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A. D.

1763 Mr. Grant, of Grant, invited them to settle on their new ground in the counties of Inverness,

Murray and Banff, with a promise to let them have from five to fifteen acres of land rent free for seven years, paying afterwards one shilling per acre per annum for twelve years, with timber for building, moss or peat ground for firing, and lime stone from the quarries.

The latter end of this year, judgment was pronounced at Paris against several persons who had been employed by the King of France in the government of Canada, and had been found guilty of mal-administration in the conduct of it. These respective officers, besides the sentence of banishment, whose term was varied according to the nature of their offences, were, moreover, condemned to make restitution of several sums in proportion to the frauds of which they had been found guilty; amounting in the whole to the sum of thirteen millions fix hundred and fixty-five thousand livres.

The names, employments, and fines of these officers are as follows:
The Sieur Bigot, Intendant of the Province of Canada,

4,500,000 The Sieur Varin, Director of the Marine at Montreal,

800,000 M. Bread, Comptroller of the Marine,

300,000 M. Cadet, Purveyor General of the Army,

6,000,000 M. Pennifiant,

Commissioners under M.
M. Maurin,
Cadet, 600,000 livres

1,800,000 M. Corpion,

each, M. Estabe, Keeper of the Magazines,

30,000 M. Martel, ditto,

200,000 M. Laudriere, Commandant,

5,000 M. Dechinaux, Secretary to the Intendant Bigot,



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As soon as the English merchants trading to Canada, who were largely concerned in the paper money of that colony, were informed of these fines, they made immediate application to the Secretaries of State to obtain the fulfilling his most Christian Majesty's declaration, with regard to the bills of exchange, drawn by the government of Canada on that of Old France. But, as the final determination of this business between the two courts did not take place till the year 1766, we shall defer entering further upon the subject till we come to the history of that period.

Yards. The linen cloth stamped in Scotland for sale, from the first of November 1761, to the first of November 1762, amounted to

10,303,237 The same, from the first of November 1762, to the first of November 1763, amounted to,

12,399,656 Which quantity exceeds that of the preceding year


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An account of the sums granted this year by the Irish House of Commons, for promoting the manufactures, trade and commerce of Ireland.

To John Wetherell, for preparing and framing the intended book of rates, four hundred pounds,


A. D.

1763 For carrying on the inland navigation from Limerick to Killaloe, two thousand five hun

dred pounds.

for ditto, from Inishannon to Dummanway, two thousand pounds. For ditto, from the tide water at St. Mullins, to the town of Monasterevan, four thousand pounds.

For ditto, from Kilkenny to Inisteague, one thousand five hundred pounds.
For improving Cork harbour, one thousand five hundred pounds.
For the pier of Balgriggan, one thousand five hundred pounds.

For carrying on the inland navigation by making the river Lagan navigable; and for opening a passage from Loughneagh to Belfast, two thousand pounds.

For ditto, for compleating a navigation for ships of one hundred tons burthen, from Fathom Point, near Newry, to Drumglass Colliery, in the county of Tyrone, four thousand pounds.

To St. Patrick's hospital, one thousand pounds.
For Dunleary pier, one thousand pounds.
For finishing an harbour at Wicklow, one thousand pounds.
For carrying on the ballaft office wall, four thousand pounds.
For re-building St. John's church, Dublin, one thousand pounds,

To Messrs. Colvill, Civill and Bryan, to assist them in lessening the expence of their compleating a dry dock in the city of Dublin, one thousand pounds.

To the Lying-in-Hospital, one thousand pounds.
To the widow and children of Dr. Moffe, five hundred pounds.
To the Incorporated Society, twelve thousand pounds.

For carrying on the inland navigation from Dublin through the bog of Allan to the Shannon, fix thousand pounds.

For carrying on a whale fishery on the north west coast of this kingdom, one thousand pounds.

For finishing St. Catherine's church, Dublin, one thousand pour
For enlarging the quay at Londonderry, one thousand fix hundred pounds.

For carrying on the inland navigation, by making a navigable canal between the loughs Foyle and Sivilly in the county of Donegal, four thousand pounds.

For erecting a pier at Killileagh in the county of Down, fix hundred pounds.

For re-building John's and Green's bridges in the city of Kilkenny, and Bennet's Thomastown and Castlecomer bridges, in the county of Kilkenny, and for repairing the bridge of Enisteage, in the said county of Kilkenny, eight thousand pounds.

To Henry Cottingham and James King to reimburse their losses, occasioned by the tumultuous proceedings of the late mobs, eight hundred pounds.

For widening the passage leading from Anglesea-street to College-green, three hundred and forty pounds.

To the city work-house, three thousand seven hundred and seventy-one pounds.

To Hugh Boyd, Esq; for his having made an harbour at Bally Castle : and for his keeping the said harbour in repair for twenty-one years, three thousand pounds.

To the Dublin Society, two thousand pounds.

To ditto, to be applied for the encouragement of such trades and manufactures, and in such manner and subject to such regulations, as shall be directed by Parliament, cight thousand pounds.


