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torrent: they fuceeeded in depriv. having publicly insulted him, un. ing him of his profefforthip, and less he could prove that the anonyobliged him to quit Vienna ; but mous pamphlet came from him, they could not prevent his conti- though his name was not affixed.” nuing to write with the same cou. “ Deeply imprefled with the rage and zeal.

importance of his cause, Zimmer. “6 M. Zimmerman soon recover. man gave himself up to labours ed from the dejection into which that rapidly destroved his health; this event had thrown him, and re- not only in as much as an unrenricdoubled his activity: he extended ted occupation of ile mind burts it his correspondence, and published more than any thing else, but also fresh pamphleis; to fome of these because when he was employed in he affixed his name, but thought it any work his mauner of living was unnecessary to do fo to all : many changed in a very prejudicial mana were known by the energy of his mer: he rofe very early in the thoughts, and the lustre of his style, morning, and wrote a long while the characters of which are equi. before he began vifits, and in the valent to a fignature with such evening, after having finished the readers as know what style is : but professional business of the day, inunfortunately these characters are stead of eaGng and diverting his not admitted as evidence before tris mind in society, he again went to bunals; and M. Zimmerman had a work, and remained at it frequentvery vexatious lawsui:, in confe- ly till a very laie hour. His mind quence of not having remembered was thus in continual action, and that a man may disavow his writ- his body had not the repole it reings at his pleasure, if he does not quired; he bore up. however, very put his name at full length to his well for several years; and on the works. In 1792 he inserted in M. 4th of October 1794, he wrote me Hoffman's journal some sheets ena letter in which there is the same titled "Baron de Knigge unveiled strength of expresion, the faine

as an illuminate Democrat, and juftness of thjlight, and the same • Seducer of ihe People;' and prove precision of arrangement,, 35 in ed his affertions by the Baron's thole preceding: be there clearly own writings.

pointed out the progress of the fo. " Among the works which he ciety, which became daily more quoted, one was anonymous, which dangerous: “She is mistrets of alrendered it very difficult to prove "most every preis, of every bookthe author : the Baron availed him. "feller, of every German journal, self of this circumftance to repre, and of all the courts. The caufent M. Zinmerman's memoir as "ses of the digiters of this last came a scandalous libel, and commenced "paign are the fue as thole of the an action for damages against him. "events as Chalons in 1762.'. This The cause was delayed for a long letter also contained the must lively time, and was not tried till February expressions of his joy at bearing of 1795, a period when my friend my cure; yet there was one Tenwas not only too weak to defend it, tence bearing traces of the most but even to interest himself about profound melancholy, which gave it. It was decided, that he had me the greateit pain: "I run a certainly proved the baron to be a "risk yet of becoming this year a' dangerous man, &c, but that ne- 'poor emigrant, forced to abandoa vertheless he thould apologize for his house with the dear compas

1797.

onion

pion of his life, without knowing fits in his carriage ; but he fre • where to direa bis courte, or quently fainied on the stairs : K 6 where to find a bed to die on.' was painful for him to write a preThe invabon of the electorate, the fcription: he sometimes complaioed facking of Hanover, and the ne- of a confution in his head, and be ceflity of abandoning it, was cer- at length gave over all bugnefs. tainly at that time to be feared, if This was at first taken for an effect the negotiation had not saved what of hypochondria, but it was foon the armies did not defend: but perceived, that his deep melancholy Zimmerman's manner of exprefling had destroyed the chain of his ideas. his fears announced the greatest What has happened to to many men depression. I saw therein a mind of genius betell him. One frong whose springs began to fail, and idea masters every other, and subwhich dared no longer lay, as it dues the mind that is no longer able could have justly done, I carry either to drive it away, or to lose

every thing with me.' I neglected fight of it. Preserving all his prenothing in order to raise bis fpirits, fence of mind, all his perfpicuity, and entreated him to come to me and juítness of thought on other with his wife, to a country that subjects, but no longer defirous of was his own, where he would have occupying himself with them, no remained in the most perfect secu. longer capable of any business, nor rity, and enjoyed all the sweets of of giving advice, but with pain, he peace and friendship. He answered had unceasingly before his eyes the me in December, and one part of enemy plundering his house, as bis letter resembled those of other Pascal always saw a globe of fire times ; but melancholy was still near him, Bonnet his friend robbing more strongly marked, and the ill. him, and Spinello the devil oppofite ness of his wife, which he unfor. to him. In February he commenced tunately thought more serious than taking medicines, which were ei. it really was, evidently oppressed ther prescribed by himself or by him : he had been obliged to take the physicians whom he consulted : three days to write me details which at the beginning of March he desired at another time would not have oc- my advice ; but he was no longer cupied him an hour, and he con- able himself to describe his disorder, cluded his letter with, 'I conjure and his wife wrote me the account « you perhaps for the last time,'&c. of it. I answered her immedi. The idea that he should write no ately; but of what avail can be the more to his friend (and unfortu- directions of an absent physician in nately the event juftified him), the a disorder whole progress is rapid, difficulty of writing a few pages, when there must necessarily be an the Bill fixed idea of being forced interim of near a month between to leave Hanover, although the the advice asked, and the directions face of affairs had entirely changed; received ? His health decayed so all, all indicated the loss I was about fast, that M. Wichman, who, atto sustain.

