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Table of the Two SLIDES, or INFLECTIONS of VOICE.* The acute accent () denotes the rising, and the grave accent (") the falling

inflection. Did they act properly, or im'properly? They acted prop'erly, not im'properly. Did he speak distinctly, or in distinctly? He spoke distinct'ly, not in'distinctly. Must we act aceord'ing to the law, or con- We must act accord'ing to the law, and not trary to it?

con'trary to it.
Did he go willingly, or un'willingly? He went willingly, not un'willingly,
Was it done correct'ly, or in correctly? It was done correct'ly, not in'correctly.
Did he say cau'tion, or cau'tion ?

He said caution, not cau'tion.
Did he say wise'ly, or wise'ly?

He said wise'ly, not wisely. Did he say value, or val'ue?

He said val'ue, not value. Did he say wisdom, or wis'dom?

He said wis'dom, not wis'dom. Did he say fame', or fame?

He said fame', not fame'. You must not say fa'tal, but fa'tal.

You must say fatal, not fa'tal. You must not say e'qual, but e' qual.

You must say e'qual, not e'qual. You must not say idol, but i'doi.

You must say i dol, not i'dol. You must not say open, but o'pen.

You must say o pen, not o'pen. You must not say du'bious, but du'bious. You must say dū bious, not du'bious, &c.


The figures over the letters refer to the vowels in the words, as follow :
Fåte får fåll fåt me mét pine pin no move nôr nốt tube tůb båll 311 pðince.

th sharp, as in thin, thought.
TH flat as in this, though,
g always hard (eg) as in go, give, gone.
s always sharp (ess) as in so, such, son.
x always sharp (eks) as in ox, fox, box.
ng always sounded as in ring, bring, thing.

equivalent to French


tch ial w and y sound as in we, ye._ou and oy sound as in now, cloy, &c.

INITIAL SOUNDS. These orthographical exercises should be scrupulously attended to : not a word should be passed over unless it be correctly spelled, accented, and pronounced: they should even be read by the pupil till he is fully master of them before he commences the reading lessons.

1. qu, at the beginning of words, sounds å, in auburn, auc'tion, auc'tionary, au'dible, au'dibly, au'dience, au'dit, au'ditor, au'ditory, au'ditress, au'ger, aught, augʻment (noun), au'gur, f au'gury, august (12), au'spice, aus'tral, au'thor, au'thorize, au'tograph, au'tumn, auctionéer, audácious, auda'city, augment' (verb,) augmentation, august' (adj.), aurélia, auric'ula, auric'ular, aurif'erous, aurora, aurora-boreális, auspi'cial, auspi'cious, austére, auster'ity, authen'tic, authen'ti

* For a full and philosophic view of this subject, see Walker's Elocution, Rhetorical Grammar, &c.

| These words may serve as useful exercises, not only in orthoepy, but also in orthography. For this purpose a portion of them may be pronounced and spelled by the pupil each day, or as often as the Teacher may think proper. The Teacher will secure the attention and improvement of his pupils by accustoming them to turn to those words in some good dictionary, say Picket's Walker, and learn their meaning as an evening's exercise. See Juvenile Expositor, p. 24, 25, 26, &c.

| Participles have the accent' on the same syllable as the verbs from which they are derived; thus the verb to in'terest, has the accent on the first syllable; the participles in'terating, in'terested, derived from it, have the accent on the same syllable.

cate, authenti"city, author'itative, author'ity, autom'aton, autom'atous, autop'tical autum'nal, auxiliar auxil'iary.--aunt s. ånt.

2. rircum, s. sér-kům, in circumam'bient, circumam'bulate, cif'cumcise, circu nci'sion, circumduct', circum'ference, circumferen'tor, cir'cumflex, circumfluent, circum'fluous, circ imfúse, çircumfúsion, circumjacent, circumlocútion, circumloc'utory, circumnavigation, circumrotátion, circumscribe, cir'cumspect, cir'cumstance, circumvent', circumvolution, &c.

