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independence. All the authorities From the Buenos Ayres Gazette, June which have been hitherto established

15, 1811. all the systems of government which have succeeded each otherm-have they Letter from his Excellency Lord not all been for maintaining the strug Strang ford to this most excellent gle? Has any one of them talked of Junta. peace? .

Spaniards ! you have demanded Most Excellent Senor,„I have rewar; and the war is in the mean time ceived the letter of your excellency a continual and painful series of dan- of the 24th of February, in which you 'gers, of alarms, of fatigues, and of prie inform me of the proceedings of Gene. vations. But if individuals sink under ral Elio, in interrupting the commerce the rigours of adversity, powerful na. of Buenos Ayres, and in which (after tions never perish; and our's will know some observations on the supposed how to imitate the magnificent exam. want of legitimate official authority on ple of the 2d of May, as it has follow. the part of that general) you beg me ed it hitherto without turning aside to communicate them to my governfor a moment. Yes, Spaniards, since ment. On this point I will comply the 2d of May has again dawned upon with your excellency's wishes ; but I our eyes, and finds us struggling with am convinced that I only anticipate the same inflexibility as at first, let the opinion of my court, when I as. us, on it, proudly repeat to the slaves sure you, that this communication will of Buonaparte, that the tyrant was be received with the deepest regret, most bitterly deceived in his calcula- and will augment those painful feelings tions at Bayonne. The innocents sa- which must be inspired by the present crificed at Madrid could not plunge unfortunate contest between Buenos us into the stupor of terror. By them Ayres and its dependencies. began a war which perhaps shall last The confidence which your excel. for ages. Thousands upon thousands lency has placed in me, and the convic. of warriors shall be immolated to our tion that I shall acquire a new title to vengeance. . What, though discipline it by the proposal which I am about and military skill may give them vic. to submit to your consideration, en. tories, their fate shall not, on that courage me to speak frankly and with. account, be better in this terrible coun: out reserve. try.- Conquerors, or conquered to Your excellency, by constantly ex. day in small numbers, to-morrow in pressing a fixed determination to ad. greater as many as pass the Pyrenees here to the common cause of the allies shall, sooner or later, accompany the against France, to respect the authori. three hundred thousand victims whom ty and preserve the claims of your le, we have already offered as a holocaust gitimate sovereign, have secured an un. to the manęs of those who fell on the doubted right to the friendship and 2d of May; and Spain, like the gulph good offices of Great Britain, founded of eternity, shall receive the French on on a basis much more solid and extenher bosom, and shall not permit one of sive, than that of the advantages and them to escape from it.

concessions which you have so liberalPEDRO DE AGAR, President. ly and wisely granted to its subjects. M. J. QUINTANA, Sec.

But it is nevertheless to be lament. Cadiz, May 21,

ed, that while these principles deserve

every applause, their practical results . have hitherto so little corresponded to

their tenour; and that, in a crisis. I offer this mediation to your excelwhich requires united efforts and un- lency in the firm confidence that it will divided energy, the power of the con- be undertaken with promptness by the federation formed against France should English government, and in the knowbe weakened by the failure of those re- ledge of what has been already pro sources, which might rationally be ex. posed and accepted by other parts of pected from those who are in no small the Spanish monarchy, which were in degree interested in the event of the circumstances similar to those in which struggle, but who, unhappily, cannot Buenos Ayres is now placed. contribute to its fortunate issue, be I beg your excellency clearly to uncause they are plunged in all the evils derstand, that the proposal which I of civil dissension.

make does not involve any disposition Your excellency knows too well the on the part of my court to interpose scrupulous good faith of the court of in the political affairs of the Spanish London, the sacred ties which con- monarchy, or to support any system nect it with Spain, and the great and inconsistent with liberality and justice, universally important object of their and with the permanent prosperity of mutual alliance, to believe, that Great Spanish America. Britain, without violating that faith, "It does not appear possible, that sacrificing those obligations, and aban- your excellency can confide your cause doning those objects, can lend the sanc. in better hands than those of England. tion of her approbation to measures Every motive of interest and of policy productive of dissension between the unites in declaring, that the prosperity component parts of a coalition, the of Buenos Ayres must be to us an obhappy issue of which depends upon a ject of importance ; and this consideracordial co-operation and good under- tion, founded on identity of interests, standing among all its constituent is calculated to produce the most unmembers.

