Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

66

12 12 30 60 19

6 70

elaterin. resin.

gum, and

[ocr errors]

20
80

gum.

resin.

18

nite.

30

[ocr errors]

50
9

resin. gum. pure mor

40

soluble mat.

tions of the law, and to secure uniformity and useful for chemical manufacturing pur. of practice at the several ports in carrying {poses. out its provisions with precision and efficiency, to furnish you with the additional Benzoin, when affording 80 per ct. of resin, or

benzoic acid. instructions which follow, explanatory and Colocynth,

colocynthin. in modification of the circular instructions Galbanum, addressed io you by the Department of the 8th July, 1848.

volatile oil. Gamboge,

pure gam. To avoid the recurrence of a difference of

boge resin and opinion between the officers of the customs

Guiacum,

pure guaiac as to what particular articles of commerce should be considered drugs and medicines, Gum ammoniac, 70

resin, and and as such subject to special examination Jalap, when affording 11

gum.

pure jalap reby the special examiner of drugs and medi- sin, whether in root or in powder. cines, it is thought proper to state that, in Manna, when affording 37 per ct. of pure manconformity with the evident spirit and intent Myrrh,

pure myrrh of the law, it is required that all merchan. dise used wholly or in part as medicine, and Opium, found described as such in the standard

phia.

Rhubarb, works specially referred to in the act, must ter, whether in root or powder; none admissibe considered drugs and medicines, and that

ble but the article known as East India, Tur.

key, or Russian rhubarb. all invoices, therefore, of such articles, in whole or in part, must be submitted to the Sagapenum, 50 per cent. of resin. examination of the special examiner of drugs Sagapenum, 30 per cent. of gum, and and medicines, before they can be permitted Sagapenum, 3 per cent. of volatile oil. to pass the custom-house.

Scammony, 70 per cent. of pure scamIn the examination on entry of any medi- mony rosin. cinal preparation, the said special examiner Senna, 28 per cent. of soluble matter. is to unite with the appraiser.

All medicinal leaves, flowers, barks, With a view to afford a reliable guide to roots, extracts, &c., not herein specified, the examiner of drugs and medicines, as must be, when imported, in perfect condiwell as to the analytical chemist, on ap. tion, and of as recent collection and prepapeal, in ascertaining the admissibility of ration as practicable. such articles under the provisions of law, All pharmaceutical and chemical prepa. founded on their purity and strength, the rations, whether crystallized or otherwise, following list is given of some of the prin used in medicine, must be found on examicipal articles, with the result of special tests nation to be pure, and of proper consistence agreeing with the standard authorities re- and strength, as well as of perfect manuferred to in the law, all of which articles are facture, conformably with the formulas conto be entitled to entry when ascertained by tained in the standard authorities named in analysis to be composed as noted, viz. :- the act; and must in no instance contain

Aloes, when affording 80 per cent, of over three per cent. of excess of moisture pure aloetic extractive.

or water of crystallization. "Assafærida, when affording 50 per cent. Essential or volatile oils, as well as ex. of its peculiar bitter resin, and

pressed oils used in medicine, must be Assafatida, when affording 3 per cent. of pure, and conform to the standards of spe. volatile oil.

cific gravity noted and declared in the disBark, Cinchona, when affording one per pensatories mentioned in the act. cent, of pure quinia, whether called Peru. “ Patent or secret medicines" are by law vian, Calasaya, Arica, Carthagena, Mara- subject to the same examinations, and dis. caibo, Santa Martha, Bogota, or under position after examination, as other mediciwhatever name, or from whatever place; ornal preparations, and cannoi be permitted

Bark, Cinchona, when affording two per to pass the custom house for consumption, cent of the several natural alkaloids com- but must be rejected and condemned, unbined, as quinia, cinchonia, quinidia, ari- less the special examiner be satisfied, after cene, &c., the barks of such strength being due investigation, that they are fit and safe admissible as safe and proper for medicine to be used for medicinal purposes.

