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LETTER FROM MISS MATCHLESS.
To the Editor of The Dat. Dear Day,—Can't your friend, the Bachelor, show himself. He mopes and makes poetry, but keeps his lodgings—where is he to be seen? On Thursday next, two young ladies and myself are to walk in St. Vincent Street, exactly at half-past two, let him wear a daisy in his hat, and we shall immediately recognize him, and, if he be at all tolerable, pa will call on him, and endeavour to soothe him in his lamentable way.
I really commiserated his last disappointment, and can assure him, that there is no danger of such another in Glasgow. Mary is in love with the Fortune Hunter, so our beaux of this good town must exert themselves, or else they may chance to meet with a severe disappointment: we cannot wait upon them, although they wait so often upon us. My dear Day, I beg you will allow a charade, enigma, puzzle, conundrum, and dear delightful riddle sometimes to appear, and why have you been so harsh to your poetical correspondents lately? I would not marry yourself unless I thought you could write verses. I wish you would introduce me to Jaques and Omega: those who admire beauty so much must be true and ardent lovers. Fray is your friend, Baillie Pirnie, enjoying his usual health! No doubt so patriotic a citizen will be too much occupied in administering to the relief of the distressed, to add to the hilarity of the healthy. Well, we must have patience. Let me remind the Bachelor, that the month of May is speedily approaching, and that, in Scotland, we are very superstitious. Pray, my dear Sir, have you ever heard the Bachelor say, what colour of female dress he prefers? As I am to have a new pelisse one of those days, it would be as well to wear his favourite colour. I am very fond of music—is the Bachelor fond of music? You know the poet says, that music is the nourishment of lore, and I believe it. Perhaps he plays on the flute. Quite a classical instrument, you know. Or the violin—less indeed of Cupid about that, but still an acquirement that is desirable —but, should he only play the bag-pipe, and be passable in appearance, and not too old, I shall anxiously await the hour of appointment.
Street, Friday Evening.
('.•it. T. who commanded the Argo of 28 guns, being stationed with some cutters off Ostend, sent a messenger to the governor of the place, importing, that, as the King, his master, was not at war with the house of Austria, he expected to be supplied with provisions from Ostend, although it was garrisoned with French troops, otherwise he would make prize of every vessel belonging to the place, that should presume to come out of the harbour. No notice being taken of this message, he proceeded to put his threats into execution, by detaining three fishing boats. The governor finding him in earnest, sent out a flag of truce, with acompliment, assuring him, he would comply with his request, and the captain received daily supplies from the shore.
Hatching Chickens.—The following singular, though effectual mode of hatching chickens, prevails in the interior of Sumatra; it is vouched for by Major Clayton of the Bencoolen council. The hens, whether from being frightened otf the nests by the rats, which are very numerous and destructive, or from some other cause hitherto prevalent in Sumatra, do nut hatch their chickens in the ordinary way, as is seen in almost all other climates. The natives have for this purpose, in each village, several square rooms, the walls of which are made of a kind of brick, dried in the sun. In the middle of these rooms they make a large fire, round which they place their eggs at regular distances, that they may all enjoy an equal degree of heat. In this manner they let them lie for 14 days, now and ihen turning them, that the warmth may be better administered to all parts alike, and on the fifteenth day the chicken makes its appearance, and proves, in every respect, as strong and perfect as those hatched according to the rules of nature.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
"Jaque's" last communication is not equal, in merit, to the one we formerly inserted.
"Q. P. D." will never be Poet Laureate to Cupid, until his versification be improved.
"Anna" is, truly, amiable in her intentions, but her communication must be deferred till Saturday.
JOHN REID & CO.
FOREIGN AND ENGLISH BOOKSELLERS, 58, HUTCHINSON STREET,
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A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, TUESDAY, APRIL 24, 1832.
MEMOIR OF THE LATE CAPT. D. C. CLAVERING, R. N No. II.
