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commons of the city of London, in have so long demonstrated towards common council assembled, most hum- your royal father and family, we would bly approach your Royal Highness fain have forborne to cloud the dawn with the warmest assurances of affec. of our intercourse with your Royal tionate attachment to your royal per. Highness by even a glance at our grieson, and unshaken adherence to those vances, manifold and weighty as they sacred principles which seated your fa- are ; but duty to our sovereign, duty mily upon the throne of this realm; to our country, the example of our fully convinced, that those principles forefathers, justice to posterity, the afford the best security to the honour fame and the safety of the kingdom, and dignity of the sovereign, and the all, with voice imperious, forbid us to rights and interests of the people. disguise our thoughts, or to smother
Whilst we offer to your Royal High. our feelings. ness our sincere condolence upon the Far be, it from us, insulted as the severe visitation with which it has plea- corporation of this ancient (and at all sed Divine Providence to afflict our formertimes respected) city has recentmost gracious sovereign, which has oc- ly been by the servants of the crown ; casioned a suspension of the royal func. far be it from us to indulge in com. tions, it is with heartfelt consolation, plaints of grievances peculiar to our. that, in common with all ranks of our selves, ready and willing as we are to fellow subjects, we behold in the per. share in all the necessary burdens and son of your Royal Highness a prince all the dangers of our country. It is highly endowed, and eminently quali- of general grievances, grievances sorefied to exercise the regal dutiesma ly felt in all ranks of life ; of accumuprince, who has so greatly endeared lated and ever accumulating taxation, himself to the people by his modera. rendered doubly grievous by the op tion and forbearance on various trying pressive mode of exaction, and of the occasions, and the attachment he has increased and increasing distress and so uniformly shown to their rights and misery therefrom arising ; of the im, liberties.
provident expenditure of the immense Had indeed the desire and the ex. sums thus wrung from industry and lapectation of the united kingdom been bour; of the waste of life, and of trea. realized, by vesting in your Royal sure, in ill-contrived and ill-conducted Highness the full powers of the exe. expeditions ; of the attempts which cutive authority, we should have had for many years past, and especially just cause for congratulation, confident within the last three years, have been as we feel that those powers would made, and with but too much success, have been wisely and beneficially exer- to crush public liberty in all its branchcised, to enable us to meet the extra- es, and especially the liberty of freely ordinary exigencies of so perilous a discussing the conduct of public men, erisis.
and the nature and tendency of public Deeply impressed with a sense of measures. the many and great difficulties, which, Can we refrain from humbly express with powers so limited, your Royal ing our complaints, when we have seen Highness must have to encounter in those ministers who have so long usurpthe discharge of duties so arduous, and ed the royal authority, and who, it is feeling towards your Royal Highness now discovered, have, by practising the the fullness of that loyal affection, most criminal deception upon the parwhich in deeds as well as in words we liament and the people, carried on the
government during his majesty's for. tion is, therefore, absolutely necessary mer incapacity, exerting their influ- for the safety of the crown, the hapence to degrade the kingly office ? piness of the people, and the peace and When we have seen measures adopt. independence of the country. cd, evincing the most ungrounded jea Reposing the fullest confidence in lousy and mistrust of your Royal your Royal Highness's beneficent views Highness—when we have seen the and intentions, we can only deplore prerogatives of the crown curtailed the present unfortunate state of things, and withheld when we have seen a fully relying that, under circumstan. new estate established in the realm, ces so novel and embarrassing, every highly dangerous and unconstitutional measure which depends personally up- when we have seen power, influence, on your Royal Highness will be adopt. and emolument, thus set apart to con- ed towards extricating us from our trol and embarrass the executive go present difficulties, and for promoting vernment, at a time of such unprece- the peace, happiness, and security of dented difficulty, when all the energies the country. of the state are necessary to enable us Thus to mingle our expressions of to surmount the dangers with which confidence and affection with the voice we are threatened, both at home and of complaint, is grievous to our hearts; abroad.we confess that, feeling as we but, placing as we do implicit reliance do the most unbounded gratitude to on the constitutional principles of your your Royal Highness, for undertaking Royal Highness, we are cheered with these arduous duties at a moment of the hope, that such a change of syg. such peril, and under such circumstan- tem will take place, as will hencefore ces, we can discover no cause for con- ward, for a long series of happy years, gratulation :-on the contrary, we prevent your Royal Highness from bea should be filled with dismay and the ing greeted by the faithful and loyal most alarming apprehensions, were it city of London in any voice but that not for the known patriotism and amia. of content and of gratitude. ble qualities which your Royal High
Signed by order of court, ness possesses, and the resource which
HENRY WOODTHORPE we trust your Royal Highness will To which address his Royal High find in the zeal, ardour, affection, and ness was pleased to return the follows loyalty of a free and united people. ing most gracious answer :
Numerous other grievances we for- I thank you for the assurances of bear even to mention ; but there is one your attachment, and of your confia so prominent in the odiousness of its dence in the sincerity of my endeavours nature, as well as in the magnitude of to promote the welfare and security of its mischievous consequences, that we his majesty's dominions, by the faith. are unable to refrain from marking it ful administration of those powers with out as a particular object of our com. which I am entrusted during the la. plaint and of your Royal Highness's mented indisposition of the king. virtuous abhorrence-the present re- In the arduous situation in which I' presentation in the Commons House of am placed, I can assure you that it parliament, a ready instrument in the will be the happiest moment of my hands of the minister for the time be. life when, by the blessing of providence, ing, whether for the purpose of nulli. I shall be called upon to resign the fying the just prerogatives of thecrown, powers delegated to me into the hands or of insulting and oppressing the peo. of my beloved and revered father and ple, and a reform in which representa sovereign. :
VOL. IV. PART II.
