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IN THE UNITED STATES.

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If it has pernicious tendency, sift it, and expose it, irrespective of any
human tribunal. If it contains good sense, let it be known, and let the
community have the full benefits of it. There is a vast amount of indis-
criminate eulogy in regard to works, which are in the main, excellent.
But no man's name ought to shield him from a candid and full examination.
The greater his reputation, the more important that the grounds of it should
be ascertained.

The utility of such a work, as I propose, would be great and unques-
tionable. There are certain principles in politics, and literature, and
religion, to the discussion of which the pages of such a publication would
be eminently appropriate. There is a law of nature and nations, with a
thousand important modifications and provisions, which would furnish a
fine field for investigation. It would be an expounder of public right-the
fearless assertor and vindicator of the public faith, and the public morality.
Of the want of such a work the history of our country within a few years,
has borne most abundant and melancholy evidence. The guilt of those
measures to which I allude, rests, in part at least, upon our religious and
well-disposed communities. How feebly have we petitioned : how coldly
have talked : how rarely have we prayed. Why have not the public
presses spoken in a voice of thunder ?

Now, such a work, possessing great intellectual power, and written with
purity of taste, and circulated among a large number of subscribers, would
have a weight of authority, and an extent of influence, which would illu-
minate the conscience, and arouse the mind of this whole country. It
would concentrate and embody a great amount of influence and talent
which is now lost. It would look abroad upon the relations which we
sustain to other portions of the world, and to the duties resulting therefrom.
It would suggest the deficiencies which exist in nearly all our mental
philosophies,-in not looking at man as he is, in building noble structures
on baseless foundations. It would show to the people of this generation,
that a belief in the Deity and atonement of Jesus Christ, is not in essen-
tial connection with a perverted taste, or with a feeble intellect; and that a
belief in the existence of a mighty renovating agency in the world of mind,
is no more a proof of insanity, than a belief in the operations of the same
power in the world of matter. To make a Christian literature, we must
seize on the sources of that literature. It does no good for us to complain
that the current literature is negative, or antichristian, unless we do all in
our power to create and support a thoroughly Christian literature. The
discussion of important topics, the communication of valuable thoughts,
does not influence a large number of minds in this country, if they are
found to be associated with bad taste or contracted views. The question
is
, Shall a heavenly influence pervade all the fountains of knowledge ?
Shall good taste and vital Christianity be united ? Shall our scholars be
compelled to abide by the decisions of a literature founded on the truth of
God?

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If we but took the same care of our inward dispositions, from a sense of

we do of our outward deportment before an earthly
superior, we should soon be prepared for his most searching operations.

THOMAS ADAM.

God's presence, as

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RESOURCES OF THE UNITED Apples,

31,148
Rice,

2,016,267
STATES.

$16,826,408
,

4,892,388
The following details are copied Cotton,

25,289,492
from the annual statement of the All other agricultural products

Indigo,
Commerce and Navigation of the

Flax Seed,

216,376
United States, just issued from the Hops,

Brown Sugar,

10,105
Treasury Department, Washington.

$253,145
I, IMPORTS and EXPORTS for the year ending Sep-
tember 30th, 1831, and also for a number of pre-

Manufactures.
vious years.

643,252
Years. Imports.

Soap and tallow candles,
Exports.

290,937

Leather, boots and shoes,.
1831 $103,191,124 $81,310,583

Household furniture, .

229,231
1830
70,876,920 73,849,508
Coaches and other carriages,

49,490
1829 74,492,527 72,358,671

Hats,

353,013
1828 88,509,824 72,264,686

Saddlery,

39,440
1827 79,484,068 82,324,827

114,017

Wax,
1826 84,974,477 77,595,322

141,794

Spirits from grain, beer, ale, and porter, .
1825 96,340,075 99,535,388

292,475

Snuff and tobacco,
1824 80,549,007 75,986,657

7,068

Lead, .
1823 77,579,267 74,699,030

Linseed oil, and spirits of turpentine, 54,092
1822 83,241,541 72,160,281

6,109

Cordage,
1821 62,585,724
64,974,382

62,376

Iron, pig, bar, and nails,
1807 Previous to the 108,843,150
1806 year ending 30th 101,536,963

Castings,
all manufactures of,

149,438
1800 Sept. 1821, i he re 70,971,780

34,569
1795

Spirits from molasses,

47,989,472
turns do not show

215,794

Sugar refined,
1790 the value of im 20,205,156

Chocolate,

1,965
ports.
Gunpowder,

102,033

55,755
II. SUMMARY STATEMENT of the value of the Ex-Copper and brass,

Medicinal drugs,

104,760
ports of the growth, produce, and manufacture of
the United States, during the year commencing on

$2,969,435
the 1st of October, 1830, and ending on the 30th

Cotton piece goods-
day of September, 1831.