When called by his country, he lingers no more;
We endeavoured, in our last publication, to present our readers with a correct account of the naval engagement between the Chesapeake American, and the Shannon British frigate; in the latter vessel Capt. Clavering was midshipman. The Shannon, on her return to old England, having been long in service, was paid off. The Admiralty immediately offered Capt. Broke one of the ships, building at that time, for the purpose of contending with the largest class of American frigates, but his wounds were then too recent to allow him to engage in active service, and this offer he respectfully declined. His Lieutenants, Wallis and Falkiner, were both promoted to the rank of Commander, for their conduct in the recent engagement. In March, 1818, Mr. Clavering was appointed Lieutenant of the Spey sloop of war, which vessel was destined for service in the Mediterranean, and, three years afterwards, he was appointed to the command of the Pheasant, then on that not very desirable station the coast of Africa. The Pheasant continued there for some time, and was, afterwards, employed in visiting the Island of St. Thomas, near the Bight of Biafra, Ascension Island, several places in the Brazil, the West Indies, and, finally, New York. The purpose of this voyage was, to institute a series of experiments on the pendulum, under the direction of Capt. Sabine, of the artillery, and, after the return of the Pheasant to England, it was determined that these observations should, also, be extended to a high northern latitude. For this purpose, Capt. Clavering was appointed to the Griper, and, along with Capt. Sabine, sought the bleak and inhospitable shores of Greenland, both animated by a love of scientific pursuits and the hope of benefitting their country, by their discoveries. Capt. Sabine's experiments and their results have already been given to the world, but Capt. Clavering's journal of this voyage was presented to his friend,* James Smith, Esq. who published it, for the first time, in the New Philosophical Journal. A coasting voyage is, generally, interesting, but where, every moment, new scenes are presented to the eye on a previously unexplored coast, there is a continued and agreeable excitement. The following description of the approach of the Griper to Norway is truly picturesque :—
1823, May 11th, We proceeded, without any material occurrence, till Saturday the 17th, when we descried the coast of Norway, distant about 30 or 40 miles. From this time, till our arrival at Hammerfest, we had a good sight of the land, having run along it for upwards of 300 miles. It is from 1500 to 2000 feet high, rising, abruptly, from the sea. The mountains are caped with snow, without the least appearance of vegetation. The coast is indented with numerous fiords, or arms of the sea, that run forty or fifty miles inland, and, from the similarity of the headlands, are difficult to be made out and are easily mistaken by those who are not
* James Smith, Esq. of Jordanhill, F. R.S.
cautious and correct in their reckoning. By speaking with fishing-boats, we were enabled to grope our way alongst a coast so difficult to distinguish, and on the charts of which, we could place no dependance. I was particularly unwilling to commit any error by running into a wrong inlet, as the Griper's sailing would hardly have compensated for the time we had lost."
The weather, as might be expected, at such a season of the year, was pleasant, but rather irksome to the voyagers, from the succession of calms and light winds that prevailed; for they now looked anxiously forward to the more distant part of their voyage, as the scene where their most interesting pursuits would commence. It was important, however, and, indeed, only in compliance with his instructions, that Capt. C. should "proceed to Norway, about the latitude of 70°," and, accordingly, on the 2d of June, they entered Hammerfest harbour, and anchored in 16 fathoms. The harbours of Norway have often afforded shelter to our enterprising seamen. In 1553, we find Chanceler, the companion of Sir Hugh Willoughby, before the unhappy catastrophe of the latter, "worthygentleman" shaped his course for Wardhouse of Norway and remained there, for some time, in the hope of his being joined by the other ship that had formerly accompanied him. Captain Clavering's description of Hammerfest is not uninviting. "We saluted the fort with eleven guns, which were returned. The natives, here, are kind and hospitable, and pleased at the idea of a visit from even such a man of war as the Griper. The women are fair and pretty, and dress much like our own. Remote from the uncivilized world, they are untainted by its vices or its wants. This place, built on a small island, consists of about a dozen houses. There are no provisions to be got, with the exception of rein-deer, which afforded a seasonable supply."
