, they came and od by the conduit of the upper pool, ich is in the highway of the fuller's Id. 18. And when they had called to king, there came out to them Eliakim
son of Hilkiah, which was over the usehold, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah : son of Asaph the recorder. 19. And ab-shakeh said unto them, “ Speak ye now to Hezekiah, “ Thus saith the great
“ king, the king of Assyria, “What con
fidence is this wherein thou trustest? “ 20. Thou sayest, (but they are but vain " words,) I have counsel and strength for " the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, “ that thou rebellest against me? 21. Now « behold, thou trustest upon the staff of « this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on “ which if a man lean, it will go into his “ hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king “ of Egypt unto all that trust on him. “ 22. But if ye say unto me, “ We trust « in the LORD our God: is not that he, “ whose high places, and whose altars “ Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said “ to Judah and Jerusalem, “ Ye shall “ worship before this altar in Jerusalem ?” “ 23. Now therefore, I pray thee, give “ pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, " and I will deliver thee two thousand “ horses, if thou (s) be able on thy part to "s set riders upon them. 24. How then wilt " thou turn away the face of one (t) captain “ of the least of my master's servants, and “ put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and « for horsemen ? 25. Am I now come “ up without the LORD against this place - to destroy it? The LORD said to me, “ Go up against this land, and destroy it." 26. Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, “ Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in “ the Syrian language, (for we under“ stand it) and talk not with us in the “ Jews language, in the ears of the people “ that are on the wall.” 27. But Rabshakeh said unto them, “ Hath my master “ sent me to thy master, and to thee to " speak these words ! hath he not sent me " to the men which sit on the wall, that “ they may eat their own dung, and drink
(n) v. 11. “ Carry away Israel.” Before hrist 721. This terminated the kingdom of rael; and from this captivity the people never turned. After this period, the kingdom of dah (including the tribes of Judah and Bennin, and probably some families of the other bes) was the only remaining kingdom; and e people belonging to it were called Jews. (6) v.13. “ Fourteenth year.” Before Christ )
v. 14. “ Three hundred talents of silver." ather more than £100,000.
(9) v. 14." Thirty talents of gold.” Something more than £160,000.
(r) v. 17. “ Sent Tartan.” In about three years after Hezekiah's submission,
(s) v. 23. “ If thou be able.” An insinu. ation of the weakness to which Judah was reduced.
() v. 24.“ One captain." Such is your condition, that you cannot stand even against
ngle captain of Sennacherib's forces.
their peace, and answered him not a word for the king's commandment was, saying « Answer him not.' 37. Then cam Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which wa over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, t Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and to him the words of Rab-shakeh.
“ their own piss with you ?" 28. Then Rab-shakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews language, and spake, saying, “ Hear the word of the great king, “ the king of Assyria. 29. Thus saith the “ king, “Let not Hezekiah deceive you, 6 for he shall not be able to deliver you « out of his hand : 30. Neither let Heze“ kiah make you trust in the Lord, saying, “ The LORD will surely deliver us, and “ this city shall not be delivered into as the hand
.” 31. Hearken not unto Hezekiah : for • thus saith the king of Assyria, “ Make
an agreement with me by a present and « come out to me, and then eat ye every “ man of his own vine, and every one of « his fig-tree, and drink ye every one “ the waters of his cistern: 32. Until I “ come and take you away, to a land like
your own land, a land of corn and wine, « a land of bread and vineyards, a land of “ oil-olive, and of honey, that ye may live « and not die: and hearken not unto “ Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, “ saying, “ The LORD will deliver us.'
33. Hath any of the gods of the “ nations delivered at all his land out “ of the hand of the king of Assyria. « 34. Where are the gods of (u) Hamath, “ and (x) of Arpad ? where are the gods « of Sephatvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have “ they delivered Samaria out of mine hand? “ 35. Who are they among all the gods “ of the countries, that have delivered “ their country out of mine hand, that the " LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of “ mine hand ?” 36. But the people held
clothes, and covered himself with sad cloth, and went into the house of LORD. 2. And he sent Eliakim, whic was over the household, and Shebua scribe, and the elders of the priests, cover with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet di son of Amoz. 3. And they said unto hin « Thus saith Hezekiah, « This day is “ day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blas ~ phemy: for the children (a) are comme " to the birth, and there is not strength a “ bring forth. 4. It may be the Las “ thy God will hear all the words of Rab“ shakeh, whom the king of Assyrialis • master hath sent to reproach the living “ God; and will reprove the words which “ the LORD thy God hath heard: where “ fore lift up thy prayer for the remnant() « that are left. 5. So the servants e king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. 6. An Isaiah said unto them, “ Thus shall “ say to your master, Thus saith « LORD, “ Be not afraid of the word « which thou hast heard, with which s “ servants of the king of Assyria ba « blasphemed me.
7. Behold, I will seal
(u) v. 34. “ The gods of the nations.” It was a persuasion amongst the heathens, that there were many gods, and that different gods presided over different nations.
(x) v. 34. “ Hamath, Arpad, Sepharvaim, “ Henah, and Ivah." Places Sennacherib had subdued.
(y) v.1. Almost verbatim with Is. xxxvii. post. Before Christ 710.
(2) v. I. “ It," i. e. “ the account he re« ceived of Rabshakeh's message in the pre“ ceding chapter."
(a) v. 3. "The children, &c." Probably a proverb, for great weakness : in as feeble a state as that of a woman who has accomplished
her full time for child-bearing, but has strength to bring forth. In Is. Ixvi.
9. represented as saying, “ Shall I bring to the “ birth, and not cause to bring forth?" ing, probably, that whatever he has purposed he has power to complete. (6) v.4.
“ The remnant," i. e. the Jews The ten tribes, the subjects of the kings a Israel, had been carried into captivity only about twelve years ; and in the time of Ahai Hezekiah's father, the Edomites had smittaa Judah, and carried away captives, the plan stines had taken some of their cities and villages and the Lord hąd brought Israel low. 2 Chara xxviii. 17 to 19.