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and much attached to Mr. Murray, time where so little pleasantry or and also to Mr. Booth the convey. liveliness prevailed? It is enough,' ancer. Sir Walter stated his case faid he, if I contribute, by my to them in Lincoln's Inn, and "vifits, to the entertaiament of my pointed out the dilemma into "fast friends ; or if I fail in that, which a friend in the North (Mr. I am sure to contribute, by laffi. Davison) had drawn him, by leav. 'tude, to the repose of my own ing 1500l. to be laid out under 'faculties.' The friendly attention the direction of Sir Walter, in of Mr. Foley to Mr. Murray was building a suite of alıms-houies for unquestionably of an important na-, twelve old women, near Newcaitle ture. For the authenticity of a reupon Tyne. Sir Walter added, how port, respecting the precise nature uncomfortable these poor creatures of this early friendship, the author will be, placed in a row, without will not pretend to vouch; yet aný human being to look upon! when it is considered, that, at many What think you, my friends and distant periods of time, rumour couosellors, if I run up another has, with little variation, been wing for twelve old bachelors ? brought home to the author, and The learned counsel agreed in opi- from such respectable authority as nion, that the charitable institution strongly to induce the belief of Mr.' would thereby be freed from par. Foley's having encouraged his tiality, and be abundantly more young friend to take the line of ihe comfortable and more complete. law preferably to the clerical line,
“The superstructures were soon which his slender fortune, as one of raised, according to Mr. Sylvanus the numerous younger children of a Urban's Report of the remark- noble family, first led him to chink
able events in the year 1753;' and seriously of—is it now to be won. according to common fame, in a dered at that fine links like these, year or two afterwards, several of should form an indissoluble chain of the ancient maidens and old bache. friendlhip between the first lord Folors looked with great complacency ley andthe honourable Mr.Murray?" on each other, so as to occasion a "The earl of Mansfieldin his mo. few marriages to take place, and to ral character was irreproachable, inmake convenient room for other structive, and exemplary. Whoever inmates and inhabitants under these examines this serene part of hischa. hospitable habitations.
racter with an impartial, discerning “ The grateful attachment of eye, with a view to profit by the Mr. Murray to those friends who various admonitory hints, which he had been kind to him in his juve. took every fair occasion to inculcate, nile days was exemplified in many even in his judicial capacity, caninstances, and particularly by his not fail to view this illustrious chacontinuing, even when in a digni- racter in a very pleasing light. fied Gituation, and in full career of “ To manifest his opinion of the business, to visit the first iord Fo- falutary effects of the new gaols in ley in the country on a Saturday, Sussex, Gloucester, Oxford, Staf. and to remain with him till the ford, and other counties where Monday morning following, when useful reform has been promoted by bufiness called him back to town. folitary confinement, he was accur. On a brother barrister's interrogat. tomed to relate the following anec. ing him, how he could spend his dote or little dialogue between him.
self and the governor of Horsham "I can folemnly declare, before new gaol in Suflex.
your lordship, that only one ingle "Lord Mansfield. 'A few hours prisoner has been wise within only have flirted or pafled away, there walls!' . fince in the difcharge of my duiy “Good God replied the noble • as a judge, I delivered your new earl, this language of experience • gaol. I was very much pleased at “is very forcible, and the fact ought
the fight of a calendar where the "to be more generally known.' * number of prisoners, which for: “If a digreffion of a few lines . merly have fallen to my lot to try may be pardonable in the author, • for offences at Horiham, was re- he can with 'plealure add, that • duced more than one half; I am on his relation of this plain fact at * now very much astonished to a county meeting, when the cont• find that the few prisoners I have deration of the plan for a new gaol • tried at this period would not oc. and moderate folitary confinement &cupy one-fourth part of the new were the subjects to be discurid, . gaol. How can your lord lieute- the lord lieutenant of the county .nant satisfy the county of Suflex, of Stafford was pleafed to express • that there has not been prodiga- bis entire approbation of Mr. Hox.
lity and waste of the county mo- ard's plan of prisons, and particue eney, in faifing so large and stately Party of separate or folitary confine& an edifice, three-fonrihs of woich ment, and to requeft that any ma & appear to be untenanted?'
