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5. any time, “ Thou art (k) my Son, “ Lord, in the beginning hast “ this day have I begotten thee?”
“ laid the foundation of the And again, “ I will (1) be to
56 earth; and the heavens are the “ him a Father, and he shall 66 works of thine hands : They 11. 6. “ be to me a Son ?" And again, " shall perish, but thou remain
when he bringeth in the first- est ; and they all shall wax old, begotten into the world, he saith, “ as doth a garment ; and as a 12.
“ And (m) letalltheangels of God vesture shalt thou fold them 7. “ worship him.” And of the “ up, and they shall be changed:
angels he saith,“ Who (n) maketh " but thou art the same, and
“ his angels spirits, and his mi- “ thy years shall not fail.” 8. " nisters a flame of fire.” But
unto the Son he saith, “ () Thy
The Gospel. John i. I. “ and ever: a sceptre of righte- Inthe (q) beginning was the Word,
ousness is the sceptre of thy and the Word was with God, and 9.
“ kingdom: Thou hast loved the Word was (r) God.
quity; therefore God, even GodAll things were made by 3.
thy fellows.” And,“ () Thou, In him was life; and the life was 4.
(&) “Thou art my Son.” This is from never again under his descendants; and Ps. ii 7. and is therefore a confirmation the line of Solomon has ceased for that the prophecy there related to our centuries to have any dominion : but Saviour. The same may be collected the throne of Christ is established for from Acts xiii. 33. and Heb. v. 5. evermore; he has built God a spiritual
(1) “ I will be," &c. This is probably house, the Church of Christ ; and he is from ı Chron. xvii. 13. which, though it settled in the house and kingdom of God might be thought to apply to Solomon,
His dominion, according to was perhaps intended to apply to our Dan.vii.
14. " is an everlasting dominion, Saviour only. God ordered Nathan to “ which shall not pass away, and his kingforbid David from building him an house, “ dom that which shall not be destroyed.” but to tell him that he would raise
his (m) “ Let all the angels,” &c. This v. 6.
me a house, and I will establish his (0) “ Thy throne,” &c. This is from
Ps. xlv. 7, 8.
plural number, but joined with a verb in “ blished for evermore."
the singular; and it is so used 30 times much more applicable to the spiritual in the short history of the creation there kingdom of our Saviour, (who was, ac- given : so that Moses might understand, cording to the flesh, of the sons of Da- that though there was only one God, yet vid), than of Solomon. Ten of the tribes in that one God were distinct existencies. revolted from Solomon's son, and were (r) See ante 12. note (d).
Ps. civ. 4.
5. the light of men. And the light
Saint Stephen's Day. shineth (s) in darkness; and the
The Collect. darkness comprehended it not. Grant, O Lord, that in all our 6. There was a man sent from God, sufferings here upon earth, for 7. whose name was (t) John. The the testimony of thy truth, we same came for a witness, to bear
may stedfastly look up to heaven, witness of the Light, that all inen and by faith behold the glory that 8. through him might believe. He shall be revealed; and being
was not that Light, but was sent filled with the Holy Ghost, may
to bear witness of that Light. | learn to love and bless our per9. That was the true Light, which
secutors, by the example of thy lighteth every man that cometh
first Martyr, Saint Stephen, who 10. into the world. He was in the
prayed for his murderers to thee, world, and the world was made O blessed Jesus, who standest at
by him, and the world knew him the right hand of God to succour 11. not. He came unto his (u) own, all those that suffer for thee, our 12. and his own received him not. But only Mediator and Advocate. as many as received him, to them
Amen. gave he power to become the
(Then shall follow the Collect of the Nativity: sons of God, even to them that which shall be said continually until New
Year's Eve.] 13. believe on his name: which were
born(x), not of blood, nor of the For the Epistle. Acts vii. 55.
will of the flesh, nor of the will Srephen, being full of the Holy 14. of man, but of God. And the
Ghost, looked up stedfastly into Word was made (y) flesh, and heaven, and saw the glory of dwelt among us, (and we be- God, and Jesus standing on the held his glory, the glory as of right hand of God, and said, the only begotten of the Father,) Behold, I see the heavens opened, 56. full of grace and truth.
and the Son of man standing on
(s) “Shineth in darkness,” that is, “ in
a generation which would not see, which “ did not open its eyes, whose foolish “ hearts" (according to Rom. i. 21.) “ Weredarkened." The reason is assigned, John iii. 19, 20. “Light is come into the " world, and men loved darkness rather “ than light, because their deeds were evil. “ For every one that doeth evil hateth “ the light, neither cometh to the light, “ lest his deeds should be reproved." See post, 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4.
