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Atrangers.' Gaming is prohibited by tioners, and the coffee-houses, are the Mohammedan law, and as chefs unusually decorated and frequenta is their favourite amusement, their ed. There are exhibitions of low fingular proficiency is a proof that humour, and the kara-guze, or pupthe love of gain may not be the on- pet-Mow, represented by Chinese Jy inducement to excel. Wagers, Thades. or anticipating the chances of any “ For the graver sort, most cof. crial of kill or common event, they fee-honses retain a raccontatore, or consider as unlawful.

profeffed story-teller, who entertains “ To the absence of these power- a very attentive audience for many ful incitements to anger, and to hours. They relate eastern tales, their national suavity of manners or sarcastic anecdotes of the times, as confined to themselves, may be and are sometimes engaged by goattributed much focial harmony, vernment to treat on politics, and though with fewer examples of to reconcile the people to any redisinterested friend thip than ao cent ineasure of the sultan or visier. mongst us. The Turk News in Their manner is very animated, (olence or moroseness 10 those and their recitation accompanied only whom his prejudices exclude 'by much gesticulation. They have from intercourse. I

the finesse, when they perceive the “ The Rammezan, or Turkish audience numerous, and deeply enLent, lasts for one complete moon, gaged, to defer the sequel of their and takes every month in the year, Itory. The nightly illuminations in rotation. No institution can be of every minareh in the city, espemore strictly or more generally ob- cially those of the imperial mosques, served; it enjoins perfect abstinence produce a very singular and splenfrom fun-rise to fun-fet, from every did effect. Within each of these, kind of aliment, even from water. the vast concaves of the domes are Mohammed did not foresee that lighted up by some hundred lamps coffee and tobacco would become of coloured glass; and externally the chief luxury of his followers, cords are thrown across froin one and various were the opinions re- minareh to another, and the lamps specting the legality of taking them fantastically disposed in letters and in Rammezan; which were finally figures. I was not more agreeably determined in the negative. These surprised by any thing I saw in are indeed days of penance to the Constantinople, than the whole apă labourer and mechanic, but to the pearance of the first night in Ram. opulent only a pleasing variety, for mezan. they feep all day, and in the even. As an indulgence from the se. ing feast and make merry; as if verities of Lent, the Turks have they exulted in cheating the pro. their Beyràm, and the Christians phet. The only show of mortif. their Easter. At this season, those cation is a prohibition from enter. of every nation appear in new ing the harem during the twelve clothes, and exhibit all possible hours of fafting. Every night of gaiety. Places of public refort are this season is some appointed feast then particularly frequented, and amongst the officers of the court. the paftimes and groupes, exo

“ Nor are the inferior orders de- cepting in their dress, exactly re. prived of their share of relaxation; semble an English wake. The for the shops of cooks and confece Turks are much delighted by a cir.

cular cular swing, made by fixing aand inimitably ugly, differing en. wheel on a high post, from which tirely from a turban; and some. hang many poles, with feats attach- times a famour or black fur cap, ed to them, I have seen several of which is principally worn by dra. these bearded children taking this gomen and phyficians. In other amusement with great glee, and respects they are dressed as the contrafted with the gravity of their Turks. Yellow flippers, or boots, habits 'nothing could be more ridic are indulged only to those under culous. The Greeks have an uni ambassadorial protection, and are vertal license, dance through the an envied distinction. When the Itreets to very rude music, and are present fultan came to the throne, in the zenith of their vivacity; he iflued an edict that no uniicens. bot the festivity of the Armenians, ed ravah fhould appear public v in a satusnine race, seems to consist yellow Nippers. At that time he chiefly in being intoxicated, and took great pleasure in walking the jumping with the prepofierous acti- streets in disguise; when meeting vity of an elephant. In the Campo an ill-starred Jew dressed contrary de' Norti, near Pera, so called from to law, he ordered his head to be being the cemetery of the Franks instantly struck off. This was his and Armenians, many of these first act of severity, which created droll scenes may be then contem, most unfavourable conjectures, pof plated by an investigator of the altogether confirmed by his subíe. precile traits of character which quent reign. discriminate the mass of all na. “ The Turks of better rank, and tions.

