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as a lawyer has ben already ftated, nefs as if he would not have his left and universally acknowledged. He hand know what his right hand therefore begs leave briefly to con- did. Although his lord thip's pow. fine himself to a few traits, which ers in converfation were uriconeminently distinguished his lordship monly great, yet he never affumed in private life, where he shone, if a more than equal ftare of it to poffble, with greater luftre than in himself, and was always as ready the more elevated departments of a to hear as he was to deliver an opiftatesman and a judge.
nion. The faculty of converfing “ Few noblemen have had that with ease and propriety he retained happy method of combining diga to the very last; and he was as nity with wisdom, and liberality quick at reply in his latter years as with frugality, equal to lord Maut. at any period of his life; whether field. Every thing in and about he supported his own argument, or his manfion had the appearance of refuted those of his adversary, his Splendor and plenty, without that obfervations were delivered with Mhow of oftentation and waite, that judgment and grace which which difgusts every sensible mind; evinced the prccifion of a fcholar and which, at the same time it and the elegance of a gentleman. gives an idea of the wealth, ftrikes He was a fincere Christian without us with the folly of the poffeffor, bigotry or hypocrisy, and he freBy his servants he was confidered quently received the facrament, rather as a father and patron than both before and after he ceased to a master: many of them lived with leave home: and there was conhim so many years that they were ftantly that decorum, that exemfit for no other service; and peace, plary regularity to be seen in every plenty, and happiness, were depicted department of his household, which in the countenance of every domes. would have done credit to the pa. tic. His lordship's charities, which lace of an archbishop. were infinitely more extensive ihan " Such were the virtues, such is generally imagined, were given the endowments, and rare qualifi. away and diffused with good cations, which pervaded, cherished, sense and nobleness of mind rarely and adorned his private life. There cqualled; fixpences, thillings, and he fedulously cultivated and diffehalf-crowns, he seldom conferred, minated through a long lite. How considering such sums as doing no powerful was their coincidence, how real good, as the object so relieved happy their effects! would, on the day following the “ We are arrived at a period donation, be equally di&ressed as which is in genereal painful to relate on the day preceding it;' but, when the last hours of a great man! by sums of ten or twenty guineas or of a real friend! yet when we he could relieve the virtuous and calmıly consider the very advanced necessitated from embarrassments age of lord Mansfield, and the by debt, by sickness, or otherwise, whole tenor of his long life, we and put them in a way to provide may fairly draw this conclufion, for themselves and families, he did that for once death had lost his sting, it cheerfully, and with that ease and was no longer to him a king of and good-nature, which, instead of terrors, wounding, encouraged the feelings “In many conferences with his of the receiver, and always, if pof- friend and physician Dr. Turton,durAble, with such secrecy and quiet ing the three or four last years of the earl's life, his lord nip had ob- his best health, and had a good pulse, served, how hard it was, that an but was clearly void both of sense old may on the verge of fourscore and sensibility. A blifter was appliand ten years, could not be per- ed to the arm, which it affected no mitted to die quietly To select a more than it would any inanimate more striking iuftance, a few years fabstance. Scotch snuff was inbefore his decease, he lay for a time serted into the noftrils by means of in a (ta e of insensibility : by means a feather, without the leaft effe&. of biliers, and other phvsical ef. Some attempts were also made to forts, returning life enabled him to get nourishment down by means of chide his ph:tician. by asking a a spoon, but to no purpose; and, question equal y uncommon and as the last attempt had nearly unexpected- Why did you endea. choaked him, it was defifted from, • vour to bring me back when I and his mouth was afterwards « was fu far gone in my journey?' merely moistened by a feather dipt
“ Early in arch, 1793, lord in wine and water. In this state Stormont having occasion to con: his lordship continued without any Yult his uncle on a law-case then apparent alteration, some symptoms depending in ihe house of lords, of the vital spark remaining, yet said his ideas and recollection were glimmering faintly, till the nornperfectly clear.
ing of Monday the 18th, when ..“ On Sunday, March the roth, there was an appearance of mortinis lordship did not talk at break• fication on the part most pressed by fast as usual, but seemed heavy, lying, and his puise began to beat and complained of being very feebly. Fears were now entertainNeepy, and his pulse was low; vo- ed that he should awake to milatiles and cordials were ordered fery, which he fortunately did not ; for him, and cantharides were ap- bur continued to sleep quietly till plied to the issues. On the Mon. the night of Wednesday the 20th, day he seemed rather better. On when the lingering dying taper was Tuesday morning he desired to be quite extinguished. He expired got up and taken to his chair; but without a groan, in the 8gth year soon wiled to be put to bed again; of his age; closing a long life of and said, “Let me fleep-let me honor to himself, and great use to • Neep.' After this he never spoke. society, in a way the must to be deOn his return to bed be seemed per- fired: and it may be faid of bis feétiy easy, breathed freely and un lordship, as it was of king David, interruptedly like a child, with as that he died in good old age, full calm and serene a countenance as in of days, riches, and honour."