gistrate then present, who had any - The antwer was : •My lord, objections to make thereto, would 1 must leave his grace of Rich- answer the author of these heels, * mond to answer for himself: I who had told the plain tale refpeét. ..have very little doubt of our lord ing Horsham new gaol, and would • liepte nani acquitting himself of refute, if possible, the governor of
your lordship's heavy charge of Horfham new prilon and the lane prodigality. This, my lord, I can guage of experience. • truly tay, that I was twelve years “An interval of Glence preraile keeper of the old gaol, and have ed; no objector rose to attempt a & been near twelve years governor refutation, or to militate against the * or keeper of the present couniy proposition of a new gaol princi& prifon. I can say farther, that pally founded on the inodoloi Glou. #rhe new gaol was built upon a cester gaol. The work was begun *plan to contain the average num. in 1789; in 1792 it was completed. •ber of criminals and debtors which in the year 1793 it was inhabited e she old prison was accustomed very thinly indeed; the number of "to hold in durance vie. But, my prisoners in the calendar of this & lord, although in days of yore my year being reduced nearly one half • visitors were very troublefome, below that of the year 1791. • and very frequent in their visits to “ Thus one more fuffrage is add. • me, di-charged at one aflizes, and ed to the fyftem of useful reforma, * in prison again within the old which, as experience las evinced, * walls long before the next; yet may be wisel; promoted by veile • füch, my lord, is ibe effect of our timed and moderate folitary coa. % foliary confinement, and of making finement. na rogue think a liitle, and become “The virtues which were molt • acqnaintre evith himself, that in confpicuous in lord Mansfield's the course of the lait twelve years private character, and which gained
mont toit on his affectioms, were love embittered with difficulties and disa of moral reEtitude, and fidelity in trefs. Not a few, who have emergfriendhip. In public as in private ed from early embarrassment, will, life, his precepts and his practice I am persuaded, ever recollect with inculcated, recommended, and en- gratitude, and may exult in the forced, every branch of moral rec- recollection of the earl of Manf. titude. in trying a cause at the field's inter position in their behalfs, fittings after term at Guildhall, a and in various pleafing instances merchant lot his temper, who was conducted with peculiar adroitness. the defendant in an action of debt, and delicacy, so as not to wound in detailing with yreat warmth, to the feelings of any one. the chief justice, the great indig. " His lordship had read with cri. nity put upon him, a merchant of tical accuracy, and with a pene. London, by the plaintiff, in caul trating eve, the important book of ing him to be arrested, not only in human life, and was very skilful the face of day, but on the Royal in probing the heart of inan. He Exchange!
. could develope stratagem, however 6Lord) Mansfield, with great artfully concealed under the cloak composure, stopped him, saying, of hypocrily or dillimulation. • Friend, vou forget your elf; you “In the Tuscan code of laws • were the great detaulter, in retur. promulgated and cltablished with
ing to pay a juí debt; and let me lome success by the late emperor of 6 give you a piece of advice, worth Germany, when duke of Tuscany, • more to you than the debt and we learn, that certainty of punilli• cofts. Be careful in future not to ment, after the guilt of the perpe• put it in any man's power to arrest trator of a crime had been fully « you for a juil debt, in public or in proved, contributed forcibly and 6 private.'
considerably to the prevention of " In his friendships, he was cau. crimes. Lord Mansfield feeins to tious in making them, but none was have coincided in this opinion more constant in preserving the va generally, and particularly when rious links when they were rivetted, the very dangerous crime of forvery or more zealous in the discharge of in a commercial state became the all the plealing duties of friend hip. serious fubject of discullion. Not The learned man, in him, frequent- a lite of uniported integrity previ. ly found a patron, and a zealous ous to the coininition of a fingle promoter of his merit. And when crime could save Robert Perreali, ever an ingenious barrister was dif- the favourite companion of fome, covered, whoie fortune was small, and the excellent apothecary to or whose friends were few, he was man v noble families. By honest foothed and rejoiced to find, un industry and uncommon diligence asked, and when least expected, in his medical profellion he had acfome generous plan suggested, ma- quired fomething like a compecured, and carried into execution, tency, but, like too many rain and to extricate him froin difficulties, aspiring mortals, he must move in or to point out the path to fature a different sphere, and gain a large fame.
fortune in the bankiny line. De"Some of the thining ornaments luded and deceived by a brother, of the bar have in early life expe- and by a moft artrul woman--a for
rienced the viciffitudes of fickle for- gery was conmitted, and his life • tune; bave had their legal studies paid the forfeit to the laws of his
country. country. The intercessions of the the bishop humorously said, 'Ifear great did not weigh in the balance the crows will soon have my exwhich the chief justice held in the 'cellent physician;' but in this he council. Forgery is a stab to com. was mistaken. Bishop Trevor died merce, and only to be tolerated in in a few weeks. Dr. Addington lived a commercial nation when the foul many years after he had been concrime of murder is pardoned. figned to the crows by his priocely
"A few years afterwards Dr. paticnt the bishop of Durham. Dodd's sentence for a similar crime « Another instant of his knowof forgery became the serious sub- ledge of mankind occurred when ject of debate in a high circle. the public opinion was much agiGreat interest was made to mitigate tated, and every one formed his the sentence; but the strong ex. own, as to the propriety of profe. pression of the chief justice is said to cuting Mr. Wilkes. In conversa. have precluded mitigation, which, tion with some friends, lord Mans. according to general report, was to field said, "I am decidedly against the following effect : ' İf Dr. Dodd the prosecution. His consequence • does not luffer the just sentence will die away if you will let him • of the law, the Perreaus may be alone ; but by public notice of • faid to have been murdered.' him, you will increase his conse.