3. co-op, s. ko-op, in co-op'erate, co-operation, co-op'erative, co-op'erator, co-optation, (co-or s. ko-ôr in) co-or'dinate, co-ordinately, co-or'dinateness, co-ordination

4. dis, s. dis, in disability, disadvan'tage, disaffec'tion, disagrée, disallow', disappear, disapprove', disavow', discard', disclose, discontent', discourse, discreet', disembark', disincline, disobedient, disquietude, dissemöble, dissent', dissolution, distrib'utive, distrust', disunity, &c.

5. dis, s. diz, in disable, disarm', disas'ter, disas'trous, disband', disbark', disbur'den, disburse', disburse'ment, discern', discern'ible, discern'ing, discern' ment, disdain, disdainful, disease, disgorge', disgráce, disgraceful, disgracefully, disgrácious, disguise, disguisement, disgust', disgust'ful, dishon'est, dishon'esty, dishon'our, dishon'ourable, disin'terested, disjoin', disjoint', disjunct', disjunc'tion, disjunc'tive, dislike, disliken, dislimb', dislodge', disloy'al, disloy'alty, dis’mal, disman'tle, dismask', dismast', dismáy, dismem'ber, dismiss', dismiss'ion, dismort'. gage, dismount', disor'der, disor'derly, disor'dinate, disown, disrel'ish, disrep’utable, disrobe, disrup'tion, dissolv'able, dissolve', dissolv'ent, dissolv'able, disvalua. tion, disval'ue, disuse, (n.), disvouch', (di befores, sdě in) dishev'elled, dispread', (disme s. dlme.)

6. ea s. è in each, eager, eagerly, eagerness, eagle-eyed, earless, éar-ring, éarwax, easily, éаsiness, easterly, eastern, eastward, easy, eatable, éaves-dropper, (earl s. érl in) earl'dom, ear'liness, ear'ly earn, ear'nest, ear'nestly, earth, earth'en, earth'ling, earth'ly, earth'-quake, earth’y. (ead &c. s. ed in) dead, lead, head, deaf, deafʼness, deafʼly.

7. ex, s. égz, in exact',exact'ly, exac'tion, exact'ness, exa"ggerate, exa"ggerátion, exa"gitate, exalt', exaltation, exámen, examination, exam'ine, exam'ple exan'imate, exas'perate, exasperation, exec'utive, exec'utor, exec'utrix, exem'plar, exem'plary,, exemplification, exem'plify, exempt'; exemp'tion, exert', exertion, exhále, exhálement, exhaust', exhaust'less, exhib'it, exhil'erate, exhort', exile (v.), exist', exis'tence, exis'tency, exis'tent, exon'erate, exoneration, exor'bitance, exor'bitant, exor'dium, exotic, exuberance, exuberant, exult', exult'ance, exultation, exúviæ. (ex, in the beginning of almost all other words, sounds, eks) ex'cellence, excep'tion, exclaim, excommunicate, excur'sion, exhalátion, expectant, explore, expulsion, extinc'tion, extrav'agant, ex'tricáte, &c.

8. h is silent in heir, heir'ess, heir'less, heir'ship, herb, herb'age, herb'y, hon'est, hon'estly, hon'esty, hon'orary, hon'our, hon'ourable, hon'ourably, hos'pital, host'ler, hour, hourglass, hour'ly, hum'ble, húmorist, húmorous, húmorously, húmour.

9. or, s. Ör, in orb, orb'ed, or'chard, or'chestre, or'deal, or'der, or'derless, or'derly, or'dinal, ordinance, or'dinary, or'dináte, ord'nance, or'donnance, or'dure, organ, organism, organist, organize, or'gies, or'nament, or'namental, or'nate, or phan, or'thodox, orthoepist, or'thoepy, orbic'ular, orches'ıra, ordain, ordination, organ'sc, organ'ical, organization, orgil'lous, ornament'a!, ornithology, orthog'rapher, orthograph'ically, orthogʻraphy. (oris. O in) orien'tal, ori'ginal, ori"ginally, ori"ginary, ori'ginate, orac'ular, orac'ulous, orátion, bral, brient (or s. dr in) or'acle, or'ange, or'ator, oratórial, orator'ical, or'atory, or'rery, or'ris, or'ifice, or'igin, or'ison.

