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Solomon tell us there is nothing better then that a man should Eat, and: Drink, and make his foule injoy good in his labour. Eccles. 2. 24. And . why is God so incensed against Ifrael for doing what he allowes them ? Know then that it is not the act but the time that God stands upon. Very unscasonableness is criminall, here and now comforts are fins'; to be joviall when God calls to mourning, to glur our maw when he calls to fasting, to glitter when he would
have us fackcluth'd and squalid, he hates it to the death; here we may say with Solomon, of laughter thou art mad, and of mirth what is this thou doeft? He grudges not our moderate, and seasorrable julities, there is an Ope-tyde by his allowance, as well as a Lent. Gothy. Dayes ; Eat thy Bread with joy and drink thy wine with a merry heart, for now God accepteth thy work. Lo Gods acceptation is warrant enough for our mirth: Now may his saints rejoyce, and sing, buc there is a time to mourne, and a time to daunce. It was a strange word that God had to the Prophet Ezekiel, that he would take away from him his wife, the comfort of his life and yet he must not mourne,but surely when he bur threats to take away from us the publick comforts of our peace, and common welfare ;' he would have us weep our our eyes: and doth no lesse hate that our hearts 1hould be quiet within us, then he hates that we should give him so just cause of our disquier. Here the Propher can cry out, Quis dabit capiti meo aquas ? And how doth the mournfull prophet now pour out himself into Lamentations, How hath the Lord covered the doughter of Siose with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven to the earth the beauty of Israel. Lament. 2.1. Oh that our hearts could rive in lunder at but the dangers of those publick Judgments which we have too well deserved ; and be lefle sensible of our private concernments; then should we make a right use of that dreadfull hand of God; of whom our prophet here, thou haft made the Earth to tremble.
This for the paffive Earth quake of publick calamities ;- now for the active of publick stirs and tumults ; with these the land is moved too ; and this quaking is so much more unnacurall for that men are here the immediate troublers of themselves, whereas in the other they are moved by the immediate hand of God : And here alas,whar fhall we say to those men that take pleasure in the embroyling of Stares ? that wich Nero can fing to see the City on fire, that love to daunce upon a quaking earth:Yea that affect to be actors in these un. kindly mutitacions. That great Mathematici an braggart could vainly say, give me a place where to set my foot, and I will move the earch;that which that proud Engineer would do by Art, these men will do by wickedness, that and more, for they will be moving that earth which they cannot but cread upon.I remember Georgias Agricola(who when I was a young man was noted for the most accurate observer of these under ground secrets of nature ) tells us most probably, hat the Secondary and immediate cause of an Earth-quake is a certain subterraneous fire kindled of some fulphureous matter within the bowels of that valt body,and increased by the resistance of the ambient coldnesse, the passages whereof being precluded and blocked up by the solid and cold matter of the earth, it rages, and roars, within those dark hollowes, and by the violence of it, as murmuring to be thus forceably imprisoned,shakes the parts about it, and at last makes way by some dreadfull vesuvian-like eruption : Such is the mis-kindled hear of some vehement spirits: this, when it lights upon some carthy,proud, sullen,head-strong disposition, and findes it Self crossed by an authoritative resistance, growes desperately unruly; and in amad'indignation to be suppressed is ready to shake the very foundations of government ; and at last breaks förth into some dangerous rupture, whether in Church or State : Let no man think I intend to strike at a wise, holy, well-govern'd zeal; no, I hugge this in my bolome, as the lively temper of grace, as the very vitall spirits of religion; I wish there were more of that in the World; I speak of the unruly distempers of male-contented persons, and of the furies of Anabaptism and Separation. Let such men chink what they will of themselves, Solomon las past his doom upon them, Prov. 6. 14. Homo nequam mifcet contentiones, as Tremelius turnes it : He is no better then a wicked man that hatcheth divisions ; how ever they mav sleight this contentious humour, I dare confidently say, a private murderer shall make an easyer answer then a publick disturber, even Apoftolicall charity can with, would to God they were cut off that trouble gou, And more then so, whereas they would not be more Itirring then their ncighbours, if they did not think themselves wiser, he that is wiser then they gives them their own. It is an lionour for a man to cease from strife, but every fool will be medling, Prov. 20. 3. So then a quarrelsome man in a parish, especially if he have gotten a little smatrering of law, is like a cholick in the guts, that teares, and
wrings, and corments a whole township;but a Seditionary in a State, or a Schilmatick in the Church is like a sulphureous fiery Vapour in the bowels of the Earth, able to make that itable element reele again ; worse then that Monster of Tyrants, who could say, ins Savoylos posa puxgalo nues; when I am dead. Let Earth and fire jumble together ; but this man sayes ius Zorles; Let me live to see the carth totter, and with that shaking torne and divided; which is the usuall effect of the Earth-quake, and the second head of our intended discourse ; Thou haft broken or divided it :
I come not hither to astonish. you with the relation of the fearfull effects which Earth-quakes have produced in all ages, as it were easy to do out of histories and Philosophical discourses: where you may see Rocks torne in pieces, Mountains not cast down unly bue removed, Hills raised not out of Vallies only, but our of Sca, Fires breaking out of Waters, Stones and Cinders belched up, Rivers changed, Scas dislodged , Earth opening, Towns swallowed up;
. and many other such hideous events : Of which kind our own mc- : mory can furnish us with too many at home ; although these colder climates are more rarely infested with such affrightfull accidents.It is more properly in my way to show you the parallell effc ets of the distempers and calamities in States, and Churches
. To begin therefore with the active breaches; whom should I rather instance in, then that wofull heart-burning of Corab the Son of Levi, and of Darbar, and Abiram, the Sons of Reuben ? No fooncr were they enflamed with an envious rage against Moses and Aaron, then
Princes of the Assembly, famous in the Congregation, men of rerown rise up in the mutiny against their Governours; and these draw with them all the Congregation of Israel to the door of the Tabernacle of the Congregation; What is the Iffue ; After Moses his proclamation the people withdraws from their tents, the earth opens her mouth, swallows up Corab and his Company, withall that pertained to them, and they go down quick into the pit.