The appeal from the report of the special {the treatment. From several recent trials examiner of drugs and medicines, provided we feel warranted in saying that the chances for in the act, must be made by the owner are altogether better for the acquittal of an or consignee within ten days after the said ignorant, uneducated pretender to medical report; and in case of such appeal, the knowledge, who is really guilty, i han for analysis made by the analytical chemist is that of an intelligent, well.educated sur: expected to be full and in detail, setting geon, 10 whom no fault can justly be forth clearly and accurately, the name, charged.-New Hampshire Journal of Mequantity, and quality of the several compo. dicine. nent parts of the article in question ; to be reported to the collector under oath or affirm. Report of the Weather in Philadelphia for ation.

May, 1853. — The temperature of the last On such report being made, a copy of the month rose to 65.33 degrees, which is about same will be immediately furnished by the two degrees above the average temperature of collector to the special examiner of drugs the same month last year, and nearly three de. and medicines, who, if the report be in con- grees above the average mean of many years. flict with his return made to the collector, Rains also were abundant, more or less falland he have cause to believe that the appealing on fifteen days, and amounting for the and analytical examination have not been month, as measured and recorded at the conducted in strict conformity with the law, Pennsylvania Hospital, to 5.173 inches. may enter his protest in writing against the The month thus abounding in heat and reception and adoption by the collector of moisture, the two great elements of vegetasuch report and analysis, until a reasonable ble growth, the earth is at present teeming time be allowed him in the preparation of with more than her usual promise. his views in the case, and their submission Seven times, during the month, the fall to this department for its consideration. of rain was attended with thunder and light

JAMES GUTHRIE, ning. That which occurred at 9 o'clock,
Secretary of the Treasury. on the evening of the 23d, was the most

severe ; and what is worthy of remark, Prosecutions of Medical Men.-Within Quebec, L. C., was visited about the same the past year several suits have been com hour with a destructive thunderstorm, by menced and carried through against medical which one or more individuals lost their men for malpractice. Among those in this lives. vicinity we may mention the trials of Dr. The prevalence of west and southwest Hammond, of Nashua, and Dr. Sargent, of winds during the month was quite remarkRochester in this State, and more recently able. Out of the 31 days, the wind was that of Dr. Kittredge, of Andover, Massa. westerly 25 days, and southerly 19 days; chusetts. In the first case, Dr. Hammond that is, on some part or the whole of that was acquitted, not more in consequence of number of days the wind was at some point the ability of his counsel than the honesty of the compass within these quarters. Dur. and independence of the surgeon called to ing the whole spring, also, the prevalence testify for the plaintiff. In Dr. Sargent's case of these winds has been quite unusual : the we are informed that the verdict was given days of westerly wind for the three months for the plaintiff in the face of the most ex- amounting to 76, and of southerly wind to plicit testimony from medical men. The 50 days. This, it seems highly probable, same was true in Dr. Kittredge's trial, in is attributable to the remarkable absence of which, as we understand it, after an injury floating ice in the neighbouring oceans.to the arm in which there was rupture of the Ordinarily, for six or eight weeks in spring, brachial artery, the attending surgeon was extensive fields and bergs are encountered, brought in guilty for causing the arm 10 in lat. 42 to 44, long. 50 to 52, and are the slough off by tight bandaging. The com- terror of passing vessels. In 1851, ships munity should be made to understand that coasted along the border of these floes for by encouraging such prosecutions they are days in succession, seeking a passage endangering their own safety, and surgeons through or around them. And when it is will be compelled in self-defence to require remembered that their temperature is usually beforehand a bond that they shall not be about 15 degrees of Fahrenheit, it will not prosecuted, whatever may be the result of appear improbable that they should influence the course of the wind upon our At-{ The mean temperature of the three lantic border during the spring months. } spring months was 54.67 degrees, which is Strengthening this view, is the fact we have about 4 degrees above the mean average alluded to, that no such floes have been on temperature of last year. countered the present season. We will The effect of the warm spring upon the add, that for the whole three spring months, health of our community is quite apparent There have been 20 days only in which in the bills of mortality; for while the there was any E. in the wind for any ob-whole number of deaths for the three spring served portion of the day ; and that in the months of last year was 2657, this year it same period, the wind was easterly on seven was reduced to 2294, or 363 less; and this, whole days only. While in the spring of{notwithstanding an evident increase of 1851, the season of extensive floes, an population. easterly wind prevailed 34 days; and for

P.S. 19 days the wind was easterly all day.

