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Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge.
For JANUARY, 1775.
Memoirs of Miss WEIWITZER. (With an elegant Engraving of that celebrated A&ress, in the Chai
rader of Rosetta, in the Comic Opera of Love in a Village.)
PISS WEIWITZER was born in Nage, and a fresh proof of his eager deGarden, in London, in 'the year 1757, ed his alliduity with their approbation. and is one of the seven children of Mr. He, therefore, sent to engage her for the Weiwitzer, a native of Norway (though winter season, and made an agreement of a family originally German) who, ha- for her with Mr. Griffiths. ving acquired a decent competency by the Her first appearance on tie Dublin profeffion of a Silver-finith, is now re- Itaye (which was in the character of Rotired from basiness.
Jetta in the comic opera of Love in á As the very early discovered that me Village) plainly fewed that singing was was endowed with a fine'voice, and an not her inly excellence, but she was also ir' 'rable attachments to music; it was a promising actress. She convinced the
at her accomplishments ought not audience that the thoroughly understood confined to private life, or suffer the author, and entered into the true ie uncultivated ; but merited eve- spirit of her part. She performed the itional grace which art could be- character with the most exact propriety pon nature. She was, therefore, with a vivacity that was highly pleasing, ly instructed in music and singing, and an innocence and finplicity which ut to Mr. Griffiths, an eminent could not be assumed, and could be shown of mufic, where her improvements only where it was natural. Her attiö great, that he thought to derive iudes were well adapted, her air eafy
profit he had a right to expect and unconstrained ;' her attion just, and her natural talento, fo well culti- her manner engaging. Her voice was ; he produced her to the pub- strong, clear, 'fuli, and harmonious, and nd the charmed the ear of every in perfect concord with the music info.. i who resorted to the public gardens much that the extorted búrlts of applaute indon.
from an audience accuiomed to admire le applause which Miss Weiwitzer a Catley in that part; but whose prejuftly acquired, was not confined to dice for her could not hinder them from lon alone; her fame reached Dublin, applauding real merit, wherefoever they i Mr. Ryder (who is ever attentive found it. Already has Miss Weiwitzer foro his theatre with every excellence drawn thirteen crowded audiences; the
can be procured) thought the town is not yet fated with her perfor: "be a valuable addition to the Irish mance; and her reputation is firmly estafanary, 1775.
blished, because fixed on the basis of juf- A History of the Proceedings of the Britice.
tis Parliament. (Continued from page In a country like this, where few peo- 708 of our Magazine for December, ple can separate the woman from the act. 1774.) refs; and where our gentlemen seem to look upon every female in public life, as Friday, December 8. one of the Ferc Natura, fair game, to be R.
ly, ihe it is not to be wondered at that a girl, ferring the Milburne Port double retur. young, handsome, lively, and highly
ac- and accordingly moved, that the said se complished, should be attacked by the turn might be heard on Friday the 2016 great, the gay, and the profligate. De- of January next, which was readily coßrs lire excited tome, and vanity was the sented to on the other side. motive of others. The fame of posseff- Mr. G. Cowper next moved the house, ing a lady whose talents are in the mouth for the order of the day, which being of every one; and who is the pursuit of read, the house went into a committee. many, is a powerful incitement to fun- and after some time spent therein, Sir dry people to attempt the conquest of Charles Whitworth, chairman, reported her: and such men, when repulsed, are the following resolution, “ that a supthe most ready to spread calumnies a- ply be granted to his majesty,” and the gainst a reputation they find they cannot fame being reported, the speaker again tarnish *
resumed the chair. Virtue in an actress, is, by many, Two naturalization bills were presentthought to be incompatible; and whene- ed, and the titles of them being read, ver it is mentioned it with a sneer of they were ordered 10 lie on the table. unbelief. yet there have not been want- The speaker then desired, that such ing sundry inltances of actresses whose gentlemen as had petitions to present comconduct hath set detraction at defiance. plaining of undue returns or elections The names of a Pritchard, a Fitzhenry, might deliver them to the clerle a Mrs. William Barryand (we may juft- being complied with, tha ly add) a Sparks, have risen superior to ing to the order of Tue censure ; and it is not to be doubted but into a glass, and drew the list will be augmented with che name following 'order: of Miss Weiwitzer, since she shews a pru- Dumfermline, Tuesc dence in her conduct which could fcarce Petersfield, Friday be expected from hér youth. * Not con- Cardigan, Tuesda tent to steer clear of actions which me. Linlithgow, Friday, rit condemnation, she is eyer studious to Seaford, Tuesday avoid even little indiscretions which Peterborough Friday, might give room for censure; she has Besides the above petition never once been seen out of her lodgings one presented from the vot unattended by her brother, nor has any Radnor, which was in court one ever beheld her in them, without be heard according to the ore the same companion, thence every unjust borough was drawn on Tues fufpicion mut soon fall to the ground, The only two gentlemen and dje for want of food. So that her their places to anlwer the reputation as a woman of virtue, will be forth by the petitioners, w as firmly established, as her fame as an Archibald Campbell, fitting actress.
