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cutta. In this capacity he had a' ward the fame of having gathered charge of police which "jumped with them. bis humour well;" for the task of pur- Dr Leyden accompanied the goversuing and dispersing the bands of rob. nor-general upon the expedition to Jabers who infest Bengal had something va, for the purpose of investigating of active and military duty. He also the manners, language, and literature exercised a judicial capacity among the of the tribes which inhabit that island, natives, to the discharge of which he and partly also because it was thought was admirably fitted, by his knowledge his extensive knowledge of the eastern of their language, manners, and cus- dialects and customs might be useful toms. To this office a very consider- in settling the government of the counable yearly income was annexed. This try, or in communicating with the inwas neither expended in superfluities, dependent princes in the neighbournor even in those ordinary expences hood of the Dutch settlements. His which the fashion of the East has pro: spirit of romantic adventure led him nounced indispensible ; for Dr Leyden literally to rush upon death; for with kept no establishment, gave no enter. another volunteer who attended the extainments, and was, with the receipt of pedition, he threw himself into the surf, this revenue, the very same simple, fru. in order to be the first Briton of the exgal, and temperate student, which he pedition who should set foot upon Java. had been at Edinburgh. But, exclu- When the success of the well-concerted sive of a portion remitted home for the movements of the invaders had given most honourable and pious purpose, them possession of the town of Batahis income was devoted to the pursuit via, Leyden displayed the same illwhich engaged his whole soul; to the omen'd precipitation in his haste to exincrease, namely, of his acquaintance amine a library in which many Indian with eastern literature in all its branches. manuscripts of value were said to be deTheexpence of native teachers, of every posited. A library, in a Dutch settlecountry and dialect, and that of pro. ment, was not, as might have been excuring from every quarter oriental ma- pected, in the best order, the apartment nuscripts, engrossed his whole emolu. had not been regularly ventilated, and ments, as the task of studying under either from this circumstance, or al. the tuition of the interpreters, and de- ready affected by the fatal sickness pecyphering the contents of the volumes, culiar to Batavia, Leyden, when he left occupied every moment of his spare the place, had a fit of shivering, and time. “ I may die in the attempt,” he declared the atmosphere was enough writes to a friend, “ but if I die with- to give any mortal a fever. The pre. cut surpassing Sir William Jones a hun sage was too just ; he took his bed, dred fold in oriental learning, let nevera and died in three days, on the eve of tear for me prophane the eye of a bor. the battle which gave Java to the Bri. derer.” The term was soon approach- tish empire. ing when these regrets were to be bit. Thus died John Leyden, in the mo. terly called forth, both from his Scot- ment, perhaps, most calculated to gratish friends, and from all who viewed tify the feelings which were dear to with interest the career of his ardent his heart ; upon the very day of miand enthusiastic genius, which, despi. litary glory, and when every avenue of sing every selfish consideration, was new and interesting discovery was openonly eager to secure the fruits of ed to his penetrating research. In the knowledge, and held for sufficient re- emphatic words of scripture, the bowl
was broken at the fountain. His li- “Why didst thou leave the peasant's turfterary remains were intrusted by his built cot,
" The ancient graves, where all thy fathers lie, last will to the charge of Mr Heber,
" And Teviot's stream, that long has murand Dr Hare of Calcutta, his execu
mured by ? tors, under whose inspection it is ho “ And we—when Death so long has closed ped that they will soon be given to the our eyes, public. They are understood to con
"? How wilt thou bid us from the dust arise,
“ And bear our mouldering bones across the tain two volumes of poetry, with ma
main, ny essays on oriental and general lite- « From vales, that knew our lives devoid of rature. His remains, honoured with stain ? every respect by Lord Minto, now re. “ Rash youth! beware, thy home-bred virpose in a distant land, far from the tues save, green-sod graves of his ancestors at
“ And sweetly sleep in thy paternal grave!" Hazeldean, to which, with a natural anticipation of such an event, he bids an
Such is the language of nature, mo. affecting farewell in the solemn pas.
ved by the kindly associations of counsage which concludes the Scenes of
try and of kindred affections. But the Infancy :
best epitaph is the story of a life enga.