tended him, thought a journey and “From the month of November change of air would now be the he had lost his sleep, his appetite, beft remedy. Eutin, a place in the his strength, and became fenGbly duchy of Holstein, was fixed upon thinner; and this state of decline for his residence. In going through continued to increase. In January Luneburgh on his way thither, M. he was still able to make a few vi. Lentin, one of the physicians in

whon

whom be placed most confidence, and weakness, increased rapidly : was consulted; but Zimmerman, he took scarcely any nourishment, who, though so often uneasy on ac- either on account of insurmounta. count of health, had, notwithstand able averfion, or because it was paining, had the wisdom to take few ful to him; or perhaps, as M. Wichmedicines, and who did not like man believed, because he imagined them, always had a crowd of objec. he had not a farthing left. Intense tions to make against the best application, the troubles of his advice, and did nothing. Arrived mind, his pains, want of leep, and at Eutin, an old acquaintance and lastly (as I have just said), want of his family lavished on him all the sufficient nourifliment, had on hiin caresses of friendship. This recep- all the effects of time, and hastened tion highly pleased him, and he old age: at fixty-fix he was in a grew rather better. M, Henler Itate of complete decrepitude, and came from Kiel to see him, and his body was become a perfect ske. gave him his advice, which was leton. He clearly foretaw the itlue probably very good, but became of his disorder: and above six useless, as it was very irregularly weeks before his death he faid to followed. At lalt, after a residence the same physician, I thall die of three montlıs, he desired to re- slowly, but very painfully ;' and turn to Hanover, where he entered fourteen hours before he expired, his house with the same idea with he said, Leave me alone, I am which he had left it; he thought 'dying.' This must have been a it plundered, and imagined himself sweet sensation for a man in the totally ruined. I wrote to entreat midst of so many incurable evils, him to go to Carlsbad; but he was and who had lived as he had done. no longer capable of bearing the This excellent man died on the 7th journey. Disgust, want of ileep, of October, 1795.

Sketch of the LifeandCHARACTER of WILLIAM,EARL OF MANSFIELD.

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[Extracted from the Life of that NOBLEMAN, by John HOLLIDAY, of

LINCOLN's Inn, Esq. &c.]

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"THE honourable William “ On the 2d of March, 1705,

1 Murray, afterwards earl of according to the computation of Mansfield, was a younger son and time in Scotland, but in 1704 acthe eleventh child of David vis- cording to the legal computation count Stormont, who was the fifth of tiine in England, William, the, . viscount of the noble and illustrious fourth son of lord Stormont, was family of Murray.

born at Perth in North Britain. "Sir William Murray of Tallibard, “ About the tender age of three in the shire of Perth, by Catharine years, he was removed to, and eduhis wife, daughter of Andrew lord cated in, London; and consequente Gray, had four fons; and fir An- ly he had not, when an intant, imdrew Murray, the third son, was bibed any peculiarity of dialect, the progenitor of viscount Stor- which could tend to decide that mont, the father of lord Mansfield. Perth had a fairer claim than Bath

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to the honour of his birth. The swered, that poisibly the broad year of his admission, as a king's pronuciation of the person who Scholar at Westminster, appears to 'gave in the description, was the be 1719.

*origin of the mistake.' “When he was a Westininster “ Bishop Newton, who was one scholar, lady Kinpoul, in one of of his cotemporaries at Westminster, the vacations, invited him to her bears this honourable testimony to home, where observing him with bis school-fellow's early fame. a pen in his hand, and seemingly “During the tune of his being thoughtful, she asked him it he was at school, he gave early proofs of writing his theme, and what in his uncommon abilities, not fo plain English the theme was. The much in his poetry, as in his other 1chool-boy's smart answer rather exercises, and particularly in his furprised her ladyfhip : « What is declaniations, which were sure to. • that to you?' She replied, How kens and prognostics of that elo6 can you be so rude? I asked you quence which grew up to such ma. • very civiily a plain question ; and curity and perfection at the bar, • did not expect from a school-boy and in both houses of parliament. • such a pert answer.' The reply 66 At the election in May, 1723, was, ' Indeed, my lady, I can only when he was in the Igth year of "answer once more, What is that his age, he had the bonour of ' to you?' In reality the theme was standing firit on the list of those Quid ad te- pertinet ?

