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Hose reasons had need to be strong; and the inconve
niences hainous that should take away an ancient and hereditary right, establifhed by law. These are not such,
1. To trade in secular affairs, and to be taken up with them, is indeed a grcat and juft hinderance to the exercise of our minifterial function;but to meet once in three years in a Parliament for Tome few weeks at the same time when we are bound to attend convocation business, is no sensible impediment to our holy calling:
2. We do indeed promise & profess when we enter into holy or ders that we will give our selves so much as in us lies wholly to this vocation; will it therefore follow that we may not upon any occafion lend our selves tu the care of the publick when we are thereunto called ? And if this notwithstanding, we may, yca must take moderate care of our houshold
affairs, and the provision for our family; why not as well of the Common-wealth? 3. For ancient Canons of Councells; will they be content to be Bbb 2
bound by them, who urge them upon us ? Or will they admit fomc, and reject others? Or will they admit them where they are contrary: to our own laws ? Now our Clarendor Conftit. have exprefly, detent iptereffe omnibus judiciis: The Canons therefore must yield to them, not they to the Canons.
4. Twenty four Bishops have dependence upon iwo Archbi-. shops. When was it otherwise? Is it not so in all subordinations of
government? If this be a juft inconvenience, let all be levelled ; to an cquality, and that shall end in a certain confufion but they swear to them Canonicall obedience : True, but it is only in omnibus licitis & honeftis mandatis : The supposition implyed must needs favour of uncharitableness; that the Metropolitans will be fill apt to require unlawfull things, and the Bishops will ever bascly stoop to a servile humoring of them.
5. Bur they have their places only for their lives;and therefore not fit to have a legiflative power over the honors, liberties, proprietics of the subject. 1. If they have their Bishopricks but for their lives, yet there are scarce any of them that have not so much temporall eftarc in fee as may make them no less capable of a legillative power, then many of the house of Commons who claim this right.. Secondly, is the case other now then it hath been all this while ? you for so many hundred years there have been good laws, and just sentences given by their concurrence, norwichstanding this their tenure for Life. 3ly. If they be honest and conscionable though they had their places bue for a year, or a day, they would not yield to determine ought unjuftly: And if difhonest and conscienceless, it is not the perpetuall inheritance of our places that can make our determinations just..
6. If dependencies, and expectations of further preferment lie in our way; why not equally.in many Temporall Lords, who are interessed in offices, and places in court ? why should we be more mis-carriageable by such possibilities or hopes then others ? Especi- : ally, when our age is commonly such, and the charges of removes so great çkar there is small likelyhood of an equall gaining by he change.
7. "If severall and particular Bishops have much incroched upon the consciences of his Majesties subjc&ts, in matter of their proprierys and liberty; what reason is there to impute this unto all ? why
should the innocenc be punished for the wrongs of the guilty ? Let those who can be convinced of an offence this way undergo a condigne cenlure; Let not an unjust prejudice be cast upon the whole calling for the errors of a few.
8. It is not to be expected but the whole number of 26. should be interessed in the maintenance of that their Jurisdiction which both the laws of Men, and Apoftolicall institucion bath feoffcd them in ; why should they not defend their own lawfull and holy calling against all unjust opposition of gainlayers. If their hearts did not aflure them chcir itation were warrantable and good, they were beasts if chey would hold them; and if their hearts do affure them so, they were beasts if they would not defend them: But there are numbers in all the three Kingdomes that crye them down ; True, but there are greater numbers for them, perhaps an hundred for one; and if some bulic factionists of the meaner fort here about ( a body compounded of Separatists, Anabaptists, Familists, and such like fwife) make some show and noise, yet what are these, to the whole Kingdom ? Neither do these men more oppugne our vores in Parliament, then our stations in the Church; so as this argument will no less hold for no bishops, then for no votes,as likewise that instance in the practise of Scotland. Scotland hath abolisht Episcopacy they say; The more pity; let them look, quo jure, and what answer to make unto that God whose ordinance it is : But I had thought it fhould have been a stronger argument ; England retains
Episcopacy therefore Scotland should ; then Scotland hath abolisht Episcopacy, therefore England should do so too:Let there be any other Church named in the whole Christian World that hach voluntarily abandoned Episcopacy, when it might have continued it; and if their practise be herein singular, why should not they rather conforme to all the rest of Christendom, then we to them. .
Bue the core of all, is, that it sets too great a distance between us, and our Brethren of the Clergy, and so nourishes pride in us, disconcepiment in them, and disquietness in the Church: An argu- ' ment that fights equally against all our fuperiority over our Brethren, and against our votes here : By this reason we must be all equall, none subordinate; and what order can there.be where ponc is above other? What is chis but old Korals challenge. Ye take tow much upon you, wherefore lift ye up your selves above the Congregat ion
of the Lord : Now; I beseech you, whether was chere more pride in Moses and Aaror that governed, or in Corah and Dathan that mur. mured and repined?
It is pride then that causech contention, bur where is this pride 3 whether in those that moderarcly manage a lawsull superiority, or in chose that scorn and have to be under goverment? Were those Brethren so affected as they ought, they should rather rejoyce that any of their own tribe are advanced to those places wherein they might be capable of doing good offices to them and the Church of God, in ftcad of swelling with envy against their just exaltation, and would feel this honor done to their profession 3 and not to the persons.
Lastly, what a mean opinion doth this imply to be conceived of us by the suggesters, that we who are old Men, Christian Philolosophers, and Divincs should have so little government of cur sclves as to be puffed up with those poor accersions of titular refpe&s, which those who are really and hereditarily pofleffed of, can weild without any such raint or sulpicion of transportedness.
Shortly,in all these Nine reasons there is nothing that may induce an indifferent Man to think there is any just ground to exclude Bishops from fitting and voting in Parliament.
E cannot be too wary of,or too opposice to Pope-
you in the fear of God to take hced that we do not dilate the name and imparation of these too farr;
for I speak it with just sorrow and compaffion there are some well meaning and seduced souls that are by Erroneous teachers brought into the opinion that the sacred form of the Goverment of the Church and the holy forms of the publick devotions, and prayers of the Church and all the favoreis of them are. worthy to be branded with the title of Popery and Antichristianilm.
For the first, my heart bleeds in me to think that that calling which was instituted by the Apostles themselves and hath ever since. continued in the universall Church of Christ without interruption to this day , should now come under the name of Popery : I speak of the calling; if the persons of any in this ftation have becn faulty, ler them bear their own burden, bur that the calling it self should receive this conftru&ion in the opinion of well-minded and confcisnable Chriftians is justly moft lamentable. I besesch you look back upon the histories of former times, look but upon your Acts and Monuments, and see whether any have been more expensive cither of their ink, or their blood again't the tyranny of Popery and superfticion then the Bishops of this Church of England, in so much as the reverend Dr. Du Moulin in his publick Epiłle professes that the Bishops of England were they to whom this Church is beholden for the liberty and maintenance of the Protestant Religion in this