10. pre, s. prè, in préacher, précept, prédal, prédial, préfect, préfix, (n.) prémiers prémium, préscience, préscient, préscript, prétor, prévious, préviously, precárious, precede, precep'tive, precip'itate, precise, clúde, preconceit, predestinarian, predict', predispose, predom'inant, pre-establish, prefer', prejúdicate, prematúre, prepar'ative, prerog'ative, prescription, presúme, presump'tion, presump'tive, presump'tuous, preternatural, prevail, preven'tion,


&c.--prey s. prà.--(pre is shut, in) preb'end, preb'endary, precedáneous, precedent, pre"cious, pre"cipice, predatory, pred'ecessor, pred'icable, pred'icant, pred'icate, predication, pref'ace, pref'atory, pref'ecture, pref'erable, preference, prej'udice, prejudi"cial, prel'acy, prel'ate, prel'ude (n.), prem'ises, preparation, preposi"tion, presbyter, presbyterian, pres'bytery, pres'ence, pres’ent (adj.), presentation, presentée, pres'ently, preservation, pres'idency, pres'ident, press' gang, press'man, press'money, press'ure, pres'to, pret'tily, pret'tiness, pret'ty, prev'alence, prev'alent, (presage s. prés'-aje (n.), or pre-så je' (v.)

11. se, s. sė, in sea, séaboat, séaborn, séaboy, séachart, (sea s. sé in all its compounds) seal, séalingwax, seam, seamless, searcloth, séason, séasonable, séasonably, seasoning, séaward, sécant, sécrecy, secret, sécretly; (see and sei s. sė,) seed, seedcake, seedpearl', séedtime, seedling, séedsman, séedy, seeing séesaw, séignior, séignory, seine, seize, seizin, seizure, sénior, séquel, séquence, séquent, séries, sérious, seriously, sérous, sérum, séton, şecéde, secess'ion, seclude, seclusion, secréte, secrétion, secrétory, secure, securely, security, sedan', sedáte, sedátely, sedáteness, sedi'tion, sedi'tious, sedúce, sedúcement, sedúcible, seduc'. live, seduc'tion, sedálity, select', selec'tion, senior'ity, sepulchral, sepul chre (v.), sequacious, sequa" city, seques'ter, seques'trable, seragl'io, seraph'ic, seréne, se. rénely, seréneness, seren'ity, setaceous, severe, severely, sever'ity. (ser. s sảr in ser'geant.--sew s. so.)

sewer, s. so'år, one who uses a needle.
sewer, s. sů'úr, an officer who serves up a feast.

sewer, s. shore, a passage for water. in most other words the e in se is shut or joined to the next letter, thus--sec'ona, secʻretary, sed'ulous, sel'dom, sem'blance, sensation, ser'mon, ser'vitude, set'. tlement, &c.

12. sky, s. skyl, sky, sky'ey, sky'colour, sky'coloured, sky'dyed, sky'ed, sky' ish, sky'lark, sky'light, sky'rocket, (kind s. kyind in) kind, kindly, kindness, unkind, unkindly, unkindness, gav'elkind, mankind, wom'ankind, húmankind.

13. su, s. sů, in supine (adj.), supinely, supineness, suprem'acy, supréme, suprémely, supine (n.)

14. super, s, såpër, in superabun’dance, superadd', superan’nuate, superb', supercar'go, superceles'tial, supercil'ious, superem'inent, superex'cellent, superfi" cies, superfine, super'fluous, superintend', superior'ity, supérior, super'lative, supernat'ural, supernúmerary, superscrip'tion, supersti''tious, superven'tion, supervisor, súperable, superfice, súperflux, &c.

