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under my command: I conclude that the two corps will unite, which, in consequence of the situation of the Douro, I could not prevent.
Ciudad Rodrigo, November 19, 1812.--The troops uuder the command of Lieut.Gen. Sir Rowland Hill crossed the Tormes, at Alba, on the 8th inst, and those under my command took their position on the heights of St. Christoval de la Cuesta on the same day; Brigadier-Gen. Pack's brigade occupying Aldea Lengua, and Brigadier-Gen. Bradford's Cabrerizos on the right; and the British cavalry covering our front. I had desired Lieut.-Gen. Sir Rowland Hill to occupy the town and castle of Alba, with Major-Ged. Howard's brigade of the 2d division, leaving Lieut.-Gen. Hamilton's Portuguese division on the left of the Torwes to support those troops; while the ad division was posted in the neighbourhood of the fords of Encinas and Huerta ; and the 3d and 4th divisions remained at Calvarassa de Ariba in reserve.
On the oth the enemy drove in the picquets of Major-Gen. Long's brigade of cavalry, in front of Alba ; and Major-Gen. Long was obliged to withdraw his troops through Alba on the morning of the 10th. In the course of the day, the enemy's whole army approached our positions on the Tormes, and they attacked the troops in Alba witb 20 pieces of cannon, and a considerable body of infantry. They made no impression on tbem, however, and withdrew the cannon and the greater part of the troops on that night, and this attack was nerer renewed.
I enclose Lieut. Gen. Hamilton's report to Sir Rowland Hill of the transactions at Alba, which were highly creditable to the troops employed. From the 10th till the 14th the time was passed in various reconnoisances, as well of the fords of the Tormes as of the position which the troops under my command occupied on the right of that river, in front of Salamanca; and on the 14th the enemy crossed that river in force, at three fords near Lucinas, about two leagues above Alba,
I immediately broke up from Saint Christoval, and ordered the troups to move towards Arapiles; and as soon as I had ascertained the direction of the enemy's march from the fords, I moved with the ad division of infantry, and all the cavalry I could collect, to attack them ; leaving Lieut.-Gen. Sir Rowland Hill with the 4th, and Lieut.-Gen. Hamilton's divisions, in front of Alba, to protect this movement, and the 3d division in reserve on the Arapiles, to secure the possession of that position.
The enemy, bowever, were already too numerous, and too strongly posted at Mozarbes to be attacked ; and I confined myself to a cannonade of their cavalry, under cover of which I reconnoitred their position.
In the evening I withdrew all the troops from the neighbourhood of Alba to the Arapiles, leaving a small Spanish garrison in the castle, and having destroyed the bridge, in the course of the night and following morning, I moved the greatest part of the troops through Salamanca, and placed Lieut.-Gen. Sir Edward Paget with the Ist division of infantry on the right, at Aldea Tejada, in order to secure that passage for the troops over the Zunguen, in case the movements of the enemy on our right flank should render it necessary for me to make choice either of giving up my communication with Ciudad Rodrigo or Salamanca.
On the 15th, in the morning, I found the enemy fortifying their position at Mozarbes, which they had taken up the night before ; at the same time that they were moving bodies of caralry and infantry towards their own left, and to our communications with Ciudad Rodrigo. It was obvious that it was the enemy's intention to act upon our communications; and as they were too strong, and too strongly posted for me to think of attacking them, I determined to move upon Ciudad Rodrigo. I therefore put the army in march in three columns, and crossed the Zunguen, and then passed the enemy's left flank, and encamped that night on the Vamusa. We continued our march successively on the 16th, 17th, 18th, and this day, when part of the army crossed the Agueda, and the whole will cross that river to-morrow.
The enemy followed our movement on the 16th with a large body, probably the whole of the caralry, and a considerable body of infantry, but they did not attempt to press upon our rear. They took advantage of the ground to capnovade our rear guard, consisting of the light division, under Major-Gen. Charles Alten, on the 17th, on its passage of the Hucbra at San Mupnoz, and occasioned some loss.
The troops have suffered considerably from the severity of the weather, which, since the 15th, has been worse than I have crer known it at this season of the year.