As soon as the Griper anchored, preparations were made for disembarking the instruments, and this having been performed in the most satisfactory manner, an observatory and tent were erected. Only three days elapsed after their arrival, when Captain Sabine would have been enabled to commence his observations had the weather been favourable. From Hammerfest the Griper proceeded to Spitzbergen. "We fell in with the first ice on the 27th, but as the sea was smooth, I did not hesitate in continuing to run. This being the first introduction to the ice to most of us, the novelty of the scene rendered it intensely interesting. The ship received several severe shocks, but, from the mode in which she was strengthened, she did not seem to feel them. Notwithstanding the severity of the gale, with the thermometer at 32°, not the slightest inconvenience was felt, but rather a cheerful bracing effect, as the weather had become clear with the sun shining brilliantly, such as we have in the clear frosty mornings of October; splicing the main-brace, and issuing the extra warm clothing, seemed to produce general good-will and activity, fore and aft I
"1823, June sq.-- -Moderate breezes. The land high, rugged and barren, we kept running along shore at the distance of about five miles. Anchored at midnight in 17 fathoms. The following morning weighed, and towed the ship about 2 ', miles farther in, and brought up in seven fathoms, a-breast of a small island, the same upon which Capt. Phipps made his observations in 1773. We immediately proceeded to disembark the tents and instruments, and sent parties on shore to erect them, and also two huts; for the greater convenience of the party I proposed to leave behind, to assist Capt. Sabine during my absence."
These arrangements being completed, the Griper attempted to reach a high northern latitude, but was unsuccessful, and she returned to her former anchorage on the 11th, and found " our party well and in good spirits."
In running up Davis' Strait, towards Baffin's Bay, in 1819, Captain Parry ascertained that the west coast of Greenland was, at that time, unapproachable, in consequence of an icy barrier extending along it. Captain Clavering was directed by his instructions, to endeavour to make the eastern coast of Greenland, and to proceed to the northward along it. Accordingly, the Griper left Spitzbergen on the 24th of June—on the 29th "passed much heavy ice, and gained the shore on the 8th July. We found a channel, of several miles in breadth, within the barrier. There was much loose ice, but nothing to prevent navigation. I went ashore to examine the land. Never was a more desolate spot seen; in many places not a vestige of vegetation, the land high, from 2000 to 3000 feet near the coast; in the interior, much higher. Spitzbergen was, on the whole, a paradise to this place." On the 16th Captain C. left the ship, with two boats provisioned for three weeks. After coasting along for several days, they landed, and had an interview with the natives. "They allowed us to approach the base of the rocks, which were about fifteen feet high. We deposited a looking glass, and pair of worsted mittens, and retired a few steps, upon which they immediately came down, took them up, and withdrew immediately to the top of the rock. After allowing them a few minutes to examine them, we again approached, when they permitted us to come close to them and shake hands, a ceremony they by no means seemed to comprehend, trembling violently the whole time, in spite of our best endeavours to inspire them with confidence. We now led them to their tent, which we examined more minutely, and which we gave them to understand we greatly admired.
"August 29th, Aftering a fatiguing pull of eighteen miles, our progress being much impeded by bay ice, and after an absence of thirteen days, we were happy to rejoin our friends, whom we found all well. The fine weather had been favourable for Captain Sabine's observations which were about completed.
"August 30th, The observations were this day concluded, and we lost no time in re-embarking the tents and instruments.
September 4th, The re-appearance of the stars warned us how rapidly the days shortened at this season. A breeze springing up from the north, we pursued our course slowly to the southward, working our way amongst a quantity of loose ice. On the 8th of September, the Griper was between two floes of ice, when they suddenly closed, and she was pressed by the tongues projected underneath from each, and lifted abaft, considerably out of the water; her weight immediately broke the tongues with an immense crash." On the 13th, a heavy gale blew from the N.N.W. On the 23d they made the coast of Norway. On the 24th they observed a fishing boat standing off, and received a pilot from her, and on the 6th they anchored in Orontheim harbour.
We have been unable in our extracts to name the different headlands, bays and islands explored on this expedition, but their number indicates that every hour was employed in forwarding the objects of the voyage, and in fulfilling the Admiralty instructions. The Griper weighed anchor on the 13th of November, and arrived in safety at Deptford on the 19th of the following month.