15. th, s. th, in thane, thank, thank'ful, thank'less, thanks'giving, théatre, the oc'racy, theod'olite, theológian, théory, thermom'eter, thésis, thick'et, thief, think' ing, this'tle, thorax, thor'ough, &c. (th s. th in) than, that, the, their, them, ther, thence, thence'forth, thencefor'ward, there, there'about, thereby', there'fore, therefrom', therein; thereintó thereof', thereon', thereto, thereunto, thereupon', these, they, this, thith'er, thith'erto, thith’erward, those, thou, though, thus, thy, thyself'. (thyme s. time.)

16. thr, s. thr, in thrall, thral'dom, thrap'ple, thrash, thrash'er, thread'bare, threat'en, threefold, threescore, thresh'old, thrift'ily, thrift'less, thrifty, thrill, thrive, throat, throb, throe, &c.

17. trans, s. trâns, in transact', transcend', transcribe, transfig'ure, transfúse, trans'it, trans''ition, transláte, transmit', transpire, transverse, &c. (transi s. trần-she in) transient, tran’siently, tran'sientness.

18. un, s. ún, in unalterable, unbound', uncer'tain, unconcern', undaunt'ed, undirect'ed, unequal, unexplored, unfor'tunate, ungen'erous, unhap'py, &c. (u s. à before n in) únicorn, úniform, uniformly, únion, únison, únit, unity, uni.. verse, unanim'ity, unan'imous, uniformity, unite, unitedly, uni'tion, universal, universal'ity, univer'sally, univer'sity, univ'ocal, (unc sing in) un'cle, unction, unc'tuous.


An acquaintance with the terminational sounds is important to all who are desirous of acquiring an elegant pronunciation. Teachers will find on trial, that these exercises are well calculated to initiate their pupils into the correct principles of the orthoepy of our language.

1. ic, or ick, at the end of words, sounds ik, in cúbic, somnif'ic, sudorif'ic, mag'ic, logʻic, pub’lic, angel'ic, academ'ic, astronom'ic, pan'ic, tyran'nic, fab'ric, rhetoric, emphatic, arc'tic, poet'ic, crit'ic, eclip'tic, elas'tic, domes'tic, &c.

2. d is pronounced like t when the ed is preceded by f, k, p, s, sh, ch, or any sharp consonant, thus, engraff'ed, quaff'ed, cuff'cd, puff ed, ingulf'ed; créaked, cloaked, ran'sacked, attack'ed, deck'ed, frol'iced, shock'ed, rock'ed, creek'ed, thank'ed, frank'ed, link'ed, look'ed, embark'ed, remark'ed, help'ed, decamp'ed, cramp'ed, developed, clasp'ed, usurp'ed, crisp'ed, lisp'ed, grasp'ed, depress'ed, oppress'ed, confess'ed, profess'ed, bless'ed, wit'nessed, address'ed, transgress'ed, repress'ed, possess'ed, guess'ed, cross'ed, discuss'ed, abash'ed refresh'ed, estab’lished, published, fam ishod, dimin'ished, finished, aston'ished, flourished, lan'guished, extin'guished, blush'ed, rush'ed, crush'ed, impeached, encroached, detach'ed, stretch'ed, enrich'ed, branch'ed, search'ed, march'ed, catch'ed, match'ed, despatch'ed, fetch'ed, touch'ed, avouch'ed, &c. (blessed, when an adjective, is, in grave subjects, pronounced in two syllables, thus a bless'-ed reward.) The ed is pronounced as a distinct syllable in learn'-ed, wing-ed, when adjectives. The ed in aged always makes a distinct syllable, as an a'-ged man; bui when this word is compounded with another, the ed does not form a syllable, as a full ag'd horse.The ed is pronounced as a distinct syllable in the following adverbs, though it is contracted in the participial adjectives from which they are formed. --forcedly, enforcedly, unveil'edly, deform'edly, feign'edly, unfeign'edly, design'edly, nes sign'edly, restrainedly, refinedly unconcern'edly, undiscern'edly, assuredly, ad. visedly, composedly, diffusedly, confusedly, unperceivedly, resolvedly, deserved ly, undeser'vedly, reser'vedly, unreser'vediy, avow'edly, perplex'edly, fix'edly, amazediy. The participial termination must never be pronounced as a distinct syllable, unless preceded by d or t, except in the language of Scripture.

