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particulars of a last meeting with a be. I found that getting on board at the loved and valuable friend.

Downs would cost me at least 50l. or In London, the kindness of Mr He. 607. sterling, which I imagined, unlike ber, his own reputation, and the re- the bread cast upon the water, would commendation of his Edinburgh not return even after many days. I, friends, procured Leyden much kind- however, passed the principal forms, ness and attention among persons of and was examined by Dr Hunter on rank and literary distinction. His the diseases of warm climates, with tochief protector and friend, however, lerable success, but most intolerable was Mr George Ellis, the well-known anguish, till I contrived to aggravate author of the Specimens of Ancient my distemper so much from pure fa. English Poetry. To this gentleman tigue and chagrin, and dodging attenda' he owed an obligation of the highest ance at the India House from 10 till 4 possible value, which we shall give in every day, that Dr Hunter obstinately his own words, in a letter to a friend confined me to my room for two days. in Edinburgh, dated 13th January, These cursed clerks, however, whose 1803, from which it appears that a laws are like those of the Medes and disorder, produced by over-intense Persians, though I sincerely believe study and anxiety of mind, joined to, there is not one of them who has the the friendly intervention of Mr Ellis, slightest particle of taste for either prevented his sharing, in all probabili- Arabic or Persian, not to speak of ty, the fate of other passengers on Sanscrit or Tamalic, made out my apboard the Hindostan, to which un- pointment and order to sail in the Hin. fortunate ship he was originally desti- dostan, without the slightest attention ned, and which was cast away going to this circumstance, and I dare say down the river.

they would not have been moved had 6. You will no doubt be surprised I written and addressed to them the at my silence, and indeed I cannot ac finest ode ever written in Sanscrit, count for it myself ; but I write you even though it had been superior to now from the lobby of the East-India those of the sublime Jayadeva. HeHouse, to inform you that G. Ellis ber was in Paris, and every person with has saved my life, for without his in- whom I had the slightest influence out terference I should certainly, this pre- of town, and Ellis, even in the distresscious day, have been snug in Davy's ed state of his family, as Lady Parker locker. At my arrival in town, or ra- is just dying, and several others danther on my journey, I was seized with gerously unwell of his relations, was violent cramps in the stomach, the con- my only resource. That resource, sequence of my excessive exertion be. however, succeeded, and I have just fore leaving Scotland, a part of which got permission to go in the Hugh you know, and a greater part you do Inglis to Madras, and am at the same not know. The clerks of the India time informed that the Hindostan, House, who, I suppose, never had the which I ought to have joined yestercramp of the stomach in their life, day morning, was wrecked going down paid no kind of respect to this what. the river, and one of the clerks whis. ever, but with the most remorseless pered me that a great many passengers sangfroid, told me either to proceed to have been drowned. About 50 per. the Downs, or to vacate the appoint- sons have perished. So you see there ment. Neither of these alternatives is some virtue in the old proverb, were much to my taste, especially as “ He that is born to be hanged,” &c.

VOL. IV. PART II.

I feel a strange mixture of solemnity state the following outlines of his for. and satisfaction, and begin to trust my tune in the East. fortune more than ever.

After a mutiny in the vessel, which After this providential exchange of was subdued by the exertions of the destination, the delay of the vessel to officers and passengers, and in which which he was transferred, permitted his Leyden distinguished himself by his. residence in London until the begin- coolness and intrepidity, the Hugh In. ning of April, 1803, an interval which glis arrived at Madras, and he was he spent in availing himself of the op- transferred to the duties of his new portunities which he now enjoyed, of profession. His nomination as surgeon mixing in the most distinguished so. to the commissioners appointed to sur. ciety in the metropolis, where the no. vey the ceded districts, seemed to pro. velty and good humour of his charac. mise ample opportunities for cultivation ter made ample amends for the native of oriental learning. But his health bluntness of his manners. In the be- gave way under the fatigues of the ginning of April, he sailed from Ports. climate ; and he has pathetically remouth, in the Hugh Inglis, where he corded, in his “ Address to an Indian had the advantage of being on board Gold Coin,” the inroads which were the same vessel with Mr Robert Smith, made on his spirits and constitution. the brother of his steady friend, the Rev. He was obliged to leave the presiden. Mr Sidney Smith. And thus set forth cy of Madras, suffering an accumulaon his voyage perhaps the first British tion of diseases, and reached with diffi. traveller that ever sought India, moi culty Prince of Wales Island. During ved neither by the love of wealth or of the passage the vessel was chased by a power, and who, despising alike thelus- French privateer, which was the occa. úries commanded by the one, and the sion of Leyden's composing, in his best pompattached to the other, was guided style of border enthusiasm, an “Odeto solely by the wish of extending our a Malay Cris,"or Dagger, the only weaknowledge of oriental literature, and pon which his reduced strength now distinguishing himself as its most suc. admitted of his wielding. The follow: cessful cultivator. This pursuit he ur. ing letter to Mr Ballantyne, dated from ged through health and through sick. Prince of Wales Island, 24th October, ness, unshaken by all the difficulties 1805, gives a lively and interesting acarising from imperfect communication count of his occupations during the with the natives, from their prejudices; first two years of his residence in In: and those of their European masters, dia. and from frequent change of residence;