the regular citizens, wear what is " The Turks have fumptuary called the long dress, with outer laws, and habits peculiar to profer. robes of fine cloch, thalloon, or pel. fions. By the turban differing in lices, which are in general use for size and A ape every man is known; the greater part of the year, and and so numerous are these distinc. commonly of the most costly furs. tions, that a dragoman, long con. They are seldom seen without a verfant with Conftantinople, told tespi in their hands; it is a firing me he knew not half of them. of ninety beads corresponding The Emirs, real or pretended de. with the names of the deity, fcendants from the prophet, are wlich they carry as much for a• distinguished by the green muslin, musement as devotion. Hamid the others wear white round a cap Ali, a late visier, wore one of pearl, of cloth, and the head is universally so perfect as to be valued at zoool. very closely ihaven. In the tur. sterling. bans of the oulemah there is a “The common people, especially greater profufion of nullin, from those belonging to any miiitary tep to twenty yards, which are pro. corps, have a jacket richly ornaportionably larger, as the wigs of inented with gold or folk twift, professional men were formerly. trowsers of cloth, which close to The military, as the janiffaries, bos- the middle of the leg, the other tandjis, and topjis, wear caps of the part of which is bare, and red flipmost uncou.h' shape and fashion, pers. Their great pride is to stick such as defy defcription. The into their girdles a pair of large rayals are kuown by a head-dress horse pistols, a vatagliàn or long called a kalpac, made of lamb-lkin, knife, a hanjiar or dagger, all pro

fusely

fusely inlaid with silver in a gro- oars, and in dexterity or civility no tesque talie, which, with pouches for watermen exceed the Turks. amounition and tobacco, are ex- . “ Coaches are not in use, except. tremely incommodious and several ing that the clumsy, nondescript ve. pouuds weight. Witb these wea. hicles, which convey the ladies of pons they frequently do mischief, great harėms, can be so called. In often from childishnets, sometimes his pipe an opulent man is extremefron intention. Such are seen in ly sumptuous; the head must be of every town in the empire, except- pale amber, the stick of jasinine ing the capital, wbo glory in their wood, with the bark preserved, and privilege, as no rayah is permitted the bowl of a delicate red clay, to carry arms.

manufactured at Burgàs, in Romeo “ By the laws of Jfiamism the lia, and highly ornamented. AcTurks are forbidden vessels and cording to the dignity of the smoa utenGls of gold or silver, and are ker is the length of his pipe, often directed to greut simplicity in eve- fix or seven feet, when it is carried ry habit of life. This injunction by two of his fervants from place does pot extend to women, whole to place with much ceremony; and pride consists in the number and the bowl is supported by wheels, as costliness of their trinkets. The an aid to fupreme indolence. In chief luxury of the men is display, the summer, for greater coolness, the ed in the number of their atiendants, stein of the pipe is covered with and their horfes with fuperb capa- cotton or musiin, and moistened risons, often of embroidered velvet, with water. This sovereign re. and plates of silver embofied and creation is not confined to the men; gils. No rich man appears in pub- the ladies, especially ihose advanced lic, but en burleback with a train in life, partake of it largely, and, as of footmen, in any part of Con- a delicacy, they mix the tobacco fiantinople, the qumber of whom is with frankincense, mulk, or aloes urnecedarily great, and much of wood. The sultan alone abftains his income is expended in their from etiquette ; as kalife, or repredails maintenance, and new clothes fentative of the prophet, he de. at lh: fcast of Beyrem. Their clines deciding, by his own pracwages are inconfiderable. No de- tice, upon the propriety of any cus. mieitic performis more than one of- tom, about which the law is not

fice; this ferves the coffee, and specific and declaratory, • that hands the napkin, but no e. 6 Notwithstanding their grave mergency can cominand any other exterior, which might prepossess service.

foreigriers with an idea of conceal. “ The horses of the Arab, or ing as much stupidity as sense, and Tourcoman breed, are eminently apparently so ungenial with mirth beautiful, and are taught to prance or vivacity, the Turks, in superior under the perfect manége of the life, of both sexes, indulge a vein rider however infirm. Great ex- of sarcastic humour, and are not pence likewise is lavished on the behind more polished nations in boats, which are elegant in a high the delicacy or severity of their res degree, carved, giided, and lined partees. Moft gentlemen of the with rich cushions. They cost seraglio, or capital, have been edu. from a hundred to a thousand pi- cated in their seminaries of learì. altres each. The rank of the own- ing, and are converfant with orier is ascertaiued by the number of ental literature. Many of them

quote

quote the Persian poets as happily, “A man of rank, remarkable and refer to the Arabic philoso. unpleasing in his countenance and phers with as complete erudition, figure, was married, according to as we can do to the Greek or Ron custom, without having firft een man. The Leilat u alf leilah,' her unveiled, to a lady whose preor Arabian Nights, first introduced tensions :o personal attraction did into Europe by Monsieur Petit de not exceed his own. On the moro. la Croix, are familiarly known by ing after their marriage the de. them, as well as the fables and al. manded of him, to whom of his legories of Piipay and Lokman, friends she might thew her face from which sources they store their with freedom. Shew it,' said be, minds as well with sentiment as 'to all the world, but hide it from expression. To excel in colloquial me.' "Patience,' rejoined the facility aod elegance, is the first lady. I have none,' returned the ambition of every cheliby, or man bridegroom. “Ah!' said the, :I of breeding.

think you must have had a gond " I repeat a specimen of Turke share; for you have carried that ish wit, related to me as having abominable great pose about with been occasioned by a recent cir- you all your life-time.' cumstance.

