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over his creatures, to funtzy wrath for their sin, to the pain

« On the subject of fun clares, that it is not frz er passive therein." Chaiz

. The third section of this dying in infancy, are regem spiritso also are there outwardly called by the scien

« Let the reader cage
- Others not elected artists
of the word, and may kase se
they never truly come to Ciez
appears the reason why wni
to Christ, and therekesz
That none but the eleti cele
section of the third chaper
are not elected in conses
improve the means of gre
vere unto the end, is er
explicitly declares that
of their faith or good srca
other thing in the cre
to." The elect, there
The first section of
« can neither total!
but shall certainh
saved.”

* The author
of his numbers
rant that the
propagated.
great body
and refirobic
fession of
* Now
testane
of Cal

earn of historians; for Vegetius, l. ii. de re each legion had a purse in the hands of each soldier put a piece of money, to conthe burial of the soldiers of that legion, also by the testimonies, both of Tully in Cornelius Tacitus, l. i. that the generals, ed their enemies to bury the corps of their d them themselves. mourning, has made a pleasant and usejonies used about dead persons, some few

After the nearest relation has received a is eyes, he washes the body with warm rowns him with flowers, and puts on his panied with mourning, tears and sobs, to e ceremony, who orders all matters, and ce all his former calamities. Then some their breasts. Some rend their clothes, ads, or fall down upon the ground, &c. &c. the company, where the friends comfort

How long, say they, will you lament them to life again, by all your tears," &c.' little into the sentiments of the facetious liam Temple is pleased to say, that “he f life, and of true sense in the conduct of troduces Archytas praying, that he may to lie unburied. And what a curse he nay learn from the end of epod. 5. His markable words, “ Amongst the ancients rievous of evils for one to have his body i was believed to have no rest, but to wanbody was deposited in a grave.” famous passage in Homer, iliad 23. where introduced complaining, that his funeral

led ;

the

Thus the phantom said, his Patorclus dead? dearest, tend'rest care ; vander in the air. e rites of burial know, ce in the realms below. inds no resting place, h’unbody'd spectres chase ound the dark abode, remeable flood.” atter of such'importance, that he introduon an embassy from the gods to stir up pay this duty to his dear friend Patroclus. it was the common opinion of the ancients, rted were not admitted into the number of had received the funeral rites. They supthem, wandered about an hundred yearsti I over the infernal erier. The emperors iian ordered, that thv people should not :

F

hinder the burying even of those who had suffered punishment by
death, the Romans being of opivion, that the souls of such bodies as
were not buried, wandered up and down an hundred years, as not
being able to get into the Elysian fields. Virgil also hath the same
sentiment, concerning the state of departed souls; at least had in
his view the above passage of Homer, as appears from the following
words. -.

“ The ghosts, rejected, are the unhappy crew,
“ Depriv'd of sepulchres and funeral chue.
« An hundred years they wander on the shore,

“ At length, their penance done, they're wafted oʻer."
i To transcribe all that is to be found for the purpose in ancient
authors, would be to write a volume, rather than a part of a short
essay. For, the Heathens not ouly accounted the-burying of the
dead to be a thing so holy and inviolable, that they attributed the
original invention thereof to one of the gods, viz. to him whom the
Greeks called Pluto, and the Romans Dis or Summanus; but like
wise, they had always a regard to the care that was taken of sepul.
chres, as a religious duty grounded upon the fear of God, and the
belief of the soul's immortality, though they had no notion of the
resurrection from the dead : insomuch, that the violation of a sepul.
chre, or the defiling of a grave, was a crime of an enormous size with
them. How then may many, very many, in a Christian country,
blush, and be ashamed ? if yet a blush remains ! But more of this in
its proper place.
: So sacred did the Heathens look upon burying-grounds to be, that
they reckoned them in the number of holy and unalienable things;
and accordingly, those who violated the sepulchres of the dead, or
searched them, were frated by all nations, and very severely punished.
The pyramids of Egypt, which were built for sepulchres to the
kings, are standing monuments of that singular regard and venera-
tion for dead bodies, even among the Heathens, which I am now in-
sisting upon. Some of them are of a vast height; and Pliny speaks
of one, for the building of which 32,000 men were employed for
twenty years, and says, it took up eight acres of ground. This is
also plain from the accounts we have of their embalming, and from
their mummies, which are frequently found to this day whole and
entire, though some of them have lain above three thousand years
in their graves. But, though the Heathens entertained so religious
a respect for the body after death, for the reasons above specified ;
yet, they had no notion of the resurrection from the dead, as already
observed ; but, on the contrary, scoffed at it with their whims of
transmutations of bodies, and transmigrations of souls.

[To be continued.]

POETRY.

PSALM 19th.

