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EXERCISES.-1. The Greek prefix a- or an- means not, without ; as anonymous, without a name; abyss, without a bottom; apathy, without feeling; anarchy, without government.
2. Analyse and parse the following:
My tears must stop, for every drop hinders needle and thread.' 3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words : Barbarous, chime, eaves, respite.
THE VISION OF MIRZA-I. [This beautiful allegory of human life, given under the guise of an Eastern story, is from the writings of Joseph Addison, the well-known essayist. It first appeared in 1711 in the periodical called the Spectator. ]
1. When I was at Grand Cairo, I picked up several oriental manuscripts, which I have still by me. Among others, I met with one entitled The Visions of Mirza, which I have read over with great pleasure. I intend to give it to the public when I have no other entertainment for them, and shall begin with the first vision, which I have translated word for word as follows:
2. On the fifth day of the moon, which, according to the custom of my forefathers, I always keep holy, after having washed myself, and offered up my morning devotions, I ascended the high hills of Bagdat, in order
Ι to pass the rest of the day in meditation and prayer. As I was here airing myself on the tops of the mountains, I fell into a profound contemplation on the vanity of human life; and passing from one thought to another, 'Surely, said I, 'man is but a shadow, and life a dream.'
3. Whilst I was thus musing, I cast my eyes towards the summit of a rock that was not far from me, where I discovered one in the habit of a shepherd, with a little
musical instrument in his hand. As I looked upon him, he applied it to his lips, and began to play upon it. The sound of it was exceedingly sweet, and wrought into a variety of tunes that were inexpressibly melodious, and altogether different from anything I had ever heard. They put me in mind of those heavenly airs that are played to the departed souls of good men upon their first arrival in paradise, to wear out the impressions of the last agonies, and qualify them for the pleasures of that happy place. My heart melted away in secret raptures.
4. I had been often told that the rock before me was the haunt of a genius, and that several had been entertained with music who had passed by it, but never heard that the musician had before made himself visible. When he had raised my thoughts by those transporting airs which he played, to taste the pleasures of his conversation, as I looked upon him like one astonished, he beckoned to me, and by the waving of his hand, directed me to approach the place where he sat.
5. I drew near with that reverence which is due to a superior nature; and as my heart was entirely subdued by the captivating strains I had heard, I fell down at his feet and wept. The genius smiled upon me with a look of compassion and affability that familiarised him to my imagination, and at once dispelled all the fears and apprehensions with which I approached him. He lifted me from the ground, and taking me by the hand, ‘Mirza,' said he, 'I have heard thee in thy soliloquies ; follow me.'
6. He then led me to the highest pinnacle of the rock, and placing me on the top of it, “Cast thine eyes eastward,' said he, and tell me what thou seest.'
'I see,' said I,ʻa huge valley, and a prodigious tide of water rolling through it.'
‘The valley that thou seest,' said he, “is the vale of misery, and the tide of water that thou seest, is part of the great tide of eternity.'
7. What is the reason,' said I, that the tide I see rises out of a thick mist at one end, and again loses itself in a thick mist at the other ?'
•What thou seest,' said he,‘is that portion of eternity which is called Time, measured out by the sun, and reaching from the beginning of the world to its consummation. Examine now,' said he, 'this sea that is bounded with darkness at both ends, and tell me what thou discoverest in it.'
'I see a bridge,' said I, standing in the midst of the tide.'
* The bridge thou seest,' said he, 'is Human Life; consider it attentively.'
8. Upon a more leisurely survey of it, I found that it consisted of threescore and ten entire arches, with several broken arches, which, added to those that were entire, made up the number to about a hundred. As I was counting the arches, the genius told me that this bridge consisted at first of a thousand arches, but that a great flood swept away the rest, and left the bridge in the ruinous condition I now beheld it.
* But tell me further,' said he, 'what thou discoverest
'I see multitudes of people passing over it,' said I, ' and a black cloud hanging on each end of it.'
9. As I looked more attentively, I saw several of the passengers dropping through the bridge into the great tide that flowed underneath it; and upon further examination, perceived there were innumerable trap-doors that lay concealed in the bridge, which the passengers no sooner trod upon, but they fell through them into the tide, and immediately disappeared. These hidden pitfalls were set very thick at the entrance of the bridge, so that throngs of people no sooner broke through the cloud, but many of them fell into them. They grew thinner towards the middle, but multiplied and lay closer together towards the end of the arches that were entire.
10. There were indeed some persons, but their number was very small, that continued a kind of hobbling march on the broken arches, but fell through one after another, being quite tired and spent with so long a walk.
11. I passed some time in the contemplation of this wonderful structure, and the great variety of objects which it presented. My heart was filled with a deep melancholy to see several dropping unexpectedly in the midst of mirth and jollity, and catching at everything that stood by them to save themselves. Some were looking up towards the heavens in a thoughtful posture, and, in the midst of a speculation, stumbled, and fell out of sight.
12. Multitudes were very busy in the pursuit of bubbles that glittered in their eyes and danced before them; but often when they thought themselves within the reach of them, their footing failed, and down they sank.
In this confusion of objects, I observed some with scimitars in their hands, and others who ran to and fro upon the bridge, thrusting several persons on trap-doors which did not seem to lie in their way, and which they might have escaped had they not been thus forced upon them.
en-ter-tain'-ment mus'-i-cal con-ver-sa’-tion leis'-ure-ly fore'-fa-thers in'-stru-ment su-pe'-ri-or pass'-en-gers as-cend'-ed va-ri'-e-ty
in-num'-er-a-ble med-i-ta'-tion par-a-dise
e-ter'-ni-ty dis-ap-peared sum'-mit
se'-cret meas'-ured mel'-an-chol-y dis-cov'-ered mus-i'-cian at-ten'-tive-ly pur-suit Grand Cairo, Cairo, the capital of beck'-oned, made signs. Egypt.
rev'-er-ence, respect for what is o-ri-en'-tal man'-u-scripts, written
above one. papers belonging to the East. cap-tiv-at-ing strain, attractive vis'-ions, things seen as in a dream. melody. trans-lat'-ed, turned from one com-pas'-sion, pity. language into another.
af-fa-bil'-i-ty, courtesy, especially to de-vo'-tions, prayers.
inferiors. Bag'-dat, on the Tigris, in Asiatic fa-mil'-i-ar-ised, made well known.
Turkey; once the chief city of dis-pelled', scattered ; sent away.
a great Mohammedan empire. ap-pre-hen'-sions, thoughts of evil pro-found' con-tem-pla’-tion, deep
to come. thought.
sol-il'-o-quies, talks to himself. in-ex-press'-i-bly me-lo'-di-ous, won- pin'-na-cle, top; highest point. derfully musical.
pro-dig'-ious, very great or large. ag'-on-ies, sufferings.
con-sum-ma'-tion, end. rap’-tures, great joy; gladness. sur'-vey, look. ge’-ni-us, a person possessing un- ru'-in-ous, decayed, broken. common powers.
con-cealed', hidden. trans-port'-ing airs, musical sounds struct'
'-ure, building. which seemed to lift those who spec-u-la'-tion, thought.
heard them above the earth. scim'-i-tars, short curved swords. EXERCISES.--1. The Greek prefix (1) amphi- means both, round ; as amphibious, living both on land and in water; amphitheatre, a theatre with seats round about. (2) Ana- means up, through ; as anatomy, a cutting through or up; analyse, to loosen (break up) a whole into its parts.
2. Analyse and parse the following : ““ What thou seest,” said he, “is that portion of eternity which is called Time."
3. Make sentences of your own, and use in each one or more of the following words : Translate, agony, survey, structure.