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action actual admitted adopted aged allowed American appears applied appointed argument assignment authority Average benefit better bill called cargo carried claim common compact complete consequence consideration considered constitution contract course Court decision deed direct donor duty effect England English Equity established evidence examination existing expenses expressed fact faculty Federal gift give given Government hand held important independent interest invention Judge jury justice land learned less Lord matter means ment nature necessary necessity never notice object obtained opinion original owner parties passed patent persons political possession practice present principle profession proposed protection question reason reference regard relating render reports respect result rule says secure seems sessions ship sovereign sovereignty taken term thing tion transfer true trustees Union United whole
Seite 90 - To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures; To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States...
Seite 245 - May next a convention of delegates who shall have been appointed by the several states be held at Philadelphia for the sole and express purpose of revising the articles of confederation and reporting to congress and the several legislatures such alterations and provisions therein as shall, when agreed to in Congress and confirmed by the several states render the federal constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the preservation of the Union.
Seite 246 - That it is the opinion of this Convention that, as soon as the conventions of nine States shall have ratified this Constitution, the United States in Congress assembled should fix a day on which electors should be appointed by the States which shall have ratified the same...
Seite 230 - In all our deliberations on this subject we kept steadily in our view that which appears to us the greatest interest of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our prosperity, felicity, safety, perhaps our national existence.
Seite 245 - Confederation, as a mean to remedy which several of the States and particularly the State of New York, by express instructions to their delegates in Congress have suggested a convention for the purposes expressed in the following resolution, and such convention appearing to be the most probable mean of establishing in these states a firm national government.
Seite 250 - Each State, in ratifying the Constitution, is considered as a sovereign body independent of all others, and only to be bound by its own voluntary act.
Seite 221 - But if we are unwilling to be placed in this perilous situation ; if we still adhere to the design of a national government, or, which is the same thing, of a superintending power, under the direction of a common council, we must resolve to incorporate into our plan those ingredients, which may be considered as forming the characteristic difference between a league and a government ; we must extend the authority of the union to the persons of the citizens — the only proper objects of government.
Seite 224 - I hold it for a fundamental point, that an individual independence of the states is utterly irreconcilable with the idea of an aggregate sovereignty. I think, at the same time, that a consolidation of the states into one simple republic is not less unattainable than it would be inexpedient.
Seite 221 - The important truth, which it unequivocally pronounces in the present case, is that a sovereignty over sovereigns, a government over governments, a legislation for communities, as contradistinguished from individuals, as it is a solecism in theory, so in practice it is subversive of the order and ends of civil polity, by substituting violence in place of law, or the destructive coercion of the sword in place of the mild and salutary coercion of the magistracy.
Seite 250 - ... not as individuals composing one entire nation, but as composing the distinct and independent States to which they respectively belong. It is to be the assent and ratification of the several States, derived from the supreme authority in each State, — the authority of the people themselves. The act, therefore, establishing the Constitution, will not be a national, but a federal act.