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ing peace to England; but that power, who, notwithstanding all the fore.

LISBON, APRIL 3. warnings she had received, could not bring herself to subscribe to condi. Proclamation of the Governors of the tions which would leave France in a Kingdom of Portugal and of the more advantageous situation than she · Algarves. was after the treaty of Amiens, would not enter into a negociation, the una “ Portugueze - The day of our voidable consequence of which would glory is at last arrived ; the troops of have been to place France in a situa. the enemy, in disgraceful flight, and tion still more to her advantage. We routed on all points, rapidly disappear refused, it was said in England, a from the Portugueze territory, which treaty which maintained the North of they have infested with their presence. Germany, Prussia, Saxony, Hessia, The governors of Portugal rejoice with and Hanover, independent of France, you on this happy event, and after and which secured all the outlets of humbling themselves in the presence of our trade : how, then, can we agree the Almighty, the first and sovereign at this time to conclude with the em- author of all good, they render due peror of the French, when he has ex- thanks to his Royal Highness the tended the confederation of the Rhine Prince Regent our lord, whose wisdom to the North of Germany, and to found established the basis of our defence; on the banks of the Elbe a French to his British Majesty, to his enlightthrone, a peace which, by the course ened ministry, and to the whole British of things, whatever the stipulations nation, in whom we have found powermight be, would leave under his influ. ful and liberal allies, the most constant ence Hanover, and all the ports of the co-operation in repelling the common north, those principal arteries of our enemy, and that honour, probity, ard commerce?

steadiness of principle, which particu[The exposé dwells at some length larly characterise that great nation ; upon the coalitions-declares that a to the illustrious Wellington, whose proposition was made to our govern- sagacity and consummate military ment to recal the orders in council, knowledge enabled him to penetrate upon condition that the independence the plans of the enemy, to take the of Holland should be respected by the most effectual precautions for frustraFrench; which was rejected-recom- ting them, and compelled them at last mends the annexation of the Hans to Hy with the remains of their numeTowns to the empire : the repairing rous army, diminished by famine, by the canal between Hamburg and Lu. the most severe privations, and by the beck, and the construction of a new incessant pursuit of the allied forces; canal which would unite the Elbe to to the zealous and indefatigable Beresthe Weser, and the Weser to the ford, the restorer of discipline and or. Ems-advises the continuance of the ganization to the Portugueze troops ; Berlin and Milan decrees, and the op• to the brave and skilful generals and position of the continental blockade to officers of both nations ; to their brave the maritime one, from which the most comrades in arms, who, with generous auspicious results are predicted.] emulation, never fought that they did (Signed) CHAMPAGNY, not triumph; and, in fine, to the whole Duke of Cadore. Portugueze people, whose loyalty, pa,

triotism, constancy and humanity, have been so gloriously distinguished amidst. the tribulations which have afflicted' the only alternatives which remained us.

to us were resistance, or retreat ; the “ A nation possessed of such qua. former depended on a competent arm. lities can never be subdued ; and the ed force, the latter is a law which the calamities of war, instead of dishearten- duty of preserving life and property ing, serve only to augment its enthu. imposes on all peacefulcitizens. These siasm, and to make it feel all the hor. evacuating the towns where they dwell, ror of the slavery with which it was transporting the effects which they threatened.

can carry off, destroying those which “ But, Portugueze, the lamentable they are obliged to abandon, and which effects of the invasions of those barba- might serve for the subsistence of the rians; the yet smoking remains of the enemy, escape the horrors of the most humble cottage of the poor, of the infamous slavery, throw themselves into palace of the man of opulence, of the the arms of their fellow countrymen, cell of the religious, of the hospital who receive them as brothers, assist which afforded shelter and relief to the the military operations, depriving the poor and infirm, of the temples dedi, invaders of the means of maintaining cated to the worship of the Most High; themselves in the territory which they the innocent blood of so many peace- occupied ; and in this way they are ful citizens of both sexes, and of all 60 far useful to themselves, because ages, with which those heaps of ruins the enemy, not being able to support are still tinged; the insults of every himself for a long time in positions kind heaped upon those whom the where he is in want of subsistence, Vandals did not deprive of life insults will soon be obliged to evacuate them; many times more cruel than death it. and the inhabitants returning imme. self; the universal devastation of the diately to their homes, neither suffer fields, of plantations, of cattle, and of the inconveniences of a lengthened ab. the instruments of agriculture; the sence, nor find their houses and field robbery and destruction of every thing in that state of total devastation, in that the unhappy inhabitants of the which the enemy's army would have invaded districts possessed ; this atro. left them, had he remained for a longer cious scene, which makes humanity period. shudder, affords a terrible lesson, which “Such, Portugueze, are the lessons you ought deeply to engrave on your of experience which we ought never memory, in order fully to know that to forget. degenerate nation, who retain only the “ But amidst such great disasters, figure of men, and who in every re. Providence is pleased to give us sources spect, are worse than wild beasts, and of consolation which will make them more blood-thirsty than tigers or lions. less sensibly felt. Wretched are they who trust in their “ The unfortunate people who fled deceitful promises! Victims of a fools from the fury of their cruel oppressors ish credulity, a thousand times will have experienced the greatest kindness they repent, but without avail, of the in the humanity of their fellow citizens. levity with which they have trusted In all the districts to which they have to the promises of a nation without fled, they were received with open faith and without law; of men who arms; the inhabitants eagerly pressed acknowledge neither the rights of hu- to afford them all that succour which manity, nor respect the sacred tie of they could individually bestow; they an oath. Opposed to such an enemy, filled their houses with emigrants ;

