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Proclamation of the Cortes. formed by the cortes. They declare

at the same time, that every contravenDon Ferdinand VII. by the grace of tion of this decree shall be considered God, King of Spain and the Indies, by the nation an act hostile to the and in his absence and captivity, the country, and the offender shall be amea Council of Regency authorized ad nable to all the rigour of the laws; and interim, to all those who shall see finally the cortes declare, that the geand hear these presents, know that nerous nation whom they represent will in the Cortes general and extraordi. never lay down its arms, nor listen to nary assembled in the Royal Isle of any proposition for accommodation of Leon, it has been resolved and de. whatever kind it may be, which shall creed as follows:

not be preceded by the total evacua

tion of Spain by the troops which so « The Cortes general and extraor. unjustly have invaded them, since the dinary, in conformity with their de cortes, as well as the whole nation, are cree of the 24th of December of last resolved to fight incessantly, till they year, in which they declare null and have secured the holy religion of their void the renunciations made at Bayonne ancestors, the liberty of their beloved by the legitimate King of Spain and monarch, and the absolute independ. the Indies, Senor Don Fernando VII. ence and integrity of the monarchy. not only from his want of liberty, but The Council of Regency, that this from want of the essential and indis. may be known and punctually obser. pensable circumstance, the consent of ved throughout the whole extent of the nation, declare that they will not the Spanish dominions, shall cause this acknowledge, but will hold for null to be printed, published, and circulaand of no effect, every act, treaty, con- ted. vention, or transaction, of whatever

ALENGO CANEDO, President, kind or nature they may have been, authorized by the king, while he re

J. ASNARES, S mains in the state of oppression and Isle of Leon, Jan. 1. deprivation of liberty, in which he now is, whether in the country of the enemy, or within Spain ; while his royal Order by the Council of Regenoy. person is surrounded by the arms and under the direct or indirect influence “ And for the due execution and of the usurper of his crown: as the fulfilment of the preceding decree, the nation will never consider him as free, Council of Regency orders and comnor render him obedience, until it shall mands all the tribunals, justices, chief see him in the midst of his faithful governors, and other authorities, as subjects, and in the bosom of the na. well civil as military, or ecclesiastical, tional congress which now exists, or of whatever class or dignity, that they hereafter may exist, in the government observe, and cause to be observed, this

J. MARTINEZ, Secretaries."

decree, and fulfilled and executed in Upon the presentation also made to all its parts.

us at the council of commerce, of a

great quantity of indigo extracted from JOAQUIN BLAKE, President. the plant woad, which our departments PEDRO DE AGAR,

of the south produce in abundance, GABRIEL CISCAR.” . and which indigo has all the properties Royal Isle of Leon, Jan. 5, 1811. of the indigo of the two Indies :

Having reason to expect that, by • This is followed by another decree, means of these two precious discoveries, relative to the Indians; setting forth, our empire will shortly be relieved that the Cortes having considered the from an exportation of 100,000,000, scandalous abuses, and innumerable op- hitherto necessary for supplying the pressions practised on the primitive consumption of sugar and indigo: natives of America and Asia, and con We have decreed, and decree as fol: vinced that those worthy subjects de. lows : serve better treatment, orders all vice. Art. I. Plantations of beet-root, roys, presidents of audience, governors, proper for the fabrication of sugar, intendants, and other magistrates, to shall be formed in our empire to the take every care to prevent the said extent of 32,000 hectares. abuses, and to restrain every person ex- . 2. Our minister of the interior shall ercising authority, civil or military, or distribute the 32,000 hectares among any other person whatever, from inju. the departments of our empire, taking ring any Indian native, either in his per into consideration those departments son or property. This decree is to be where the culture of tobacco may be transmitted to the different parts of established, and those which, from the America and Asia, and read three nature of the soil, may be more favour. times in parish churches, and explains able to the culture of the beet-root. ed to the Indians, in order that those - 3. Our prefects shall take measures good subjects may know how anxious that the number of hectares allotted to ly the Cortes watch over their protec. their respective departments shall be tion and welfare. ..!

in full cultivation this year, or next year at the latest.

4. A certain number of hectares IMPERIAL DECREE.

shall be laid out in our empire, in plan.

tations of woad proper for the fabri. Palace of the Thuilleries, cation of indigo, and in proportion to

March 25, 1811. the quantity necessary for our manu. NAPOLEON, Emperor of the French, factures.. ..