Other Other ANECDOTES illustrative of LORD MANSField's Judicial, and on before it was half heard. This late declaratory act of parliament quickness, however, sometimes be of the rights of juries, which was trayed bim into too early a pro:en- brought forward by Mr. Fox and fion in favour of one of the parties. Mr, Erskine, and was supported And in this precipitation he was by a confiderable part of the mi. more than once or twice unjust. nistry. The artful and dangerous So difficult it is, for the most acute practices of lord Mansfield in these understanding, at all times, to dis. political trials, so interesting to cover hidden truths; and sa dan- public liberty, to which he had gerous it is, to entertain a conceit through life most tenaciously ad. of possefling, by intuition, a talent hered, and had ardently maintained superior to the rest of mankind. to be law, were totally annihilated Yet this is pericêtly true of lord and done away. Juries were re. Mansfieid. Some lawyers have oc- stored to their conftitutional rights, cafionally affurred a course of ini. which fixes upon his memory and tation; but the attempt has been character a more indelible stigma, fo cluinfy and inadequate, it scarce. than could have been inflicted by ly deserves the name of a carica. an article of impeachment. The ture.
his Political CHARACTER.
[From the First Volume of BioeRAPHICAL, LITERARY, and Pollo
TICAL Anecdotes, of several of the most eminent Men of the present Age.]
“THE admirers of lord Manf- was supposed, by some people, to
1 field have always shewn condua himself in the capacity of themselves dissatisfied with any a double spy. He owed' his apftatement of such parts of his con- pointment to the duke of New. duct as tended to the diminution castle, for the purpose (as was con of his celebrity. They assert bis jectured) of giving the duke infor. impartiality, his wisdom, his pene. mation of the proceedings and tration and patience.
transactions of Leicester-house, and “On the contrary, those persons preserved his interest at Leicester, who have declared his lordship ca. house by giving information to pable of committing every enormi. lord Bute of the designs and tranf. iy whenever he had opportunity actions of the ministry, in which to advance the power of the crown, he was assisted by his friend lord or trespass on the liberty of the Mansfield, then Mr.Murray. Whe. subje&, have been offended when ther these opinions are strictly cor. ever he has been complimented reet or not, it is certain that lord with the titles of a great lawyer, Bute had authentic inforniation of and an upright judge. They ar. all the projects and measures of raign his principles of law, and the ministry, even at the time deny his impartiality.
when the politics of St. James's • " Between these extremes, lord and Leicester-house differed most. Mansfield's true character will not " It has been the great felicity be easily nor perhaps accurately de- of lord Mansfield's reputation, that fined. That it lay between them his conduét has generally been is true; but to which it most in- viewed on the favourable aide on. clined, may, in the opinion of some ly; and that such detached parts persons, be difficult to ascertain." . of it as reflected most to his honour
" During the whole administra. have been principally those which tion of the Pelhains, le adhered have been held up to public view. to the whigs, and particularly to If the whole of his conduet bad Mr. Pelham, whose confidence he been fairly and impartially examin. obtained much in the fame way ed, it would in many points have that his friend Mr. Stone obtained brought to our remembrance the that of the duke of Newcastle. conduct of those learned chiefs, They (Stone and Murray) were Trefylian, Keyling, Scroggs, Jefo accused of being jacubites, and the ferves, and some others.” accusation was brought before the " It is generally allowed, that house of lords. But they had dex: in most cales between subject aud terity and influence sufficient to subject, he thewed great peneirastop the progress of the inquiry. tion and judgment. He pofTefled Mr. Stone then being sub-governor a talent, if it may be called so, of: to the prince (the present king) discovering the merits of a canse
many transgressions he had com. « In all those political causes mitted on law, justice, and huma. concerning the press, in which the nity, rendered this act of parliament crown was party, he was partial in absolutely necessary. Lord Cam. the extreme. His rule of law uni- den, though far advanced in years, formly was, that the crown was vigorously supported the bill in the never wrong in those causes. To house of lords, and condemned all the liberty of the press he was a lord Mansfield's doctrines in terms fincere and implacable enemy. His. of just afperity
definition of this liberty was, a " There is a fact not less resped. • permission to print without a li- ing lord Mansfield's favourite opi.