Printed or colored,

96,931
The Sea
White,

947,932
Nankeens,

2,097
Fisheries-

17,221
Dried Fish or Cod Fisheries,

Twist, yarn, and thread,
$625,393
All other manufactures of,

61,832
Pickled fish or river fisheries, herring,
shad, salmon, mackerel,
304,441

$1,126,313
Whale and other fish oil,

554,440 Flax and hemp-
Sper maceti oil,

53,526
Cloth and thread,

231
Whalebone,
133,842

2,599

Bags, and all manufactures of,
Spermaceti candles,
217,830 Wearing apparel,

59,749
Combs and buttons,

120,217

3,947
Billiard tables and apparatus,

2,343
The Forest.
Umbrellas and parasols,

29,580

Leather and morocco skins not sold per
Skins and Furs,

750,938
pound,

58,146
Ginseng,
115,928 Printing presses and type,

8,713
Product of Wood-

Musical instruments,
Staves, shingles, boards, & hewn timber, 1,467,065 Books and maps,

35,609
Other Lumber,

214,105
Paper and other stationary,

55,121
Masts and spars,
7,806 Paints and Varnish,

22,022
Oak bark, and other dye,
All manufactures of wood,
275,219 Earthen and stone ware,

7,378
Naval Stores, tar, pitch, rosin, & turp., 397,687 Fire engines and apparatus,

5,630
Ashes, pot and pearl,

935,613 Manufactures of glass,
tin,

3,909
$4,263,477

pewter and lead,

marble and stone,
Agriculture.

gold and silver, and gold
leaf,

3,464
Product of animals-

Gold and silver coin,
Beef, tallow, hides, and horned cattle, . 829,982 Artificial flowers and jewelry, .
Butter and cheese, .

264,796 Molasses,
Pork, (pickled,) bacon, lard, live hogs,: 1,501,644 Trunks,

5,326
Horses and mules, .

218,015 Brick and lime, .
Sheep,
14,499 Salt,

26,843
Vegetable food
Wheat,

523,270
Flour,

9,938,458 Articles not enumerated-
Indian corn,

396,617 Manufactured,
Indian meal,

595,434 Other articles,
Rye meal,

71,881
Rye, oats, and other small grain, and pulse, 132717
Biscuit, or ship bread,

250,533
Potatoes,

41,147

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$1,889,472 Brushes,

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10,906

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99,116 Vinegar,

7,178

102,736

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6,422
3,588

2,058,474
11,439

948

4,412

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III. A COMPARATIVE View of the Registered, Eno | IV. IMPORTS and EXPORTS of the several States for rolled, and Licensed Tonnage of the United States,

the year ending Sept. 30, 1831. from 1815 to 1830, inclusive.

Imports.

Erports.
Maine,
941,417 Maine,

805,573 Registered ton- Enrolled & licensed Total New Hampshire, 146,205 New Hampshire, :

111,222 Yeare. nage. tonnage. tonnage, Vermont,

166,206 Vermont,

925,127 Tons and 95ths.

Massachusetts, 14,269,056 Massachusetts, 7,733,763 1815 854,294 74 513,833 04

367,465 1,368,127 78 Rhode Island,

562,161 Rhode Island,
Connecticut,
405,066 Connecticut,

482,883 1816 800,759 63 571,458 85 1,372,218 53

New York, 57,077,417 New York,' . 25,535,144 1817 809,724 70 590,186 66 1,399,911 41

New Jersey,

New Jersey,

11,430 1818 606,088 64 609,095 51 1,225,184 20 Pennsylvania, 12,124,083 Pennsylvania, 5,513,713 1819 612,930 44 647,821 17 1,260,751 61 Delaware,

21,656 Delaware,

54,514 1820 619,047 53

Maryland,
4,826,577 Maryland,

4,308,647 661,118 66 1,280,166 24

Dist: Columbia, '193,555 Dist. Columbia, 1,220,975 1821 619,096 40 679,062 30 1,298,958 70 Virginia,

488,522 Virginia,

4,150,475 18:22 628,150 41 696,548 71 1,324,699 17 North Carolina, 196,356 North Carolina, 341,140 1823 639,920 76 696,544 87 1,336,565 68