“Puloo Penang, Oct. 24, 1805. and unmoved either by the charms of “My dear Ballantyne, pleasure, of wealth, or of that seducing " Finding an extra Índiaman, the indolence to which many men of litera. Revenge, which has put into this harture have yielded after 'overcoming all bour in distress, bound to Europe, I other impediments. And to this pur. take another opportunity of attempt. suit he finally fell a sacrifice, as devo. ing to revive, or rather commence, ai ted a martyr in the cause of science, intercourse with my European friends, as ever died in that of religion. We for since my arrival in India I have are unable to trace his Indian research. never received a single scrap from one es and travels with accuracy similar of them,-Proh, Deum ! Mr Constato that with which we have followed ble excepted ; and my friend Erskine those which preceded his departure writes me from Bombay, that none of from Europe, but we are enabled to you have received the least intelligence of my motions - since I left Europe. guage, and he was wise, I understand This is to me utterly astonishing and the Tamal language, therefore I am incomprehensible, considering the mul- as wise as Solomon !” I fear you lotitude of letters and parcels that I have gical lads of Europe will be very little dispatched from Mysore, especially du- disposed to admit the legitimacy of the ring my confinement for the liver disa conclusion ; but, however the matter ease at Seringapatam, where I had for may stand in Europe, I can assure you several months the honour of inhabit. it's no bad reasoning for India. At Paul. ing the palace of Tippoo's prime mi. gaut-cherry I had a most terrible atnister. I descended into Malabar in tack of the liver, and should veryp rothe beginning of May, in order to pro. bably have passed away, or, as the Inceed to Bombay, and perhaps eventu. dians say, changed my climate-an ele. ally up the Persian Gulph as far as Bas- gant periphrasis for dying howeversorah, in order to try the effect of a had I not obstinately resolved on living sea voyage. I was, however, too late, to have the pleasure of being revenged and the rains had set in, and the last on all of you for your obstinate silence vessels sailed two or three days before and perseverance therein to the end. my arrival. As I am always a very Hearing about the middle of August, lucky fellow, as well as an unlucky that a Boinbay cruiser had touched at one, which all the world knows, it so Aleppo, between Quilon and Cochin, fell out that the only vessel which I made a desperate push through the sailed after my arrival was wrecked, jungles of the Cochin rajal's country, while some secret presentiment, or ra in order to reach her, and arrived about ther “ sweet little cherub, that sits up three hours after she had set sail, Any aloft," prevented my embarking on body else would have died of chagrin, board of her. I journeyed leisurely if they had not hanged themselves outdown to Calicut from Cananore, in right. I did neither one nor the other, tending to pay my respects to the but “ tuned my pipes and played a Cutwall, and the Admiral, so famous spring to John o Badenyon;" after in the Lusiad of Camoens; but only which I set myself coolly down and think of my disappointment when I translated the famous Jewish tablets of found that the times are altered, and brass, preserved in the synagogue of the tables turned with respect to both Cochin ever since the days of Methuthese sublime characters. The Cut. salem. Probably you may think this wall is only a species of burrough-bai. no more difficult a task than decypherliff, while the Admiral, God help him, ing the brazen tablet on any door of is only the chief of the fishermen. Prince's or Queen's street. But here From Calicut I proceeded to Paul. I beg your pardon; for, so far from any gant-cherry, which signifies, in the body, Jew, Pagan, or Christian, ham Tamal language, “ the town of the ving ever been able to do this before, forest of palms," which is exactly the I assure you the most learned men of meaning of Tadmor, the name of a cin the world have never been able to de ty founded by Solomon, not for the cide in what language or in what alQueen of Sheba, but, as it happened, phabet they were written. As the for the equally famous Queen Zeno. character has for a long time been bia. Thus having demonstrated that supposed to be antediluvian, it has for Solomon understood the Tamal lan, a long time been as much despaired of guage, we may proceed to construct as the Egyptian hieroglyphics. So a syllogism in the following manner: much was the diwan or grand visier, if “ Solomon understood the Tamal lan. you like it, of Travancore astonished