3. in ed, a verhal termination, the e is not sounded, and the d is joined to the preceding, syllable, in mov'ed, prov'ed, approv'ed, disapprov'ed, improv'ed, believed, disbelieved, imbibed, inscribed, transcribed, obliged, disobliged, engaged, convey'ed, survey'ed, delay'ed, plann'ed, mann'ed, crown'ed, frown'ed, mourn'ed, calm'ed, framed, blámed, tamed, skilled, toil'ed, referr'ed, deferr'ed, preferr'ed, raised, práised, procured, secured, inúred, received, &c.

4. ed forms a separate syllable when preceded by d or l, in commend'ed, recommend'ed, moulded, folded, disbanded commanded, expand'ed, brand'ed, avoid'ed, befriend'ed, offend'ed, defend'ed, blended, extend'ed, suspend'ed, blinded, desa pond'ed, rebound'ed, surround'ed; háted, an'imated, abstract'ed, affected, limited, depos'ited, revolt'ed, anoint'ed, devoted, accepted, part'ed, tásted, act'ed, como pacted, detracted, extract'ed, affected, subjected, select'ed, collect'ed, directed, protect'ed, convict'ed, deduct'ed, constructed, &c.

5. old, s. old, bold, blindfold, infold, unfold, behold, withhold, inhold, uphold, retold, untold, mistóld. (old s. old) threefold, man'ifold, pin'fold, marigold, freehold, house'hold, thresh'hold, cop'yhold. (old s. åld scaf'fold.)

6. ind, s. lnd, in bind, behind, gav'elkind, mankind, wom'ankind, humankind, unkind, pur blind, remind, wind (v.) unwind. (ind s. Ind in) abscind', rescind', prescind', diseind', interscind', tam'arind, whirl'wind, wind, or wind, (n.)

7. e final, s. è, in ac'me, epit'ome, extem'pore, sim'ile, apos'trophe, hyper'. bole, syn'cope, syndrome, synec'doche, tem'pore, sys'tole.

8. ibe, s. lbe, in imbibe, ascribe, misascribe, subscribe, describe, rescribe, prescribe, circumscribe, transcribe, inscribe, proscribe, superscríbe, interscribe.

9. ice, s. is, in jaun'dice, cow'ardice, prejudice, ben'efice, ven'efice, of'fice, ed'ifice, or'ifice, pontifice, ar'tifice, superfice, chal'ice, malice, com'plice, accom'

1:14. ide, s. Ide, in bide, decide, incide

ridge, wedge, INTRODUCTION. plice, sur'plice, pum'ice, cor'nice, pre" cipice, au'spico, avarice, dent'ifrice, lic. orice, cic'atrice, ma’trice, prac'tice, maleprac'tice, poul'tice, pren’tice, appren'tice, nótice, ar'mistice, solstice, in'terstice, jus’tice, injus'tice, crevice, nov'ice, service. (ice s. ise in) ice, dice, bespice, entice, advice, device. (ice s. Ize in) suffice', sac'rifice. (ice s. des in) police' caprice'. (oice s. oys in) choice, rejoice', voice, in'voice, outvoice' -juice s. júse-ver'juice s. vèr'jůs—sluice s. slúse.

10. ance,* s. åns, in disturb’ance, guidance, attend'ance, abund'ance, balance, appearance, remem'brance, fragrance, en'trance (n.) obei'sance, úsance, expect'ance, reluctance, exorbitance, inheritance, repent'ance, acceptance, importance, contrivance, allow'ance, &c. (ance accented, or in monosyllablcs, s. åns in) bechance', perchance', mischance', enhance', askance', romance', finance', entrance', disentrance', complaisance', advance;; dance, chance, lance, glance, prance, trance.