South Carolina, 1,233,164 South Carolina, 6,575,201 1824 669,972 60 719,190 37

3,959,813 399,910 Georgia, Georgia, 1,389,163 02 Alabama, 204,435 Alabama,

2,413,894 1825 700,787 08 722,323 69 1,423,11] 77

Mississippi,

Mississippi, 1826 737,978 15 796,212 68 1,534,190 83

Louisiana,
9,766,693 Louisiana,

16,761,989 1827 747,170 44 873,437 34 1,620,607 78Ohio,

617 Ohio,

14,728 1828 812,619 37 928,772 50 1,741,391 87

Florida,
115,710 Florida,

30,495 18:29

27,299 Michigan,

12,392 650,142 88

Michigan, 610,654 88 1,260,977 81 1830 576,475 33 615,301 30 1,191,776 431

Total, $103,199,124 Total, $81,310,583

NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Inquiries concerning the Intellectual class of the Academy of sciences. He is

Powers and the Investigation of Truth. By principally devoted to physics, particularly
John ABERCROMBIE, M. D., F. R. S., Fellow of to investigations relating to the theory of
the Royal College of Physicians, London, and first light and galvanism. In 1805, he was Sec-
Physician to his Majesty for Scotland.
York: J. & J. Harper, 1832. pp. 349.

retary to the Board of Longitude, and in After about thirty pages of introductory conjunction with Biot and others, measured remarks on the general objects of science, the arc of the meridian, between Barcelona, Dr. Abercrombie proceeds to consider the in Spain, and the island, Formentera. He nature and extent of our knowledge of was born at Estagel, in Perpignan, in 1786. mind. A few pages are devoted to an in

The tract, of which we have given the quiry respecting the origin of our know- title, is devoted, in the first place, to the stateledge of facts relating both to matter and ment of all the exact and indisputable results mind. Under the intellectual powers, he which science has made known upon the briefly considers memory, abstraction, 'im- subject of comets, and, in the second place, agination, reason or judgment, the use of to a detailed examination of certain hyporeason in the investigation of truth, and the theses respecting comets. The periodical use of reason in correcting the impressions return of but three comets has been satisfacof the mind in regard to external things. torily determined. 1. The comet of 1759, About forty pages are then devoted to re

whose elements were calculated by Halley, marks upon the application of the rules of re-appeared on the 12th of March, 1759, philosophical investigation to medical science, and will again be visible on the 16th of NoThe volume is very appropriately closed vember, 1835. 2. The comet which was diswith a view of the qualities and acquire covered at Marseilles, in France, in 1818, by ments which constitute a well regulated M. Pons, and whose course round the sun mind. The book was designed for the was computed by M. Encke, of Berlin, to younger members of the medical profession, occupy 1,200 days, appeared in 1822, 1825, but it is well worth the perusal of men of 1829, and in May, 1832. 3. The comet of all professions. Dr. Abercrombie is a

six years and a quarter, discovered at JoChristian philosopher. He does not over

hannisberg, on the 27th of February, 1826, look the great fact, that man is in a condi- and ten days afterward at Marseilles, by tion different from that in which he was

M. Gambert. This comet was found accreated, and that Christianity is a remedial cording to the table of the elements of system. Such views, coming from a phy-in 1772, and it appeared on the 29th of Oct.

comets, to have been observed in 1895, and sician of great celebrity, and stated in a candid and judicious manner, must be pro-pearance in 1832, it will be always more

last, 1832, before midnight. During its ap. ductive of very beneficial effects.

than twenty-eight millions of miles from Tract on Comets ; and particularly the earth. “If, instead of passing the plane

the Comet that is to intersect the earth's path in of the ecliptic on the night of the 29th of October, 1832, by M. Arago, attached to the October, it reached that point on the mornRoyal Observatory at Paris. 'Translated from the French, by John FARRAR. Boston: Hiling of the 30th of November, it would cerliard, Gray & Co. 1832. pp. 89.

tainly mingle its atmosphere with ours, and Arago, the author of this tract, took the perhaps it would strike us.” Our readers place of Lalande in the National Institute, will find in this tract of M. Arago, a vaand in 1816, became a member of the third | riety of interesting facts and calculations. VOL. V.

