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our readers an idea of the glories of the chase, and untold delights of a glorious nibble, but as we know that Long Tails is more the favourite sport of the West Country than any other, we therefore beg leave to transfer to our columns, a paper entitled,
SKETCHES OF GREYHOUNDS AS TO SEX AND COLOUR. As a lover of the Leash, I sometimes amuse myself with perusing works oo the subject of greyhounds ; and I have been struck with several remarks, which, to say the least of them, appear rather questionable. In a clever work, entitled The Courser's Companion, the author observes, speaking of greyhounds, that "the den, or as some term it the light /awn, and the brind are indicative of a cross from the bull dog, which may be of a long anterior date; and, however remote that cross may be, the blood never gets entirely washed out, but its effects, as well as the colour, will sometimes re-appear;" and afterwards refers to Mr. Mundy, who, in speaking of the bl inded greyhound, used to say, "that he never saw a real good one in his life of that colour, although he had seen many of them possessed of very great speed."
My reasons for doubting the soundness of this conclusion are— First, that Major and Salvia, the brother and sister of Snowball, were both brindled; and, as Mr. Good Hike tells us, when in good running condition in their prime, they are reported never to have been beaten, nor to have exhibited symptoms of lurching to kill." —Secondly, the Stud Book contains the names of several greyhounds, dun, fawn, and brindled, the winners of prizes of the first class. Brind seems an inaccurate term, meaning brinded or brindled, both of which appear in Johnson as synonymous. "It is a received opinion," says Mr. Osbaldiston, "that a greyhound bitch will in common beat a greyhound dog, by reason that she excels him in nimbleness ; but, if it be considered that the dog is longer and stronger, that opinion will seem to be but R vulgar error." "The Country Farm" treats it as an erroneous fancy that a bitch is swifter than a dog: "for the good dog will ever beat the good bitch." My reasons for doubting this as an invariable rule are—first, that a cursory perusal of the Stud Book by no means confirms it, the bitches appearing to be winners of the first-class prizes as frequently, or nearly so, as the dogs: secondly, that the bitch Clara was of such distinguished excellence as to be sold for .£150: thirdly, that the bitch Czarina won forty-seven matches without ever being beaten; and that is more than can be said of the famous dog Miller, for he was beaten by Mr. Hughes's Duncan ; fourthly, the reason which is given why the dog should beat the bitch is anything but satisfactory—because he is longer and stronger." He may be longer, but it by no means follows that he is stronger; rather the reverse. I have at this moment a small black greyhound, and, although he is the shortest dog I posses, and has to compete with very good but longer dogs than himself, in speed and stoutness he surpasses them all. The best greyhound I ever possessed was a bitch, and she was by no means a lengthy one, but of great depth of chest and width of loins, and full of excellent sinew. I conclude, therefore, that the sex of greyhound is very immaterial; and that, as a good horse cannot, in the jockey's creed, be of a bad colour, so a good greyhound cannot be of a wrong gender.
Another idea very prevalent is, that " those are always fittest to be chosen among the whelps that weigh the lightest, for they will be sooner at the game." This is rather a singular reason ; because as the same author (and in this respect many others concur with him) admits, that the greyhound bitch exceeds in quickness the greyhound dog, it would follow that a bitch puppy should be selected in preference to a male. If it be intended, however, to insinuate that the lightest puppy will generally become the quickest dog of the litter, my own observation by no means corroborates that conclusion. But, if it were so, the selection might only amount to this, that an animal might be chosen which possessed speed, but not stoutness. It must be obvious that the lightness of the whelp cannot be the infallible criterion of its future excellence; it may be questioned, indeed, whether it can be any criterion. The shape may possibly afford some ground of conjecture, for beyond conjecture we scarcely can expect to travel—moral certainty is not to be obtained.