· My own disposition, no less than be capable of resuming the personal the example of my royal father, will exercise of his royal authority. make me at all times ready to listen to That his majesty appears to have the complaints of those who may think made material progress towards recothemselves aggrieved ; and will deter- very since the passing of the act; and mine me on all occasions to regulate that all his majesty's physicians contimy conduct upon the established prin- nue to express their expectations of ciples of that ancient and excellent con- such recovery. stitution, under which the people of (Signed) this country have hitherto enjoyed a C. Cantuar. Eldon state of unrivalled prosperity and hap- J. Ebor. Ellenborough piness.
Winchelsea. W. Grant.
From the Essequebo and Demerara
Royal Gazette: Proclamation by his
Excellency H.W. Bentinck, GoverQueen's Lodge, Windsor, Apr. 6, 1811.
nor, and the Honourable the Court Present, the archbishops of Canter. of Policy of the said Colonies.
bury and York, Earl of Winchelsea, Unto whom these presents shall Earl of Aylesford, Lord Eldon, come greeting. Be it known, Lord Ellenborough, Sir W. Grant, Whereas representations have been (the Duke of Montrose being ab. made to us, that numerous meetings sent on account of indisposition.) of slaves are permitted to take place
We the members of the council, on the east coast of the colony, at late here present, appointed to assist her hours in the evening ; which, although majesty in the execution of the trust they are avowedly for religious purpocommitted to her majesty by virtue of ses, yet being at unseasonable and imthe statute passed in the 51st year of proper hours, have been found produchis majesty's reign, intituled, “ An tive of disorder, and, if continued to Act to provide for the Administration be allowed, may have the most dangerof the Royal Authority, and for the ous tendency : We have therefore care of his Majesty's Royal Person du. thought fit to enact, and it is hereby ring the Continuance of his Majesty's enacted, that from the date of the pubIllness, and for the Resumption of the lication of these presents, no meeting Exercise of the Royal Authority by his or convocation of slaves shall be lawMajesty;" having called before us, and ful, or permitted to take place, after examined on oath the physicians and the hour of sun-set, for any purpose other persons attendant on his majesty, whatever, except only for the usual and having ascertained the state of his purposes of the estate or plantation to majesty's health by such ways and which such slave shall belong. And means as appear to us to be necessary we do hereby in the strictest manner for that purpose, do hereby declare the forbid any proprietor, attorney, or state of his majesty's health, at the manager of estates, to permit such time of this our meeting, as follows: meeting, under pain of the several pe
That the indisposition with which nalties of the law, directing the burgher his majesty was afflicted at the time of officers of the different districts to use the passing of the said act does still so their authority to prevent the same; far exist, that his majesty is not yet authorising them, in case of resistance, restored to such a state of health as to to commit the person or persons so re
Gisting or refusing to comply, strictly These resolutions your committee have conforming themselves to the instruc- inserted in the appendix to this report. tions given them in the 25th article of Your committee found, by the evi. the militia regulations.