20

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View of the Valley of the Mississippi ; curacy and spirit, which are manifested. It

or, the Emigrant's and Traveller's Guide to the is beyond all question, the best book of the West. Containing a general description of that kind before the American public. We entire country, and also notices of the soil, pro hope that a speedy sale of the edition, will and trade; and likewise of the cities and towns, render it necessary for President Allen to progress of education, &c. of each State and Ter- enlarge and enrich his truly valuable ritory. Phila.: H. S. Tanner, 1832. pp. 341.

work.* This book is divided into twenty-eight chapters. The first chapter contains a Thoughts in Affliction; by the Rev. general description of the United States; A.S. Thelwall, A. M. of Trinity College, Camthe following nine chapters embrace a view

bridge. First American edition revised and en

larged. To which is added Bereaved Parents of the physical resources, geography, cli

Consoled, by John Thornton. Also, Sacred mate, history, population, &c. of the Valley Poetry, carefully selected by a clergyman. New of the Mississippi; the fourteen subsequent York: D. Appleton, Clinton Hall, 1832. pp. 320. chapters, describe the individual States and

Those, who are passing through the waves Territories of the Valley; the last four, de- of affliction, will find this little volume very tail the condition of the literary institutions, well adapted to console and instruct them. religious denominations, and modes of trav- The sentiments are scriptural and are imelling. The value of the book is much en- pressively stated. It can be read in dehanced by a map of the United States, tached portions, to suit the circumstances eight smaller maps of different portions of of mourners. the country, and views of the environs of Cincinnati, Pittsburg, Louisville, Lexing-Remarks on the Unitarian Belief; with ton, Nashville, and other places. Indeed,

a letter to a Unitarian friend on the Lord's Supwe suppose Mr. Tanner could not be con

per. By Nehemiah Adams, Pastor of the first cerned with a book, without putting in Church of Christ in Cambridge. Boston: Peirce some good maps. We understand that the

& Parker, 1832. Rev. Robert Baird, who has been, for some In this volume of Mr. Adams, the evi. time, the indefatigable agent of the Ameri- dences of huinan depravity, the necessity of can Sunday School Union, and who has regeneration, the character of Christ as a travelled repeatedly over large portions of mediator, the proofs of the doctrine of the the country, which he describes, is the Trinity, the deity and personality of the author of the work. We need not say that Holy Spirit, and the nature and importance it is a faithful and comprehensive exposition of the Lord's Supper, are exhibited in a satof the condition of the western country. isfactory_manner, and with a very good The chapter upon the climate, diseases, &c. spirit. The first part of the book, was was furnished by Dr. Daniel Drake of Cin- originally a review of the treatise of the cinnati. Some valuable hints to emigrants, Rev. Henry Ware, Jr. on the formation of are given, by Judge Hall, editor of the the Christian character. While the style Western Magazine.

and general air of seriousness of Mr. Ware's

book are commended, it is shown to be esAn American Biographical and His- sentially defective in its main object, as a

torical Dictionary, containing an account of the guide to those who are seeking to lead a
lives, characters, and writings, of the most emi-
nent persons in North America, from its first

religious life.
settlement, and a summary of the history of the
several colonies, and of the United States. By The Refuge; containing the righteous
WILLIAM ALLEN, D. D. President of Bowdoin

man's habitation, in the time of plague and pesCollege, &c. Second edition. Boston: William tilence.

Being a brief exposition of the 91st Hyde & Co. 1832.

Psalm; by William Bridge, fellow of Cambridge The biographical articles in this book,

College, England, Also, an exposition of the

91st Psalm, by Bishop Horne, and some account exceed 1,800; presenting, an account of

of the great plague of the 14th century. New more than 1,000 individuals not mentioned York: Daniel Appleton, 1832. pp. in Lord's edition of Lempriere, and of about

This is one of the numerous publications 1,600, not found in the first ten volumes of which the prevalence of the cholera in this the Encyclopedia Americana. . We have country has called forth. It has the quainthad occasion to use the dictionaries of Eliot, ness and good sense of the old writers, and an Lempriere, Davenport, and others, and earnestness of pious feeling, such as the have frequently been disappointed in regard judgments of God are wont to produce in to the object of our search. The Encyclo- the hearts of his servants. pedia Americana, is much more full in regard to political and literary character, than religious. Many individuals, who have cellent men who lived in Springfield, Ms.

* We observe that no notice is taken of two exdistinguished themselves in the service of George Bliss, and Hon. John Hooker. There are Christ and their fellow men, are either also a few typographical errors. President Moore slightly noticed, or wholly passed over. is said to have died, 'June 35, 1823. In addition to We have given President Allen's volume a

the sermons, mentioned as having been published by

President Moore, should be added an ordination sersomewhat thorough examination, and we mon published in 1823, entitled, “Ministers, steware highly gratified with the judgment ac ards of the mysteries of the gospel.