In every situation during this voyage, Captain Clavering manifested the most perfect knowledge of, and the greatest activity and talent, in each department of the service, in consequence of which, and his former high character, he was appointed, after his return, to the Redwing, formerly commanded by Captain FitzClarence, and left England in her for the African station. In the summer of 1827, he sailed from Sierra Leone, and was heard of no more; but some spars with the name of his vessel, which were found on the coast, too truly indicated, that the element on which the gallant and intrepid Clavering gained so much honour, was also destined to be his tomb I
OUR FORENOON VISITS.
To the Editor O/thk Dar. Sir,—My aunt, Wilhelmina, is an unmarried lady offifty-four, possessed of a natural buoyancy of spirits, undisturbed by any serious heart-breaking personal calamity —she is lively and good-humoured, and forms a very pleasant companion for a leisure hour. With the garrulity of her sex, she knows propriety, and never allows her conversational propensities to interfere with the rules of good-breeding. She belongs to a good family, and this circumstance, combined with her agreeable manners, renders her a great favourite among the better classes at the west end of the town. Her person, even yet, is, by no means, unattractive, and warrants a just conclusion that, in her youth, she must have had many admirers. When I see her, in her happiest moments, she tells me that she was a flirt: otherwise, I could never fathom how a woman of her acknowledged qualifications, and interesting appearance could possibly have been permitted to enjoy a life of single blessedness so long. She loves to recount how many gay young fellows have been jilted by her, and in the rehearsal is unusually happy. Me being alone is therefore no misfortune to her; and she is more than compensated for the want of a husband in the attentions bestowed upon her by a large circle of friends.
Like most maiden laidies my aunt is partial in her affections towards her relations. Some bow or other, above all her nephews, I have crept into her good graces, and, in consequence, she is at great pains to improve me. She is exceedingly desirous of my success in the world, and, when an occasion offers of an introduction to any of her first friends, who may have it in their power to benefit me afterwards, she is sure to embrace it. The old lady is evidently much and generally respected; for I have universally found it does not fare the worse with me, in soliciting a favour from these people that I have been made acquainted with them through her instrumentality. The mode of introduction is, in my opinion, frequently rather abrupt; but my aunt's free off-band manner is well-known, and is by no means offensive, as it apologises for itself.
An annuity slender, but withal sufficient, under good management, to make her comfortable, is her sole means of subsistence. She is not, therefore, necessitated to do any thing, to earn a livelihood, and her forenoons are regularly devoted, as in the olden time, to shopping and visiting. She has often insisted that I would spend a day with her in making calls, and I as often declined the honour of escorting her.
T'other day, however, she told me, very angrily, that she was of opinion I was ashamed to be seen with her on a forenoon. Here, I was fairly brought in—I protested nothing could give me greater pleasure, (shrugging my shoulders the while) than to accompany her, that she thought too unkindly of me, that I would esteem it an honour to be her beau at any hour or place. This was all she wanted:—to-morrow was agreed upon.
You are, probably, not aware of what is meant by "forenoon visits." First, you must understand that our forenoon does not terminate till dinner. The lady visitor equips herself in her richest silk gown—bonnet with feathers—a parasol in one hand and a reticule, with a card-case, in the other; and sets out to pay her morning devoirs to her friends or relations. At least, this is the way that the affair is managed in the west end. Nothing can be done till one o'clock—it would be most unfashionable for any lady to be seen on the streets before that hour. Indeed they who have been at the assembly on the evening previous will hardly yet have left their bed-rooms and swallowed breakfast. At all events, the young ladies of the family never dress till that time to receive strangers.
If the lady waited on is not at home, which, you can easily conceive, will be often the case, the visitor drops into the dining-room, rests herself for a few minutes, and leaves her card. This card answers all the important purposes of the visit, equally well with the person's self; for, when once a visit is made, no lady, with any pretensions to fashionable life, would repeat it for the world, till the visit be returned by the other party.
If the person waited upon is found at home, the health of each, and of all the relatives of each, is most assiduously, and with intense apparent sincerity, enquired for—a little common-place chit-chat follows, and the whole interview is, occasionally, closed with the friendly hospitality of cake and wine.