11. ence, s. ens, in in nocence,t acquies'cence, cadence, con'fidence, de. pendence, prúdence, defi'cience, effi'cience, insuffi'cience sci'ence, pre-science, omnis'cience, conscience, obedience, experience, si'lence, ex'cellence, in'dolence, op’ulence, commence', pref'erence, occur'rence, omnipres'ence, pen'ilence, consist'ence, exist'ence, af 'Auence, in'fluence, con'sequence, eloquence.

12. scence, s. séns, in quies'cence, coales'cence, invates'cence, convales'cence, adoles'cence, concres'cence, excres'cence, putres'cence, efferves'cence, &c;

13. duce, s. duse, in gradúce, abduce, obdúce, subdúce, edúce, dedúce, redúce, sedúce, indáce, superinduce, condúce, reprodúce, introdúce, prodúce (v.) prod'uee.

coincide, confide, backskde, deride, astride, bestride, aside, subside, beside, reside, preside, weakside, withinside, betide, springtide, noontide, misguide, divide, subdivide, provide, de'icide, re"gicide, homicide, par'ricide, mat'ricide, fratricide, infan'ticide, suicide, broad'side, blind'side, in side, out'side, twelf'tide, e'ventide, whit'suntide, coun'tertide.

15. lude, s. lade, in acclude, reclúde, preciúde, seclude, inclúde, conclude, interclúde, exclude, elúde, prelúde, (v.) allúde, illúde, collúde, prel'ude, in'ter. Jude.

16. ee, s. e. in bee, fee, refugee appellée, assignée, epopée, decrée, agrée, disagrée, degrée, fricasée, foresée, oversée lessée, fusée, legatée, guarantée, grantée, absentée, presentée, patentée, devotée, repartée, trustee, settée, advowée, coffee, feoffee, ap'ogee, tro'chee, spon'dee, prith'ee, ju'bilee, ped'igree, committee, lev'ee.

17. age, s. idje, in cab'bage, herb'age, bond'age, cord'age, vas'salage, pillage, assemblage, dam'age, im'age, man'age, spin'nage, pat'ronage, stop page, av'erage, cour'age, her’mitage, advar'tage, port'age, cottage, lan'guage, voy'age, pres'age (n), car'riage, miscar'riage, marriage, intermar'riage, &c. (age s. aje in) age, cage, incage, gage, engage', pre-engage', disengage', page, ti'tlepage, rage, sage, presage (v.), stage, assuage', wage, ad'age.

knowledge, sledge, predge, Hedeg de lode partridge, abridge, * 19. arge, s. årj, in barge, charge, recharge', overcharge', surcharge', discharge', onlarge', overlarge'.

20. able, s å-bl, in ap'plicable, for'midable, com'mendable, peace'able, agreeable, per'ishable, sociable, mag'nifiable, amiable, pit'iable, es'timable, resúmable, defin'able, sufferable, númerable, ven'erable, an'swerable, advis'able, cred'itable, hab'itable, im'itable, suitable, notable, com'fortable, &c. (able s. abi in) a'ble, fáble, gable, enáble, unable, sáble, disable, táble, stable, instáble, unstable.

21. ible, s. é-bl, in evin'cible, invin'cible, do"cible, forcible, irascible, de. dúcible, cred'ible, au'dible, le'gible, intel'ligible, fran'gible, discern'ible, ter'rible, vis'ible, defen'sible, comprehen'sible, pas'sible, impos'sible, plau'sible, com

* The learner should be required to give the meaning of the prefixes in, un, en, &c.-and terminations ance, ence, &c. See Exp. p. 24, 25, 26, &c.

| The pupil should be made to comprehend the difference between a compound and dari.

vative word.

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