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Pp. 808.

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Allen

SELECT LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

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Great Britain.

Rev. T. Jarrett, of Cambridge, has translated a

history of the Samaritans by Abel Fath.-
The Oriental Translation Fund Society held The first book of the “ Sarhita," or collection
its anniversary in London, on the 23d of June. of hymns of the Rig-Veda, one of the most an-
Sir Gore Ouseley, chairman. The Duke of cient works in Sanscrit, has been translated by
Wellington and other distinguished persons were Dr. Rosen.“ -An interesting correspondence
present. The following works were announced has lately taken place between Sir Charles
as having been published by the Society within Grant, president of the Board of Control, one of
the

year : 1. “Shá-Nameh," of Firdausi, an the privy counsellors of Great Britain, and the
epic poem describing the history of Persia from East India Company, on the subject of admit-
ancient times, founded on documents discovered ting the natives of India to serve as jurors and
in the Pahlavi language, translated by James justices in the British courts in India. They
Atkinson, Esq. 2. The first volume of the Siyar- have for some time served in this capacity in the
al-Mutakherin," a history of the latter period of native courts. The East India Company were
the Mogul power in India, newly translated by, unwilling to consent to the measure, on the
Col. Briggs. 3. and 4. Geographical works of grounds that the government in India had not
“Sádik Isfahani,” containing the latitude and been consulted; that it would present the Euro-
longitude of a great number of places, and the peans in a humiliating posture in the view of the
pronunciation of many ancient towns. 5.Crit- natives; that the East Indians had not sufficient
ical Essay," on several oriental works, translated firmness of character to serve as jurors, &c.
and edited by Sir William Ouseley. 6. Hoči 'To these allegations, Sir Charles Grant replied,
Lam Ki, a Chinese drama translated by M. that the British character was depending on the
Stanislas Julien, of Paris. 7. “San Korftson strength of the government, the power of armies
ran to sets,” a Japanese work describing Corea, and navies, not on the appearance which indi-
Lieu-Chieu, and Jesso, translated by Klaproth. viduals might make; that the natives had al-
8. Tłe first volume of the Annals of Narina, ready in their office of constables seen Europeans
translated by Charles Frazer, a chronicle of the ' in degrading attitudes; that the proper way to
Turkish empire from 1591 to 1659. 9. Memoirs give the natives a character for steadiness and
of the emperor Humeiyan, translated by Major firmness, was to assign to them offices of trust
Stewart. 10. Raghu Vansa, a Sanscrit poem. and authority, &c. Sir Charles had determined
In four years, the Oriental Translation Fund to bring the subject before parliament without
have published 30 works. Intelligence was the consent of the East India Company.---The
communicated to the meeting, of the formation subject of rescinding the order of the Governor
of a literary Society by the American Mission General of India, abolishing widow-burning,
aries in Ceylon, for mutual assistance in study- lately came before the privy council, on appeal
ing Tamul. They are about undertaking the from some of the natives of India. Dr. Lushing-
translation of several works from Tamul, Aton, Mr. Drinkwater, and Mr. McDougall argu-
vote of thanks to the American Mission, proposed the case for the East Indians. The attorney
ed by Sir Alexander Johnstone, and seconded and solicitor generals, Sir James Scarlett, and
by Sir William Ouseley, was carried unanimous others, appeared in justification of the measure of
ly. Sir Alexander, who was formerly Chief abolition. The decree of the Governor General
Justice of Ceylon, said that he wished" to bring was affirmed—the King himself being present.
to the notice of the meeting the great and impor- The grounds of the decision were, that it was
tant exertions of these Missionaries in diffusing not prohibited as a religious act, but as a flagrant
information among the natives of Ceylon and violation of the laws of nature ; that it was not
the Southern peninsula of India.” Mr. A. Vail, commanded in the religious books of the natives,
American Charge d'Affaires, expressed his ac- but simply allowed; that many of the natives
knowledgments for the honor done his nation, themselves were opposed to it, &c.—John
and the Missionaries at Ceylon, by the motion. Bigland, the historian, died at Finningly, near

-Rev. E. B. Pusey, Professor of Hebrew at Doncaster, on the 22d of February, aged 82.
Cambridge, has translated Rabbi Tanchum's For the first fifty years of his life, he was a
Arabic commentary on the Old Testament. school-master in an obscure situation. Before

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