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deliberations of, public, 85.
divided into two bodies, 55.
has power to borrow money, 113.
to impose taxes, 102.

to regulate commerce, 113.
to amend the Constitution,234.
imposes taxes in District of Co-
lumbia, 104.

cannot hold office, 30.
may be arrested, 29.
privileges, 88.

Constitution, objects in establishing,

54.

freemen, 11.
Consignee, 107.
Consignor, 107.

Constitution, a State can alter its, 231.

adopted, 20.

and the laws of United States

of United States, 25.
operations under, 21.
ratifications of, 21.
supported, 43.

territories, 104.

legislates over certain places, 33.
library of, 128.

makes necessary laws, 140.
members of, compensated, 29, 88, Contract defined, 149.

89.

obligation of, 149.
Controversies, 40.

new, 58.

between citizens, 40.
States, 40.
Conventions assembled in different
States, 21.
proceedings of, 46.

number of sessions of, 88.
of delegates, 13.

officers of United States cannot be Conviction on impeachment, 28.

members of, 91.

Copyright defined, 127.

place of convention, 81.
power of, 31, 100, 153.
punishes treason, 41.
restrictions upon, 141.
shall assemble, when, 28, 88.
special sessions of, 182.

how obtained, 127.
notice of, 128.
Counterfeiting, 31.

transmitted plan of Constitution,

punishment for, 121.
Court, Circuit, 209, 210.
of claims, 214.
District, 209.
Supreme, 207.
Courts, martial, 248.

supreme, 43.

amendment of, 42, 48, 232.
Congress cannot amend, 234.
debts, before its adoption, 43.
defined, 53.

difficulties in its formation, 20.
final clause of, 240.

how resembles Confederation, 70.
laid before Congress, 21.

legal operation of new, 22.

went into operation, when, 58.
Constitutional Congress, assembly of

first, 22.

government, 18.
Constitutions collected from ancient
usages, &c., 53.
Consuls, 40, 178.

commercial agents, 180.
duties of, 178.
Continental Congress, 9.
directed the war, 16.
first, 13.

its power, 16.
tax laid by, 102.

21.

what it includes, 56.

Congressional districts, 80.
Connecticut, governor chosen by the Credit, bills of, 148.

of United States, judges of, 39.

Crew-list, 112.

Crimes, capital, 49, 248.

committed on the high seas, 216.
denote serious offences, 184.
Customs, Commissioner of, 194.

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population, 64.

Direct tax, 33, 61.

net produce of, 34.
of Clerk of House, 69.
Sergeant-at-arms, 69.
imports, 104.

onnage, 104.

specific, 104.

uniform, 101.

who paid by, 105.

Electors, 35.

ELECTION Contested, 82.

of President, 155.
writs of, 69.

Elections held in several States, 22.

modes of, 80.
regulations of, 79.
times of holding, 28.
Electoral college, 157.
votes counted, 22.

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Excises defined, 102.
Executive departments, 186.

apportioned, 26, 61.

Discovery of a country gives the right
of possession, 8.
right of, 7.

titles derived from, 8.
District Courts, 209.

of Columbia, 138.
Districts, collection, 108.
congressional, 80.

Divisions, military, of United States, FAITH given to the public acts of each

191.
Drawback, 105.

State, 41.

Duties, ad valorem, 104.

collected, 108.

defined, 101.

power, 155.

where vested, 35.
sessions, 85.
Exportations from any State not tax-
able, 144.

Ex post facto laws defined, 143, 149.
prohibited, 144.

Farewell Address, 233.

Fidelity to the Constitution, 238.

Fines, excessive, 50.

prohibited, 254.
Fisheries, 114.

Forces, land and naval, 32.
government of, 136.
Foreign ambassadors, 179.

ministers, credentials of, 182.
Forfeiture for treason, when, 41.
Franking privilege defined, 123.
Fraud suspected, 107.
Freedom of speech and press, 48.
Fugitives, form of requisition of

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Gold and silver may be coined at the | Indians, free, when, 61.
mint, 120.

treaties with, 226.