and many times have we perceived turn thanks to all for such distinguishwith tears of joy the generous emula- ed services, by which the lives of so tion of those who disputed with one many of his subjects have been saved, another who should afford the rights and those calamities softened, which of hospitality to those unknown fami. were caused by the scourge of a delies who arrived in this capital with. structive war. His Royal Highness out shelter or the means of subsiste will rejoice in being the sovereign of ence.

a people so loyal, patriotic, generous, “ It is the duty of the government and Christian. to take immediate measures for the 6 lt now only remains to complete relief of these necessitous persons; the work, to promote the restoration -but the want of public funds, which of the fugitives to their homes, to renare not even sufficient to provide for der habitable the towns which the barour defence, must make these measures barism of these spoilers has left coverless effectual, unless individuals liberal- ed with filth, and unburied carcases ; ly concur in a proceeding as much to relieve with medicine and food the recommended by humanity as by pa. sick who are perishing for want of triotism.

such assistance; to give life to agri“ Under the inspection of an illug- culture, by supplying the husbandman trious tribunal, which has advanced with seed-corn, as well as a little bread part of these succours, by the wise and for his consumption for some time, and economical measures of a member of facilitating his means of purchasing that tribunal, executed by zealous and cattle, and acquiring the instruments intelligent officers, the wretched fugi- of agriculture. tives have been fed, and numberlegs 1 « Such have been and are the conunfortunate persons have been rescued stant cares of the governors of the from the jaws of death. This great kingdom. expense has been supporied, not only 66 Portugueze! tribulations are the by the resources which were at the crucible in which the merit of men is disposal of government, but still more, purified. You have passed through by voluntary donations presented by this ordeal, and the result has been natives and foreigners ; among whom glorious. You are become a great we ought to mention with particular nation, a nation worthy of those hedistinction the subjects of his Britan- roic progenitors who illustrated the pic Majesty, both those who are em cradle of the monarchy. Preserve un. ployed in the army, those who are at. alterable these sentiments; confide in tached to the legation, and those who your government, as your government are comprehended in the class of mer- confides in you ; draw every day more chants. Those acts of patriotism and closely the bonds of union among yourof Christian charity were not confined selves, with other nations, and with to the capital and its vicinity. In all our generous allies, who are our true the districts of the kingdom, whither brothers. Let one soul, one will, dithe fugitives resorted, they met the rect our common efforts; and if any same reception, and experienced the one attempt to sow discord, let us tear same kindness and liberal aid, as far as from our bosom the venomous viper, the ability of the inhabitants enabled and let us seal with his blood the rati. them to extend it.

fication of our indissoluble alliance. « The governors of the kingdom, “ Practise these maxims with the in the game of the Prince Regent, re- same constancy with which you have

hitherto followed them, and you will one and the same time, and with one be invincible.”

voice, the signal was every where given , Palace of the Government,

for this rancorous, sanguinary, and de. March 3, 1811.

solating war, similar in all respects to The Bishop CARDINAL

the execrabie aggression which gave it · ELECT,

birth. P. Souza,

• It was then said by our treacherous CHARLES STUART,

enemies, and their unworthy partizans, Marquis MONTEIRO MOR,

“ How rash and unavailing your at. Conde de REDONDO,

tempt! You have neither arms, ma. R. RAIMUNDO NOGUEIRA.

gazines, nor soldiers ; your generals and officers want experience and mili.

tary knowledge; your poverty is great, The Council of Regency to the Spa. your ignorance greater ; you must lose nish Nation, on the Anniversary of

f every battle which you hazard against May 2.

the most practised troops in the world ;

the war will disorganise, will ruin every That memorable day, Spaniards, on thing; and your impotent efforts, inwhich the nation rose to the majesty stead of saving that shadow of a counof independence, from the depth of try which you adore, will plunge it in servitude and dismay, has now come misery and desolation, and load it with round for the third time. What grand, much heavier chains, than those you but, at the same time, mournful recol. now wish to escape.” lections does not its return excite! Spaniards, you rejected with horror