EMANUEL, A MORAL ECLOGUL. By William Hamilton Reid. After the manner of the Messiah. THE heavenly concave's everlasting

I came not that ye might have life, but frame,

that ye might have it more abundantly. The azure canopy where meteors LO! a new æra unto mortals given ; flame,

The dove-like spirit now discends from The selfpois dearth beneath and these heav'n ; accord

The day-spring now hath visited the To join in owning their etemal Lord. earth, Day speaks his praise in heaven's And teeming nature owns her second all clearing light,

birth : Repeated by a thousand tongues at

The living verdure of the vernal night,

year, All nations learn the mighty theme to Compar'd with that, a desert shall ap. sing;

pear ; Al look with rapture to the day's To this bright sun the paler stars give bright king:

way, His presence shining thro' th’ethe. 'Tis Heaven's own light, and shining

reason's ray! rial round,

The small still voice, confusion now Draws the dark forest from the earth

must hear, profound; The dew-fraught clouds, he from the And heavenly music sooth the opening

ear, ocean fills

While young experience the dumb Distilld anew, or stream'd adown the

doth teach hills.

To vent their transports in melodious A verdant robe he for the earth pre- speech; pares

And abject minds in sensual fetters Bedeck'd with flowers, whose vari

bound, ous tissue bears

Now rise exulting at the joyful sound. Each hue that on his cloud-wrought Where dragon passions spread their cincture glows

brutal

rage ; The azure violet, or crimson rose. Where thorny cares th’unstable mind His purple throne he in the East engage; displays ;

Where serpent craft, low cunning, His vast domain unwearied he sur- bent on guile, veys;

Where lion tempers urge the haughty, Unnumber'd realms are in his presence

smile ; blest,

Where wolfish avarice would seize its His course triumphant ends in glorious prey, rest.

Where aspish slander would its sting From his exhaustless sea of lambent

convey;

Each nobler view oppos’d, its power light, He richly fills the silver orb of night. Or new

desires infuse a generous love: The morning star, and brother choir advance,

Like this blest lore the healthful And, wreath'd with rays, perform the starry orbs not with more brill

breezes blow; their mystic dance..

iance glow; Through boundless space, thus sun Less constant not the parent planets and stars proclaim

shine, Th’ Almighty hand that form'd this Nor light's fair efflux from its source wondrous frame,

divine ; And for his praise their rapid wheels Not more delectable the flowery hue employed,

That decks the summer, or autumnal Forever rolling thro' the mighty void. view;

Orth. Ch. Mag. Nor richer plenty in her golden years,

Dod

doth prove,

OWD

Nor more harmonious heaven's im- Unvarying still, God's saving power mortal spheres.

remains, But aid no more the muse exhausted, " His realm forever lasts, his, brings,

Messiah reigns.”
From nature's stores, or pomp of

Orth. Ch. Mag-
Memphian kings;
For regal thrones and empires meet
their fate,

The following lines were written by the Once like the sun in his meredian Rev. Samuel Wesley, upon Dr. Watts state,

saying, that a form of prayer was a Their moons and stars, each tributary crutch. beam,

FORM stints the spirit, Watts has said, Fleet thro' expansion like a morning And therefore oft is wrong: dream.

At best a Crutch the weak to aid, Yet tho the noblest works of man A cumbrance to the strong. decay,

Old David, both in prayer and praise, And time's rude hand, each restige A form for Crutches brings; sweeps away ;

But Watts has dignified his

lays, Tho' here he sees his utmost wish

And furnished him with wings. preyail, Fall'n grandeur frowning thro' oblivi. E'en Watts, a form for praise can on's mail;

choose, Tho' monumental stone and letterd

For prayer, who throws it by;

Crutches to walk he can refuse, page, Lie scatter'd victims to his ruthless

But uses them to iy. rage,

FROM THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE. AN ACCOUNT of the CEREMONIES performed on the DAY of COUNT

EXPIATION....Levit. xvi. THIS was one of the most solemn days amongst the people of the Jews. It was celebrated on the 10th day of the month Tisri, which was the first month of their civil year; and was named the great fast, or the fast, only, because they fasted all the day long, and began even the day before; but, especially, because this was the only fast enjoined by the law. It is probable this is the same as mentioned, Acts xxvii. 9, where it is said, that they were afraid of a storm, because the fast was already fast ; that is, it was about the beginning of October, when sailing becomes dangerous. It may, however, be understood of a fast of the Heathens, which was celebrated about this time.

The institution of this day of expiation, and the ceremonies performed upon it, are related in the xvith chapter of Leviticus. of these ceremonies, some were to be observed both by the priest and people ; as the abstaining from all kinds of food, and all manner of work: others related only to the high-priest, who, seven days before the feast, left his house, and went into the temple to purify and prepare himself for the approaching solemnity. See Lev. xvi. 29, and xxiii. 27, 28. On the 3d and 7th of those days, some of the ashes of the red heifer were put upon his head, which was a kind of expiation. The night before the feast, he washed several times his hands, his feet, and his whole body, and changed his garments every time. When the day was come, after the usual sacrifice, he offered several others, both for the priests in general, and for himself and his family

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