cense, what formerly could only nion, than his great design upon be printed with one. In trials for the rights of juries, in all questions libels, he has been heard to deliver concerning the liberty of the press, such language from the bench, as which distinguishes him to have ought to have fushed the jury been fron) principle, as well as stuwith indignation. In those trials, dy, perhaps, the moit dangerous his invariable practice was, in his enemy to the constitutional rights charge to the jury', to make a la- of juries, that ever fat in a court boured reply to the defendant's of justice, since the time of the Itarcounsel. Will any candid person chamber. say this was proper conduct in a ... The fact here alluded to, hap.. judge, who ought to be strictly pened on the trial of John Wil. impartial? This is not the language liams, in the month of July, 1764, of prejudice for the truth of it an for re publishing the North Briappeal may safely be made to all ton in volumes. Serjeapt Glynn, those persons who are yet alive, who was counsel for Williams, who heard him upon those occa- said, with a strong emphasis sons.
• That in the matter of libel, they “ But a stronger proof cannot were the proper judges of the be given of lord Mansfield's general law, as well as the fact; that they mifconduct and mif-directions to "had the full right to determine, juries, in cases of libels, than the whether the defendant had pub.
• lished the North Brilon with the 1970, when he gave a paper to the
intent as laid in the Attorney-ge- clerk of the house of lords, con«neral's information.' Lord Maps. taining the opinion of the court of field stopped him flort, and declar- King's Bench, upon one of the tri. ed in a very strong and menacing als of Junius's Letters. manner, “That if serjéant Glynn The house of lords was fummon.
aflerted that doétrine again, he ed at the request of lord Mansfield, • (lord Mansfield) would take the on Monday the eleventh day of
opinion of the twelve judges upon December. Great expectations were 'it.' The learned serjeant instant- raised. Lord Mansfield's doctrines ly saw the snare, and the design concerning libels had been much that was concealed under it. He canvafled in the house of comwas sensible of the danger to public mons, in consequence of a motion liberty, in submitting a question made by serjeant Glynn'; it was which was to be. worded by lord therefore supposed and believed, Mansfield upon the rights of juries, that his lordship intended to bring to the opinions of the twelve judges the subject before, the house of at that time. No one could doubt lords. And, probably, that was his that a considereble majority of the original intention. But when the twelve judges would confirm all house met (on the eleventh of Delord Mansfieid's doctrine concern- cember) his lord ship only said, that ing libels, and particularly all his he had left a paper containing the lordship's limitations of the rights opinion of the court of King's of juries. The learned serjeant Bench with the clerk; and that therefore, with great prudence, and their lordships might read it, and a great regard for the rights of ju. take copies of it. [The paper, and ries, saw that it was more proper lord Camden's answer, are printed to submit, thau to give lord Mans. in all the parliamentary debates.) field an opportunity of obtaining an “ It is scarcely posible to con. authoritative confirmation of his ceive any thing more ridiculous innovations in the constitution. Than this was. He certainly muft Thus, by a device of lord Maní. have changed his intension, for no field, the rights of juries upon this person will credit that he had the great point hung as it were upon a house summoned for the paltry fingle thread. Well might judge purpose of telling their lordships Willes fay, Mark him." Had lord he had left a paper with the clerk, Mansfield's project taken effect; Lord Camden asked him, if he and had the majority of the judges meant to have his paper entered acquiesced, of which it is more upon the journals ? No! no!" than probable he had no doubt, it said lord Mansfield, 'only to leave must have been extremely difficult, it with the clerk.'' and next to an impossibility, ever to “ Next day lord Camden at have recovered the rights of juries, tacked lord Mansfield pretty Marp. which lord Mansfield had usurped, ly on the subject of his paper, and and which usurpation had been put several questions to him conconfirmed by the judges. . cerning the sense of it. Lord,
“ Upon another occasion, lord Mansfield said it was taking him Mansfield attempted the samc de. by surprise, and that he would not vice, but the weakness of his nerves answer interrogatories. Lord Camprevented the design being carried den desired that a day might be into effect. This was in the year fixed for his lordship to give his