5. Our minister of the interior shall Upon the report of the commission distribute the said number among the appointed to examine the means proper departments of the empire, taking in. to naturalise on the continent of our to particular consideration the departempire, sugar, indigo, cotton, and di. ments beyond the Alps, and those of vers other productions of the two In the south, where this branch of cultidies: .

vation formerly made great progress. * Upon the presentation made to us, 6. Our prefects shall take measures, of a considerable quantity of beet-root that the quantity of hectares allotted sugar, refined, crystallized, and pose to their departments shall be in full sessing all the qualities and properties cultivation next year at the latest. of cane sugar:

7. The commission shally before the

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4th of May, fix upon the places most Message of his Imperial and Royal convenient for the establishment of six

Majesti. experimental schools, for giving instruction in the manufacture of beet, SENATORS, I have ordered my miroot sugar, conformably to the process nister for foreign affairs to communiof the chemists.

cate to you the several circumstances 8. The commission shall, also, by which occasion the junction of Hol. the same period, fix upon the places land with the empire. The orders pub. most convenient for the establishment lished by the British council in 1806 of four experimental schools, for giv. and 1807 have rent in pieces the pub. ing instruction as to the extraction of lic law of Europe. A new order of indigo from the lees of the woad, things governs the universe. New seaccording to the processes approved by curities becoming necessary to me, the the commission.

junctions of the mouths of the Scheldt, 9. Our minister of the interior shall of the Meuse, the Rhine, the Ems, make known to the prefects in what the Weser, and the Elbe, with the emplaces these schools shall be formed, pire, the establishment of an inland naand to which the puplis destined for vigation with the Baltic, have appearthis manufacture should be sent. The ed to me to be the first and most improprietors and farmers who may wish portant. I have ordered the plan of to attend the course of lectures in the a canal to be prepared, which will be said experimental schools shall be ad. executed in the course of five years, mitted thereto

and will connect the Seine with the 10. Messrs. Barruel and Isnard, who Baltic. Those princes will be indemhave brought to perfection the pro- nified who may find themselves circumcesses for extracting sugar from beet- scribed by this great measure, which root, shall be specially charged with is become absolutely necessary, and the direction of two of the six experi- which will rest the right of my fronmental schools.

tiers upon the Baltic. Before I came 11. Our minister of the interior shall to this determination, I apprised Engin consequence, cause to be paid to land of it. She was acquainted that them the sum necessary for the forma. the only means for preserving the intion of the said establishments, which dependence of Holland was to retract sum shall be charged upon the fund her orders in council of 1806 and 1807, of one million, placed, in the budget or to return at last to pacific senti. of the year 1811, at the disposal of the ments. But this power was deaf to said minister, for the encouragement of the voice of her interests, as well as to the manufacture of beet-root sugar, the cries of Europe. I was in hopes of and woad indigo.

being able to establish a cartel for the 12. From the 1st of January, 1813, exchange of prisoners of war between and upon the report to be made by France and England, and to avail myour minister of the interior, the sugar self, in consequence of the residence and indigo of the two Indies shall be of two commissioners at Paris and prohibited, and be considered as mer. London, to bring about an approximachandize of English manufacture, or tion between the two countries. I proceeding from English commerce, have been disappointed in my expecta

13. Our minister of the interior is tione. I could find nothing in the charged with the execution of the pre- mode in which the English govern: sent decree.

ment negotiated but craft and de(Signed) NAPOLEON. ceit,- The junction of the Valais is an

effect long intended of the immense concluded ; it was in this spirit that works which I have had performed your majesty has five times sacrificed in the Alps within the last ten years. to peace the greater part of your con. At the time of my act of mediation, quests. More anxious to adorn your I separated the Valais from the Hel. reign by the public happiness than to vetic League, foreseeing then a mea. extend the frontiers of your empire, sure of such advantage to France and your majesty set bounds to your greatItaly. So long as the war continues ness; while England, keeping the with England, the French people must torch of war continually alive, seemed not lay down their arms. My finan. to conspire against her allies as well as ces are in a most flourishing state. I herself to create the greatest empire can meet all the expenses which this that has existed for twenty centuries. immense empire requires, without call. At the peace of 1783, the power of ing upon my people for fresh sacrifices. France was strong in the family com

(Signed) NAPOLEON. pact, which closely bound Spain and Palace of the Thuilleries, Naples with her political system.-Dec. 10, 1810.

