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royal presence, being personally present Gloster Clifton
in the higher house of parliament, or by York Grantley
his letters patent under a great seal, as Cumberland Erskine
signed with his hand, and declared and Cambridge Fitzwilliam
notified in his absence to the lords spi. Hereford Keith
ritual and temporal, and the commons Say and Sele Upper Ossory assembled together;”—and the omisDonoughmore Hastings
sion of the usual words in the commisSpencer Dundas
sion, and the substitution of the king's Lansdowne Ailsa
stamp for his royal signature are by Cholmondeley Charlemont the statute of Queen Mary, declaring Scarborough Granard
the attainder of the Duke of Norfolk Stafford Yarborough
of none effect, deemed sufficient to renVassal Holiand Headfort
der void and null the assent given unJersey Butler
der that commission, although the Lauderdale Rosslyn
great seal was annexed thereunto. Ponsonby Hutchinson
By the 13th of Charles II. it is fur. Bedford
Suffolk and Berks ther declared, that no act or ordinance Albemarle Carlisle.
with the force or virtue of a law can be made by either or both houses of
parliament. Against the third Resolution.
We conceive, therefore, on the one 1. Because the proposal contained hand, that a commission so created, in the resolution, as explained in de and so limited, can never by any ficbate-that the two houses should di- tion of law, or annexation of seal, con. rect the royal assent to be given by a vey the royal assent in defiance of the bill or bills under a commission, to obvious meaning of language, and the which the great seal, by their direction strict and legal definition of the term ; and authority, is to be affixed-seems and on the other hand, till the royal to us a solecism in language, and a vio. assent be obtained, we cannot, in violation of the common and statute law lation of the fundamental principles of of this kingdom.
the constitution, and in the face of a If the assent is given by the direc- declaratory statute, give to the act or tion of the two houses of parliament, ordinance of the two branches of the without any person being empowered legislature only, the force and virtue of to give or withhold, at his discretion, a law. that assent, it is in substance the assent 2. Because in no instance while the of the two branches of the legislature government of this country has been to their own act; and it can neither acknowledged to be in king, lords, deserve the name, nor obtain the autho. and commons, has any statute or law rity of the assent of the king, or of been enacted without the concurrent any person representing on his behalf assent of the three branches of the lethe third branch of the legislature. gislature.
By the statute of the 33d of Henry 3. Because the proceedings of the VIII. and more expressly by the 1st two houses in 1788 are incomplete, of Queen Mary, session the 2d, it is and cannot therefore be entitled to the provided, declared, and enacted, “That weight and authority of a constitu. the royal assent or consent of the king tional precedent. or kings of this realm to any act of par- The adherence to precedent, so wise. liament ought to be given in his own ly enforced by the theory and practice of our constitution, is justified by con- Albemarle Dutton siderations which cannot attach to in- Keith
Rosslyn complete transactions, viz. the union Hastings
Clifton of authority and experience, and a con- Grantley Hutchinson fidence in the wisdom of a design Cholmondeley Stafford founded on a view of the benefits re. Suffolk and Berks Scarborough. sulting from the execution of it. Carliste
The opinions therefore of the ma. jorities and minorities of 1788-9 de
Correspondence between the Regent serve such attention as the respective
and Mr Perceval on the annuncianumber and characters of those who
tion of his Royal Highness's Detercomposed them are calculated to command; but they cannot obtain the
mination to retain the present Miforce and value of a constitutional pre
nisters in his Service. : cedent, which can only be conferred
Carlton-House, Feb. 4, 1811. on a measure by the practical know The Prince of Wales considers the ledge and experience of its effects. moment to be arrived, which calls for
4. Because the conduct of the Irish his decision with respect to the persons parliament in 1789 forms as binding a to be employed by him, in the admiprecedent, and affords as salutary an nistration of the executive government example to the two houses of the im- of the country, according tothe powers perial parliament, as the proceedings vested in him by the bill passed by the of the estates of Great Britain on the two houses of parliament, and now on same occasion—and the two houses of the point of receiving the sanction of parliament in Ireland concurred in a the great seal. joint address, requesting his Royal The prince feels it incumbent upon Highness the Prince of Wales “ to him, at this precise juncture, to comtake upon him the government of the municate to Mr Perceval his intention realm of Ireland during his majesty's not to remove from their stations those indisposition"--and “ to exercise and whom he finds there, as his Majesty's administer, according to the laws and official servants. At the same time constitution of that kingdom, all regal the prince owes it to the truth and sinpowers, jurisdictions, and prerogatives, cerity of character, which, he trusts, to the crown and government thereof will appear in every action of his life, belonging."