I am sorry to add, that we have had the misfortune to lose Lieut.-Gen. Sir Edward Paget, who was taken prisoner on the 17th. He commanded the centre column, and the fall of rain having greatly injured the roads, and swelled the rivulets, there was an interval between the 5th and 7th divisions of infantry. Sir Edward rode to the rear alone, to discover the cause of this interval, and, as the road passed through a wood, either a detachment of the enemy's cavalry had got upon the road, or be missed the road, and fell into their hands in the wood. I understand that Sir Edward was not wounded, but I cannot sufficiently regret the loss of his assistance at this moment,
In my dispatch of the 7th inst. I communicated to your Lordship my opinion of the strength of the enemy, as far as I could judge of it from the reports I had received, and from what I had seen. I bave since learnt that General Caffarelli, with the army of the North certainly remained joined with the army of Portugal. Joseph Buonaparte left Madrid on the 4th iost. and arrived at Penaranda on the 8th, leaving at Madrid the civil authorities of his government, and a small garrison. Thesc authorities and troops eracuated Madrid on the 7th, and marched for Castile; and Col. Don Juan Palarea the Medico took possession of that city,
Your Lordship will have seen Gen. Ballesteros's letter of October 24, to the Regency, from which you will observe, that he had disobeyed the orders of the Government, given to him, at my suggestion, to march his troops into La Mancha, and hang upon the enemy's left flank, because tbe Regency and Cortes had offered me the chief command of the Spanish armies.
The wbole of the enemy's disposable force in Spain was, therefore, upon the Tormes, in the middle of this month ; and they were certainly not less tban 80,000 men, but more probably 90,000; of these 10,000 were cavalry; and as the army of Portugal alone had 100 pieces of cannon, it is probable that they had not less in all the armies than 200 pieces.
(Enclosure, No. 1.) Alba de Tormes, Nov. 11, 1812.-Sir, I have the honor to report the steps I have taken to carry into effect your instructions for the defence of this place, wbich, I am happy to say, have obliged the enemy to withdraw the greatest part of the force opposed to us; and I feel almost confident we shall be able to retain our position as long as you may deem expedient.
I yesterday garrisoned and provisioned the castle, and by the exertions of Captain Goldfinch, of the engineers, it is put into as good a state as circumstances will admit; he is continuing strengtbening it. Capt. Goldfinch has been of great assistance to me.
I have appropriated to each regiment a district of this town, and the commanding officer bas barricaded the streets and buildings in a very judicious manner. Brigadier Da Casta and Campbell's brigades are in our position on the left bank of the Tormes. Brigadier Campbell reports his having caused the enemy some loss, in their attempt to pass a ford near his position.
Lieut.-Col. Tulloch bas made so good an arrangement of his two brigades of guns, that, united with the position of the two brigades of iofantry on the left bank of the Tormes, I consider my flanks secure.
Early yesterday morning Major-Gen. Long, commanding the cavalry in front, reported that the enemy were advancing in great force; I was therefore induced to retire the cavalry.
About ten o'clock the enemy appeared on the heights in considerable force of ca• valry, and a few infantry, covering, as I conceived, a reconnoissance of several offi- . cers of rank. About two o'clock the enemy's force was increased to 15 squadrons, and 6,000 infantry, and 20 guns, including 6 six-inch howitzers, which immediately commenced firing, and continued until it was dark." The enemy's light troops ad vanced close to the walls we had hastily thrown up; but, from the cool and steady conduct of the 51st regiment, Col. Stewart; 71st regiment, the Hon. Col. Cadogan ; the 92d, Col. Cameron ; Gen. Howard's brigade, the enemy dared notattempt the town.:
About eight o'clock in the evening I was repeatedly informed that the enemy's infantry was considerably increasing, which induced me to order three battalions of Brigadier Da Costa's brigade into town, leaving his other battalion for the protec tion of the fords. The enemy, during the night, withdrew their artillery, and I hare left a small force of cavalry and infantry, who keep up a smart fire. I have to regret the loss of a considerable number of men, but which I trust you will pot deem great, when you consider the heavy and incessant fire of artillery for so many hours. The loss of the Portuguese was while on duty this morniog, and I have real pleasure reporting their steady and animated conduct. O
I feel much indebted to Major-Gen. Howard, who rendered me every possible age sistance, as also to every officer and soldier of his excellent brigade," for their steady, zealous, and soldier-like conduct.
To Capt. Pinto Savedra, my Assistant Adjutant-General ; to Capt. Watson, light dragoons, Assistant Quarter-Master-General ; and to Capt. Bunbury, my Aid-deCamp, I consider myself obliged, for their prompt execution of my orders.
