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stage exit. A scene of terror and distress ensued. The President was seen to be leaning forward in his seat unconscious, and the piercing screams of Mrs. Lincoln announced that he had been shot. Men climbed upon the box to the aid of the sufferer; others rushed upon the stage in pursuit of the murderer. Surgeons hastily summoned found that the victim had received a bullet wound in the back of the head, and
decided that the wound was mortal. He removed to a private house
the street, where the next morning, without regaining consciousness, he died.
Meantime the city had become aroused. This eventful night showed how effective the police and secret-service force of government had become under the pressure of war. Instantly the telegraph aroused the police and military. The long roll was beat in the distant camps and fortifications. Signal lights flashed. Church bells tolled. Cavalry and infantry scoured the streets and picketed every road
HOUSE WHERE LINCOLN
leading out of the city. In five minutes on D Street alone five thousand people were in swift and excited motion.
Soon news came of an attempt to assassinate Secretary Seward and other high officers of government, and it was apparent that a deep-laid plot of assassination existed. The conspirators escaped for the time being, but ultimately received the punishment due to their crimes. The chief assassin, Booth, was overtaken in the Virginia barn where he had sought refuge, and was slain by a bullet from Boston Corbett's rifle. The others were also identified, and after trial executed or imprisoned.
The funeral services of the slain President were held at the White House on April 19th, and were of a character befitting the illustrious dead. The day was bright and beautiful, without a cloud ; at sunrise the heavy boom of minute-guns from the forts announced the commencement of ceremonies. The people who began early to assemble at the Executive Mansion found it draped in funeral crape, together with most of the buildings, public or private, in the vicinity. The East Room, in which, on a gloomy catafalque, the dead reposed, was hung with crape, the frames of the glittering mirrors being covered with black and white drapery, which lent to the room a dim, religious light well befitting the solemnity of the occasion. The audience gathered by the bier was of a character to lend dignity to the
The President of the United States, the Chief-Justice and his associates of the Supreme Court, members of Congress, cabinet ministers and
executive officers of government, generals of the army, foreign ambassadors and other members of the Diplomatic Corps, the clergy, and a multitude of distinguished citizens gathered from far and near to pay the last sad rites to one whom the nation most honored.
The Rev. Dr. Hall, rector of the Church of the Epiphany, began the ceremony by reading part of the Church service for the burial of the dead. Bishop Simpson offered prayer. Rev. Dr. Gurley delivered a funeral oration. At two o'clock the minute-guns and tolling bells announced that the funeral procession had left the White House. Its route was down Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol; the avenue for the whole distance had been cleared by the police, but the pavements were lined with silent and subdued spectators. The column moved to the solemn booming of minute-gunsfirst the military escort, a mile in length, each soldier with arms reversed and draped in black, marching to the sound of muffled drums and mournful dirge music.
After the militia came the civic procession, headed by Marshal Lamon, Surgeon-General Barnes, and the physicians who had attended the President. Behind these gentlemen was the funeral car, attended by the pall-bearers, fifteen in all,—three each, selected from the Senate, the House, the army, the navy, and from civil life. Next came the family of the President, consisting of Robert Lincoln, his little brother Thad, and their relatives, Mrs. Lincoln being too ill to be present. Behind these rode President Johnson, with two mounted officers on either hand; then in carriages, ChiefJustice Chase, and the Supreme Bench, the Diplomatic Corps, Senators and Representatives, public offi. cers, civic societies, delegations from cities, a large body of colored citizens, and forming the rear-guard another large body of military. The whole procession was three miles long, and consumed tvo hours and ten minutes in passing a given point. Arrived at the Capitol the body was placed in the centre of the rotunda, under the great dome, which had been appropriately draped for the occasion. Rev. Dr. Gurley then read the burial-service, and the exercises of the day were concluded. After lying in state in the Capitol for two days, the remains were removed for permanent interment in Springfield, Illinois, the route including New York and other great cities of the North, where equal honors were paid to the dead.
By the middle of May, Sherman's gallant veterans had arrived in the city, and it was decided fitly to celebrate the army's disbandment by a grand review of the two great divisions which, between them, had ground the armies of the South like grain between the upper and nether millstone.
Preliminary to the final discharge, therefore, the Army of the Potomac, under General Meade, and the Division of the Mississippi, under General Sherman, were ordered to pass in review before the eye of their Commander-in-chief, before the eyes of their respective chieftains, and before the eyes of the nation they had saved. Adequate preparations were made for the event, and so perfectly disciplined were the troops of the two armies, so welded together by the esprit of their splendid achievements, that the whole mass moved as one, and the work of organizing and directing the great parade was easily and smoothly accomplished. It was arranged that one day should be devoted to each army: the 23d of May, 1865, was assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and the following day, the 24th, to the Division of the Mississippi.