Public Amusements at BUDE.
[From Townson's Travels in HUNGART, &c.]

“THERE are two theatres. bulls would have disputed the

1 That in Bude, which was , ground with him to greater ad. originally a church, and was applied vautage: an Hungarian ox, and a by the emperor Joseph to this pur- Bos ferus, are very unequally matchpose, is a very good one; that in Pest ed. Then came a Raube bear; this is small, and with wretched scenery is a bear that has been kept withand wretched decorations. The out food for several days, and ren. pieces are generally played in Ger- dered savage by hunger: on anman, but within these few years other bear being let out a battle some have been given in the Hun ensued: the latter was so much garian language.

inferior in size that the contest did "On Sundays and great festi not lat. long: the Raube bear kept vals, the public is entertained as the other, which seemed no way at Vienna with the Hetze. The ferocious, down with his paws, and proprietors have two very fine wild. strangled him, by seizing him by bulls. The day I was a spectator the throat, and then carried him of this polite and humane amuse. into his den. The great disparity ment one was turned out on the in size and strength rendered this a arena, and at the same time most disagreeable light. The white an Hungarian ox: this attacked Greenland bear afforded more enj the former, but was immediately tertainment. In the middle of the thrown down: but our English arena there was a small pool of

water,

y drawant. Some and were

water, with a duck in it. As soon nent; but he was brought out onas the bear came to the edge of the ly for show. From the hole in the pool, the duck laid itself flat and upper part of the gate of the arena, motionless on the surface of the a handkerchief was put out, and water; the bear leaped in, the instantly drawn back: he flew at duck dived, and the bear dived af- this in an instant. Some other aniter it; but the duck escaped, mals were turned out, and were through its superior diving. The glad to get into their dens again. next piece was a bold attempt of One of the keepers thewed his adone of the keepers to wrestle with dress in spearing a wild boar, which an ox. As soon as the keeper ran at him as soon as he came on came upon the arena, the ox ran at the arena. I found few other hiin. The man, who was not a public amusements. Being sumbove the middle size, seized his an- mer, most of the grand monde was tagonist by the horns, who pushed out of town; for the Hungarians him indeed from one side of the are like the English, they live a arena to the other, but could not great deal upon their estates. In toss hiin. After the battle had winter no doubt I should have lasted some time, and the ox had found the usual amusenients, as got the keeper near the side of the concerts, balls, card parties, conarena, and might have hurt him, versaziones, &c. The citizens have some affiftants came out, disen- a ball sometimes on the Sunday gaged him from the wall, and gave evenings, and in the neighbourhim his dagger, which he immedin hood there are several inns pleaately struck between the cervical fantly situated in retired situations, vertebræ of his antagonist, which where the great and small often go instantly fell lifeless to the ground; for recreation. Coffee-houses are but small convulsive motions con- little known in the northern part . tinued for a minute or two. In this of the continent; but in the southmanner the oxen are killed by the ern they are places of resort, time. butchers at Gibraltar, who, I am killing places at least, if not places told, have learned it from their A. of amusement. This town has fe. frican neighbours. Might not the veral good ones ; but that facing magiftrates of towns recommend the bridge is, I think, not to be to this method to their butchers, and, qualled in Europe. Besides a very if found better than the usual man- large handsome room elegantly fit. ner of knocking them down, even ted up, and with two or three bil. compel them to adopt it? Every liard-tables, there is a private bil. means of diminishing the suffer- liard-room for those who do not ings of the brute ereation Should Imoke; and two or three other be recommended, not only from rooms for giving entertainments humanity towards them, but for in; and very comfortable dinners the sake of our own fociety. Men may be had. And here, accordaccustomed to be cruel towards ani- ing to the continental custom, all mals, will require but a small in- ranks and both sexes may came : ducement to be fo to their own and hair-dressers in their powdered species. A lion came next upon coats, and old market women, come the stage, and one with all his na here and take their coffee or drink tive majefty; conscious of his their rofolio as well as counts and strength, he looked undauntedly barons." about, to see if he had any oppos 1797.

PARTI.

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