in whatever situation placed, explicitly Clarence Dundas
to declare, that the irresistible impulse Sussex Ailsa
of filial duty and affection to his be. Gloster Headfort
loved and afflicted father leads him to Kent Butler
dread that any act of the regent might, York
Charlemont in the smallest degree, have the effect Cumberland Granard
of interfering with the progress of his Cambridge Yarborough sovereign's recovery. For 2d, 3d, and Upper Ossory This consideration alone dictates the 4th reasons, Erskine
decision now communicated to Mr PerLansdowne Fitzwilliam
ceval. Holland Thanet
Having thus performed an act of inJersey Hereford
dispensable duty, from a just sense of Lauderdale Donoughmore what is due to his own consistency and Ponsonby Spencer
honour, the prince has only to add, Bedford
Norfolk, E. M. that among the many blessings to be ,
derived from his majesty's restoration of the regency bill, which his Majesty's to health, and to the personal exercise servants felt it to be their duty to reof his royal functions, it will not, in commend to parliament. But he vena the prince's estimation, be the least, tures to submit to your Royal Highthat that most fortunate event will at ness, that, whatever difficulties the preonce rescue him from a situation of un. sent awful crisis of the country and the exampled embarrassment, and put an world may create in the administration end to a state of affairs, ill calculated, of the executive government, your he fears, to sustain the interests of the Royal Highness will not find them in united kingdom in this awful and pe. any degree increased by the temporary rilous crisis, and most difficult to be suspension of the exercise of those reconciled to the genuine principles of branches of the royal prerogatives, the British constitution.
which has been introduced by parlia
ment, in conformity to what was inMr Perceval's Reply. tended on a former similar occasion ;
Downing-street, Feb. 11, 1811. and that whatever ministers your Royal Mr Perceval presents his humble Highness might think proper to em. duty to your Royal Highness, and has ploy, would find in that full support the honour to acknowledge the receipt and countenance which, as long as they of your Royal Highness's letter of were honoured with your Royal High, last night, which reached him this ness's commands, they would feel con, morning.
fident they would continue to enjoy Mr Perceval feels it his duty to ex. ample and sufficient means to enable press his humble thanks to your Royal your Royal Highness effectually to Highness, for the frankness with which maintain the great and important inte, your Royal Highness has condescend. rest of the united kingdom. ed explicitly to communicate the mo And Mr Perceval humbly trusts, tives which have induced your Royal that whatever doubts your Royal Highness to honour his colleagues and Highness may entertain with respect him with your commands for the con- to the constitutional propriety of the tinuance of their services in the stations measures which have been adopted, intrusted to them by the king. And your royal highness will feel assured, Mr Perceval begs leave to assure your that they could not have been recomRoyal Highness that in the expression mended by his majesty's servants, nor of your Royal Highness's sentiments sanctioned by parliament, but upon of filial and loyal attachment to the the sincere, though possibly erroneous King, and of anxiety for the restora, conviction, that they in no degree tion of his Majesty's health, Mr Perce. trenched upon the true principles and val can see nothing but additional mo. spirit of the constitution. tives for their most anxious exertions Mr Perceval feels it his duty to to give satisfaction to your Royal .add, that he holds himself in readiness, Highness, in the only manner in which at any moment, to wait upon your it can be given, by endeavouring to Royal Highness, and to receive any promote your Royal Highness's views commands with which your Royal for the security and happiness of the Highness may be graciously pleased country.
to honour him. ; Mr Perceval has never failed to regret the impression of your Royal Highness, with regard to the provisions
Speech of the Prince Regent, Feb. 12. The attack upon the island of Sicily,
which was announced to the world The Lords Commissioners (the with a presumptuous anticipation of Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord success, has been repulsed by the perChancellor, the Duke of Montrose, severing exertions and valour of his Earl Camden, and the Earl West- Majesty's land and sea forces. moreland) being seated on the wool. The judicious arrangement adopted sack, the lord chancellor read the by the officers commanding on that following most gracious speech : station, derived material support from
My Lords and Gentlemen,-In ex- the zeal and ardour which were mani. ecution of the commission which has fested during this contest by the innow been read to you, we are com- habitants of Sicily, and from the comanded by his Royal Highness the operation of the naval means which, Prince Regent to express, in the were directed by his Sicilian Majesty strongest manner, how deeply he la- to this object. ments, not only in common with all In Portugal, and at Cadiz, the dea his Majesty's loyal subjects, but with fence of which constituted the prin. a personal and filial affliction, the great cipal object of his Majesty's exertions national calamity which has been the in the last campaign, the designs of the occasion of imposing upon his Royal enemy have been hitherto frustrated. Highness the duty of exercising in The consummate skill, prudence, and his Majesty's name the royal authority perseverance of Lieutenant-General of this kingdom.
