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Then to come in spite of sorrow
dap'-pled dawn, the east, where the
sun is rising, is ‘dappled' or
spotted with clouds. eg'-lan-tine, the dog-rose, the
the distinctive dress worn by
it was delivered,' or given
any be missing.
THE EVENING. [From the poem Il Penseroso (“the pensive man'), by John Milton. The sweet bird'here referred to is the nightingale. ]
Sweet bird, that shunn'st the noise of folly,
Oft on a plat of rising ground
mus'-i-cal fleec'-y mel'-an-chol-y,
sad. chant'-ress, singer. cur'-few, meaning 'cover-fire,' from
the practice in feudal times of the ringing of a bell at eight o'clock, as a signal to put out
all fires and lights. em'-bers, red-hot ashes. count'-er-feit, to imitate.
crick'-et re-sort', meeting-place. bell'-man's drows'-y charm, the bell
man or night watchman, as he went his rounds, called the hours and announced the state of the weather, as well as repeated pious phrases of blessing on those going to bed.
THE SAVAGES OF NORTH AMERICA.
[This lesson is taken from Essays, by Benjamin Franklin. ] 1. Savages, we call them, because their manners differ from ours, which we think the perfection of civility; they think the same of theirs. Perhaps, if we could examine the manners of different nations with impartiality, we should find no people so rude as to be without any rules of politeness, nor any so polite as not to have some remains of rudeness.
2. The Indian men, when young, are hunters and warriors; when old, counsellors; for all their government is by the counsel and advice of the sages: there is no force, there are no prisons, no officers to compel
obedience or inflict punishment. Hence they generally study oratory, the best speaker having the most influence. The Indian women till the ground, dress the food, nurse and bring up the children, and preserve and hand down to posterity the memory of public transactions. These employments of men and women are accounted natural and honourable.
3. Having few artificial wants, they have abundance of leisure for improvement in conversation. Our laborious manner of life, compared with theirs, they esteem slavish and base, and the learning on which we value ourselves they regard as frivolous and useless. An instance of this occurred at the treaty of Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, 1774, between the government of Virginia and the Six Nations. After the principal business was settled, the commissioners from Virginia acquainted the Indians by a speech that there was at Williamsburg, a college with a fund for educating Indian youth; and if the chiefs of the Six Nations would send down half a dozen of their sons to that college, the government would take care they should be well provided for and instructed in all the learning of the white people.
4. It is one of the Indian rules of politeness not to answer a public proposition the same day that it is made: they think it would be treating it as a light matter, and that they show it respect by taking time to consider it as a matter important. They therefore deferred their answer till the day following, when their speaker began by expressing their deep sense of the kindness of the Virginia government in making them that offer; "for we know,' says he, 'that you highly esteemed the kind of learning taught in those colleges, and that the maintenance of our young men while with you would be very expensive to you. We are convinced, therefore, that you mean to do us good by your proposal; and we thank you heartily.
5. “But you, who are wise, must know that different nations have different conceptions of things; and you will therefore not take it amiss if our ideas of this kind of education happen not to be the same with yours. We have had some experience of it. Several of our young people were formerly brought up at the colleges of the Northern provinces; they were instructed in all your sciences; but when they came back to us, they