Whac a shriek do you think there was, when they found themselves sinking into that dreadfull gulfe ; as for the 250. Reubenites, fire came out from the Lord and consumed them : Lo, the two terrible effrets even of materiall Earthquakes, opening and burning, which we shall find spiritually happening in all commotions of this nauire. Look at the rebellion of Jeroboam ; the male-contenced mul
titude when their petition speeds not, cries out, what portion have me in David, neither have we inheritance in the Son of Jele, to your texts o Ifrael, lock to thine own house, David; What was the effect? Ifrael departed to their tents; only Juda ltuck to Rehoboam, there is the division: The stones fly about the cars of Adoram, and become his fuddain Tomb, and drive their Leige Soveraign to his chariot ; there is the fire of violence.
So upon the haríh proceeding of Innocent the 4th.against Frederick the Emperour ; Maxima partialitas populorum fubfecuta eft, as Tritemius tells us ; There was such a division of the people as lafted in the computation of that Author no lefse then 260. years : not without the effusion of much blood ; those which took the Popes part were called Guelfes, those which took the Emperours, Gibellines; here was wz« xaqua indeed with this Roman Earth-quake. What should I overlay you with instances. Will ye see the like effects in the Church? I could tell you of those Eastern Earth-quakes caused by the Arrians, Donatilts, Circumcellians ; of those of Province, and the bordering parts,wherčin so many thousand honest and inoffenfive Albigenses were overwhelmed. I could tell you of the Parisian massacres, and many other such tragicall acts ; take that one whereof Binius himself can tell you ; Pope Urban the 6th, coming to his Episcopall chair would be correcting the loose manners of the Cardinalls, they impatient of his reformation flew out to Anagira, chose and set up another for an Anti-pope Clement 7th. and thercupon perniciofifimum fchifma, a most pernicious schisme aruse, which could not be stinted of 36. years, or as Fafciculus temporum sayes, of 40. vears; in all which time faith he, even the most scarned, and conscientious men knew not who was the true Bishop of Rome, cum gravi scandalo totius Cleri, & grandi jačtura animarum. In the mean time what wofull work do you think there was, what discontented murmurs, what roaring of Bulls, what flashes of reciprocall anathema's, what furious side-takings, what plots, what bloodsheds ?
Here at home what deadly divisions have our intestine Earthquakes brought forth, how have whole fields, whole Countries been swallowed up with the unhappily raised Barons wars, with the fatall quarrells of the two Roses. Blessed be God, our land hath had rest for many years, ever fince that happy and auspicious union,
and blessings, and peace be ever upon that gracious head, and . royall line in whom they are united. I say we have had a long and happy peace, although perhaps it is no thank to some body: for had that sulphureous mine taken fire(as it was very near it ) this State in all likelyhood had not been shaken only, but quite blowen up; those goodly piles and therein the Monuments of ancient Kings had been, together with the yet stirring limbes of dying Princes, buried in their own ruine, and rubbish; Deus omen.
It is a dangerous thing ( honourable and beloved ) for a man to give way to a secret discontentment, or to the first offers of sedition : Curse not the King no not in thy thought, Curfe not the Rich in thy Bed-chamber, Eccles. 10. ult. That great Lawyer said well, if Treason could be discovered but in the heart, it were worthy to be punished with death: For how ever fleight and force-leffe these beginnings may seem,chey bring forth at last no lesse then publique distraction, and utter subversion; what a poor despicable beginning had the Scirifii , two Brothers in Barbary, who desired nothing of their Father but a Drum and an Ensigne, but with them they made
shift to over-run the two Kingdomes of Fez and Morocco : what a : small snow-ball was that which cursed Mahomet began to roll,
which since hath covered all the vallies, yea and Mountaines of the Ealt ; what a poor matter is a spark lighting on the tinder, and yielding a dim blew light upon the march; yet if once it hach light the candle, it soon kindles a fire able to burn a World; yea,
what can be lesse considerable then a litle tvarm Vapour fuming up 1 in some obscure cell of the Earth ; had it had but the least breathing out,
it had vanished alone without noise or notice; but now the inclosure heightens the heat, and the resisting cold doubles it, and now it having gathered head, growes so unruly, that it makes the Earth to tremble at the fury of it, and tears up Rocks, and Mountaines before it in making vent for it felf: Of this nacure is a mucinous spirit; he needs no other incentive then his own disposition ; and by that alone,inraged with opposition is able to inflame a world: so wise Solomon, As coales are to burning coales, and wood to fire ; fo is a contentious man to kindle flrife. Prov. 26. 2 1. It hath been alwayes therefore the wisdom of Churches and States by an early suppression to prevent the gathering of these hot and headstrong Vapours, by the power of good lawes, by carefull executions, and fo they must K