Dunfermline, Stirling, &c
Medley, one of the litting
Seaford, the former committ * Such has already been the fate of of his cause, with all imagi Miss Weiwitzer, numberless attacks have fulness, he said, to the dete heen made on her; dazzling offers have the committee; and the been employed to seduce her; but every with a certain air of jocula pursuer is conscious he has met with a loss the house must sustain, levere repulse. Failing there, the of the financial knowledge tongues of the witling, the disappointed cal powers of the two hono and the censorious, have given a loose oners; one of whom he und $0 unmerited calumny.
an eminent banker in the
themselves on the escape they havemade, country, by their perseverance, more efEnce it is equally evident, a further taxa- sential rights than have been obtained by ton, if not included in the general vote of three civil wars. After such conceffions this year, must be demanded by extraor- from the King of France, stall the King dinaries, or a vote of credit meet them of Great Britain be ashamed to yield
feffion under the multiplied to the just cries of two million of his subexpences of that mode of raising mo. jećts ?"
“ I know all the arguments which are With regard to the Navy, I confefs used to entangle weak men in support of it to be extremely hard, that the noble the present arbitrary tenets. The subLord should be attacked in the last feffi- ject, indeed, is complicated, and men on of parliament for too great profufion, are confounded more than convinced. It acd blamed in this for the reduction is said, that legislation existing in the that was then deemed necessary; but I parliament of Great Britain, taxation, am not one of those who are captivated which is a part of legislation, muft newith a simple proposition upon paper, ceffarily be included. The various priwhen all the avenues of extravagance vileges which fubfift in every free itate, are kept open, while the situation of our are hardly to be determined by any reaaffairs, from the worst judged policy, ne- foning a priori. Such dilemmas occur on Keflarily leads us to open these Nuices of every subject. Can any position appear expence. It is therefore in vain to hold more ridiculous to those who maintain the out economical resolutions in our votes, doctrines of virtual representation, thaa when our conduct must produce a contra- that a borough should send two Members ry effect. I hope however, that the sen- to Parliament without houfe or inhabis timents of gentlemen on the subject of tant ? And yet there are many who hear American affairs, begin to alter. I hope me, ftrenuous advocates against Amerihey will now see what men, uncorrupt- can Charters, that hold their seats in this ed by the luxurious vices of a great ca- house under such a curious representation. pital, are capable of suffering in support At the same time I confess the basis of of effential privileges; and that the Hat- the conftitution depends on preserving tering expectations of seeing America at their privileges entire, since no man can eat feet, are now vanished.