() “John," that is, not the Evangelist, but the Baptist, the messenger
for the Messiah.
(u) “ His own,” i. e. the Jews.
as St. Paul expresses it, Rom. vii. 15.
(y) “ Flesh," i.e. in the person of v. 14. Jesus Christ.
57. the right hand of God. Then of Zacharias son of Barachias,
they cried out with a loud voice, whom ye slew between the
and stopped their ears, and ran temple and the altar. Verily I say 36. 58. upon him with one accord, and unto you, All these things shall
cast him out of the city, and come upon this (a) generation. stoned him: and the witnesses O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that 37. laid down their clothes at a young killest the prophets, and stonest man's feet, whose name was
them which are sent unto thee, 59. Saul(z). And they stoned Stephen, how often would I have gathered
calling upon God, and saying, thy children together, even as a 60. “ Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. hen gathereth her chickens under
And he kneeled down, and cried her wings, and ye would not ! with a loud voice, “ Lord, lay not Behold, your house is left unto 38. “ this sin to their charge!” And
you desolate. For I say unto you, 39. when he had said this, hefell asleep. Ye shall not see me henceforth,
till (6) ye shall say,
" is he that cometh in the name
" of the Lord.”
Saint John the Evangelist's Day.
come all the righteous blood shed thee to cast thy bright beams of
(2)“ Saul.” The same person who was geance
Wats. Theol. Tr. 121. 3. See ante 30.
(6) « Till ye shall say,” i.e. (per. o. 39 Church of God.
haps) till this shall be the general cry, 0.36.
(a) "This generation.” This is there. “ Blessed,” &c. fore another assertion,that some signalven
of thy blessed Apostle and Evan- which we have seen and heard, gelist Saint John, may so walk in declare we unto you, that ye the light of thy truth, that it may also may have fellowship with at length attain to the light of us : and truly our fellowship is everlasting life, through Jesus with the Father, and with his Christ our Lord. Amen.
Son Jesus Christ. And these 4.
things write we unto you, that The Epistle. John i. 1. your joy may be full
. This then 5.
is the message which we have That which was (c) from the heard of him, and declare unto beginning, which we have heard, you, that God is light, and in which we (d) have seen with our him is no darkness at all. If we 6. eyes, which we have looked
say that we () have fellowship upon, and our hands have hand- with him, and walk in darkness, we 2. led of the (e) word of life; (for the lie, and do not the truth : But 7.
life was manifested, and we have if we walk in the (8) light, as he
which was with the Father, and blood of Jesus Christ his Son 3. was manifested unto us ;) that (i) cleanseth us from all sin. If we 8.
(c) “ From the beginning,” i.e. (per. haps) determined upon from the earliest
times, from the fall of Adam. 2. I,
(d)“ Have seen,” &c. It was natural for St.John to press strongly upon the persons to whom he writes what had pressed strongly upon his own mind; and what could make a stronger impression on any one's mind than the conviction of his own senses? His faith had for its foundation what he had himself seen, &c. that for which he had the assurance of his own
eye-sight. v. 1,
(c)“ The Word of Life," that is,“our " Saviour Jesus Christ." He is also denoted by the expressions in the next verse “ the Life,” and “ that Eternal “ Life which was with the Father.” So St. John says in his Gospel, John i. 14. “ The word was made fesh” (that is in the
person of Jesus Christ), “and dwelt
St.John expresses this fellowship elsewhere
or If we love
“ the Son of God, God dwelleth in him,
(8) “ Light,” i. e. perfect purity. v.7. “ Darkness," i.e. impurity.
(b) For “one with another," the King's 0.7. MSS, reads “ with him,” which seems more agreeable to the context.