dence of the witnesses which they exaGiven at the court-house in Sta. mined, that those statements and rebrock, the 2d day of May, 1811 ; and presentations were founded on fact. published the 25th of the same month. It appeared to your committee, that H. W. BENTINCK. the principal part of the distress which
was complained of had arisen out of Report from the Select Committee on great and extensive speculations, which the State of Commercial Credit. commenced upon the opening of the
South American markets in the Bra. The Select Committee, appointed zils and elsewhere, to the adventures to enquire into the state of commercial of British merchants. credit : and who were directed to re- Mr Garden, the chairman of the port the same, as it should appear to chamber of commerce and manufacture them, together with their observations at Glasgow, said—" That in Glasgow thereon, from time to time to the and the neighbourhood the distress beHouse ;-met, and examined a variety gan among the manufacturing body of of witnesses, and have agreed upon people, and it has pressed more severethe following report :
ly upon them hitherto than on any Your committee directed its atten- class. That it began about the month tion to three points ;
of October or beginning of November First-The extent of the difficulties last; the cause of it appeared to him and embarrassments which are at pre- to be this—That a set of merchants in sent experienced by the trading part London, Liverpool, and Glasgow, of the community :
conceiving that the markets of South · Second—The causes to which the America would consume a vast quan. same should be ascribed ; and, tity of our manufactures, entered into '. Third—The expediency, with a a project of very extensive exports to view to the present and future interests those countries and to the West India of the merchants and manufacturers, islands, chiefly intended for the Spaand of the public, of any assistance be- nish colonies; these expeditions not ing afforded by parliament.
meeting a ready market, those export. Your committee found, that memo- ers have not been able to pay the marials had been presented to his majes. nufacturers, when the bills became due; ty's treasury, towards the latter end of these bills were therefore returned up. "the last and the beginning of the pre- on the manufacturers, which created a sent year, stating the great embarras- great deal of distress.Many of those ments and distress which were felt houses that were the original causes of amongst the manufacturers in the cot- the evil are gone to bankruptcy longa ton trade in Glasgow and Paisley, and ago; but they have created this evil their vicinity, and praying for public upon the manufacturers of whom they assistance ; that the same were con- purchased the goods ; that the manufirmed by the representation of a meet. facturers have their property locked ing held in the city of London on the up in bankrupts' estates; that part of 12th of February, which sent a depu. it will be lost, no doubt; but yet, that tation to wait upon the Chancellor of in the course of nine, twelve, or fifteen the Exchequer, with a copy of the re- months, a considerable part of the solutions adopted at that meeting. capital will return to the manufacturers; but while they are deprived of per classes of merchants, who are thus it, they go on with the greatest diffi- deprived of the usual accommodation culty, many of the weaker have been or means of negociation, that therefore broken down. That the manufactu. persons who are possessed of solid prorers of goods who have capitals, still perty have not the same means of obfeel great distress from this cause ; and taining credit that they usually have it is that class of people that it would had, and very far from it--this want of be desirable to relieve, because a little confidence in the banks makes them aid from government would enable them distrustful of every body, and the mer. to go on with their business, though chants have felt great inconvenience in on a limited scale; but still they would consequence :-the witness said, he be enabled to retain a certain propor. understands that some of the banks at tion of their work people or labourers; Glasgow and in that neighbourhood, whereas, if they get no kind of relief, do little business, they will rather acthey must be broken down also, and cumulate their capital, and wait the the labourers with their families must result of the present situation of things; be left without means of subsistence.- this want of confidence creates general That this distress still presses very distress among very respectable mer. heavily upon them, the export mer. chants. chants not being able to pay the ma- " That the intercourse of credit nufacturers for the goods they have among the merchants themselves was taken. That in the course of trade much broken down by means of these great quantities of goods from Scot. circumstances, even where the mere land were sold by agents in London; chants are solvent. those agents gave a temporary accom- " That there is considerable injury dation to the manufacturer, but no. to the manufacturer, from being obli. thing more ; when the merchants could ged to stop his work ; his machinery aot pay those bills which they had gets out of order, his workmen get given for goods, the bills went back dispersed through the country, and he upon the manufacturers.
cannot collect them again, but at con" That there is this chain of connec. siderable trouble and expense ; and tion between the manufacturing body when it is understood that his business and the upper classes of merchants is stopped, he loses his custom, and the banks in Scotland having discount. when he begins again, it is almost the ed or advanced money upon those bills same as beginning a new business; it of the merchants for the manufactu- is therefore extremely important that rers; those bills having gone back, the the manufacturer should go on, though manufacturers are not able to take on a limited scale. them up ; the capitals of the banks - That in his opinion the demand are therefore taken up also, and they would in a great measure come round are not able to give the regular accom- to them again; that the home trade modation which they had been used to and some other markets are still open do to their customers. In this situa- to them; that he has always seen in tion of things too, a want of confidence his experience of thirty years, that a arises in the banks themselves; when glut in a market is followed by a brisk they see people breaking down around demand ; for no person will supply the them, they become timid and afraid of markets, or adventure at all, when transacting any business ; a want of they are overstocked, hence the marconfidence on the part of the banks na- ket becomes exhausted, and of courses turally creates distress among the up- a very good demand arises afterwards.c