When Napoleon was issuing from these vile suggestions, and devoted Bayonne his decrees of blood--when, yourselves to adversity, certain of madly impatient, he was accusing Mu. shaking off ignominy by resistance, rat of remissness for not precipitating and by finally establishing, though at the means of terror-he did not per. the expence of immense labours and ceive that these atrocious counsels, re- numberless exertions, that independcoiling upon the very iniquity which ence and happiness to which you aspi. planned them, would be destructive to red. True it is, that the stupid tyranny their treacherous agents. The second to which you were previously subject of May dawned; the French had fixed had left you without mounds to oppose upon it for completing their murder. to the inundation. A furious sea broke ous plots ; and the people of Madrid, in, and covered with its waves an unindignant at the outrages which they protected country: but it must one day suffered, rose at once to revenge them, abandon it again ; and the inundation, or to die. Ill armed, without plan, though now destructive (in like manwithout chiefs, they did not hesitate a ner as the earth is fertilised by the conmoment to attack those veteran batta. flagration of forests, or the ashes of lions, formidable by their arms, their volcanoes,) will deposit in our scil all victories, and their union. The pa- the germs of prosperity and abundance. triots died fighting nobly; or they What' combats, what vicissitudes, perished by treachery, while thinking what contrariety of events, have you themselves protected by the truce not experienced during these three terwhich disarmed them. But the blood rible years! Conquerors at first, then which was shed could not be confined conquered ; formidable again by the to the Prado of the capital; it spread force which you opposed to your eneitself over the soil of the peninsula ; it mies ; favoured by the war of Austria everywhere excited enthusiasm ; and at against the tyrant, but too soon de

prived of that powerful assistance; activity and industry-marches proud. condemned again to experience all the ly on the face of the earth, in no respect rigour of destiny, and reduced to ex- inferior to its potentates in social digtremity; threatened with the dissolu. nity. In vain will you search for his tion of empire by the separation of some equal on the continent, where the iron distant provinces ; yet always firm, al. rod of oppression holds men degraded, ways magnanimous ; encountering ad. and where all are his inferiors. You versity, without being overcome by it; must search for his equals in that is. forming new establishments amidst land alone, his generous ally and he. your very ruins, and dismaying the roic compeer in this great contest ; in enemy by your ceaseless efforts. that island, the happy sanctuary of

If from this stormy and uncertain liberty, the grand seat of laws, and spectacle impartial Europe and pos- the eternal model of human civilizaterity turn their eyes to your political tion! and civil march, how much will they Such is, such ought to be, the Spasee to compensate for your military niard under the reign of law. O you misfortunes! What were you before who live under its benign influence, the second of May ? Grief to recol- convey yourselves in thought to the lect it, and shame to utter it ! -Slaves, provinces oppressed by the enemy, and bending under the yoke of tyranny ; compare your situation with that of obeying, like a worthless herd, the those who are there groaning in sorempire of despotism and caprice. What row! Behold them tyrannized over by are you now ?-At the solemn voice the chiefs, insulted by the subalterns, of your representatives, in cortes as. pillaged by the tax-gatherers ; behold sembled, the imperishable rights of them harassed by spies, assailed by the people are revived, which despot- suspicions, ruined by accusations ; ism had usurped ; arbitrary govern. without security, without confidence, ment has disappeared, by three powers without civil or political consideration. being no longer confounded in one; Then will you feel how much more the political balance is re-established; the rapacity of tyrants costs than the the liberty of thought is secured by defence of your country, and the prethat of the press; the execution of jus. servation of good laws. tice is at this moment founding on the Whatever blessings social order coneternal basis of natural equity; and the fers upon man, these the Spanish citi. constitution which is preparing for zen has either in prospect or in posyou, will be the key-stone of that session. One ini pediment alone pregrand arch, on which the throne of vents us from enjoying them in all the re-organized monarchy will be their extent, and that impediment is erected.

war ;__a war just, necessary, unavoid. · Thus, the Spaniard of the present able. Has it been declared by the day, dependent upon the law alone, pride or the private interests of a desinviolable in his person, his property, pot, by the caprice of a favourite, or and the just freedom of his opinions ; through the exaggerated declamations contributing to such taxes only as are of an ambitious demagogue ? No! all imposed by the national congress ; in- Spaniards have voted it in a manner terposing by himself, or by persons the most unanimous and solemn; all enjoying his confidence, in the collect. have hastened to revenge the greattion and application of such sacrifices; est outrages which ever were offered having all the paths of knowledge, of to any nation ; and to defend the glory, and of fortune, opened to his first blessing of a great people their

VOL. IV. PART II.

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