(i) “Cleanseth us.” So Rev.i. 5. Jesus v. 7. Christ is said to have washed us from our sins in his “ own blood.” And accord. ing to the language of our Liturgy, he made “ by his one oblation of himself
once offered, a full, perfect, and suffi. “ cient sacrifice, oblation and satisfac" tion for the sins of the whole world.” By requiring so great a sacrifice, God has shewn his utter detestation of sin ; and if we refuse to perform the terms upon which forgiveness of sins is offered unto us, (by endeavouring to lead godly lives, by repenting of the sins we have committed, and by feeling and expressing thankfulness to God for his mercies), what are we to expect ? We are assured by the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, X. 26. that “ there remaineth
no more sacrifice for sin, but a certain “ fearful looking for of judgment, and
say (k) that we have no sin, we de- Then Peter turning about,
ceive ourselves, and the truth is seeth the () disciple whom Jesus 9. not in us. If we (1) confess our loved, following,
loved, following, which also sins, he is faithful and just to for- leared on his breast (P) at supper,
give us our sins, and to cleanse us and said, “ Lord, which is he that 10. from all unrighteousness. If we betrayeth thee?” Peter seeing
say, that we have not sinned, we him, saith to Jesus, " Lord, and make (m) him a liar, and his word “ what shall (9) this man do?" is not in us.
Jesus saith to him, “If I will that
" he tarry (r) till I come, what The Gospel. John xxi. 19.
" is that to thee? follow thou 20. Jesus (1) said unto Peter, Follow me.” Then went this saying
“ fiery indignation." And if he that “ despised Moses' law died without “ mercy, of how much sorer punish~ ment shall he be thought worthy, who " treadeth under foot the Son of God, " and counteth the blood of the covenant " wherewith he was san&tified an unholy “ thing" And according to Acts iv, 12. " there is no other name under heaven “ given among men, whereby we must « be saved.” So that if a sinner will not look up to the sacrifice and intercession of Jesus Christ, to what can he look up? The doctrine of Redemption by Jesus Christ seems capable of an easy explanation. No man since the world began, with the exception of Jesus Christ, has lived without committing sin : each man, therefore, if judged upon mere principles of justice, would have some sin to answer for, and instead of having a claim upon God for eternal life, would be amenable to him for some punishment. To exempt him from this punishment, and to give him as a boon that eternal life which of himself he could never earn, our Saviour, who did no sin, underwent the punishment of sin ; God accepted that punishment instead of the punishment to which each man would otherwise have been subject, and the sins of those who truly look up to Jesus Christ, and obtain his intercession and mediation, will be blotted out, will not be brought into account against the parties at the judgment seat of Christ. In this way God has laid upon him the iniquity of us all ; and it is upon him the chastisement has been laid, by which our peace has been obtained.
(k) “ If we say," &c. that is, if pride induce any one to think so highly of himself, as to suppose that he was free from
sin, and that there was no occasion for a sacrifice for him, that person is deceived. According to Rom.iii. 23. “ all have sin. “ ned, and fallen short of the glory of “ God.” And we need not go beyond common experience to be convinced that there is no one, who has had the faculty of knowing right from wrong, who has not sinned, and stood in need of mercy and forgiveness.
(1) " If we confess." This is agreeable to Prov. iii. 34. as quoted James iv. 6. and i Pet. v. 5.
“ God resisteth the “ proud, and giveth grace to the 16 humble.”
(m) “ Make him a liar,"i. e. If we pretend that the world was not in such a state of sin as to require such a sacrifice as that of Jesus Christ, (when God has by his conduct in sending Christ, asserted that it was), we contradict this his assertion, and treat it as false.
(n) What is here stated occurred after the Resurrection of our Saviour.
(o) “ The disciple whom Jesus loved," i.e. John himself. He is therefore relating a conversation at which he was present, and which nearly concerned himself.
(p) “ At supper.” That is, at that o supper when our Saviour intimated to the apostles, that one of them should betray him. See Matt. xxvi. 21.-Mark xiv. 18.-Luke xxii. 21.
(9) “This man,” &c. It should rather v be, « become of this man.” Our Sa. viour had just been intimating to Peter, that he, (Peter), when he should be old, should be crucified: and after that intimation the question is natural, what should become of John ; and the answer here stated corresponds with that question,
(r) "Till I come,” that is, to "the day "S of the Lord," the time when he should