Robespierre I had twice occasion to converse with Robespierre. He had a sinister expression of countenance, never looked you in the face, and had a continual and unpleasant winking of the eyes. Having once asked me for some explanation relative to Geneva, I pressed him to speak upon the subject; but he told me that he was a prey to the most childish timidity, that he never approached the tribuue without trembling, and that, when he began to speak, his faculties were actually absorbed by fear—
Early Rising The difference between rising at six, and
rising at eight in the course of forty years, suppose a person always goes to bed at the same hour, amounts to twenty-nine thousand hours. This is in fact, the same as if ten years were added to the period of our lives, in which we might command eight hours every day for the cultivation of our minds and the dispatch of our
Mrs. Fitzherbert A worthy and amiable woman, formerly,
they say, married to King George IV. but at present wholly without influence in that quarter, but no less beloved and respected, d'un excellent ton et sans pretension Tour of a German Prince.
Puxctualitv.—When General Washington assigned to meet Congress at noon, he never failed to be passing the door of the hall while the clock was striking 12. Not uufrequently new members of Congress who were invited to dine with him, delayed until dinner was half over; and he would then remark, " Gentlemen, we are punctual here. My cook never asks whether the company has arrived, but whether the hour has."
Oh Riches—To be rich is to have more than is desired, and more than is wanted; to have something which may be spent without reluctance, and scattered without care, with which the sudden demands of desire may be gratified, the casual freaks of fancy Indulged, or the unexpected opportunities of benevolence improved.—Langton.
TO AN OLD ANCHOR
Tue rusty limbs are worn and prostrate now,
Thou dark memorial of power and love;
Which has defied the thunder-storm above,
Yet thou hast stirred thy limbs in many a day,
Amidst appalling dangers, cheered away,
And, with the clear hurra of love, long tried,
Launched thee amid' the dark, tempestuous tide.
And, from the vessel's bulwark, thou hast
Regardless of the wavy serpent hiss;
Pursuing downward, there, the black abyss,
And 'mid the sands of ocean thou hast clung,
While the strained vessel, which had reeled and sprung
And the wild cheer exultingly hath sped,
And rung above thy cheerless ocean bed.
And round thee, with a quick and wistful sweep,
Have swam the deadly spirits of the sea,
And leave their mystic haunts so old and free.
Thou hast reposed where human fancy fears
To follow thee—thou hast beheld the old,
With ruin quivering in each dead void hold;
Thou hast beheld the rock which shoots its I
A mountain of the ocean, huge and dread,
In whose unvisioned depths, strange monsters be,
Which never yet have swept throughout the deep,
But in their own vast chasms of horror keep.
These, thou hast seen, but now thou liest low,
To feel the mighty waters o'er thee flow,
Thy early strength has moulder'd all away:
Into thy very heart, has gnawed decay.
And yet, forlorn and broken, as thou art,
There is, about thee, a poetic spell,
And makes his free rough fancy, glow and swell;
Which makes him kneel, and from the heavy dust,
And from thee clean the thick decaying rust,
And slowly leave thee with a look and sigh,
As if thou wert companion brotherly.
T'other night we had a sad dispute, with some wiseacres, about the extent, to which minuteness in the art of engraving might be carried. In the course of the dispute, we were told with the air of so much certainty, of the utter impossibility of putting the Lord's Prayer in a space so small as a diameter of an eighth of an inch, that we were at last obliged to give our assent to the assertion—and lo! here comes forward Mr. Hugh Wilson, of this city, who intimates that he has actually accomplished the certainly difficult task. The specimen which he is about to publish is really a curiosity.
WEST COUNTRY REMINISCENCES.