limited confidence on the part of your But though it is thus impossible excellency. for Great Britain to act in opposition Should the proposal which I have to her obligations, and the interests of had the honour to make be adopted by the just cause which she supports, the your excellency, I would suggest, as just claims which your excellency has the first step to its actual execution, to her friendship, inspire her with a the adoption of measures for an armis. sincere desire to become instrumental tice between your excellency and Ge. to your happiness and prosperity in the neral Elio ; nothing can be more sim. only way in which she can at present ple than such a negociation : the withpromote these objects.

drawal of your excellency's troops on I therefore take upon me to offer to the one side, and the cessation of the your excellency, in the most ample blockade on the other, would be just manner, the good offices and friendly measures of mutual concession. It interpositions of the English govern. might be stipulated, that this armistice ment, for the purpose of facilitating should last till the final adjustment, an amicable settlementof the differences under the friendly mediation of Great which at present subsist between the Britain, of the points at present in disSpaniards of both hemispheres, and cussion between the government of delivering them from the greatest of all Buenos Ayres and that of Spain. calamities--civil discord, as the origin A proposition of this nature, so ana. of their ruin, and of the greatest dan- logous to the moderation which has ger to the common cause.

characterised the commencement of your excellency's proceedings, would Answer of the Junta of Buenos Ayres cover Buenos Ayres with honour; and to the Letter of Lord Strangford. even should it be rejected, the very fact of having made so equitable an of “ Most Excellent Senor, The junfer would prove, that you had left no ta has received by Captain Heywood, means untried to avert the calamities of the navy, the confidential letter ad. of civil war, while the party that re- dressed to them by your excellency, fused to accede to so just a measure acknowledging the receipt of their's would be in a great degree responsible of the 24th of February. It is not for them.

difficult to discover the reasons of your Your excellency cannot fail to per- excellency's silence on the most mateceive the various immediate advantages rial part of its contents, nor of your which would result from this proposal. answer to the last, dated March 6th, The restoration of commerce would in- even had it not been ascertained by stantly follow,—the termination of the other channels, that your excellency, difficulties under which British agents acknowledging these ports to be in a have laboured in this part of the state of blockade, even to ships of world, and the removal of every dis- your own nation, chose rather to give position to interfere in the affairs of a silent refusal, notwithstanding the Spanish America, which may have reasons in opposition to it. been felt by any other states under the This unexpected event, and the influence of the jealousies excited by great exertions of Admiral de Courcy the military movements and political to free the British flag from the obproceedings of its neighbours. structions put many months before, by

I think it proper to apprize your the government of Monte Video, to excellency, that I have also written to the freedom of these ports, present to General Elio on the subject to which us a very mortifying contrast. The this letter relates, and that I have la junta can assign no cause for this reboured to produce in him a disposition, trograde movement, unless it form part corresponding to that which I confi. of the plan of the British government dently hope and believe is felt by your to adopt no measures that may tend excellency

to disunite America from Spain. The : I conclude by again requesting your junta, however, cannot reconcile such excellency's attention to the proposi- inconsistent projects. It is certain that tion which I have had the honour to the commercial prospects of Great make ; and that you will favour me Britain and America have nothing to with your sentiments upon it, as soon do with this disunion. as you conveniently can ; and to be. If Spain should ever renounce her lieve that I am solely actuated by a system of exclusion with respect to sincere desire for your peace and pro. America, it is time for her to know, sperity, and for the prosperous issue that in the state of insignificance in of the just contest in which we are which she is, her true interest consists equally engaged, and in which we can. in soliciting England to approach these not hope to conquer if we are divided sources whence she may supply that among ourselves.

strength which she has exhausted for I have the honour, &c.

the interest of Spain, and be enabled STRANGFORD. to clothe a people left naked by Spa

nish tyranny; at least, in this way, she might have acquired an idea of gratitude and justice; but she chooses was sufficient to limit the prodigality rather to be deficient on this score, and covetousness of the Spanish adthan to renounce exclusive rights, to ministrations; and the question is now which she believes herself to be entit. asked with astonishment, what has beled to all eternity, declaring imperious- come of such funds, sufficient to suply, by her emissary General Elio, these port for so many years the expences ports to be in state of blockade, and of the armies ? issuing express orders to annihilate the These provinces profess entire fideBritish commerce in this quarter. lity to Ferdinand the Seventh : they While she cannot reconcile such con. only wish to direct their own affairs duct with her declaration of attachment themselves, and without the hazard of to Great Britain, her ally, she gives exposing their means to the rapacity the highest offence to the colonies, of unfaithful hands; they promise to who, as subject to the same king, have enter into the coalition against the tya an equal right with Galicia, the As- rant, so long as their civil independence turias, and Catalonia, to a direct inter- is acknowledged. Here your excele course with the nation that affords lency will observe a means of strengthenthem protection. These reasons are ing the power of the confederation toof weight sufficient to convince the wards a final success, much more sejunta, that without any violation of cure and conformable to the principles the good faith pledged to Spain, and of equity, than by threatening us with without a breach of any positive agree. punishments and blockades, into suborment, the court of London may resist dination which no person has a right the blockade which General Elio has to require. imposed upon British ships..