B 2

A. D.

1763 For compleating a convenient way, street, and paffage, from Effex bridge, to the cít le of

Dublin, five thousand pounds.

For widening the passage leading from the Inns Quay, to Arran Quay, Dublin, one thoufand pounds,

The following general state of the Land-carriage Fishery, as it ftood on the thirtieth of September, in this year, according to the account of Mr. Blake, the original proposer, and indefatigable conductor of it.

£ s. d. Capital advanced by the society,

2,000 0 Addition made by Mr. Blake at his own risk, being borrowed of the society, on transferring two thousand pounds of three per cent. consolidated annuities, a's a security to repay such loan on six months notice,

1,500 0 0 A further addition by the superintendant, on the thirtieth of September, 1763, being wanted to make good all payments to that time,

235 15 7

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3,735 15 7

£ d. 2,584 12 6

914 9 7

160 3 9

To answer which sum, there is the following stock in hand of materials :-

Ninety machines, which, with the necessary alterations and improvements, cost

Fitting up a receptacle office, and sundry shops,
Seven horses, to carry the fish to market, with liarness and sadlery,
Baskets for the machines, markets, &c.
Scales and weights for receptacle shops and sea-ports,
Cost of a well-boat, and fitting up the same,

A compleat set of turbot-lines, and other apparatus for two smacks of fixty tons each,

A water-cart and tubs for the receptacle, and a large lanthorn erected at Lyme Cob, as a guide to the fishing boats on that coast,

129 14 3

48 15 4 146 3


50 19 6

28 39

Total, 4,063 1 9 Besides fundry other utensils in the shops and receptacles.

Thus it appears, says Mr. Blake, that there is a stock in hand amounting to 'four thousand and fifty-three pounds one shilling and eight-pence, to answer the capital of three thousand feven hundred and thirty-five pounds fifteen shillings and seven-pence; and to carry on the undertaking, in case the public Thould be disposed to encourage and affist the prosecution thereof by a further aid. And in regard to any objections which may be made, that the above stock, on account of its being used, would, if it were to be fold, fall far short of its prime cost; which, it must be allowed, will always be the case whenever a business is dropped so soon after its commencement, (and, in this particular circumstance, it is probable would not produce sufficient to reimburse the superintendant the monies he has advanced) it may not be improper to observe, that the alteration and improvements in the machines, which were found necessary, have put them in a better state than when they were first made.-Hence there is the greatest reason to believe, that by an additional aid, this undertaking may be carried on in a more enlarged manner, and to the additional benefit of the public; who could not expect that the fuperintendant, with two thousand pounds, should feed the multitudes. in this metropolis,

A. .D

1763 when it is well known that the sales at Billingsgate, in the course of a year, amount to between

two and three hundred thousand pounds. But, nevertheless, he has brought upwards of two hundred tons of fish from diftant parts of the sea-coasts, which has produced nineteen thoufand fix hundred and forty-one pounds nineteen shillings and nine-pence halfpenny: and if it is allowed, as in justice it ought, that such fish has been fold at less than half the former usual prices, the public will find they have gained an advantage of nearly twenty thousand pounds from this undertaking, besides the effect it has had on the general sale of fish, which is probably equal to more than double the above fum; from whence the superintendant presumes to think, that his endeavours have benefited the public to the amount of fifty or fixty thousand pounds.

That this patriotic scheme of the Land-carriage Fishery, should meet with the most strenuous and artful opposition from a body of men whose wealth flowed from the monopoly it was intended to destroy, was a natural expectation ; but that the public should suffer a plan which promised such very extensive and solid advantages to the inhabitants of London to become abortive, is an equal matter for wonder and lamentation : but so it was ;-the body of fishmongers made their well known opulence the engine of carrying on their designs, and, in the end, triumphed over one of the most beneficial and practicable projects that the patriotic zeal of a private individual ever suggested.

If it were the practice of this country, as it was of ancient Rome, to bestow a civic crown on those citizens, who by inventions or measures of public utility, have promoted the public welfare,-Mr. Blake would have been found worthy of that distinguishing reward. It becomes us, however, to record his name with all the honour which this page can bestow upon him, for his public humanity in suggesting, as well as for the disinterested and indefatigable zeal with which he superintended the scheme of supplying the city of London and its environs with fish by land-carriage.

As a curious article of information, and, as we conceive, perfectly appropriate to this work, we shall give an account of the sale, charges, and nett proceeds of the La Hermoine, a Spanish register-ship, condemned in the high court of Admiralty of Great Britain, on the fourteenth of September, 1762.

£. By the sale of five hundred and fifty bags of dollars to fundries, containing four hundred and seventy-fix thousand five hundred and eighteen ounces, at fixty-three pence halfpenny,

126,078 14 3 By thirteen hundred and forty-six bags of dollars to sundries, weighing one million one hundred and sixty-five thoufand fix hundred and fifty-two ounces, at fixty-three pence,

305,983 13 0 October 11.-By twenty-eight bags of gold coin to the Bank of England, weighing twenty-two thousand nine hundred and seventy-four ounces three pennyweights and eighteen grains, at seventy-eight shillings and six-pence,

90,173 13 8

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