The following odd advertisement appeared in the " Glasgow Mercury, of July 27, 1780:—
FAIRS, MARKETS, AND A RACE, On Tuesday, the 8th of August. "The whole lands of Gourok are incorporate into a free barony, called the barony of Gourok, by a charter, granted by the deceast King William and Queen Mary, under the Great Seal of Scotland, to Castlemilk and his heirs, dated the 24th day of the month of April, 1694, together with the Burgh of Barony of Gourok, with full power to Castlemilk and his heirs, to rear, build and enlarge the said town and burgh of barony, and to make and create burgesses within the said burgh. Also, with full power, faculty, privilege and license to the inhabitants of said burgh, present and future, who are, or may be admitted and received free burgesses of the same, by Castlemilk, of buying and selling wine, milk, pitch, tar, hemp, woollen, linen and harn cloth, and all other kinds of merchandize, and to pack up their goods in warehouses; as also, with full power to Castlemilk, of admitting and receiving, within the said burgh, bakers, brewers, butchers, fleshers and venders of every kind of fish, taylors, cordiners, hammermen, wrights, masons, saddlers, cutlers, weavers and all and every other kind of workmen, mechanics and artificers necessary, to whom it shall be lawful to use their said arts, business, callings and vocations, as fully, freely and quietly, in every respect, as any other workmen and mechanics, of others of the same stations and callings within the kingdom have exercised, or can fabricate, use and exercise, in all time coming ; with full power to Castlemilk and his heirs, to elect, nominate, create and constitute baillies, clerks, Serjeants, and all other officers and members necessary to rule and govern the said burgh, yearly, in all time coming. If it be necessary to rear, have and hold a tolbooth, court, harbour and port, within the foresaid burgh, in such places as the said Castlemilk shall see expedient; and to hold therein a court and market, weekly, upon Tuesday; and Two Free Fairs, yearly, the one upon the twelfth day of the month of June, to be called the SumMer Fair at Gourok, and to keep up and continue, from the said twelfth day of June, for the space of three days thereafter ; and the other upon the tenth day of the month of November, which is to be called Saint Martin's, of Gourok ; the two fairs and weekly markets to be live of all dues, whatever. The weekly market will begin to be held on the second Tuesday of August next.
"And, for the convenience and encouragement of gentlemen, drovers and farmers, the cattle, if not sold, shall have liberty to feed in the muh- at one penny a night, and sheep at fourpence the score, each night.
"The town of Gourok is like the eye of the Highlands, as it is a convenient landing-place for all Highland gentlemen and others, and an excellent road from it to any part of Scotland.
"And for the ladies' and gentlemen's diversion, there will be both a Horse and Foot Race, if competitors offer. "July 26th, 1780."
OFF AT LAST!!
The following letter, intimating the marriage of one of our fair correspondents, we have just received, from Miss Merrythought, and have to acknowledge the kind, polite and attentive manner in which she has discharged the duties assigned to her. The cake and gloves will be dispatched to the members of the Council of Ten, in the course of the day. We hope, after the honey-moon is over, to have a long letter from Mrs. ——, giving her candid opinion of the marriage state, which we shall publish for the benefit of our juvenile expectants.
To the Editor of The Day.
"She's oner the border and awa'
Sir, I have the honour to acquaint you, that your fair correspondent, Miss W. L. U. Marryme was this day united to Adam Esq. of Doueehowf. Immediately after the ceremony, the happy couple set off in a post chaise for London, where they mean to spend the honeymoon ; but, in stepping into the carriage, Adam said to me, pour tout cela, mayhap, the last quarter of it may be spent in la belle France. Miss Marryme stood the ceremony very well for one at her time of life; she tried to look
pale, poor thing; but she told me, previously, she was determined not to faint, as that ruse had now become far too common. When Mr. Maksure, the clergyman, spoke about leaving father and mother, and becoming one flesh, a little rogue of a nephew of the bride's tittered and then laughed outright, which piece of illbreeding made the blood mount to Miss Marryme's cheeks, and for an instant her face rivaled the piony. The tide soon turned; no sooner had the boy suppressed his laughter, than a little neice burst into tears, and, forthwith, the bride's face become pale aa "any lily." We all felt very uneasy, you may be sure, during this tragic-comic scene. Mr. Maksure then gave the bride a hearty kiss, and wished her much joy. This rapid sketch of the marriage must suffice, as I really have not time to give you a full
and particular account; indeed, I'm not sure that Mrs.
will be pleased for my having told you so much. She desired me, if I loved her, to be sure to write you, at any rate, that she was exceedingly sorry (from the circumstance above related) that she could not do herself the honour of attending the grand ball to be given by the " Council of Ten," in course of this month; and, that she regretted, more than any thing, the opportunity she must lose of being introduced to that intelligent, amiable and respectable woman, "Auntie Pyet."
You will, herewith, receive the cake and gloves, put up in separate packages, for " the Council of Ten," and wishing
Each, and all, a fair good night,
And rosy dreams, and slumbers light.
Glasgow, 2d April, 1832.
ODDS AND ENDS.
Conundrum.—Why are those who quarrel little better than fools? —because there is not a good understanding between them.