Lord Viscount Wellington, and the In conveying to you the sense which discipline and determined bravery of his Royal Highness entertains of the the officers and men under his com. great difficulties attending the import mand, have been conspicuously display. ant trust which is reposed in him, his ed throughout the whole of the came Royal Highness commands us to as- paign. The effect of those distinguishsure you, that he looks with the mosť ed qualities, in inspiring confidence and perfect confidence to the wisdom and energy into the troops of his Majesty's zeal of parliament, and to the attach- allies, has been happily evinced by ment of a loyal and affectionate people, their general good conduct, and parti. for the most effectual assistance and cularly by the brilliant part which support; and his Royal Highness will, they bore in the repulse of the enemy on his part, exert his utmost endeavours at Buzaco. And his Royal Highness to direct the powers with which he is commands us further to state, that he invested, to the advancement of the trusts you will enable him to continue prosperity, welfare, and security of his the most effectual assistance to the Majesty's dominions.
brave nations of the peninsula, in the We are directed to inform you, that support of a contest which they mani, his Royal Highness has great satisfac- fest a determination to maintain with tion in being enabled to state, that unabated perseverance; and his Royal fresh opportunities have been afford. Highness is persuaded that you will ed during the late campaign for dis- feel, that the best interests of the Bri. tinguishing the valour and skill of his tish empire must be deeply affected in Majesty's forces both by sea and land. the issue of this contest, on which the
The capture of the islands of Bour- liberties and independence of the Spa, bon and of Amboyna has still further nish and Portuguese nations entirely reduced the colonial dependencies of depend. the enemy.
We have it likewise in command to acquaint you, that discussions are now brought up a message from the Prince depending between this country and Regent: it was read from the chair, the United States of America ; and and was in substance as follows: that it is the earnest wish of his Royal The Prince Regent, in the name Highness that he may find himself and in the behalf of the King, thinks enabled to bring these discussions to an proper to inform the House of Coma amicable termination, consistent with mons, that the maintenance of a body the honourof his Majesty's crown, and of Portuguese troops in British pay. the maritime rights and interests of had been attended with the most imthe united kingdom.
portant effects in the conduct of the Gentlemen of the House of Com.. war. The Prince Regent hopes the mons,—We are directed to acquaint House of Commons will enable him to you, that his Royal Highness the continue the same for the present year, Prince Regent has given his commands according as circumstances and the that the estimates for the expenditure nature of the contest may require. of the current year should be laid be. fore you ; and his Royal Highness has Prince Regent's Message, April 8. great satisfaction in acquainting you, that although the difficulties under GEORGE P. R. which the commerce of this kingdom The Prince Regent, in the name and has laboured, have in some degree af. on behalf of his majesty, having taken fected a part of his Majesty's revenue, into his serious consideration the ac. particularly in Ireland, yet that the counts which he has received of the revenue of Great Britain in the last severe distresses to which the inhabit. year, though unaided by any new tax. ants of a part of the kingdom of Poration, is greater than was ever known tugal have been exposed in their perin any preceding year. And his Royal sons and property, in consequence of Highness trusts to your zeal and liber- the invasion of that country, and espe. ality to afford his Majesty adequate cially from the wanton and savage bar. supplies for the support of the great barity exercised by the French armies, contest in which he is necessarily en- in their recent retreat, which cannot gaged.
fail to affect the hearts of all persons My Lords and Gentlemen,-We are who have any sense of religion or hucommanded by his Royal Highness to manity, desires to be enabled by the declare to you, that it is the most House of Commons to afford the suf. anxious wish of his heart, that he may fering subjects of his majesty's good be enabled to restore unimpaired into and faithful ally, such speedy and efthe hands of his Majesty the govern- fectual relief as may be suitable to this ment of his kingdom ; and that his interesting and afflicting occasion. . Royal Highness earnestly prays that
G. P. R. the Almighty may be pleased in his mercy to accelerate the termination of
CITY ADDRESS. a calamity so deeply lamented by the whole nation, and so peculiarly af. The dutiful and loyal Address of the Aicting to his Royal Highness'him Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com self,
mons of the City of London, in Com
mon Council assembled. Prince Regent's Message, March 12.
May it please your Royal Highness, The Chancellor of the Exchequer We, the lord mayor, aldermen, and