I enclose a return of the killed and wounded, and trust we shall not have many more casualties.
JOHN HAMILTON, Lieut.-GEN. Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill.
Return of Killed and Wounded of the Army under the Command of His Ercel.
lency General the Marquis of Wellington, K.B. in an Affair at Alba de Tormes,
on the 10th and 11th of November, 1812. 50th Foot, 1st Batt.—2 rank and file, killed; 1 serjeant, 10 rank and file, wounded. 60th Foot, 5th Batt.-8 rank and file wounded. 71 st Foot, ist Batt.-4 rank and file, killed; 2 serjeants, 3 rank and file, wounded. 92d Foot, ist Batt.—7 rank and file killed; I lieutenant, 31 rank and file wounded. Total British loss-13 rank and file killed; I lieutenant, 3 serjeants, 52 rank and
file, wounded. Total Portuguese loss—8 rank and file, killed; I captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant,
33 rank and file, wounded, Grand total—21 rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 2 lieutenants, 4 serjeants, 85 rank and file wounded.
Names of the Officers wounded.-British. 92d Foot-Lieut, Andrew Hill, severely.
Portuguese. 2d Regt. of the Line-Capt. Rezinde, slightly; Lieut. Pinto, dangerously.
Return of Killed, Wounded, and Missing of the Army under the command of His
Excellency General the Marquis of Wellington, K. B. in the Movements of the
Army from the 22d to the 29th of October, 1812, inclusive, Royal Artillery-3 rank and file, killed; I lieutenant-colonel, I lieutenant, 4
rank and file, 2 horses, wounded, 8 rank and file, 7 horses, missing. 3d Dragoons- rank and file, 1 horse, killed ; 1'serjeant, 9 rank and file, 2 horses,
missing. 4th Dragoons, rank and file, killed; 5 rank and file, 3 horses, missing. 11th Light Dragoons-15 rank and file, 19 horses, killed; 2 lieutenants, 3 ser
jeants, 23 rank and file, 14 horses, wounded ; 6 rank and file, 6 horses, missing. 12th Light Dragoons-1 serjeant, 3 rank and file, 9 horses, killed; 1 lieutenant, 1 ser
jeant, s rank and file, 15 horses, wounded ; 9 rank and file, 9 horses, missing. 16th Light Dragoons— serjeauts, 6 rank and file, 38 horses, killed; I captain, i
lieutenant, 4 serjeants, 35 raok and file, 24 horses wounded; I lieutenant-colo
nel, I lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 10 rank and file, 5 horses, missing. 1st Dragoons, King's German Legion-10 rank and file, 6 horses, killed; I major,
2 lieutenants, 1 serjeant, 15 ranls and file, 8 horses, wounded; I major, 1 ser
jeant, 13 rank and file, 10 horses, missing. 20 Dragoons, King's German Legion 1 rank and file, 1 borse, killed; 1 lieutenant,
I ensigo, i serjeant, 21 rank and file, 2 horses, wounded; 1 captain, 2 ensigns,
I serjeant; 1 trumpeter, 22 rank and file, 17 horses, missing. 1st Royal Scots, 3d Batt. 2 serjeants, 6 rank and file, killed; I serjeant, 7 rank
and file, wounded; I serjeant, 26 rank and file missing. 4th Foot, ist Batt.- 1 serjeant, 4 raok and file, killed; I lieutenant-colonel, 1 lieu
tenant, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer, 41 rank and file, wounded; 3 rank and file, missing. 4th Foot, 2d Batt.--! rank and file killed ; 1 serjeant, 4 rank and file, wounded;
I serjeant, 17 rank and file, missing. 9th Foot, 1st Batt.-) serjeant, 6 rank and file, killed ; 5 lieutenants, 3 serjeants,
34 rank and ble, wounded; I lieutenant, i serjeant, 82 rank and file, missing. 30th Foot, od Batt.—2 serjeants, 2 rank and file, killed; I captain, 3 lieutenants,
3 eusigns, 2 serjeants, 23 rank and file, wounded ; 10 rank and file, missing. 38th Foot, 1st Batt. I captain, 3 rank and file, killed; 2 serjeants, 19 rank and
kļe, wounded ; 1 captain, missing.