What persons have the greatest claims to be admitted honorary members of clubs? Those with Club Feet.
Why was a certain great Pantomimist aud Clown the most clownish and unsocial looking person of his day? Because he was Grimaldi—Grim-all-day.
What Flemish painter bore the greatest resemblance to a decade of time.—Teniers—Ten-Years.
A person in the Green, in the act of leaving the scene of a battle royal between two servants of the feminine gender, regarding the use of a washing vessel, was accosted by a new comer with the usual interrogatory of the curious and inquisitive, in matters of civil commotion and contention, of " What is't:" "Oh! only the battle of the Boyne" said the other, and walked away.
Chiakini — This celebrated Hebraist, who was professor of divinity, the oriental languages, and Hebrew antiquities, at the University of Warsaw, died in that capital, on the 2Sth of February.
Monsieur Jay has been elected a Member of the Academy, In the place of the late Abbe de Montesqolou: so lively was the competition that it was not until the eighth ballot that he united
a sufficient number of votes to secure his success Messrs. Sal
vaudy, Thiers, Dupin and Tissot, were his competitors.
Advantages or Learning.—Every man is more able to explain the subject of an art than its professors; a farmer will tell you, in two words, that he has broken his leg; but a Surgeon, after a long discourse, shall leave you as ignorant as you were before.—Swift. . .
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
The communications of " M. W." and " W. H." have been put into the hands of our Poetical Critic
If possible, the epistle on " Church Psalmody" on Saturday.
We can hold out no hope to " Dandy Diomont," of his ever shining in the world of letters, as a good story writer. Our honest impression is, that he has been more considerate than Dogberry, and saved, by his own band, any other person from the trouble of writing him "down an ass."
ENGRAVING To be Published on Saturday first, and to Li be had of the Booksellers-- A SPECIMEN OF THE MOST MINUTE ENGRAVING THAT HAS YET APPEARED. The subject is the LORD'S PRAYER, which will be found entire within the diameter of an eigth of an Inch, executed on Steel. By H. WILSON, corner of Stock Well and Trongate.
Glasgow, April 3, 1832.
Published, every Morning, Sunday excepted, by John Fin lay, at No. 9, Miller Street; and Sold by John Wylie, 97, Argyle Street j David Robertson, and W. R. M'pbun, Glasgow; Thomas Stevenson, and the other Booksellers, Edinburgh: DaVid Dice, and A. Gardner, Booksellers, Paisley.- A. Laixg, Greenock; and J. Glass, Bookseller, Jlothsay.
PRINTED BY JOHN GRAHAM, MELVILLE PLACE.
A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, THURSDAY, APRIL 5, 1832.
NATURE AND ART.
'* Dost thou not love, in the season of spring,
To twine thee a flowery wreath,
And to lee the beautiful birch tree fling
Its shade on the grass beneath?
Its glossy leaves, and its silvery stem.
Dost thou not love to look at them?''
Having been, for four months, or more, " in populous city pent," it is impossible to describe the pleasure we felt, one day, last week, in leaving, for a short time, the good town of Glasgow, and betaking ourselves to a rural walk. When last we visited the country, the howling winds of November had deprived the trees of their leaves, and Nature, bare, chill and shuddering, was timidly awaiting the approach of the wintery storms; but, now she is bedecked with her mantle of green, her trees are putting forth the young and the yellow leaves, and the snowdrop proclaims the triumph of spring to be achieved.
Our readers know the anxiety we feel, to cherish the fine arts, and, to say the truth, we have, under the modest name of amateur, more than once attempted to gain their applause by our contributions to the annual exhibition; but we mention this, at present, merely for the purpose of stating that, ere we proceeded on our ramble, we provided ourselves with some of the celebrated Keswick pencils, and a supply of thick drawing paper, materials which always afford us a source of pleasing occupation, since we delineate most of the picturesque objects we meet with, and, at times, have had not a little reason to be proud of our success.