At that of Amiens, the respective By order of the emperor. strength of the three great powers was H. B. DUKE' OF BASSANO. increased by the addition of twelve

millions of Polish inhabitants. The After the message was read, his ex- houses of France and Spain were ese çellency the Duke of Cadore, minister sentially hostile to each other, and the for foreign affairs, laid the following people of the two countries were rea report before the sitting.

moved farther than ever from cach other by the difference of their man

ners. One of the great continental Report of the Minister for Foreign powers had her strength less diminished

Affairs to his Majesty the Emperor by the junction of Belgium with and King.

France, than it was increased by the

acquisition of Venice; the seculariza. SIRE,Your majesty has exalted tions also of the Germanic body addFrance to the highest point of great- ed more to the power of our rivals. ness. The victories obtained over Thus, at the conclusion of the treaty five successive coalitions, all promoted of Amiens, the relative force of France by England, have produced these con- was less than at the peace of 1783, sequences; and it may be said, that and much inferior to that to which the we are indebted to England for the victories obtained during the wars of glory and power of the great empire. the two first coalitions gave her a right At every opportunity your majesty to expect. This treaty, however, was made offers of peace, and without con- scarcely concluded, when the jealousy sidering whether it would be more ad- of England displayed itself strongly. vantageous than war: you looked, She took the alarm at the continually sir, only to the happiness of the pre- increasing prosperity and riches of sent generation, and you always show- the interior of France ; and she hoped ed yourself ready to sacrifice to it the that a third coalition would wrest most flattering prospects of the future. Belgium, the provinces of the Rhine, It was in this spirit that the peace of and Italy, from your crown. The Campo Formio, of Luneville, and of peace of Amiens was broken ; a third Amiens, and subsequently of Pres- coalition was formed ; three months burg, of Tilsit, and of Vienna, were after it was dissolved by the treaty of Presburg. England saw all her hopes deration of the North of Germany re. blasted Venice, Dalmatia, Istria, the cognised in opposition to the confede. whole of the Adriatic coast, and that ration of the Rhine. He perceived of the kingdom of Naples, fell into that Prussia could only be preserved the power of France. The Germanic by peace; and that on the fate of that body, established upon principles con- power depended the system of Saxony, trary to those upon which the French of Hessia, of Hanover, the fate of the empire was founded, dropped to pieces; mouths of the Ems, of the Jade, of the and the system of the confederation of Weser, of the Elbe, of the Oder, and the Rhine transformed into close and of the Vistula, ports necessary for the necessary allies the same nations who commerce of England. Like a great in the first coalitions marched against man, Fox did not deliver himself up to France, and united them indissolubly useless, sorrow for the rupture of the to herself by their common interests. treaty of Amiens, and losses henceThe peace of Amiens then became in forth irreparable ; he wished to pre. England the object of the regret of vent greater, and he sent Lord Lau. every statesman. The new acquisitions derdale to Paris. The negociations by France, which there were no hopes began, and every thing led to hope of wresting from her at any future that they would have ended happily, time, rendered the fault that was com- when Fox died. From that time they mitted more evident, and showed the languished. The ministers were nei. full extent of it. An enlightened man, ther sufficiently enlightened nor tempe. who, during the short interval of the rate to perceive the necessity of peace. peace of Amiens, visited Paris, and had Prussia, excited by that spirit which learned to know France and your ma. England infused into all Europe, put jesty, was put at the head of affairs in her troops to march. The imperial England. This man of genius com- guard received orders to set out ; prehended the situations of the two Lord Lauderdale appeared terrified at countries. He perceived that it was the consequences of the new events that not in the power of any state to com- were preparing. It was proposed to pel France to retrograde ; and that sign the treaty; that Prussia should the true policy consisted in arresting be included in it, and that the confeher progress. He perceived, that by deration of the North of Germany the success obtained over the third coa. should be recognised. Your majesty, lition the question was changed ; and with that spirit of moderation of which that it must no longer be thought of you have given such frequent examples contesting with France the possessions to Europe, consented. The departure that she acquired by victory; but of the imperial guard was delayed for that it was necessary by a speedy peace, some days : but Lord Lauderdale heto prevent those new acquisitions which sitated ; he thought it necessary to the continuation of the war would ren- send a messenger to his court, and that der inevitable. This minister did not messenger brought him an order to reconceal any of the advantages which turn. In a few days after, Prussia no France derived from the erroneous po- longer existed as a preponderating licy of England ; but he had in view power. Posterity will consider that those which she might still acquire. period as one of the most decisive in He thought that England would gain the histories of England and France. much, if none of the continental powers The treaty of Tilsit put an end to the lost more. He directed his policy to fourth coalition.--Two great sove. disarm France, and to have the confe. reigns, lately enemies, united in offer

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