38th Foot, 2d Batt.—1 rank and file, killed ; 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 9
serjeants, 18 rank and file, wounded ; 1 serjeant, 2 rank and file, missing. 44th Foot, 2d Batt. -1 lieutenant, 1 serjeant, 3 rank and file, killed; I lieutenant
colonel, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 20 rank and file, wounded. 51st Foot-1 rank and file, killed ; 1 lieutenant, 4 rank and Sle, wounded. Chasseurs Britanniques-1 rank and file, wounded Ist Light Batt. King's German Legion-1 rank and file, killed ; 1 serjeant, 9 rank
and file, wounded ; 14 rank and Gile, missing. 2d Light Batt. King's German Legion-i drummer, 2 rank and file, wounded ; :
rapk and file, missing. Brunswick Oels' Corps I captain, 1 lieutenant, 7 rank and Gile, killed; I captain,
26 rank and file, wounded ; 2 serjeauts, 18 rank and file, missing. Total Portuguese loss—4 serjeants, 2 drummers, 32 rank and gie, killed; I major,
2 captains, 3 lieutenants, 4 ensigos, I stali, 9 surgeons, 1 drummer, 125 rank and file, wounded ; 2 serjeants, I drummer, 14 rank and file, missing. Total British Joss-2 captains, 2 lieutenants, 10 serjeants, 75 rank and file, 74 horses,
killed; 3 lieutenant-colonels, 1 major, 4 captains, 20 lieutenants, 6 ensigns, 26 serjeants, 2 drummers, 314 rank and file, 65 horses, wounded; I lieutenantcolonel, 1 major, 2 captains, 2 lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 10 serjeants, 1 drummer,
207 rank and file, 59 borses, missing. General total of British and Portuguese loss- 2 captains, 2 lieutenants, 14 serjeants,
2 drummers, 107 rank and fije, 74 horses, killed ; 3 lieutenant-colonels, 2 majors, 6 captains, 23 lieutenants, 10 ensigns, í staff, 35 serjeants, 3 drunmers, 439 rank and file, 65 horses, wounded; I lieutenant-colonel, 1 major, 2 captains, 2 lieutenants, qepsigns, 12 serjeants, 2drummers, 221 rank and file, 59 horses, missing. (Signed)
S. A. GOODMAN, D. A. A. G.
Names of the Officers killed,
KILLED, October 25, 1812. 38th Foot 1st Batt.-Capt. Todd. 44th Foot, 2d Batt.--Lieut. Lennon. Brunswick Light Infantry_Capt. Sternfeldt; Lieut. Hartwig.
WOUNDED, October 23, 1812. 11th Light Dragoons--Lieut. Lye and Knipe. 12th Light Dragoons-Lieut. Taylor. 16th Light Dragoons-Capt. Murray; Lieut. Lockhart, since dead. Ist Dragoons, King's German Legion-Major Meydell ; Lieuts. Decken and Phibbs. 2d Dragoons, King's German Legion-Lieut. Hugo; Cornet De Massau.
October 25, 1812. Royal Artillery-Lieut, Jobostone. 4th Foot, ist Batt.—Lieut.-Col. Piper, slightly; Lieut. Edgell, severely. 9th Foot, 1st Batt.--Lieuts. Ackland, Taylor, Hon, W. Curzons, and Ford, sererely
Lieut. Ross Lewin, slightly. 30th Foot, 2d Batt.—Capt. Hitchins, Lieut. Andrews, slightly; Lieut. Rumley, se
verely; Lieut. Brisac, Ensigns Beere and Tincombe, slightly; Ensigo Madden,
severely. 44th Foot, 2d Batt.-Lieut.-Col. Harding, slightly; Lieut. Elwis, dangerously
Ensign Smith, severely. Brunswick Oels Corps-Capt. Nassau. 3d Regt. of the Line Portuguese-Ensign Joze de Moneada.
A 9th Cacadores--Major Hill, slightly; Capt. Western, severely; Capt. Manoel Ca.
tin, slightly; Lieuts. Antonio Carlos and Joao Baptist, severely; Lieut. Domingo Fortenha, slightly; Ensigos Joao dos Santos, Joao Sebastiana, and Rodrigo Navarre, and Adjutant Leech, severely.
October 27, 1812.