ged in the practice of virtue and the The silver moon, at midnight cold and still,
d still pursuit of honourable knowledge; the
pu Looks, sad and silent, o'er yon western hill; best monument, the regret of the wor. While large and pale the ghostly structures thy and of the wise ; and the rest may grow,
be summed up in the sentiment of Reared on the confines of the world below. Sannazario. Is that dull sound the hum of Teviot's stream? Is that blue light the moon's or tomb-fire's gleam,
Haeccine te fessum tellus extrema manebat By which a mouldering pile is faintly seen, Hospitij post tot terræque marisque labores? The old deserted church of Hazeldean, Pone tamen gemitus, nec te monumenta paWhere slept my fathers in their natal clay, Till Teviot's waters roll'd their bones away? Aut moveant sperata tuis tibi funera regnis. Their feeble voices from the stream they raise, Grata quies patriæ, sed et omnis terra se 6 Rash youth! unmindful of thy early days,
pulchrum. Why didst thou quit the peasant's si le
In common speech the word Scottis might be extremely usefuland valuable, cism is employed in a very broad and and would not be by any means so general sense, not only to denote that extensive as might at first appear, if perversion or misapplication of Eng- it were confined to its proper object, lish words or phrases peculiar to Scot. and care taken, in gleaning from preland, but even to include Scotch words ceding authors, to exclude English and phrases which have no existence vulgarisms, and other inaccuracies and whatever in the English language. A improprieties of language not more word or a phrase from a French or incident to Scotch than to English Latin author is never termed a Gallie writers and speakers ; all words pure. cism or a Latinism, but that abuse only ly Scotch, especially the technical terms of an English word or phrase, which of our law, and of course all the phrases arises from the adoption of the French which are at the present day in use or Latin idiom or phraseology. Yet among our southern neighbours, with. this distinction, obvious, as it is, has out regard to their origin or introduce not been sufficiently attended to by tion. any of the writers who have hitherto Such a work, however, ought to turned their attention to this subject. form a separate publication ; and in In the following list of Scotticisms, compiling it, recourse must not only the author has endeavoured to avoid be had to the well-known collections whatever does not appear to him to fall of Dr Beattie and Mr Hume, but to under the proper acceptation of the every source of whatever authority, word. He has also endeavoured to whence the smallest hint can be de. avoid all those Scotticisms which have rived. Mr Elphinstone's criticisms been already noted in other collections; will supply some useful suggestions ; though repetitions may very possibly and a few genuine Scotticisms, not occur, from the difficulty of collating, previously remarked, may be gathered where there is no corresponding ar. from Sir John Sinclair's Observations rangement, or common principle of on the Scottish Dialect, and from a comparison.
collection of Scotticisms, vulgar AngA complete collection, comprehend. licisms, &c. printed at Glasgow in ing all the Scotticisms already printed 1799, by Hugh Mitchell, master of that come truly under that appellation, the English and French academy. Many others may certainly be met Review of Boswell's Corsica, and in with in the English Reviews of Scot. various other works of criticism. tish publications, such as the Monthly
To be angry at.
with. To be sorry at.
– for. To ask at.
- of. Hatred at. Dislike at. *
- to, for, against ; regulated in some degree by the preceding verb. Thus, the hatred I bear to or against; the hatred I feel for, towards, or
against. Pray throw away that stone, there is · nothing to be seen at it.
- in it, or about it. He never eats, sleeps, reads, &c. any. at all. He lies above the bed ; or on the top - above the bed-clothes, upon the · of the bed.
bed. How can you go away to do such a do, or rather, deliberately or on thing?
purpose do. Without away, it is
..English, but vulgar. Does the coat answer you?
- fit you. Probably old English, I would rather never see him as take than. i that. :
* An English friend, to whose revision these Scotticisms were submitted, on this head makes the following remark. “ Professor Stewart, in his Philosophical Essays, speaks of his dislike at a certain mode of expression, which I take to be a decided Scotticism, rather unhappily placed, the subject being just then verbal criticism. But a Scotticism from such a writer of English as he is, is perhaps an honourable national distinction, rather than a blemish. I should not hesitate to say, a disgust at, though I should say, a dislike to any thing. In defence of this, I have only to plead my five degrees of latitude, which in these cases will hold good sometimes against more than five good reasons.”