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4.4112: G 2927976

GEORGE WASHINGTON PEACE ACADEMY ACT, 1976

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NINETY-FOURTH CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION

ON

S. 1976
TO ESTABLISH AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION IN THE
UNITED STATES FULFILLING THE GOAL OF THE NATION'S
FIRST PRESIDENT, GEORGE WASHINGTON, TO FURTHER THE
UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROCESS AND STATE OF PEACE
AMONG NATIONS AND COOPERATION BETWEEN PEOPLES; TO
CONSIDER THE DIMENSIONS OF PEACEFUL RESOLUTION OF
DIFFERENCES AMONG NATIONS; TO TRAIN STUDENTS IN THE
PROCESS OF PEACEFUL RESOLUTION OF DIFFERENCES; TO
INFORM GOVERNMENTAL LEADERS OF PEACEFUL METHODS
OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION; AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

UNIVERS
MAY 13/1096

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Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1976

72-026 0

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JACOB K. JAVITS, New York CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont
THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri

PAUL LAXALT, Nevada
ALAN CRANSTON, California
WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine
JOHN A. DURKIN, New Hampshire

DONALD ELISBURG, General Counsel
MARJORIE M. WHITTAKER, Chief Clerk

JAY B. CUTLER, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia J. GLENN BEALL, JR., Maryland HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey JACOB K. JAVITS, New York EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont
THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri

ROBERT TAFT, JR., Ohio
ALAN CRANSTON, California
WILLIAM D. HATHAWAY, Maine

JEAN FROHLICHER, Counsel
GREGORY FUSCO, Minority Counsel

(II)

CONTENTS

Page

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128

Cousins, Norman, editor, Saturday Review, Madison, N.Y...
Deeter, Allen, on behalf of the Church of the Brethren General Board----

Prepared statement-
Federation of American Scientists, Jerome D. Frank, M.D., vice chair-
man, prepared statement.--

---
Frank, Jerome D., M.D., vice chairman of the Federation of American
Scientists and professor emeritus of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins-----

Prepared statement.-------

Franz, Delton, chairperson of the National Council for a World Peace

Tax Fund, Washington, D.C.

Supplemental material.----

Grin, s. Spencer, J.D., D.O.L., Ph. D., Saturday Review/World---

Addendum

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Hartke, Hon. Vance, a U.S. Senator from the State of Indiana -
Hatfield, Hon. Mark O., a U.S. Senator from the State of Oregon.-

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71

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Institute for the Study of International Behavior, Bryant Wedge, M.D., Page

president, prepared statement.. Laue, James H., director, community conflict resolution program, Center of Community and Metropolitan Studies, University of Missouri.------- 97 Prepared statement

101 McCan, Robert L., Ph. D., former president of the Dag Hammerskold Col

lege and special assistant to the director, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D.C------

Prepa red statement-------Mennonite Central Committee Peace Section, William Keeney, former chairman, prepared statement-

178 Shepardson, Harriet K., Falls Church, Va., prepared statement

191 Tickton, Sidney G., executive vice president of the Academy for Educational Development --

Prepared statement--------
Wedge, Bryant, M.D., president of the Insttiute for the Study of Interna-
tional Behavior, Alexandria, Va--
Prepared statement --

71

114

202

198

146

199

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION Articles, publications, et cetera :

Constructive Approach to the George Washington Peace Academy,

Charles Mercieca, Ph. D., professor of education and secretary-gen-
eral, International Association of Educators for World Peace NGO

of United Nations and UNESCO---
Coping with Interdependence-A Commission Report, Aspen Institute

for Humanistic Studies Program in International Affairs-----
Peace Research Reviews, Vol. VI, No. 1, by Alan and Hanna New-

combe, September 1974.----------
Report of Activities, 1974–Stockholm International Peace Research

Institute, by Almqvist & Wiksell, Uppsala, 1975-----
Communications to :

Pell, Hon. Claiborne, a U.S. Senator from the State of Rhode Island,
from:
Ad Hoc Committee for National Peace Academy bill, New York,

N.Y., May 11, 1976_-
Basi, Raghbir S., director, Center for Peaceful Change, Kent

State University, Kent, Ohio, Apr. 21, 1976_-
Cousins, Norman, editor, Saturday Review, May 17, 1976_-------
Eddy, John P., professor of education, Loyola University of Chi-

cago,, Apr. 24, 1976--------
Foster, Charles R., Committee on Atlantic Studies, Washington,

D.C., May 24, 1976_-
Goldman, Ralph M., professor, department of political science,

San Francisco State University, San Francisco, Calif , Feb. 18,

1976 ------
Hoke, H. Lloyd, president, Hoke Furniture Co., Thurmont, Md.,

May 13, 1976 (with attachment)----
Jaski, Ernest B., Ph. D., professor of education and business,

Southwest College, Chicago, Ill., May 3, 1976_--
Karpen, Leah R., Huntington, N.Y., May 10, 1976_
Liebman, Charles S., Council for a Department of Peace, Inc.,

Washington, D.C., May 4, 1976 (with enclosure)--------
Wedge, Bryant, M.D., president, Institute for the Study of Na-

tional Behavior, Alexandria, Va., Apr. 28, 1976 (within attach

ment) ---------------
Sparkman, Hon. John, a U.S. Senator from the State of Alabama,

from Hon. Harrison A. Williams, Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State

of New Jersey, Aug. 8, 1975---
Williams, Hon. Harrison A., Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of New
Jersey, from :
Frey, James W., Assistant Director for Legislative Reference,

Office of Management and Budget-----
Lynch, Majorie, Under Secretary, Department of Health, Educa-

tion, and Welfare------
Rivlin, Alice M., Director, Congressional Budget Office, June 24,

1976 (with attachment)--
Smith, Robert A. III, Apr. 29, 1976 (with enclosure)---
Sparkman, John, a U.S. Senator from the State of Alabama,

July 16, 1976-----

194

161

203 193

155

280

137

141

138

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342 142

136

GEORGE WASHINGTON PEACE ACADEMY ACT, 1976

THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1976

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION OF THE
COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 o'clock in room 1318, the Capitol, Senator Claiborne Pell (chairman of the subcom

mittee) 07: Sentagenators hommittefimony washingtofthe unde fitting is

president. His sits to this subperation among

Also present: Senators Hartke and Hatfield.
Senator PELL. The subcommittee will come to order.

This morning we'll hear testimony on legislation concerning S. 1976, the bill to establish a George Washington Peace Academy. It is a proposal to create an institution to further the understanding of peace among nations in cooperation among people. It is fitting to turn our thoughts to this subject since it was the wish of our first President. His spirit is still with us, and no effort could be more applauded. More than that, this act is very appropriate in this Bicentennial year.

Our witnesses today include Senators Hartke and Hatfield, who will join me at the podium, and a number of representatives coming from various institutions interested in the study of peace. I applaud their testimony, and I would add at this time that since there are a great many witnesses on the schedule and the time pressures being what they are, I would hope that all the witnesses would limit themselves to a verbal presentation lasting 5 or 10 minutes only. I think any thought can be expressed in that time. The full text of each presentation will be put in full in the record. [The text of S. 1976 follows:]

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