It is acknowledged by all, that this elegant accomplishment has many advantages. It improves the taste, by enabling it to enjoy, with more exquisite relish, the highest and most elevated specimens of art. It improves the mind, by imbuing it with the beauties of nature, and, by studying her in her varied characters of the picturesque, the beautiful and the sublime. It assists the memory, by recalling scenes to the eye, that otherwise would have been forgotten, and which words cannot describe, and it liberalizes the disposition, by the artist affording pleasure to those who delight in his art, although they may be unable to practise it. As a female acquisition, drawing is invaluable, and we think there is something peculiarly graceful, in the young and innocent heart, conversing with nature in her sylvan bowers, and receiving, from her romantic scenes, impressions so suitable for an uncorrupted bosom. We hope to see art, far more extensively diffused in Scotland than hitherto, and that it shall be considered more essential, that a lady should be able to sketch from nature, than that she should know the characters of the " last new novel," or be familiar with the poetry of the Lover's Magazine.
In every country, eminent for art, there has generally been what may be termed an Augustan age, an era, not of very long duration, in which her character for taste was acquired, and in which her most distinguished artists flourished. In Greece, Phidias was almost immediately succeeded by Praxiteles, and how much of its glory in art do they absorb? Leonardi da Vinci and Michael Angelo extinguish all the lesser names in the Florentine school, whilst Raphael bears away almost the whole honours of the Roman. The very natural question therefore arises, has the Bri
tish school yet arrived at the zenith of its fame, has it passed the period of its highest honours, or is it likely to advance in its career, and to arrive at a height and renown which, hitherto, it has not been destined to attain? To investigate this subject fully would lead us into a disquisition far beyond either our limits or our inclination. We state, however, without hesitation, that the public taste is not yet qualified for R proper appreciation of the most elevated works of art, and that, consequently, we have not arrived at our most distinguished era in them ; for fame lights up and patronage keeps alive the fire of genius, and to cherish it in any other way is ineffectual. The Raphael of Great Britain is, at this moment, unknown, probably unborn, and, if he who might have been her Phidias, be really alive and amongst us, he is, undoubtedly, prevented, by the temper of the times, from exercising his powers on those classical and congenial subjects which he would naturally have preferred. That a country like Great Britain—rich in the most varied and beautiful landscape scenery, renowned for the lofty character and high bearing of her sons, and the gracefulness and loveliness of her females—renowned for her bards, her historians, her orators and her warriors—should not have a Claude in landscape, nor a Raphael in historical painting, is a proof that she has only seen the first ray of her morning in art, although that ray may have shone on the names of West, Barry, Fuseli, Wilson, Gainsborough and Turner.
Before commencing our ramble, the above remarks were suggested by the perusal of Allan Cunningham's fifth volume of the lives of the painters. If we have read this volume with less admiration than those that have preceded it, it is not because we think Mr. Cunningham has been less desirous to please, but that the lives he has selected are not calculated to excite interest. Of the English artists, there is not one we should name as entitled to rank with the first British painters, and as to those of Scotland, with the exception of Raeburn, less interesting memoirs we have never perused. Of that entitled a life of Jamesone, more than half the paper has as little reference to the artist, as to any other subject, and contains a sketch of the state of art in Scotland, during the reign of the Stuarts, whilst our other countryman Ramsay, appears to have been a cautious and successful pursuers of wealth, but altogether deficient in the characteristics of commanding genius.
We conceive that the biographer, will, generally, be most successful, when his memoir either refers to a character distinguished for talent in the age he lived, or when celebrated for his peculiarities alone, and the biographer has an opportunity of presenting them to his readers, in all their aspects, both public and private. We attribute the charm which pervades the life of Raeburn, in Mr. C.'s volume, to the minute particulars which he has been able to select, regarding this distinguished artist, and we object to almost nothing in his placid history, but the name which Mr. C. would apply to him, that of "the Scottish Reynolds,"—Henry Raeburn requires no such appendage. We also differ from Mr. C. in some of his remarks regarding Raeburn's uniform success, in pourtraying individual character. The life of Bonington requires to be particularly attended to, and we shall reserve the rest of this paper for it. A work,' which ought to be better known in Scotland than it has hitherto been, enables us to give some emend ations, along with Mr. Cunningha m's memoir, and we shall leave our readers to exercise their own judgment on the subject.
