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ted without the necessary passports, dom without passports from the above or with such passports as are incon- secretaries of state; and that a copy siderately given to them, notwithstand- of the present edict shall be sent to ing the laws and proclamations which each of the said consuls, signed by the have repeatedly prohibited the same; intendant-general of police. and his Royal Highness being desirous 5. Lastly, that the masters of foof preventing such a shameful and reign ships, who carry out any Porpernicious abuse, particularly at a tugueze without the above-mentioned moment when the greatest efforts are passport, shall be liable to a fine of necessary to repel and frustrate the 1000 cruzadoes, to be paid into the attempts of the common enemy: exchequer; that the boatmen who

He has thought fit, in conformity take them on board the said ships, be. to the regulation of the 9th of January, low the tower of Belem, shall be con, 1792, to direct, that during the con- demned to the loss of their boats, sails, tinuance of the present war, the edicts &c. for a period of two years; and, of the 6th of September, 164.5, of the that no one may plead ignorance o£, 8th of February, the 4th of July, and the present edict, it shall be published the 5th of September, 1646, and of by the intendant of police, both in this the 6th of December, 1660, be strictly capital and in the provinces ; the said and entirely observed ; and he has re- intendant being charged with the exesolved in consequence,

cution of the same, as well as all the 1st. That no minister resident in civil and military authorities in their this capital, or in the provinces, shall several departments. grant passports to leave the kingdom ; Signed by the Four Lords Go. and that persons who claim them shall

vernors of the Kingdom. apply only to his Royal Highness, Palace of Government, through his secretaries of state for Oct. 10th, 1811, foreign affairs and for war, or for the naval service, conformably to every such applicant's situation in life. Washington City, Tuesday, Nov. 5th.

2. That all and every person, a subject of this kingdom, who leaves it The President of the United States without a passport from one or other this day communicated, by Mr Edof the above secretaries of state, shall ward Coles, his private secretary, the incur the punishment of denaturaliza. following message to Congress: tion, and the loss of his property and honours; the simple fact of departure Fellow Citizens of the Senate and of sufficing to incur such pains, without the House of Representatives, , any sentence or declaration what. In calling you together sooner than ever.

· a separation from your homes would 3. That the captains and masters otherwise have been required, I yield* of Portugueze vessels shall be bound ed to considerations drawn from the

to make declaration on oath, that the posture of our foreign affairs; and in individuals named in their respective fixing the present for the time of your ship-lists really belong to their crew, meeting, regard was had to the prounder a penalty of 200,000 reis. bability of further developments of the

4. That the consuls of foreign na- belligerent powers towards this countions oblige the captains of foreign try, which might the more unite the "ships to give security that they will national councils in the measures to be not carry away natives of this king. pursued.

· At the close of the last session of proofs of such a change, and to proceed, congress, it was hoped that the suc- in the mean time, in adapting our mea. cessive confirmations of the extinction sures to the views which have been disof the French decrees, so far as they closed through that minister, will best violated our neutral commerce, would consult our whole duty. have induced the government of Great In the unfriendly spirit of those disBritain to repeal its orders in council; closures, indemnity and redress for and thereby authorize a removal of the other wrongs have continued to be existing obstructions to her commerce withheld ; and our coasts and the with the United States.

• mouths of our harbours have again Instead of this reasonable step to witnessed scenes, not less derogatory wards satisfaction and friendship be to the dearest of our national rights tween the two nations, the orders were, than vexatious to the regular course at a moment when least to have been of our trade. : !! expected, put into more rigorous exe. Among the occurrences produced cution; and it was communicated, by the conduct of British ships of war through the British envoy just arrived, hovering on our coasts, was an encoun. that, whilst the revocation of the edicts ter between one of them and the Ame. of France, as officially made known to rican frigate commanded by Captain the British government, was denied to Rodgers, rendered unavoidable on tbe have taken place, it was an indispen- part of the latter, by a fire commenced sable condition of the repeal of the Bri. without cause by the former; whose tish orders, that commerce should be commander is, therefore, alone chargerestored to a footing, that would admit able with the blood unfortunately the productions and manufactures of shed in maintaining the honour of the Great Britain, when owned by neu. American flag. The proceedings of trals, into markets shut against them a court of enquiry, requested by Capt. by her enemy; the United States be. Rodgers, are communicated; togeing given to understand, that, in the ther with the correspondence relating mean time, a continuance of their non- to the occurrence, between the Secreimportation act would lead to measures tary of State and his Britannic Majes. of retaliation.