Whew the lady-visitant rides in her own carriage, and wishes to pay an especial compliment to a poor but gentee 1 relation, (which sometimes does take place once in five years) the coachman is ordered to draw up in front utf the house. The footman is dispatched up stairs -with full powers to act as his lady's representative. He makes her compliments, expresses her infinite regrets that she is so fatigued with last night's route, that she cannot venture out of her carriage lest the flight of two stairs should fatigue her. His lady would consider it a never-to-be-forgotten favour, if her friend could find it convenient to step down stairs for a moment—the honour is overpowering—the carriage does pretty well as a drawing-room for the time being; and both parties meet and retire, mutually satisfied with themselves and the manner in which each has arranged the matter. The one is as deeply sensible of the honour conferred, as the other is of that received. But this, as before hinted, is a very rare occurrence, and only acted in cases where the houses of the visited are situated in the east end of the town, or in a very retired street of the west.
Well to be sure, my aunt and I, as had been determined upon, went forth next noon, on this pleasing and soul-attracting piece of business. Both of us, of course, were dressed as became the occasion. Leaving St. Vincent Street, we passed up the hill, by Brandon Place, to Blythswood Square. The first call we made on our way up, was on the lady and family of a Glasgow ——. We were received, by the ladies, in the drawing-room, with the greatest cordiality. Indeed they were excessively glad to see us. The conversation we had was of the minute and interesting description mentioned above; and a thousand compliments passed betwixt the ladies upon how well each other looked.
On our admission into the second house we visited, we found our friend pre-engaged with two ladies of a very shewy and fashionable deportment. These two fashionable strangers meanwhile, whispered each other, and thereupon rose for departure, apologized for the shortness of their visit, but hoped to see it soon returned. There appeared to me to be an air of cold formality about the whole proceeding, and that the visit had more of ceremony in it than any thing else; but I was assuredly mistaken in this; for my aunt afterwards informed me, that these were the Misses
— , celebrated all over this neighbourhood for
their genteel demeanour and good breeding. After they were gone, the lady nodded to my aunt and said,
it would be a deadly infringement on the laws of politeness, to have presented any thing to these young and amiable creatures—" 'tis so unfashionable—but you know I can use a little freedom with you, and it is now mid-day, and high time for some refreshment." This lady appears to be rather it sensible woman, thought I, but the conversation which she had with my aunt had nothing in it particularly brilliant. Old Wilhelmina, however, enjoyed the visit remarkably well, in testimony of which, her hazel eyes sparkled with satisfaction and delight.
In the house we next visited, we were so unfortunate as to find nobody at home. We simply left our cards. I remarked, however, that, after having pulled the bell, we were necessitated to wait a considerable space of time before the door was opened. My aunt, who knew these manoeuvres, seemed to expect this answer, and remarked, "for all that, I saw her at the window, but she does not wish to see us to-day." I felt chagrined at this, but she told me " it was quite common, and not to think of it."
Our fourth and last call, was on an old widow lady, who had been a particular friend of my late revered father. I had not seen her for a long time previously, but, when we entered the room she gave me a hearty welcome, and said she loved me for my father's sake, and I could perceive the tear of joy mingled with grief —or rather the tear of busy memory trembling in her eye—my aunt was equally well received. The old lady was extremely kind to us, was sorry her two daughters were not at home, as they had gone out to walk in the Botanic Garden; she requested me to be no stranger, but to come and see her frequently, especially on an evening, and we left her, very much delighted with her warm-hearted and generous behaviour.
It was now nearly four o'clock, and we hurried home to dross for dinner. I intended to have given you an outline of the routine of our dinner party, but, as the dinner hour is a most important era in the affairs of the day, and occupies so large a part of it, and as your paper is professedly " The Day," I could hardly do it justice by inserting it at the end of this communication. Juvenis.
THE WATERY GRAVE
Ward wild on the restless expanse of its breast,
A maid by the visions of memory preset. Pale, pale was her cheek, as the snowdrop's white blossom,
That Mows mid the pelting and pitiless hail: Every feature was sad—for the woe of her bosom
Was deep'ning in gloom with the wrath of the gale. The thought of the watery grave of her lover,
Torn from her embrace ere their bridal day set, Still, still the wild billows beneath her watched over,
And bade them give back his loved form to her yet. Then invoked his true spirit, should it still hover oer,
That pale corpse of death, in some cave of the deep, To come, like a sigh of the breeze to the shore,
And linger with her, left in sorrow to weep.
