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11. And Portia again welcomed Antonio, and gave him letters which by some chance had fallen into her hands, containing an account of Antonio's ships, that were supposed lost, being safely arrived in the harbour. So these tragical beginnings of this rich merchant's story were all forgotten in the unexpected good-fortune which ensued, and there was leisure to laugh at the comical adventure of the rings, and the husbands that did not know their own wives; Gratiano merrily declaring, in a sort of rhyming speech, that

While he lived, he'd fear no other thing

So sore, as keeping safe Nerissa's ring. dis-missed'

pre-vailed' ear'-nest-ness en-sued' leis'-ure ac-cept


com'-ic-al in-debt'-ed naugh'-ty un-speak'-a-ble

de-clar'-ing griev-ous quar'-rel-ling be-gin'-nings rhym'-ing re-leased', gave him his liberty. con'-scious-ness, knowledge. in-gen-u'-i-ty, cleverness.

prat’-ing, chattering. sen'-a-tors, men who belonged to re-proached', blamed. the senate.

in-grat'-i-tude, unthankfulness. ac-quit'-ted, set free.

sure'-ty, one who becomes bound in es-pied', noticed; saw.

place of another in case of loss pro-cla-ma’-tion,giving public notice. or damage. gen-er-os'-i-ty, liberality.

trag'-ic-al, sorrowful; unhappy. EXERCISES.-1. The Greek prefix syn- (which has also the forms syl-, sym-) means together, with ; as sympathy, a feeling with ; synthesis, a placing together; syllable, letters pronounced together; synod (literally), in the way together, a meeting.

2. Analyse and parse the following : ‘Portia, who meant to return to Belmont before her husband, replied : “I humbly thank your Grace, but I must away directly.”'

3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words : Release, ingratitude, acquit, ingenuity.


CHURCHYARD-I. [In this noble poem by Thomas Gray, we have a series of reflections suggested by a visit paid to a country churchyard. The churchyard the poet had in view is believed to be that of Stoke Poges, near Slough, Buckinghamshire.]

The curfew tolls

the knell of

parting day, The lowing herd

winds slowly

o'er the lea, The ploughman

home ward plods his

weary way, And leaves the

world darkness and to me.



Now fades the

glimmering landscape on

the sight, 5 And all the air

a solemn stillStoke Poges Churchyard.

ness holds, Save where the beetle wheels his droning flight,

And drowsy tinklings lull the distant folds :

Save that from yonder ivy-mantled tower,

The moping owl does to the moon complain

10 Of such as, wandering near her secret bower,

Molest her ancient solitary reign.

Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-tree's shade,

Where heaves the turf in many a mouldering heap, Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,

The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.


The breezy call of incense-breathing morn,

The swallow twittering from the straw-built shed, The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn,

No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed.


For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn,

Or busy housewife ply her evening care : No children run to lisp their sire's return,

Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.

Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield,

25 Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke; How jocund did they drive their team afield !

How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke!


Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,

Their homely joys, and destiny obscure; Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile

The short and simple annals of the poor.

The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,

And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er gave, Await alike the inevitable hour :

The paths of glory lead but to the grave.



you, ye proud, impute to these the fault, If Memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise,

Where through the long-drawn aisle and fretted vault

The pealing anthem swells the note of praise. 40

Can storied urn or animated bust,

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? Can Honour's voice provoke the silent dust,

Or Flattery soothe the dull cold ear of Death ?


Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid

Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire ; Hands that the rod of empire might have swayed,

Or waked to ecstacy the living lyre :


But knowledge to their eyes her ample page,

Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er unroll; Chill penury repressed their noble rage,

And froze the genial current of the soul.



many a gem, of purest ray serene, The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear : Full

many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air.


Some village-Hampden, that with dauntless breast

The little tyrant of his fields withstood; Some mute inglorious Milton, here may rest,

Some Cromwell guiltless of his country's blood.


The applause of listening senates to comm

mand, The threats of pain and ruin to despise, To scatter plenty o'er a smiling land,

And read their history in a nation's eyes-Their lot forbade: nor circumscribed alone

Their growing virtues, but their crimes confined; Forbade to wade through slaughter to a throne,

And shut the gates of mercy on mankind :


65 70

The struggling pangs of conscious truth to hide,

To quench the blushes of ingenuous shame,
Or heap the shrine of Luxury and Pride

With incense kindled at the Muse's flame.

Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife

Their sober wishes never learned to stray ;
Along the cool sequestered vale of life

75 They kept the noiseless tenor of their way. com-plain' twit'-ter-ing stub'-born ne-glected

mould'-er-ing ech'-o-ing dis-dain'-ful ap-plause cur'-fow, a bell rung in England in and honour. Here used for

Norman times, at eight o'clock the ambitious, an instance of every night, to warn the people the figure called personificato cover up their fires and

tion. retire to rest.

ob-scuro', humble; unknown by the knell, the sound of a bell which is

world. sometimes rung at a death. her'-ald-ry, the study of family Here the day is supposed to history and coats of arms. be dying.

in-ev'-it-a-ble, that cannot be lea, grassy field.

avoided. plods, walks steadily and slowly. tro'-phies, monuments; memorials. land'-scape, scenery, or appearance aisle, side passage of a church. of the country.

an'-them, sacred song. drow'-sy tink'-lings, sleepy sound an'-i-mat-ed bust, life-like portrait of distant bells.

carved in stone. folds, inclosures where sheep are pregʻ-nant, filled. penned.

ce-les'-tial fire, heavenly or highmo-lest', disturb.

minded thoughts or desires. in'-cense-breath'-ing, full of fresh- ec'-sta-cy, fine, lively music. ness and sweetness.

pen'-u-ry, poverty. clar'-i-on, a kind of trumpet, the cir-cum-scribed', inclosed within notes of which are clear and

certain limits. shrill. Here the crowing of in-gen'-u-ous, frank and without the cock.

guile. glebe, the earth; soil.

se-ques'-tered, quiet and retired. team, two or more horses.

ten'-or, a holding on; continued am-bi'-tion, desire for power, fame,

EXERCISES.-1. The affixes -an, -ar, -ard, -eer, -er, -ist, -or, -ster, denote the agent or doer, the person that; as history, historian (the person that writes history); lie, liar (one that tells lies); drunk, drunkard ; mountain, mountaineer ; build, builder ; botany, botanist ; govern, governor ; song, songster.


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