fay how far the reform would reach ; and “ To those who conceive that men the whole art of Government confilis in are to yield their rights from oppression preserving to every one his established and distress, I would recal to their me- rights. The most certain science we know mory the suffering of the late parliament is mathematics; yetif I was to say to many of Paris. The haughty mind of a du- men, that two lines might approach near bauched Minifter, . and an imperious er and nearer to all eternity, and never Chancellor, had induced the late King could meet, they would think the allery of France to violate all the ancient and tion ridiculous and absurd. Nevertheless established privileges of that augutt body, there is nothing so certain as the truth of the only remaining check against the that theorem. It is equally true that ledespotism of the Monarch: even men of gislation may exist without the power of wit and genius were found base enough taxation, The kingdom of Ireland withto vilify the claims of the parliament; in our own dominion is a proof of what these for I am sorry to observe, that fortitude learned gentlemen affert to be so impossiof mind does not always accompany ex- ble. A worthy member in my eye, becellent talents; and that many men por- ing pressed with this argument in the last felling those rare gifts, are too often in- felhon of parliament, from the fairness duced to lend their ingenuity to the hand of his mind, avowed as his opinion, that that pays them, in support of the doc- we could tax Ireland. I remember trines of the day. Is it possible for any there were some gentlemen in the gallery of the people of America to undergo when this declaration was made, whouz greater diitreis than those worthy patriots I immediately perceived, by the contortiin France have suffered ? Deprived of ons in their countenance, to be Irish Memtheir offices and subfiitance, banished bers. Next day the worthy Member from their friends, vilified by the Court, chose to make some apology to his friends. no prospect of a change, yet fupported He faid 'no parallel could be drawn beby principle and a good conscience, they tween Ireland and the Colonies ; for Irehave now seen their day of triumph, and land had a paraphernalia; and this fatisfelt the reward of virtue, securing to their fied both the English and the Irish Members. For my part, I do not see what The house went into a committee of difficulty can occur in leaving different the whole house, on the bill for granting Colonies on the same footing of raising to his majelty a duty on all malt, mum, money by requisition as the people of cyder and perry, for the service of the Ireland. If it is thought this manner of year 1775; and after some time spent railing supplies might throw too much therein, Sir Charles Whitworth reportpower into the hands of the crown, that ed, that they had gone through the same power might be limited, so as not to be with amendments: the report ordered to exerted excepi upon the address of boh be received on Tuesday. Houses of Parliament, such as has been Mr. Cooper presented a bill for prelately adopted respecting the prerogative venting muting and defertion, and for in regulating the coin. I am still hope the better payment of the army and their ful, that the tense chords on which our quarters; which was read a first time, American creed has been said and sung, and ordered to be read a second time. will be relaxed. I perceive, I think, The speaker delired to know if there, the tone of the noble Lord is not so loud were any petitions to present, complainor so lofty as on some former debates on ing of undue elections, and none appearthis subject. I hope it does not proceed ing but such as were referred to those from want of health, in which case no already drawn, and ordered to be heard. man could feel more sorrow for his Lord- The order of the day was called for, when 1hip than myself; but I hope it arises, a petition from the county of Eflex was from a more serious and deep reflection presented, complaining of the informal on the subject, where his own good sense manner the said election was opened and has had room to operate, free from those conducted, which was ordered to be heard violent associates who seem to have pre. on Friday the 7th of July. sipitated his Lordship into such raih and T'he order of the day being called for, cruel measures, contrary to his own na- the house went into a committee of ways tural good temper. Here then I shall and means for raising a supply granted to conclude as I set out, hoping that gene- his majetty. Lord North stated to the rous, juít, pacific measures will be adopt- committee the whole of the supply and ed; but itill insitting, that no man can grants; and fewed, that a land tax of determine properly on the number of three shillings would only leave a surplus forces to be employed, until we know of a few thousand pounds, which, conthe measures that are pursued respecting sidering the deficiency, would not admit America.”
of any reduction. His lordship thereSaturday 17.) Agreed to the following fore moved, that a land tax of 3s. in the resolutions of Friday, viz.
pound be laid on all lands, hereditaments, That 17,547 effective men, including and pensions, in that part of Great Bri1522 invalids, be employed for the land tain called England, the principality of service for 1775.
Wales, and town of Berwick upon That 627,6891. be granted to his ma- Tweed; and a proportionable cess upon jefty for maintaining the said men. that part of Great Britain called Scot
l'hat 385,1861. be granted for main- land, for the service of the year 1775 ; Laining, the forces in the plantations, which was agreed to without one diffentNorth America, Newfoundland, Gibrala ing voice; and the said resolution orderiar, Nova Scotia, &c.
ed to be reported on Tuesday. Allo 11,4731. for the pay of generals The house adjourned at three o'clock. and general itaff officers.
Tuesday 20.] Sir Charles Whitworth £122,221 for the out pensionersof Chele brought up the report of the resolution hea hofpital.
of the committee of ways and means of £28,059 for the office of ordnance for Monday, relative to a three filling land service,
land tax, for the service of the year And 32,7481. for the said office, for 1775: And the speaker being just going services performed and not provided for. to declare the sense of the house, Mr.