Or some rock-severed weeds in decay;
But its own, as it howled through the spray.
And the past rushed around her again,
That tired but to darken her brain.
And over her spirit their black shadows throw:
She exclaimed, and sprung to the waters below. The wave broke, as it folded within its embrace,
That child of despair it was ne'er to restore,
Of its burden was cast on the shore.
By rock and cave echoed in murmurs along,
In the flood sleep of death was her requiem song.—Omega.
SCOTTISH TRIAL FOR THEFT IN 1618.
Some Extracts from the Volume of Criminal Trials lately published have been handed us by an obliging correspondent. A.D. 1618. Theft. Gilbert Ellote, called Gib the Galzart. Dilaitit of the theftious steilling of ane purse fra Johnne Airmestiang, callit of the Holme, under silence of the clud of nycht, within the dwelling hous of Alexander Young, in Selkirk in the moueth of May last, be taking the said purse, with ffourtie punds, being therein furth of the said John Armestrang's breikis in maist thiftuous maner; and drinking of ten marks of the money that was therein ; and abstracting the rest of the ffourtie pund, unto the time the same was challenget upon him, and restoirit bak agane thaireftir to the said Johne Airmcstrang, awner thairof.
The pannell declairit, that he na wayis staw the purse, in maner specifit in the delay ; but allenarlie that be being in Alexander Young's house in Selkirk ryseing in the morning, ffand the purse upon the mure of the chalmer quelk he retenit, and spendit of the money that was therein ten markis allanerlie, in recompence to the saiffer, and restore the said purse with the rest of the money being chairin to the said Johnne Airmestrange, sa sone as he vnderstuid the samyu pertenet to him; affirming, that the said John Airmestrang waid nowayes insist aganis him for thift.
The Advoucat answerls, that his declaratioun maid can nocht be respectit; but he sould be put to ane assyse in respect of his depositions maid be him in presens of the justice, confessing the steiling of the purse, and money therein—till in manner specified in the deletay.
The Justice ordains him to pass to ane Assyse, nochtwithstanding of his former allegiance and declarations maid by him thairintlle.
Verdict.—The assize, by the mouth of Johnnie Scott, of Sundelishaip, chancellor for the maist part, ffand pronouncet and declaret the said Gilbert to be fHyet, culpable and convict of the away taking furch of Alexander Younge's hous in Selkirk, of the said Johnne Airmestrange, his purse with ffourty pundis, being thereintil; quhilk purse was deluyret back agane to the said Johnne and baill soume above specifit except ten markis thairof allanerlie; and charges him of the steilling of the samyn.
Sentence.—To be scurget throw the burgh of Edinburgh, and also to be banicbt furth of this realme, and never to be fund agane within the same, without his maister's licence, vnder pain of deid, but favour.
The said Gilbert actet himself to depairt furch of this realme, within xx dayis after the dait heirof; and never to be ffund agane within the samyn without his hieres license, under the pane of deid.
The following document, from Mr. Manning of Halstead, is preserved in the British Museum: —
Sir,—The narrative which I gave you, in relation to witchcraft, and which you are pleased to lay your commands upon me to repeat, is as follows:—There was one Mr. Callet, a smith by trade, of Havingham, in the County of Suffolk, formerly servant in Sir John Duke's family in Benhall in Suffolk. As it was customary with him assisting the maid to churn, and being unable, as the phrase is, to make the butter come, threw a hot iron into the churn, under the notion of witchcraft in the case, upon which a poor labourer then employed in carrying manure in the yard, cried out in a terrible manner, "they have killed me, they have killed me," still keeping his hand upon his back, intimating where the pain was, and died upon the spot. Mr. Callet, with the rest of the servants, took off the poor man's clothes, and found, to their great surprise, the mark of the iron that was heated and thrown into the churn, strongly impressed upon his back. This account I had from Mr. Callet's own mouth, who being a man of unblemished character, I verily believe. I am, Sir, &c.
Halstead, August 2, 1732.