WIND-COURSE AND FORCE,

THERMOMETER. Days

of month. Sunrise. 2 P.M. Mean.

REMARKS.

Sunrise.

2 P.M.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Cloudless.
Cloudless.
Cloudy, slight shower, 7} A. M.,

clear.
Cloudless, clear, smoky all day.
Overcast, rainy, P. M.
Overcast (thundershower night),

rainy day.
Clear, cloudy, slight rain.
Overcast, rain after 1 P. M.
Cloudless, clear.
Overcast, clear, heavy thunder-

shower, 6% P. M.
Clear, fair, cloudless.
Cloudless, cloudy, thundershower

64 P. M.
Rainy night, clear 12 M.
Cloudless.
Cloudless, fair.
Cloudless, cloudy.
Clear, fair, thundershower, 41

P. M.
Clear, cloudy.
Cloudy, thundershower 114 A.

M., clear.
Cloudless, clear.
Cloudless, clear.
Cloudless, clear.
Fair, cloudy, thundershower 9

P. M.
Rainy day.
Rainy day.
Fair, cloudy.
Clear, cloudy, clear.
Fair, clear.
Cloudless, smoky.
Cloudless, smoky, cloudy, rain,

with thunder and lightning. Clear.

79

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Monthly mean.

University of Pennsylvania.-Dr. Joseph { worthily fill the chair, and add to the lustre LEIDY has been elected Professor of Ana-{ of the school. tomy in place of the late Dr. Horner. Dr. Leidy's extensive acquirements as an ana- St. Joseph's Hospital.-Dr. Wm. B. PAGE tomist and naturalist, and his high reputa- has been elected one of the surgeons 10 tion, give every assurance that he will supply the vacancy occasioned by the death FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. it has been given without injury, but inas.

of the lamented Horner.

much as it has destroyed life in a considerAccouchement of Queen Victoria-Chloro. able number of instances, its unnecessary form employed. We find the following ar. inhalation involves, in our opinion, an ticle in the Lancet of May 16, 1853:-- amount of responsibility which words can

.“ A very extraordinary report has ob pot adequately describe. tained general circulation connected with “We have felt irresistibly impelled to the recent accouchement of her most gra- make the foregoing observations, fearing cious Majesty Queen Victoria. It has al- the consequences of allowing such a rumor ways been understood by the profession respecting a dangerous practice in one of that the births of the Royal children in all our national palaces 10 pass unrefuted. instances have been unattended by any pe- Royal' examples are followed with extraculiar or untoward circumstances.' Intense ordinary readiness by a certain class of soastonishment, therefore, has been excited ciety in this country.” throughout the profession by the rumour, that her Majesty during her last labour was

Notwithstanding the above statement we placed under the influence of chloroform, Association Medical Journal of April 15:

find the following announcement in the an agent which has unquestionably caused instantaneous death in a considerable num.

Her Majesty's Accouchement Chlorober of cases. Doubis on this subject cannot form.-On Thursday, the 7th instant, at exist. In several of the fatal examples, pero half.past one P. M., the Queen was safely sons in their usual health expired while the delivered of a prince. This announcement process of inhalation was proceeding, and has, we feel assured, inspired among all the deplorable catastrophes were clearly classes feelings of interest and sincere glad. and indisputably referable to the poisonous ness; but there are circumstances connected action of chloroform, and to that cause with the event which have likewise imalone.