Read a second time, the malt bill. Hartley member for Kingston, arose,
Monéry 19.] This day the speaker and in a very mild, sensible speech, entook the chair at half after two. Mr. larged upon the very extraordinary conBurke's bill to permit the importation of duct of administration concerning AmeIndian corn and maize under certain re- rican affairs. He said, the accounts from frictions, was read a third time, passed, that counrry were truly alarming ; that and ordered to the lords for their con- the resolutions of the continental con
grels evidently proved, that the people but that he had the happiness to command were determined not to submit to the late a patient army: on ihe idea of a patiaås passed in relation to America, nor eni army the honourable member expato any of a like complexion : that the tiated with great freedom, and kept to troops now stationed at Boston, and the liis point, that if an army was at all peinhabitants of that town, had no means cessary, it thould be executive ; but that of procuring sublistence but by sea, or he knew no business Gen. Gage had from the country; that either method there in fo lamentable a situation; that was now equally difficult, as the har- if he ihed a drop of the blood of his bear would be frozen up, and the land fellow subjects, he would open the Nuices arriage, even if subsistence was to be for a torrent on both fides, and God had, rendered impracticable, as the coun. knows where it might end; while on the try would be covered with snow; and other if he did noi, he must be exposed that under such circumstances, the situa- with his army to such tameness and paLion of the troops would be no less de- tience, as no army ever Mewed before. plorable than that of the miserable in- He observed that they had had a speech sabitants.
breathing nothing but war with America, He continued to say, that he was not for which thanks had been voted, and well versed in sieges, but if he under- now they had supplies breathing nothing ftood right, he took that the town of but peace, for which he supposed thanks Bofton was furrounded by General Gage were likewise to be given. On the whole, with lines of circumvallation; and that the gentlemen of this side of the questisuch being the very critical state of things, on, apprehensive that a vote of credit respecting both the situation, the tem- might be moved for at the close of the per, and difpofition, of the military and sellion, were willing to poftpone the renatives, he submitted it to the gentlemen solution concerning the land lax, till afon the other fide, how they could recon- ter the holidays, when being informed cile it to the duty they owed to the na
better of the liate of our country, they tiba in their public, or to their conftitu- might be enabled to judge of the prudleuce ents in their private capacity, to agree of having reduced the navy eilablishment, 10 a long adjournment, while things re- and of the sufficiency or insufficiency of mained in so dangerous and alarming a the proposed land tax aid of three milfiate, without taking any one step to a- lings. vert the numerous and fatal mischiefs On the other hand, Sir William Merce which they portended. For his part, dith complained of the impropriety of the he affirmed solemnly, he would much ra- present conversation tending to infiame ther fit on Christmas day, and continué ihe minds of the people by furnishining 10 do so, de die in diem, than go to the matter for Newspapers; wished it had country in so critical a season, without, been avoided, as the gentlemen had no at least, agreeing to some measures, proposition to offer ; and then juitifying though they thould extend no further than the measures already taken by adminiprevention.
Atration, - he observed in reply to Mr. This introduced a spirited debate, in Burke, that Gen. Gage had been fent which Mr. T. Townshend, Mr. Rigby, to Boston for three very good purposes ; bir Wm. Meredith, and Mr. Cornwall, first, to protect the magiitratas ; fecondhad a confiderable thare ; but Mr. Burke ly, to protect the property of the merspoke much longer than the reft, and chants, which had been grosly violated; poft pathetically lamented the fituation thirdly, to enforce the execution of the of America, highly ridiculed the conduct acts of the British Parliament; which of administration, and placed the situa- points he had in a great measure accontion of Gen. Gage in a clear point of plished ; and he added, that such steps view. He observed, that he knew not would not have been necessary if the defor what purpose administration had sent claratory hill repealing the stamp act had an army there, but that if it was judged never been brought into that house. Mr. Expedient at all, it should have been an Burke retorted, that if the declaratoarmy of execution, not an army of ob- ry act was the accursed thing that had fervation. That the general in his last caused all the mischief, they had nothing letters had represented himself as being to do but tofs it overboard. For his part, at once besieged and besieging ; that he he was ready to sacrifice every thing for complaineri his cannon had been stolen, peace with America ; but he itill was of and other insults offered to his troops í opinion Gen. Gage and his tzoops had no