Mr. Cunningham remarks, " that Bonington's father directed his studies, made him familiar from his cradle with works of art, guided his hand in sketching, and bade him study the pasture hills, the ruined towers, &c." page 296. But, saith the Library, "so far from his father taking every opportunity of leading him to the arts as a profession, he never considered the subject at all; and the whole training and pupilage of the son was left to his affectionate and accomplished mother. It is true his father practised as a portrait painter, but it was more in the name than the principle, and, even if he had possessed the talent, sufficiently for directing his son's abilities, his inclinations withdrew him to other scenes and pursuits. When he ought to have been in attendance on his family and establishment, he was enacting the political mountebank in some part of the town. It was during one of these performances in the market place at Nottingham, when a vast assemblage were listening to the orations of Mr. Bonington that young Bonington and his friend happened to pass. The latter said, 'look at your father,' ' ah l' replied the other, with tears in his eyes, 'this is all I get by it,' at the same time taking a solitary penny bun from his pocket, to eat for his dinner, as symbolical of his then lowness of fortune."
With some of Mr. Cunningham's criticisms on Bonington's works we cannot agree. Is he consistent with himself? "When, in after life he had an opportunity of comparing his conceptions with the truth of actual nature, he found that he had seized the grand and leading features, but had missed those subordinate charms which lend such allurements to landscape." Does not such a description indicate breadth of style as forcibly as language can speak, and yet Mr. C. asserts afterwards—that " it cannot be denied he wants vigour and breadth." Let our readers look to W. Miller's engraving from Bonington's picture of a coast scene, Cornwall, which appeared about a year ago, and decide.
There are still two lives to which we hope to see Mr. Cunningham direct his attention—the one, that of W. H. Williams, and the other of Sir Thos. Lawrence. Mr. C.'s note, regarding the former, will not do. We cannot allow him to decline this task for the cause he mentions. A life of Williams is not perhaps to be derived from biographical dictionaries, and notices and memoirs already printed, but he yet lives in a hundred hearts, and his taste and feelings are recorded not only in his Grecian Tour, but also in numerous private letters, all of which would be at Mr. C.'s disposal, were he to make personal application to the artist's friends. With the influence of Chancery, and of Lockhart, which he can command, and his own admirable taste in combining his materials, we should have a life of Lawrence altogether unrivalled. We are anxious Mr. Cunningham should undertake this honourable office, because we are unacquainted with any person capable of doing it so well.
A REAL FRIEND.
A Rich merchant had an only son, whom he loved most affectionately. He educated him with the utmost care and employed every means to improve and cultivate his mind. At length, when he grew up to be a youth, his father called him before him and thns addressed him:—" My son, I have taught thee all that becomes a man of thy situation and calling, to
* Library of the Fine Arts.
know. But, above all things, standest thou in need of that prudence which can only be acquired by much intercourse with the world, and by studying, attentively, the many and varied characters of our fellow-mortals. Therefore is it, that I wish thee to spend several years in foreign countries. Travelling gives experience, and the more that we see of mankind, the better do we know how to live with them. The world is a great book, from which an attentive reader may derive much valuable information ; it is like a mirror, which shews us mankind stripped of all disguise. Look attentively, my son, into this glass, and learn, in particular, that prudence, by means of which, a wise man obtains the greatest blessing of life; I mean a friend. If thou findest even one in the course of thy life, so wilt thou possess the most beautiful, as well as the most lasting of all earthly possessions, of which death alone, can deprive thee. Riches and happiness are subject to a thousand mishaps; but no human power can rob them of this treasure. Search, therefore, on thy travels for such a jewel, and hesitate not to sacrifice even thy all to obtain possession of it."
BENEFITS OF RAIL-ROADS.