“ The fingular events of the year 'quence; the very thing he covets, 1768 were ihe causes of the pubs and has in full view. . lic prints being, for the first tiine, " The security and good governdeluged with torrents of abuse on ment of the island of Jamaica dethe lord chief justice."
pending in a great degree on the “Lord Mansfield was in the ha due exercise of martial law, or from bits of intimacy with bishop Tre- other motives of sound policy, the vor, who being much indisposed, fact is incontrovertible, that in a lord Mansfield called to see him ; - military officer are often united the and while he was in the room with high offices of governor-general. the bishop's secretary for a minute, and chancellor, i the late Dr. Addington, his phyfi. “A General Officer, who was cian, was brought in a chair by very diffident of his ability to de. two able-bodied chairmen, who cide properly, by intuition, as it were proceeding to carry him up were, in a court of equity, apstairs, pale and wan, and much plied to lord Mansfield for advice, debilitated, to his patient. The who answered: General, you have bishop's secretary, fearing that his 'a found head, and a good heart; lord would be low-spirited at such a 'take courage, and you will do scene, begged of lord Mansfield coir. "very well, in your new occupaterpofe and go up first. The quick- 'tion in a Court of Equity. My ness of the reply could not fail to be advice is, to make your decrees as treasured up; it was, “By no means; your head and your heart dictate,
let him go; you know nothing of to hear both fides patiently, to • human nature; the bishop will be decide with firmness in the best
putin good spirits on seeing any one manner you can; but be careful • in a worfe condition than himself.' not to assign your reasons, since Lord Mansfield was prophetic; and your determinations may be subon Dr. Addington's taking leave, ítantially right, although your the chairmen had no sooner quitted "reasons may be very bad, or ellesthe room with the fick fare than tially wrong.'
* If common fame may be cre. 'rants before you have tried the dited on this occafion, it is said, effect of a summons; and, above that as soon as the learned counsel all, be careful that good intenhad finished their arguments, the 'tions are the governing principle, chancellor (in his military capacity) since we generally judge of the ordered the drums to beat a few intentions of a magistrate.' minutes, the music of which drove, “ The late Mr. Madan, who, as he was pleased to say, a great about the year 1756, changed his deal of the law-arguments out of bar-gown for a clerical one, having his head, and enabled him the betwritten a pamphler, wherein he are ter, in the capacity of chancellor, raigned the mistaken leniny of the to decide with firmness, and form judges in too frequently reprieving his own decree. Be that as it may, capital offenders, was present, eiche probability of the fact, as well ther as a magistrate or one of the as of the effect of a noise, seems grand jury. at the affizes held at to acquire additional strength by a EastGrinstead in Suflex, fome vears modern anecdote. A very digni- ago, which proved to be a maiden fied legal character in this country, one. On the Sheriff expreiling his diftinguished not only for sterling happiness in presenting the white fenfe, but also for effufions of wit gloves to his lordship, as the emand pleasantry, when a famous case blem of purity, the chief justice of appeal was determined in dom. pleasantly observed," Mr. Madan procerum against his decree, in step- too will have a angular pleasure. ping into his coach, ordered his on this occasion, because there is coachman to drive fast over the 'no condemned prisoner to be re. stones, adding, aside to his officers, prieved.' * The noise will drive all disagree " Many otherapophthegms stand
able ideas out of my head.' The upon record; but the pleasantry plan succeeded very well till an old of conversation loses considerably woman at the crosting into St. Mar- by being narrated or detailed; and tin's-lanie, occafioned the coach- poffibly care and pleasantry of this man humanely to stop.' The lord nature may not be deemed to be keeper, wondering at the cause, or within the line of duty of a bio-. 1 dered bis purse-bearer to ask the grapher, whose province.is, to recoachman why he drew up, who late what he has heard and seen Teplied, 'I know my master would with accuracy and fidelity, and to
not have me kill the poor old introduce effufions of wit, for the woman. She is almost under the very useful purpole intended by horses feet.' The lord-keeper, nature, that of recommending and finding she was not any longer in adorning truth.". danger, wittily replied, “Suppose “We now approach to a period "he had killed her--take her to the which produces an event disgrace
Fiouse of Lords, and they will ful to the age and country in which *undo all we had done.'
the fact was committed. “Again lord Mansfield is said " An union of fully, enthusiasm, to have given wholesome and pithy and knavery, had excited alarms advice to a friend who was prevailed in the minds of some weak people, on to act in the cominission of the that encouragements were given to peace: 'Keep your reasons within the profeffors of the Catholic faith,
your own breast; be not too hafty inconsistent with the Protestant re' in common cases of granting ware ligion and true policy.