ty's envoy. To these are added, the At a later date, it has, indeed, ap- several correspondences which have peared, that a communication to the passed on the subject of the British British government, of fresh evidence orders in council; and to both, the of the repeal of the French decrees correspondence relating to the Floridas, against our neutral trade, was follow in which Congress will be made aced by an intimation, that it had been quainted with the interposition which transmitted to the British plenipoten- the government of Great Britain bas tiary here, in order that it might re- thought proper to make against the ceive full consideration in the depend. proceedings of the United States. ing discussions. This communication The justice and fairness which have appears not to have been received ; been evinced on the part of the United but the transmission of it hither, in- States towards France, both before stead of founding on it an actual re- and since the revocation of her de. peal of the orders, or assurances that crees, authorized an expectation that the repeal would ensue, will not per- her government would have followed mit us to rely on any effective change up that measure by all such others as in the British cabinet. To be ready were due to our reasonable claims, as to meet with cordiality satisfactory well as dictated by its amicable pro

fessions. No proof, however, is yet the general security. The works of given of an intention to repair the defence on our maritime frontier have other wrongs done to the United accordingly been prosecuted with an States; and, particularly, to restore, activity leaving little to be added for the great amount of American pro, the completion of the most important, perty seized and condemned under ones; and, as particularly suited for edicts, which, though not affecting co-operation in emergencies, a portion our neutral relations, and therefore, of the gun-boats have, in particular not entering into questions between harbours, been ordered into use. The the United States and other bellige. ships of war before in commission, rents, were nevertheless founded in with the addition of a frigate, have such unjust principles, 'that the repa. been chiefly employed as a cruising, ration ought to have been prompt and guard to the rights of our coast'; and ample.

· such a disposition has been made of . In addition to this, and other de, our land forces, as was thought to pro. mands of strict right on that nation, mise the services most appropriate and the United States have much reason important: In this disposition is in. to be dissatisfied with the rigorous and cluded a force, consisting of regulars unexpected restrictions to which their and militia, embodied in the Indiana trade with the French dominions has territory, and marched towards our been subjected ; and which, if not dis; north-western frontier. This measure continued, will require at least corre- was made requisite by several murders sponding restrictions on importations and depredations committed by Infrom France into the United States; dians; but more especially by the me

On all those subjects our minister nacing preparations and aspect of a plenipotentiary, lately sent to Paris, combination of them on the Wabash, has carried with him the necessary in- under the influence and direction of a structions ; the result of which will be fanatic of the Shawanese tribe. With communicated to you; and by ascer- these exceptions, the Indian tribes re. taining the ulterior policy of the French tain their peaceable dispositions towards government towards the United States, us, and their usual pursuits. will enable you to adapt to it that of I must now add, that the period is the United States towards France. · arrived, which claims from the legisla.

Our other foreign relations remain tive guardians of the national rights a without unfavourable changes. With system of more ample provisions for Russia, they are on the best footing of maintaining them --Notwithstanding friendship. The ports of Sweden have the scrupulous justice, the protracted afforded proofs of friendly dispositions moderation, and the multiplied efforts towards our commerce in the councils on the part of the United States, to of that nation also. And the informa. substitute, for the accumulating dan. tion from our special minister to Den- gers to the peace of the two countries, mark, shews, that the mission had been all the mutual advantages of re-estaattended with valuable effects to our blished friendship and confidence, we citizens, whose property had been so have seen that the British cabinet per extensively violated and endangered by severes, not only in withholding a re. cruisers under the Danish flag, . medy for other wrongs, so long and sa

Under the ominous indications which loudly calling for it, but in the execution commanded attention, it became a duty brought home to the threshold of our to exert the means committed to the territory, of measures which, under executive department, in providing for existing circumstances, have the cha

racter as well as the effect of war on ern portion of our own hemisphere, our lawful commerce.