parted to it no small degree of medical im“These facts being perfectly well known portance. We refer to the employment of to the medical world, we could not imagine chloroform having been sanctioned by Her that any one had incurred the awful re. Majesty's Physician in Ordinary, Sir James sponsibility of advising the administration Clark, Her Majesty's First Physician Acof chloroform to her Majesty during a per. coucheur, Dr. Locock, and Her Majesty's fectly natural labour with a seventh child. other Physician Accoucheur, Dr. FergusOn inquiry, therefore, we were not at all son; to its having been administered by Dr. surprised to learn that in her late confine. Snow ; and to the fact of the Queen and ment the Queen was not rendered insensi- the infant prince having gone on favourably ble by chloroform or by any other anæs.

from the first. thetic agent. We state this with feelings

“We understand that chloroform was of the highest satisfaction. In no case

administered by Dr. Snow during the latter could it be justifiable to administer chloro- part of the labour, with very satisfactory form in perfectly ordinary labour; but the effect; and that the Queen expressed her. responsibility of advocating such a proceed. {self as grateful for the discovery of this ing in the case of the Sovereign of these means of alleviating and preventing pain. realms would, indeed, be tremendous. Pro. "The responsible position, and the acbably some officious meddlers about the knowledged skill of the physicians who Court so far overruled her Majesty's re- sanctioned the inhalation of the chloroform, sponsible professional advisers as to lead to the Royal Majesty of the patient, and the the pretence of administering chloroform, excellence of her recovery, are circumbut we believe the obstetric physicians to stances which will probably remove much whose ability the safety of our illustrious of the lingering professional and popular Queen is confided do not sanction the use prejudice against the use of anæsthesia in of chloroform in natural labour. Let it not midwifery, even when sanctioned by combe supposed that we would undervalue the petens authority, and induced with requisite immense importance of chloroform in sur. precaution. It is for this reason that we gical operations. We know that an incal. chronicle the recent accouchement of Her culable amount of agony is averted by its Majesty as an event of unquestionable medi. employment. On thousands of occasions cal importance.

AND LIBRARY.

No. 128.

CONTENTS.

• 127

[ocr errors]

MEDICAL PROGRESS. Insane, Indianapolis. Dr. J. H. Worth-

INGTON, of the Friends' Asylum, Frank.

Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meet-ford, Pennsylvania. Dr. KENDRICK, of the

ing of Medical Superintendents of American Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Columbus. Dr.

lastitutions for the Insane, held at Balti- {Browx, of the Bloomingdale Asylum,

more, May 10, 1853.-The Association met New York. Dr. CLEMENT A. WALKER,

at the Eutaw House, Baltimore, at 10 A.M., of the South Boston Asylum. Dr. Ed.

on the 10th of May. The following gen. WARD Jarvis, of the Dorchester (private)

tlemen were present :--

Institution, Massachusetts. Dr. FRANCIS

Dr. FRANCIS T. STRIELING, of the West.

BULLOCK, of the King's County Lunatic

ern Asylum, Virginia. Dr. T. S. KIRB-

Asylum, Flatbush, L. I.

BRIDE, of the Pennsylvania Hospital for the The meeting was called to order by Dr.

Insane, Philadelphia. Dr. N. D. Bene} BUTTOLPA, the Secretary.

DICT, of the New York State Lunatic Asy. In the temporary absence of the President,

lum, Utica. Dr. TYLER, New Hampshire Dr. Siribling was called to the chair.

Asylum, Concord. Dr. John CURwen, of On motion of Dr. Kirkbride, it was-

the Pennsylvania State Lunatic Hospital, Resolved, That each member be author.

Harrisburg. Dr. C. H. Nichols, of theized to invite such individuals and friends

U.S. Hospital for the Insane, Washington. as he may think proper to attend the meet-

Dr. H. A. BUTTOLPH, of the New Jersey { ing of this Association.

State Lunatic Asylum, Trenton. Dr. J. On motion of Dr. Fonerden, that a com-

FOXERDEX, of the Maryland Hospital, Balli-} mittee be appointed by the chair to prepare

more. Dr. W. H. STOKES, of the Mount and arrange business for the meeting, the

Hope Institution, Baltimore. Dr. R. J. President named Drs. Fonerden, Kirkbride,

PATTERSON, of the Indiana Hospital for the and Buttolph.

« ZurückWeiter »