October 28, 1812. 51st Foot-Lieut. Hickie, severely, (arm ainputated.)
tedenen . MISSING, October 23, 1819. 1. 16th Light Dragoons--Lieut.-Col. Pelly, Lieut. Baker. Ist Dragoons, King's German Legion-Major Fischer. ad Dragoons, King's German Legion-Capt. Lenthe, Cornets Droege and Schacker
October 25, 1812. 9th Foot, 1st Batt.—Lieut. Whitley. 38th Foot, ist Batt.-Brevet Major Evans. S.A. GOODMAN, D.A. A. Gen.
South East Regiment of Hants Cavalry- Thomas Atkinson, Esq. to be Captain, vice Clavering, resigned. Dated November 25, 1812.
Royal London Regiments of Militia. East Regiment-Ensign Joho Dunkin to be Lieutenant, vice Dias, resigned. Dated
June 24, 1812.-John Jorden, Gent. to be Ensign, vice Silburn, resigned. Dated February 26, 1812.-William Besley Dunsford, Gent, to be Do. vice Dunkin, pro
moted. Dated June 24, 1812. West Regiment-Ensign ...... Duubar to be Lieutenant, vice Williams, re
signed. Dated March 11, 1812.-Ensign T. B. Taylor to be. Do. vice Wollstonecroft, resigned. Dated March 12, 1812,-Eosign G. P. Smith to be Do. vice Trowse, resigned. Dated May 13, 1812.-H. Nich. Gage, Gent. to be Ensign, vice Dunbar, promoted. Dated March 11, 1812.-James Berkley, Gent. to be Do. vice Taylor, promoted. Dated May 13, 1812.--Henry Dunkin, Gent. to be
Do. vice Smith promoted. Dated May 14, 1812. Herefordshire Militia--Thomas Baker, Esq. to be Major. Dated May 25, 1812,
Henry Jeffery Winnington, Esq. to be Captain. Pated June 10, 1812.-William Price, Esq. to be Do. Dated June 24, 1812.-William Barroll, Esq. to be Do. Dated September 10, 1812.-John Davies, Gent. to be Lieutenant. Dated June 17, 1812.Joseph Fletcher, Gent, to be Do. Dated as above.-Thomas Hunter, Gent, to be Do. Dated July 24, 1812.-Micbael Parker, Gent. to be Do. Dated August 24, 1812.-George John Whittam, Gent. to be Do. Dated October 24, 1912.—Thomas Hunter, Gent. to be Ensign. Dated May 24, 1812. --Micbael Parker, Gent, to be Do. Dated Juoe 24, 1812.-George John Whittam, Gent, to be ditto. Dated August 24, 1812.-Thomas Willim, Gent. to be Do.
Dated September 10, 1812. North Hants Regiment of Militia-Charles M, Robsinson, Gent. to be Ensign.
Dated 2d November, 1812,-Ensign C. M. Robinson to Lieutenant. Dated 12th November, 1812.-George Chapman, Gent. to be Easiga. Dated as above.
Foreign-Office, Dec. 8, 1812. DISPATCHES, of which the following are copies, were yesterday received from General Viscount Cathcart, K. T. His Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at the Court of Russia, by Viscount Castlereagh, one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State.
St. Petersburgh, Nor. 11, 1812.--My LORD, I have the honour to acquaint your Lordship, that Buonaparte bas escaped from the government of Moscow, and has followed the road to Smolensko by which he came.
Generals Count Platow and Count Orloff Denizoff have been incessantly in his rear, and on both flanks of his line of march; the former attacked a position defended by infantry and cannon, which he carried, taking two colours, twenty-two pieces of artillery, and such prisoners as could be saved. Count Orloff Denizoff bas likewise met with resistance which he has every where overpowered, and bas taken many trophies and quantities of baggage, ammunition waggons, with prisoners, and some ordnance.
From the quantities of ammunition blown up by the enemy, and from the state of the road, described to be covered with the bodies of dead men and horses, the retreat of the rear divisions of the French is stated to have every character of continued flight.
On the 3d of November General Millaradovitcb, with the column under his command, reached the main road near Viasma, where he had a sharp engagement with the rear guard, which is reported by the prisoners to have been composed of the divisions of Beauharnois, of Daroust, and Ney; their divisions in vain attempted to arrest his progress, and, after several brilliant charges by the Russian cavalry, were driven through the town of Viasma at the point of the bayonet, and pursued to Erenina by the light cavalry under General Platow : in this attack the infantry regiment of Perpoff, led by its Colonel, General Tchoglokoff, and by Major-Gen. Parkivitch, formed the head of the column, and charged into the towa with drums beating and colours flying,