: and extend into our neighbourhood. With this evidence of hostile inflexi. An enlarged philanthropy, and an bility, in trampling on rights which enlightened forecast, concur in impo. no independent nation can relinquish, sing on the national councils an obliga. congress will feel the duty of putting tion to take a deep interest in their the United States into an armour and destinies ; to cherish reciprocal sentian attitude demanded by the crisis, and ments of good-will; to regard the pro. corresponding with the national spirit gress of events; and not to be unpre. and expectations.

pared for whatever order of things may I recommend, accordingly, that ade. be ultimately established. quate provision be made for filling the Under another aspect of our situranks and prolonging the enlistments ation, the early attention of congress of the regular troops ; for an auxiliary will be due to the expediency of further force, to be engaged for a more limited guards against evasions and infractions time ; for the acceptance of volunteer of our commercial laws. The practice corps, whose patriotic ardour may of smuggling, which is odious every court a participation in urgent servi. where, and particularly criminal in free ces; for detachments, as they may be governments, where, the laws being wanted, of other portions of the mili. made by all for the good of all, a fraud tia ; and for such a preparation of the is committed on every individual as well great body, as will proportion its use. as on the state, attains its utmost guilt, fulness to its intrinsic capacities. Nor when it blends, with a pursuit of igno. can the occasion fail to remind you of minious gain, a treacherous subser. the importance of those military semi- viency, in the transgressors, to a foreign naries, which, in every event, will form policy adverse to that of their own a valuable and frugal part of our mili. country. It is then that the virtuous tary establishment.

indignation of the public should be The manufacture of cannon and enabled to manifest itself, through the small arms has proceeded with due regular animadversions of the most success, and the stock and resources of competent laws. . . all the necessary munitions are adequate . To secure greater respect to our to emergencies. It will not be inex. mercantile flag, and to the honest in. pedient, however, for congress to au terests which it covers, it is expedient, thorize an enlargement of them. also, that it be made punishable in our

Your attention will of course be citizens to accept licences from foreign drawn to such provisions, on the sub- governments, for a trade unlawfully ject of our naval force, as may be re- interdicted by them to other American quired for the services to which it may citizens ; or to trade under false cobe best adapted. I submit to congress lours or papers of any sort. the seasonableness, also, of an authori. . A prohibition is equally called for ty to augment the stock of such mate- against the acceptance, by our citizens, rials as are imperishable in their nature, of special;licences, to be used in a trade or may not at once be attainable. with the United States ; and against

In contemplating the scenes which the admission into particular ports of distinguish this momentous epoch, and the United States, of vessels from fo. estimating their claims to our attention, reign countries, anthorised to trade it is impossible to overlook those de. with particular ports only. veloping themselves among the great Although other subjects will press communities which occupy the south: more immediately on your delibera. tions, a portion of them cannot but enabled us to defray the current exbe well bestowed on the just and pences, including the interest on the sound policy of securing to our manu. public debt, and to reimburse more than factures the success they have attained, five millions of dollars of the principal, and are still attaining, in some degree, without recurring to the loan authounder the impulse of causes not per rised by the act of the last session. manent; and to our navigation, the The temporary loan obtained in the fair extent of which is at present latter end of the year 1810 has also abridged, by the unequal regulations been reimbursed, and is not included of foreign governments.

in that amount. Besides the reasonableness of saving The decrease of revenue, arising ourmanufacturers from sacrifices which from the situation of our commerce a change of circumstances might bring and the extraordinary expences which on them, the national interest requires have and may become necessary, must that, with respect to such articles, at be taken into view, in making commenleast, as belong to our defence and our surate provisions for the ensuing year. primary wants, we should not be left And I recommend to your considerin unnecessary dependence on exter. ation the propriety of ensuring a suffinal supplies. And whilst foreign go: ciency of annual revenue, at least, to vernments adhere to the existing disu defray the ordinary expences of gocriminations in their ports against our vernment, and to pay the interest on navigation, and an equality or lesser the public debt, including that on discrimination is enjoyed by their navi new loans which may be anthorised. gation in our ports, the effect cannot · I cannot close this communication be mistaken, because it has been seriwithout expressing my deep sense of ously felt by our shipping interests; the crisis in which you are assembled, and in proportion as this takes place, my confidence in a wise and honourable the advantages of an independent con- result to your deliberations, and assuveyance of our products to foreign rances of the faithful zeal with which markets, and of a growing body of my cooperating duties will be discharmariners, trained by their occupations ged; invoking, at the same time, the for the service of their country in times blessing of heaven on our beloved of danger, must be diminished

country, and on all the means that may The receipts into the treasury, du- be employed in vindicating its rights ring the year ending on the 30th of and advancing its welfare. September last, have exceeded thirteen (Signed) JAMES MADDISON. millions and a half of dollars ; and have Washington, Nov. 5, 1811.

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