The following extract has been selected from a very popular and clever work—Arnott'a Elements of Physics I —
In reviewing the history of the human race, we find every remarkable increase in civilization, to have taken place, very much in proportion to the facilities of intercourse offered in particular situations. First, therefore, civilization grew along the banks of great rivers, as the Nile, the Euphrates, and the Ganges, or along the shores of inland Seas and Archipelagos of Greece; or over fertile and extended plains, as in many parts of India. When the situation thus bound a great number of individuals into one body, the useful thought or action of any one unusually gifted, and which, in the insulated state, would soon have been forgotten and lost, extended its influence immediately to the whole body, and became the thought or action of all who could benefit by it, besides that it was recorded for ever, as part of the growing science of art of the community. And in a numerous society, such useful new thoughts and acts, would naturally be more frequent, because the person's feeling that they had the eyes of a multitude upon them, and that the rewards of excellence would be proportionally great, would be excited to emulation in all the pursuits that could contribute to the well-being of the society. Men Boon learned to estimate aright these and many other advantages of easy intercourse, and, after having seized with avidity all the stations naturally fitted for their purposes, they began to improve the old, and to make new stations. They created rivers and shores and plans of their own, that is, they constituted canals, and basins, and roads, and so artificially connected regions, which nature seemed to have separated for ever. In the British Isles, the advantages arising from certain lines of canal and road, first executed, soon led to numberless similar enterprises, and, within half a century, the empire has been thus intersected in all directions; and it seems as if the noble work were now to be crowned by the substitution of level railways, for many of the common roads and canals. Several rail-roads of considerable extent have already been established. If we suppose the progress to continue, and the price of transporting things and persons to be reduced by them to a fourth of the present charge—and in many cases it may be less—and if we suppose the time of journeying with safety, also to be reduced in some considerable degree—of which there can be as little doubt —the general adoption of them would operate an extraordinary revolution and improvement in the state of society. Without in reality changing the distances of places, it would in effect bring all places nearer to each other, and would give to every spot in the kingdom the conveniences of the whole—of town and country, of sea-coast and of Highland district—crowded and unhealthy parts of towns would scatter their inhabitants into the country; for the man of business could be as conveniently at his post from a distance of several miles, as he is now from an adjoining street. The present heavy charges for bringing distant produce to market,
being nearly saved, the buyer every where would purchase cheaper, and the producer would be still better remunerated. In a word, such a change would be effected, as if by magic, the whole of Britain had been compressed into a circle of a few miles in diameter, yet without any part losing aught of its magnitude or beauty. All this may appear visionary, but it is less so than seventy years ago, it would have been to anticipate much of what has really come
To the Editor of the Tup. Day.
Sik, Having observed in some of the earlier numbers of The
Day, several communications from different persons on the above subject, allow me to transmit the following narrative, which appears to me, in some measure to realize the wishes of your correspondents. Amicus.
General Union of Ministers and Congregations in Newcastle and Gateshead.
The ministers and others of different evangelical denominations in Newcastle and Gateshead, deeply lamenting the depravity and irreligion prevailing in these towns, and, fearful of a deficiency in the piety and zeal of many professing Christians have formed themselves into a union for the purpose of promoting a revival of religion. The union consists of twenty ministers and fourteen congregations of Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist, and independent denominations. Any measures which may be deemed likely, under the divine blessing, to promote a diffusion of vital Christianity, will be adopted. A tract has been published, entitled, " An Affectionate Address to the Inhabitants of Newcastle and Gateshead, on the present alarming visitation of Divine Providence, in the fatal Ravages of the Spasmodic Cholera," twenty thousand copies of which have been distributed. Monday, the 26th of December, was set apart for humiliation and prayer, under the awful judgments with which the town was then visited. Monday, the 30th of January, was also observed as a day of special prayer for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, when the different congregations united in devotional exercises. A prayer meeting took place in the Baptist Chapel, New Court, at eight in the morning, and another in the Secession Chapel, Campbell Place, at twelve at noon. In the evening a meeting was held in the Methodist Chapel, Brunswick Place, addresses on a revival of religion were delivered by the Rev. Richard Pengilly, of the Baptist Chapel, Tuthill Stairs; the Rev. Alex. Reid, of the Independent Chapel, Postern; and the Rev. Valentine Ward, the Superintendent of the Newcastle Circuit of Wesleyan Methodists. The Rev. James Pringle and the Rev. John Lockhart (Presbyterians,) and the Rev. George Sample (Baptist,) engaged in prayer. A monthly meeting for prayer and the communication of intelligence regarding revivals of religion has been instituted, which it is intended shall be held alternately in the Chapels of the different ministers composing the union, on the evening of the second Friday of every month. The ministers intend connecting private consultation and prayer with the public services, and they affectionately entreat their respective necks to co-operate with them in the diligent and zealous use of all proper means for the furtherance of the gospel.