Death Op Raffaele—This great artist died on Good Friday, April 7th, 1520, when he had just completed his thirty-seventh year. His body lay in state in the room where he had been accustomed to study, and the picture of the Transfiguration was placed near to the bier, for the contemplation of those who came to pay their respects to the last remains of the illustrious artist.
The Ship's Cook A Great Officer.—According to an established form in the Navy, when a ship is paid off, no officer must quit the port, or consider himself discharged, until the pennant is struck, which can be done only by the cook, as the last officer at sunset, and should he be absent, no other person can perform the affair, however, desirous the officers may be of taking their departure, and although there may not be a single seaman or marine on board.
Stone Barometer.—A Findland newspaper mentions a stone in the northern part of Finland, which serves the inhabitants instead of a barometer. This stone, which they call Ilmakior, turns black, or blackish grey, when it is going to rain, but on the approach of fine weather it is covered with white spots. Probably it is a fossil mixed with clay, and consisting of rock-salt, ammoniac, or saltpetre, which according to the greater or less degree of dampness of the atmosphere, attracts it, or otherwise. In the latter case the salt appears, which forms the white spots.
Wonderful Lake In Carolina, there is a very extraordinary lake called the Zirchnitzer Sea. It is dried up during summer, and, after affording a vast quantity of fish that are caught in the holes through which the waters disappear, produces a fine crop of grass or hay, and is sometimes sown with millet; thus continuing of advantage to the inhabitants as arable or pasture land, till, in September, the waters rush back again through the holes with great impetuosity, and the lake is restored to its original size. This curious phenomenon is explained in the following manner. The country is hilly, and the lake is surrounded with rising grounds. It has no visible exit, yet seven rivulets empty themselves into it. By subterraneous channels it communicates with two lakes concealed under ground, the one situated below, the other above, its own level. Into the first it empties itself by means of the holes in its bottom; from the second it receives a supply equal to its waste, which prevents it from sinking under ground during the winter. From the lowest lake a considerable river runs. In the summer, the uppermost lake, not being fed as usual by rain, becomes smaller, and ceases to supply the Zirchnitzer Sea with water. The waste of this lake, therefore, being greater than the supply, it is drained in consequence, and disappears. When the uppermost lake is restored to its usual size, it affords the proper quantity of water; hence the lowest lake swells, and at last forces part of its contents through the holes into the open air, and thus restores the Zirchnitzer Sea to its original size.
Animal Flower.—The inhabitants of St. Lucie have lately discovered a most singular plant. In a cavern of that isle, near the sea, is a large bason, from twelve to fifteen feet deep, the water of which is very brackish, and the bottom composed of rocks. From these, at all times, proceed certain substances, which present, at first sight, beautiful flowers, of a bright shining colour, and pretty nearly resembling our marigolds, only that their tint is more lively. These seeming flowers, on the approach of a band or instrument, retire, like a snail, out of sight. On examining their substance closely, there appear, in the middle of the disk, four brown filaments, resembling spiders' legs, which move round a kind of petals with a pretty brisk and spontaneous motion. These legs have pincers to seize their prey; and, upon seizing it, the yellow petals immediately close, so that it cannot escape. Under this exterior of a flower is a brown stalk, of the bigness of a raven's quill, and which appears to be the body of some animal. It is probable that this strange creature lives upon the spawn of fish, and the marine insects thrown by the sea into the bason.
John, Duke Of Marlborough.—What do you do with those of your army, guilty of marauding? said the celebrated Prince Eugene, one day, to the Duke in Flanders. "I have none to punish," said the Duke, " they have ever been treated by me, with such summary and such speedy justice, that they know they have not the least chance of impunity."
FILTHY LUCRE NATURE'S IDOL!
Alas! how deeply painful is all payment!
Take lives, take wives, take aught against men's purses:
Or that sweet ore which every body nurses.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. We thank " B. V." for his paper, and we rejoice that it is written in prose, as his subject "on Love" naturally led him to Woo the INI use.
We can only insert the first part of the "Mother and Child." This, we hope, to present to our readers on Saturday.
"A Sister's Love," in an early number.
"Stanzas, by the late D. F. M'Leod, Esq." have been received.
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