gentlemen who were fent to Ox" Whether the affinity in Scotch ford, and was accordingly entered enunciation between Perth and of Christ's Church on the 13th of Bath, or wheiher the instructions June following. sent with the honourable Mr. Mur- " About four years afterwards, ray for matriculation at Oxford he was admitted to the degree of were tot written in a fair hand, B. A. ; and, on the death of George the mistake of Bath for Perth was the first, an elegant copy of La. actually made; and, however fin- tin verses, written by Mr. Murray, gular it may appear, candour must as one of the members of the Uni. allow, that such a mistake might verfity, was honoured with the easily happen.

first prize; and will probably be " Be that as it may, the entry of convincing to every claffical read. his adınillion as a student of Chrifte er, that the great declaimer, or the church, Oxford, of which a correct younger Tolly at Westminster, had copy is subjoined, is contrary to either courted the muses with unthe real fact, respecting the place common success at Oxford, or that of his birth.

the learned prelate has depreciated
Trin. Term. 1723, June 18. the worth of Mr. Murray's Latin
Æd. Xti. Gul. Murray 18. poetry.”
David f. Civ. Bath.

* " His oration in praise of De. C. Som. V. Com. file

mosthenes presented another early T. WENMAN, C. A. prelage of his rifing fame ; a via .“ Sir William Blackstone is laid luable fragment of which has been to have mentioned this curious cir- preserved." cumstance to the lord chief justice " Lord Monboddo, in his excelof che king's bench, while he had lent treatise of the Origin and Prothe honour to fit with him in that gress of Language, has paid to jutt court; when lord Mansfield an- a tribute of respect to this fragment

of his friend and patron's juvenile Italy, and returned to England in declaration, as to make it the sub. 1723." ject of an entire chapter, where. “To give a new cast to Mr. with the fixth volume concludes, Murray's extent of thought, and to with a beautiful apostrophe or ad- evince, that, however pl-ating and dress from the author in bis 77th bewitching the flowery fields of lic year to lord Maastield, then on terature were to his well-itored the verge of 89.”.

mind, he wisely determined not to “In April, 1724, Mr. Murray be bewildered therein, and early was admitted a student of Lin. discovered a great veneration for coln's Ino.

the advice of Horace, “On the 24th of June, 1730, he Omne tulit pun&tum qui miscuit utile took the degree of M. A. and left dulci. the University soon afterwards, full " He was called to the bar in of vigour, and determined to travel Michaelmas term, 1730. ln bis into foreign parts, before he fat career in the pursuit of legal knowdown to the serious profecution of ledge his assiduity foon co-operated his legal studies, to which his ge- with his thining abilities., Two nius and his nender fortune, as supporters like these, in perfect a younger son, forcibly and hap- unison, not only exempted him pily prompted him. He travelled from all pecuniary embarrassments, through France and in Italy, at an which sender fortune in fome, and age fitted for improvement and juvenile indiscretion in others, too useful observation; not between frequently occasion, but also con19 and 21, a period which his great ciliated the esteem, the friendship, patron lord Hardwicke, in ore of and patronage, of the great oracles the numbers in the Spectator, une of the law, who adorned that peder the modest signature of Philip riod, among whom lord Talbot Homebred, evinces to be too early and lord chancellor Hardwicke an age for our British youths to were looked up to as the foster-fa. travel to any real adyantage. At thers of the science. Rome Mr. Murray was probably in " Instead of submitting to the spired, and animated with the love usual drudgery, as some are pleased of Ciceronian eloquence; at Rome to deem it, of labouring in the he was prompted to make Cicero chambers of a special pleader, Mr. his great example, and his theme. Murray's motto seems to have been At Tufculuin,' and in his per. Aut Cicero aut nullus.' ambulations over classical ground, “Early in his legal career he why might he not be emulous to studied the graces of elocution unJav the foundation of that noble sue . der one of the greaiest masters of perstructure of bright fame, which the age wherein he lived. he soon railed after he becaine a "Doctor Johnson, in his life of member of Lincoln's Inn ?" . Pope, fays, his voice when he was

" The letters intended for the oynung was so pleasing, that Pope use of a young noblem:n, muit was called in fondneis the little have been written about the year 6 pightingale.' Under this melodi. 17.30, when Mr. Murray was a very ous and great malier Mr. Murray young man, inasmuch as the fact practised elucution, and may truly can easily be ascertained, that the be said to have brought the modu. young duke of Portland spent three lation of an harmonious voice to years in his travels in France and the highest degree of perfection.

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