THE DUKE OF SUSSEX'S EVENING PARTIES.
As President of the Royal Society, his Royal Highness has, with great condescension and urbanity, opened his residence in Kensington Palace for the reception, on certain appointed evenings, of individuals distinguished by rank and station, or by their connexion with the literature, the arts, and the sciences of their time. The second of these meetings took place last Saturday, when a brilliant assemblage of about five hundred persons of the description alluded to, foreign and English, were gratified by the kind and courteous attentions of their royal host. Having always been of opinion that the intercourse among enlightened men, engaged in all the varieties of intellectual pursuit, which is promoted by such means, is of very high importance, we cannot but congratulate them and the country on the liberal example thus shewn by a Prince of the blood royal, at the head of one of our foremost national institutions, and well able, by his own great attainments, his comprehensive knowledge of books and men, his intimate acquaintance with the progress of philosophical improvement, as well as the refinements of the age, to appreciate the claims of others, and establish so meritorious a practice by the sanction of his au
thority. It is not for us, in newspaper phraseology, to catalogue the names, and proclaim the endowments of the celebrated personages who formed the majority of this company. It is enough to say of them, that it was delightful to witness the eminent of all parties and classes mingling in polite and friendly union together, and discoursing on subjects which possess an interest for every rational and well-informed mind in civilized society. There was neither Whig, nor Tory, nor Aristocrat, nor Radical, nor Reformer, nor Anti-Reformer, in the rooms: all who were there were lovers of literature and science, well-wisbers to the progress of human amelioration. Cabinet and ex-cabinet ministers; peers not jealous of their order, and 11 liberal" commoners not thinking of innovation; physicians forgetting the questions of cholera and contagion ; bishops who will vote for the second reading, and whose palaces have been burnt for the first; astronomers, including the first names in the Astronomical Society and Europe; naturalists of similar rank in their study, with the President of the Linnean Society; members of distinction belonging to the Royal Academy, the Geographical Society, the Royal Society, the Society of Antiquaries, the Geological Society, the Society of Arts, and other bodies of the same nature; besides private characters, whose labours had attracted the public regard—all were mingled in a fusion very pleasant to behold, and the effect of which, it requires but a slight notion of the slight strings which lead to great results, to prognosticate are calculated to be far more momentous than their apparent cause. An introduction, a recommendation, a hint, a word, on such an occasion, may produce much good; but were nothing produced, the mere satisfaction of bringing (all the grades between being equally amalgamated,) the ingenious mechanic, the inventor of a new power, and the illustrious inheritor of that other power of patronage, together, is a proud and laudable office. Long may His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex fill and enjoy it. He may believe us, there is no popularity to be compared with it.—Atlienaum.
Bone is a tissue of cells and partitions, as little solid as a heap of empty packing boxes.
It has been said there would be no more wars in the world, if
every Sovereign would visit his military hospitals the next day after a battle.
Industrious habits are a far better inheritance for children than large estates.
The day has been considered as an image of the year, and the year as the representation of life. The morning answers to the spring, and the spring to childhood and youth; the noon corresponds to the summer, and the summer to the strength of manhood. The evening is an emblem of autumn, and autumn of declining life. The night with its silence and darkness shows the winter, in which all the powers of vegetation are benumbed ; and the winter points out the time when life shall cease; with its
Paotinc Subjects.—Wilderson has 152 lectures on the 51st psalm, and 108 lectures on the 8th of John.
Vanity inclines us to find faults any where rather than in ourselves. He that reads and grows no wiser, seldom suspects his own deficiency; but complains of hard words and obscure sentences, and asks why books are written which cannot be understood.
Mdlle. Tagliom.—We regret to learn that this lady is dangerously ill, from a severe accident; while in the act of flying as a sylph at a considerable height, she fell to the stage—surgical assistance was promptly had, and she was twice bled, but remains in a dangerous state.
Dr. Johnson being asked his opinion of the title of a small volume, remarkable for its pomposity, replied, that it was similar to placing an eight-and-forty pounder at the door of a pig-sty.