at the circumstance, that he gave me Mysore, or elsewhere; of course, if noto understand that I had only to pass body has heard from me at all, all my through the Sacred Cow in order to proceedings must be completely a rid. merit adoption into the holy order of dle. But I beg and request you to conbramins. I was forced, however, to sider, that all this it is utterly out of decline the honour of the sacred cow, my power to prevent, if nobody what. for unluckily Phalaris' bull and Moses' soever will condescend to take the calf presented themselves to my imagi. trouble of writing me; for how, in the nation, and it occurred to me that per. name of the great eternal devil, is it haps the Ram-rajah's cow might be a possible for me to divine which of my beast of the breed. Being on the eve letters arrive at their destination, and of a new attack of the liver, I was for- which do not? I have now dispatcheed to leave Travancore with great pre- ed for Europe exactly fifty-seven letcipitation, in the first vessel that pre- ters. I had intended to make a dead sented itself, which, as the devil would pause after the fiftieth, for at least á have it, was 'a Mapilla brig, bound to couple of years, and wrote Erskine Puloo Penang, the newly erected pre- to that effect, when he informed me in sidency on the Straits of Malacca, return, that he had the utmost reason where I have just arrived, after a per- to think nobody had ever heard from verse pestilent voyage, in which I have me at all, not only since I arrived in Inbeen terribly ill of revulsions of bile dia, but for some time before leaving and liver, without any of the conveni. London. Utterly amazed, astonished, ences which are almost necessary to and confounded at this, I have resol. an European in these parts, and parti. ved to write out the hundred com. cularly to an invalid. We have had a plete; and if none of my centenary very rough passage, the cabin very of. brings me an answer, why then fare. ten all afloat, while I have been seve. well till we meet in either heaven or ral times completely drenched. In ad. hell! I write no more, except in crook. dition to this we have been pursued by backed characters, and this I swear by a Frenchman, and kept in a constant all pretty oaths that are not danger. state of alarm and agitation; and now, ous. to mend the matter, I am writing you at “Now, my friend, the situation in a kind of naval tavern, while all around which I am placed by this most pesti: me is ringing with the vociferation of ferous silence is extremely odd and tarpaulins, the hoarse bawling of sea- perplexing. I am actually afraid to oaths, and the rattling of the dice-box. enquire for any body, lest it should However, I flatter myself I have re. turn out that they have for a long ceived considerable benefit from the time been dead, damned, and straughted. voyage, tedious and disgusting and It is all in vain that I search for every vexatious as it has been. Thank God, obituary, and peruse it with the ut. my dear fellow, that you have nothing most care, anxiety, and terror. There to do with tedious, tiresome semi-sava. are many of you good Scotch folks gee, who have no idea of the value of that love to slip slily out of the world, time whatsoever, and who will dispute like a knotless thread, without ever even more keenly about a matter of getting into any obituary at all, and, Ho importance whatsoever, than one besides, it is always very nearly a couthat deserved the highest considera- ple of years before any review, mation. Not knowing where to begin or gazine, or obituary, reaches the re. where to end, I have said nothing of mote, and almost inaccessible regions, my previous rambles and traverses in in which my lot has been long cast.

To remedy a few of these inconvenien- mercantile party, as they have the inces, I propose taking a short trip to terests of our national commerce more Bengal, as soon as I have seen how at heart than the others, but they have the climate of Puloo Penang agrees discovered that we are not merely merwith my health, and, as in that region. chants in India, but legislators and gothey are generally better informed with vernors, and they assert, that our con. regard to all European matters, and duct there ought to be calculated for better provided with reviews, maga. stability and security, and equally zines, and newspapers, I shall proba- marked by a wise internal administrably be able to discover that a good tion of justice, financial and political many of you have gone “ to kingdom economy, and by a vigilant, firm, and come,” since I bad adieu to “ Auld steady system of external politics. Reekie.” But methinks I see you, This class is represented by the first, with your confounded black beard, as only actuated by the spirit of innobull neck, and upper-lip turned up to vation, and tending to embroil us eveyour nose, while one of your eye-brows ry where in India. Its members consist is cocked up perpendicularly, and the of men of the first abilities, as well as other forms pretty well the base of a principles, that have been drafted from right-angled triangle, opening your the common professional routine for great glotting eyes, and crying, “ But, difficult or dangerous service: I fancy Leyden !!!! tell me- ! what the De- this division applies as much to Bom. dil you have been doing all this time!! bay and Bengal as to Madras. As to

eh!!” “Why, Ballantyne, d'ye see, the members of my own profession, I mark and observe and take heed-as found them in a state of complete deyou are a good fellow, and don't spout pression, so much so, that the comsecrets in public places, I trust I can mander-in-chief had assumed all the give you satisfaction safely.”

powers of the medical board, over “When I arrived in Madras, I first of whom a court-martial was at that very all reconnoitred my ground, when I time impending. The medical line had perceived that the public men fell na. been from time immemorial shut out turally into two divisions. The mer- from every appointment, except procantile party, consisting chiefly of fessional, and the emoluments of these men of old standing, versed in trade, had been greatly diminished just before and inspired with a spirit in no respect my arrival. In this situation, I found superior to that of the most pitiful it very difficult at first what to resolve pettifogging pedlar, nor in their views on. I saw clearly that there were ona whit more enlarged ; in short, men ly two routes in a person's choice; whose sole occupation is to make mo. first, to sink into a mere professional ney, and who have no name for such drudge, and, by strict economy, enphrases as national honour, public spi- deavour to collect a few thousand rit, or patriotism ; men, in short, who pounds in-the course of 20 years; or, would sell their own honour, or their secondly, to aspire a little beyond it, country's credit, to the highest bidder, and by a superior knowledge of India, without a shadow of scruple. What its laws, relations, politics, and lanis more unfortunate, this is the party guages, to claim a situation somewhat that stands highest in credit with the more respectable in addition to those East India Company. There is an- of the line itself. You know when I other party, for whom I am more at a left Scotland, I had determined at all loss to find an epithet. They cannot events to become a furious orientalist, with propriety be termed the anti- nemini secundus," but I was not

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