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Legal operation of new Constitution, | Misdemeanors, 18...

22.

tender of the States, 149.
Legislation over seat of government,

33.

Legislative power vested in Congress,
25, 55.

Legislature of New York, instructions
of, 19.

Virginia, commissioners, 18.
Letter office erected by Charles I., 121.
Letters of marque, 32.

and reprisal, 148.
defined, 131.
patent, 125.
Levying war, 216.
Liberty, 262.

of speech and press, 243.
Lighthouse Board, 195.
List of Chief Justices, 208.
Livingston, Robert R., 114.
Lord Baltimore a proprietary, 10.
Lord, English, may vote by proxy, 87.

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191.

Militia, 32, 136, 173.

Congress calls forth, 136.
organizing of, 32.

provision for, 137.
training of, 32, 137.
Mint, branches of, where, 120.

Misprision of treason, 218.
Money bills, 93.

gold and silver coined at, 120.
officers of, 119.
of United States at Philadelphia,
120.

borrowed by United States, 31.
coinage of, 119, 148.

Congress has power to borrow
113.

for the use of armies, 32.
when drawn from the Treasury,
34.

Mother-country, power of, weakened,

12.

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Message, origin of President's, 181.
Migration or importation, 33.
Military divisions of United States, Officers, civil, 183.

New England unites for defence, 13.
Jersey became a royal govern.
ment, 10.

Mexico, Department of, 191.
States, how admitted, 223.
Nobility, no titles of, granted, 146.
United States cannot grant titles,

151.

Nomination not an appointment, 176.
North Carolina, ratification of, 22.

OATH administered to Washington, 22.
of officers of army, 133.
President, 37, 171.

or affirmation, 28.

to support Constitution, 238.
Objects in establishing the Constitu
tion, 54.

Office, removal from, 28.

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Original colonies, 9.
inhabitants, 8.
jurisdiction, 210.

Orleans and Louisiana, territory of,
224.

adjourned by the king, 87.
assembles, how, 80.
formerly assembled annually, 81.
members of, not compensated,

89.

no act of, unconstitutional, 53.
term of members of, 58.
what it consists of, 55.
Passports, 188.
Patent, 228.

defined, 126.

PACIFIC, Department of the, 191.
Pardon defined, 173.

power of, withheld from the Presi- Post-roads, what considered as, 124.
dent, 173.
Posts established in modern Europe

Pardoning power, its extent, 173.
Parliament, acts of, 9, 263.

Commissioner of, 201.
cost of, 127.

may be extended, 127.
Patentee must furnish a model, 126.
Peck, James H., 77.

Peers, trial by their, a right, 262.
Penn, William, a proprietary, 10.
Pensions, Commissioner of, 201.

defined, 135.
gratuitous, 135.
invalid, 135.

People, rights of, 49.

to bear arms, 48.

Petitions, how presented, 244.
right of, 244.

Pickering, John, 77.
Piracies, 32.

punishment of, 128.

under the Confederation, 129.
Constitution, 129.

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Pirate, how regarded, 129.
who deemed a, 130.
Piracy defined, 129.
Poll-tax, 102.

Port of entry, 108.
Postmaster-general, 122.

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Post-offices and post-roads, 31.
established, 121.

121.

original designation of, 121.
Potomac and Pocomoke rivers, 18.
Power, executive, 155.

vested in President, 156.
judicial, 39, 206, 212.

where vested, 206.
United States, 39, 51.
of Congress, 31.
each house, 83.

to punish members, 84.
impeachment, 27.
President, 38.
States, 50.
taxation, 100.
Powers concurrent, 100.

vested in Congress, 100.
Preamble of Constitution, 54.
Presentment, 248.

Preference, none given to any State,

145.

President answerable for misconduct,
184.

can fill vacancies, 180.
commander-in-chief, 38, 172.

commissions all officers, 183.

compensation of, 171.

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