Your excellency may be firmly as. Your excellency observes, that it is sured, that the blockade imposed by à matter of regret, that in the present General Elio is more prejudicial to the crisis, the power of the confederacy interests of Great Britain, and to Spain against France should be weakened for herself, than it is to us. If the scru. want of resources. The junta is of pulous considerations of your nation opinion, that to avoid the mischiefs of carry it to dissemble such aggressions, which your excellency speaks, and the junta cannot propose to the peonot to come to a state of the greatest ple such a species of humiliation. They weakness, the most effectual way is, can perceive in the people nothing else not to place the resources of America than a determination to resist the auin the hands of Spain, but make them dacious attempts of a chief, who, withpass to England, by means of an open out any other authority than a simple and unrestricted commerce.

letter from the Secretary Bardaxi, his The world is not ignorant how in relation, exhibits himself a hostile capable Spain is to employ her public viceroy. It was this circumstance funds with economy, as well as to di- which hastened the aversion they prerect her armies, because she has already viously bore in their minds, and made dilapidated the supplies remitted from the people of the eastern province America for her defence. Such con- take up arms. They demanded assists tributions of loyalty and of honour ance from this junta, and they have ought to have been kept sacred; the confined their aggressions to investing proper disposal of them was pointed the walls of Monte-Video. out by her necessities, and the inten. In this state of things, the armistice tion of those who granted them. Not- which the conciliating disposition of withstanding this, no consideration your excellency proposes, can prodace

no other effects than to frustrate an British nation, all ulterior proceedings enterprise already far advanced; to should be suspended. expose the safety of many patriots to In addition, your excellency comthe vengeance of Elio; to excite an bines your mediation with the armisuniversal convulsion among the pro- tice ; and, should a negotiation take vinces, and the abandonment of our place, General Elio would continue to expectation to fluctuating opinion. hold all the authority of viceroy, This would surely be to act against wherewith he is invested by the junta the principles of our institution, and of Cadiz, at least in that place which to raise again the colonial system which he now occupies; but this would in. our hands destroyed. This junta en volve a contradiction in principles: tertain too high an idea of the pene. Elio, and the illegitimate power from tration of your excellency, to attribute which he derives his authority, would your proposal to any other motive than remain triumphant over our rights bean unacquaintance with occurrences fore the termination of the dispute which are obscured by distance.

The unlimited confidence which this · In respect to the mediation which junta has in the pure intentions of your excellency has proposed to re- your excellency, convinces us that move the differences which subsist be- you have no other object in view than tween these states and the peninsula, to unite the political ties which subnothing could be more satisfactory to sist in common betwixt both nations ; this junta than to place their cause in but your excellency may rest assured. hands so faithful and generous as those that if the state of our negotiations do of the British cabinet. The good not permit us to adhere to them, our faith which characterizes it, and the friendship towards Great Britain shall identity of its interests with ours, are not be less firm, nor our consideration circumstances which assure us of its of your excellency less high. fidelity. But the junta cannot dis- · God preserve your excellency many cover reasons, to authorize them at years. present to avail themselves of such


Buenos Ayres, May 18th, 1811, · The peninsula is no more than a To his Excellency part of the Spanish monarchy, and Lord Strangford, &c. that so maimed, that it would be noi small concession to put it upon an equality with America. It, therefore, Paris, June 16th -Speech of the follows, from this principle, that the French Emperor to the Legislative peninsula cannot hold any authority Body... over America, northisover that. Were the English cabinet to act the part · Gentlemen Deputiesof Departments of an impartial mediator, it would be to the Legislative Body, a precise acknowledgment of the in- . The peace concluded with the Emdependence of the two states. On peror of Austria has been since cemente the other hand, were the British cabineted by the happy alliance I have conpossessed of an idea of our inferiority, tracted: the birth of the King of it would not be surprising that the Rome has fulfilled my wishes, and result of a negotiation would be to satisfies my people with respect to the grant us much less by way of favour future. than we deserve in justice. Therefore,. The affairs of religion have beer until we can know the opinion of the too often mixed with and sacrificed to

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